Fun times! Today Grandma has a dance for you.We will do a little more expermenting on time. Learn about the whales and Plan some deserts. She has some more experiments to do with time. Grandma also has some lessons for the bible to give to older children. We may also start talking about our bodies.
Carry out your tasks for the day. Say a prayer or two
Cover your Birthdays and any others you may have on your records. Be sure and talk about the weather and do anything else you need to do with the calendars. Any homework or assignments to line up any thing like that. From Book 1 on October 3 1800 George Bancroft, American diplomat and historian called "the Father of American History." He was named that because he was the first American to write a history of the United States from its beginnings to the ratification of the Constitution. He also helped establish the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis. Tell your class that all students at the Naval Academy live by an honor code that says, "We will not lie, steal, or cheat, nor tolerate among us anyone who does." Discuss this as a family and see what it means to your children to see if they support the idea of it.
Another birthday for October 3 includes that of Sir Patrick Manson, British physician who discovered the mosquito's role in the spread of malaria. Make sure you have this one listed in your postcards and see if you can figure out other diseases they are responsible for and discuss it.
In 1916 of October 3, James Herriott, author was born;1918-Molly Cone, children's author; and then in 1941 Chubby Checker(real name:Ernest Evans), rock-and-roll singer who found fame with "The Twist." An activity with Chubby Checker has to do with his name. He chose Chubby Checker because he wanted something that would catch his audience even when his dance was enough. I was a young girl when they came out with the "Twist." I remember so strong those days when I could do the twist with my sister. It is still one of today's most favorite dances. He made his name up with repeating beginning sounds, or alliteration. Maybe you and the children you home school with our Home Education Program at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center can make alliterative names for yourselves today. Then for part of your dance lesson or as your dance lesson you can use the "Twist."
Use the "Twist" in that it involves the movement of a sway only fast with the rock-n-roll beat. Do it in all three positions: high, medium, and low. After you practice the twist then talk about swing, only sideways with the hip, and see iff you and the children can come up with a neat dance with that and think of others you could do to the elements given to you.
When you are done dancing be sure to do some Childrobotics before that if you need the stretching first before the activity on the body or something else for the day. Since we just got don with the "twist" maybe you can talk about your bodies and what things it can do and many of its parts because that is part of learning about yourselves.
History, Social Studies, Reading, Language, Art, Science and Math
Learning about your family history is al about yourselves also. Therefore I hope you work a little beit on that, your journals, yearbook, and the newspapr considering it is also National Newspaper Week. from book 1 there is only one event listed before 1800, that is on October 3, 1632 The Massachusetts Bay General Court forbade Public Use of Tobacco. When they allowed it back in sight I do not know maybe you can find out more about it. The only other thing for the day having to do with Book 1 is that of Dessert Month. If you have finished your information on Breakfasts for September you can display them somewhere, else you can work on them as time allows. For Dessert Month book 1 suggestsmaking a list of the 15 favorite desserts. Any food that requires recipes for either breakfast or dessert can be jotted down on paper and kept in a recipe book, marked in your favorite cookbook, or put on cards to be stored in a case. All these things can be done. See if you can come up with as many healthy ideas as you can and compare them to those that are not so healthy for children and why.
Next I want to talk about the Whales. If you have the book As Big As a Whale by Melvin Berger; edited by Natalie Lunus; 1993 Newbridge Communications, Inc.it might be a good time to read it to the younger children. Book 57 says that, "Whales have been the subject of newspaper articles, films, filmstrips, TV programs, and environmental protectionists' speeches and conversationsrecently; especially since many of the "mommoths" have been beached, found sick, and have lost their way in the oceans. Many have been hunted down and killed for their meat and oil. They are in danger of becoming extinct. Perhaps this will be a good time" for children to study about them.
The author of book 57 goes on to explain how dinosaurs and Whales are both big it puts them in a category of thinking about them both at the same time. He also points out that they are not a fish like children can think they are but they are Mammals. Out of a book I call 7a called Listen Up! Science by Ann Richmond Fisher;Teaching & Learning Company, 1995. It tells about mammals and has a little activity to learn about mammals and reptiles. It says, "Mammals are animals with hair or fur on the bodies, humans are mammals. So are monkeys and horses. Sometimes you can't see the hair on a mammal's body,. Mammals are also warm-blooded. Taht means they can keep their body temperature the same, even in different surroundings. Mammals also give birth to their babies, instead of hatching them from eggs like birds and snakes. Mother mammals can feed their young special milk made inside their bodies."The book goes on to explain that ,"Most reptiles have scaly skin instead of the furry skin of mammals. Usually their young hatch from eggs....Reptiles are cold-blooded which means their bodies change temperature as their environment changes. Most reptiles crawl on the ground, like snakes or have very short legs, like crocodiles." Book 7a Has a list of mammals and reptiles they want you to sort out on paper under the letters M and R. However, I would prefer to use the whole names Mammals and Reptiles to refer back to. Here is the list of them:
1. ape 8. turtle
2. snake 9. cat
3. rabbit 10. alligator
4. dog 11. bear
5. lizard 12. horse
6. sheep 13. chameleon
7. deer 14. cow
When I planned a trip throughout Canada as part of our studies I discovered that a lot of people go to certain places in Canada just to watch and study the Whales. Then I found out they did much of in the upper Bali of Mexico and most know of the killer whales catching seals off of California, Oregon, and Washington shores. Here are some listed activities you can cover about whales. If you do not do all of it today do a little bit each day. Or use it as homework or a research project.
"1. There are two main categories of divisions of whales: baleen whales, which are often referred to as "whalebone" whales, and toothed whales. Research to discover how they differ.
Baleen Whales: These whales do not have teeth. They have a horny substance-like the substance that hair and fingernails are made from-in a series of thin plates, like bristles, that strain out the tiny plankton that these whales eat.
Toothed Whales These whales have teeth suited for grasping fish, squid, and sometimes other food.as seals, porpoises, and small baleen whales.
2. List some of the whales in each division. Find out how big they grow to be and where they may be found. Read descriptions of each. Find pictures and make sketches of them Make notes of your findings.
Bowhead-60 feet; Arctic Ocean
Right whale-55 feet; North and South Atlantick Ocean
Blue whale (Sulfer Bottom)-111 feet; all oceans except Arctic
California Gray whale-45 feet; North Pacific, coasts of Asia & America
Humpback-55 feet; all oceans
Fin whale-75 feet; all oceans except in Artic ice
There are others. Read about them. Research in depth either the blue whale or the humpback. Prepare a paper about the one you choose to research. Share it
Sperm whale-75 feet; all oceans
Killer whale-28-32 feet: all oceans
Bottlenose-35 feet; North Atlantic
Porpoises-6feet; all oceans
Norwhal-25 feet;has long spiral tusk; Arctic watersl
Research in depth either the sperm whale or the killer whale. Prepare a paper about your findings. Share it with your family.
3. Some scientists (cetologists) think that whales might have been land animals and perhaps walked on four legs millions of years ago. What evidence do they cite?
Read several references.
-Small bones that appear to be the remains of hind limbs still exist, buried within the whales's body.
-The flipper contains bones similar to those in human arms and hands.
-The relic of a pelvis may be found in a small bone in the muscle tissure on either side of the genital area.
-Whales breathe through an opening at or near the top of the head.
-Emryos of whales have two nostrils at the tip of the snout, like land animals.
-They have the usual liver of a land animal.
--Whales are warm-blooded mammals.
-Their stomachs are compartmented much like the cow's.
-Blood tests indicate that the nearest living relatives of both the Baleen and toothed whales are ungulate, or hoofed mammals, such as camels, sheep, cattle, rhinoceros, and hippopotamus.
4. What do some scientists believe is one reason why whales are able to grow to be so big?
_Being water-borne, weight does not hamper them. They are supported and buoyed by the water. Land animals are limited in size by the ability of their legs to carry them. (Think about the dinosaurs.)
5. List the general characteristics of whales.
-Largest mammals that give birth and provide milk for their young.
Have lungs and breathe air.
-Warm-blooded, water-born. Their great size and streamlined shape are great defenses against cold.
-Blubber, or fat, holds in heat and acts as insulation. Aninety-foot blue whale may have twenty tons of blubber.
-Whales cannot pant or sweat to cool off. However, cetologists believe that their fins may vibrate away excess heat because their fins don't contain blubber and have a rich blood supply.
6. How do whales swim?
-They move their flukes up and down. Whales use their flippers to balance and help steer, not for swimming.
7. Find out about whale spouts.
-A whale's location is mainly discovered by its spout. When a whale rises to the surface to breathe, it gives off a whitish spray through its one or two blowholes. Some think that this spray is caused by the condensation of water vapor in the cold air. Others think that when the air, which has been compressed in the whale's thorax, reaches the open air, it causes the condensation of the water vapor. Each species of whale gives out a single geyser that rises eighteen to thirty feet. The right whale has a double spout.
8. How are whale oil and whale meat used?
-Margarine, lubricants, soap, paint, wax, shepolish, lighting purposes, dog food, glycerine for explosives, cattle feed, chicken feed, fertilizer, mink feed.
9. Point out on a world map the spots where whales have been observed carefully by cetologists, adventurers, and whalers seeking blubber and meat.
10. Why do whales migrate? Where do they go? Track their migration path on a map or globe.
-To seek food, to seek refuge from enemies like the killer whale.
-To molt, loaf, play, and perhaps rid themselves of parasites.
-To seek warmer waters where they mate and give birth.
11. Find out and discuss measures that have been taken to protect whales.
12. Compare modern methods of capturing whales to those of the 1800s. Take into account that newer harpoons use an electric current to kill the whale quickly and easily.
13. Much has been written about the ability of whales and dolphins to make sounds. Discuss some experiments and observations that have been made by cetologits. What do you think aout what you read?
14. We are told that dolphins and toothed whales have the ability to perceive objects and picking up the returning sound waves, like sonar.
15. list some of the sounds cetologists say are made by these animals.
-Trill, whistle, groan, shrill, burp, chirp, croak, squeak, grunt, moo, scream, yap, click
16. Try to compartmentalize your information about whales as follows. Write three pertinent sentences about each age.Then write three questions about each age. Share with the class.
-age of myths -age of the hunt -age of butchery
-age of protection -age of threat of extinction
17. Think about and tell your assessment of whale hunters who do not abide by the laws and agreements between nations and laws of their own nations concerning when, where, kind, and size of whales that might be caught.
18. Can you imagine the output of physical energy (muscle power) that a whaler used one hundred years ago? What kind of person do you think the whaler was? What skills were necessary for a whaler to have?
19. Do you think that whale-watching will ever become as popular as bird-watching? Why or why not? Give reasons
20. Would you like to ride a whale? Wht or why not? give reasons
21 Things you can do:
-Talk about whales
-Collect articles about whales for others to read.
-Make scrapbooks of pictures to generate interest among others.
-View films and filmstrips
-Write to environmental protectionists for brochures about whales and other endangered animals.
-Ask questions to manufacturers of whale products.
-Write and act out a skit about two or more whale hunters getting ready to go on a whaling trip.
-Carve wooden paperweights in the shapes of whales.
-make clay whales and fire them in a kiln for your "why-not" novelties.
-Make a large papier mache whale and paint it a whale color.
-Contribute to an organization, such as the National Wildlife Federation(I have some names working to save animals and our environment if anyone wants them), which has crusaded to conserve the dwindling herds of great whales and dolphins.
-Speack out against dumping toxic wastes and poisons into the oceans and other large bodies of water.
22. Put your imagination to work and write a tall whale tale. Read it to your family. What part of your tale is possible today? Explain What part is at present impossible? Explain
23. Why do you think that whales were created in the first place? Brainstorm all the reasons you can think of. What do you think might happen to them one hundred years from now?
24. What do you think would happen to the whales if most of the ocean water evaporated? How would the whales adapt to these living conditions? What happens to the whales when an underwater volcano erupts?"
Two days ago we learned about water clock. Today we will learn about Fire clocks. History from book 15a tells it many people use methods to tell time using fire. The ancient Chinese and Japanese used knotted wicks. People also burned cylinders made of sawdust and glue. The romans created a lamp clock. It was made of a glass tube that was closed on one end. It had markings on it for each hour.. People filled the tube with oil to the mark representing the current time. The oil was lit and as it slowly burned away, the level of the oil told the time. Peasants in Europe also used this clock for many years and it was in use well into the 1900's.
King Alfred the Great of England is said to have invented the candle clock. A candle was an easy time-measuring device to use. Intervals were marked on candlesby carving notches in the wax or pointing each interval a different color. Some people used candle clocks as alarm clocks. They would place the lit candle between their toes before they went to sleep. When the flame got closer to their toe, they would wake up. This form of alarm clock was probably not used for long.
Fire clocks were more widely used than water clocks since people could use them in any climate. They were not as helpful outdoors since a strong wind could blow them out, but they were great indoors and served two purposes. They gave them light along with telling them the time.
Discuss why the peasants of Europe used this time-measuring device longer than other people? What conditions may have caused them to find the fire clock their best options even after other clocks had been invented? What change may have occurred to cause the peasants to use a clock other than the fire clock?
There are two examples of fire clocks that can be made. However, be very careful if you try either one. Make sure everyone is sitting down when you light the candle and an extinguisher, pail of water are all close by. Go over the fire rules. If at possible do it where there is a tile, cement, or uncarpeted floor. Make sure nothing or body hair or clothing can go past it and catch fire.
The first demonstration is of a Candle Clock; Materials Needed:
pillar-type candle straight pins
small candle holder metal tray
ruler stop watch
1. Measure the height of the candle.
2. Place the candle in the candle holder and place it on the metal tray.
3. Light the candle and let it burn for 10 minutes.
4. Blow out the candle and measure it again.
5. Subtract the two measurements to calculate the length of candle that will burn every 10 minutes.
6. Use the ruler to make lines at regular intervals of this distance.
7. Insert a pin at each marking.
8. Now, light the candle again. Every ten minutes the candle will burn down to another pin and it will fall out
Activities and Questions
-The candle clock is fairly consistent but there are some conditions that will change the rate at which the candle will burn. What could make the candle burn more slowly or quickly?
-How many candles of this size are needed to time one whole day? How long would one candle of this thickness need to be to time one whole day? How many pins are needed to mark intervals of 15 minutes each for one whole day?
Candle Alarm Clock; Materials Needed:
candle candle holder
clay a marble
metal pan chair
1. Creat the candle clock from the other presetation.
2. This time only one pin is needed. It should be inserted at the time the alarm will go off. Before inserting the pin, the needs to be made.
3. using the clay, attach the marble to one end of the thread.
4. Tie the other end of the thread to the head of the pin.
5. Place the candle clock on a chair that has a back and insert the pin in the proper place on the candle.Put the thread over the back of the chair so that the marble freely hangs.
6. Place the metal pan directly below the marble.When the flame of the candle reaches the pin, it will fall out. This will cause the marble to drop into the metal pan and sound the alarm.
Activities and Questions
-This alarm clock is safer than the other previously described. Brainstorm other safe ways of making a fire alarm clock.
-How many hours do you usually sleep? What size candle would you need to make your own candle alarm clock?
-Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using fire clocks.
The last thing I have to offer parents and children learning in our Home Education Program of home schooling through Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center are some beginning helpful guides to older children.They are put out by a Student Bible, New International Version; editor: Rev. Carl C. Fickenscher II; 1995by Concordia Publishing House
The first five books of the Old Testament are called the Pentateuch, meaning "five books." These books cover the creation of the world and the beginning of the nation of Israel.
Many more years of Israelite history are covered in these history books of the Bible. Some of the best stories ever written can be found in these books.
-1 and 2 Samuel
-1 and 2 Kings
-1 and 2 Chronicles
Hebrew poetry was not written exactly like English poetry. It is very beautiful in a different way. The writers used poetry to express many feelings-sadness, happiness, fear, and praise to God for his love and care.
-Song of Songs
God spoke to Israel through men called prophets. Their stories and the messages they gave Israel from God are found in these books
Here are some questions to begin with
Whom did God inspire to write this book?
As with every book of the Bible, God is really the author but God the Holy Spirit used human writers to record his words. Moses was the man inspired by God to write Genesis.
When did this happen?
Many thousands of years before time was carefully recorded, the flood occurred. Abraham was born about 2150 BC. His great-grandson Joseph died about 1800 BC.
How does Genesis show us God's love?
God created people to be his friends and the universe to be a wonderful home for us. Even before he made people, he knew that we would fall into sin and that it would cost his Son's life to save us but he made us anyway and gave the promise of the Savior already to the very first people.
Where did this happen?
Genesis 1-11 happens in Mesopotamia. Genesis 12-36 takes place largely in Canaan (Palestine). Most of the rest of Genesis takes place in Egypt.
What special messages does this book give us?
Genesis tells how everything began. God created everything; he continues to rule over all he has made. Because our first parents brought sin into the world, every human since desperately needs the forgiveness God alone provides.
What action happens in this book?;
God creates the universe and people. People sin, and God punishees them with a great flood, God speacks to Abraham and gives him and his family special promises.
What important people do we meet?
Among the important people are Adam and Eve, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, and Judah.
What are some of the stories in this book?
God creates the universe. Genesis 1-2
Adam and Eve sin and
God first promises a Savior. Genesis 3
God saves Noah in the ark. Genesis 6-9
God gives Abraham promises. Genesis 12
Jacob steals Esau's blessing. Genesis 27
Jacob's name is changed. Genesis 32
Joseph becomes slave then ruler Genesis 37-50