Good Morning, I hope you are all fine after yesterday's assignment. I hope everyone is doing their tasks and responsibilities for the day. Little ones can look for things that are onge and and Grandma says things that are a rectangle would be good today because we are going to think about our history tags to hang or post on something.The bible study for little children is about Jonah and the Whale. I hope you have the book to read. Draw pictures of Jonah on the ship and being caught by the Whale. A good story to go with this would be Pinochio. A little note here to parents, it just occured to me that I forgot to tell you that the lessons about themselves and their families started in my Sunday school teaching.
For those who have heard Jonah enough, I am going to cover some of Abraham with them.
I am going to skip the test God gave Abraham until tomorrow because the younger have to be involved in it also. They have a part in the bible where Abraham's brother is also noted of having children. Then it came to the time Abraham's wife Sarah dies and he goes to grieve over her and bury her. (Genesis 23). He is the land of Hittites and wants to buy land from them to bury her. Ephron their ruler is there with them. They all tell Abraham that he is a mighty prince and anything they have is his to have. Ephron tells him of a place that would be good for her burial and even though Ephron does not want money, Abraham only feels it is right and pays him for it. He is burried there with her later in Genisis 25.
When the time came Abraham asked his servant to go to the land of Canaanites and find a wife for Isaac, his son by Sarah. He told him specifically not to go back to his homeland. That if he cannot find a wife amont the Canaanites he is to return. His servant went to the land of Canaanites and prayed to god for help and he picked Rebekah. She happened to be the granddaughter of Nahor, Abrahams brother. The family approved of her going and Rebekah agreed. It is a fun part of the bible to read. Faith Alive want you to understand what Praying in Your Heart Means: "praying to God without saying anything out loud," as in Genesis 24:1-2 when Abraham's servant prayed in his heart. They as,"Can you think of times to pray in your heart?" telling you to draw one. They give two examples: 1. When someone brings up the subject of God or asks you a question about your faith, my might silently pray that God will give you words to speack for him. 2. You might pray in your heart of patience when people might tease you?
Abraham remarried and had many other sons but he sent them to another land to live because Isaac had been promised this land by God. Isaac was forty years old when he was given Rebekah in marriage. We will stop here for today.
I hope everyone does something for Childrobotics today. Then you can follow Grandma in the Creative dance book. The author in lesson 4 from the chart given to you says,
Go anywhere you want to go in the room. When the drum or music stops, make a shape. Head for the open spaces--fill the whole room! Ready, go. Then make a shape.
This time you have to walk, but shw me wlaking in many directions, with body shapes. Go. Shape.
In order to make good shapes while doing steps, that spine has to move. Show me how you can move your back. Arch it. Round it. Twist it. Lean to the side. This time, I want you to run not only changing directions, but also trying to make shapes with your back. Go. And shape.
What is leaping? Yes, a high, wide run. Let's take several runs and a leap. Go. Let's do it again. Cayou make a shape when you're in the air? Can you leap sideward? Backward?
Jumpin: remember, jumping is landing with two feet at the same time. Make shapes as you jump. How many ways can you jump? With crossed feet? With feet together? Feet apart? Small jumps? Big jumps? Let's see what can happen with jumping. Go. Shape.
Show me hopping. Can you hop and turn? Can you hop slowly? Can you hop and make shapes? How many ways can you move your arms as you hop? Ready, go. Shape.
Skipping: what can you do with a skip?(etc.)
Galloping: how many ways can gallop?(etc.)
Sliding: slide out that foot as you start. What can you do with a slide? (Etc.)
Everyone line up on the black line ready to come all at once across the room. Combine at least two steps before you reach the far side of the room. What are the steps? Walk, run, leap, jump, hop, skip, gallop, slide. Make your steps interesting by changing your level or your direction or your tempo. Always make shapes. Ready. See what you can do."
Then she let two at a time.
Next she has the do a Good-bye dance. She says, "Do any stemps you like, and come one at a time from your side of the room over to where I am sitting on the floor. Make a shape when you reach me. and then sit next to me. As soon as the person ahead of you finishes, you can start. Ready.(play some lively music) Go.
Goals for evaluation:Look for clarity of footwork.
It is Birthday time. I believe I have a close friends birthday this week I must find out about. I know my nephew was born I think I will call him or something. Look at your weather also. Look at any other schedules you need to and get ready for some history on the time line. In 1758 on October 16 Noah Webster, American lexicographer who compiled the first authoritative dictionary of American English. An activity in book 1 goes along with this birthday. It is also Dictionary Day. He had put 6 years of work in to his Dictionary. It contained 37,000 entries, including almost 5,000 new words, including"skunk, hickory, chowder, and applesauce." Book 1 Ask you children to develop a list of new words that might not appear in the latest edition of the dictionary. How about new terms used in science and technology, as "dark matter, browndwarf, or palmtop? Look for slang words such as Heavy metal or retro. Maybe go through an older dictionary and then the updated version and see if you see any new names. This may take a little bit each day that is ok. Just make a notation in a notebook.
The next birthday on October 16 is that of Eugene O'Neill, American playwright born in 1888. Angela Lansbury, American actress and star of the TV show "Murder, She Wrote." was born in 1925. I am not sure if she is still alive. If she is she would be in her 90's. In 1962 a Sudanese basketball star who at 7'77" was the tallest NBA player ever, Manute Boi.
It is also World Food Day. Grandma hopes you thought of some good lunches. Grandma and her husband always have different things. He likes beans but you may like them refried with cheese and chips to dip in it. To do this the beans are put in a skillet with a little oil. They are mashed with a potatoe masher until all broken up. We also eat a lot of Omlets. We eat leftover meat from supper, soups, sandwiches, tacos(especially fish)- very good. Book 1 has an activity with this. They say,"In order to call attention to the issures of hunger, poverty, and malnutrition, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations established World Food Day. Grandma saw a special on TV some years back where they were able to mix Peanut Butter with milk and some other nutrients to get some starving children to eat the extra nutrients they needed and it worked they could then survive. The book says to ask your children to list possible reasons why many countries in the world can't produce enough food to feed their people. You may have to do some research on this topic. It says to come up with ideas for helping hungry families in your community?
Now I will start out with this history lesson. So the children do not become bored maybe you can do some role playing as you tell them the facts. I may take a few days to do this and I will probably give the answers to questions this weekend.
As we last learned in our lessons: Spanish came a long time before other settlers. They were very harsh. Then the French came but they settled a lot in Canada area but there was only so much allowed between the Catholics and Protestants. They thought they would teach the Catholic religion to the Natives They hunted for gold but found little and gained profit on Beaver fur. It became very popular.They also traded with the natives for the furs. The French Empire in North America was called the New France. It included all the land around the MIssissippi River, the Ohio River, the Great Lakes, and the St. Lawrence River. They could travel by canoe real easy. In 1608 Samuel de Champlain started Quebec He made trouble with the Iroquois nations.
Henry Hudson came to find a Northwest passage through America so they would not have to travel so far to get to the other side. He came for the small country called the Netherlands. He explored the river in New York that is now called the Hudson River. The people of the Netherlands came with him they were called the Dutch. They began to rulle the area around the Hudson. The wanted the riches of the fur trade. Their colony was called the New Ntherlands. They started a town on the island of Manhattan called New Amsterdam. In 1626 the bought it from the natives for only $24 worth of knives, beads, and other goods. Many came there. Before long it had 18 different languages spoken there. In 1664 England won control of the colony and it became New York. As the settlers came many Natives lost their lives. Millions died from European diseases.
This next section is About the English Settle in North America. Here are people to learn about:
Queen Eizabeth I Fancis Drake King Henry VIII John Smith
Pilgrims Puritans Roger Williams Anne Hutchinson
William Penn James Oglethorpe
Roanoke Jamestown Virginia James River Massachusetts
Religious freedom, established church, joint stock company, charter, representatives, representative, government, royal colony, proprietary colony, proprietor, self governing colony, debtors
The book asks:
! Why did the English settle in North America?
2. What problems did the settlers have?
3. How did the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies get started?
"In 1607 England started its first permanent settlement in North America. By the mid-1700s there were 13 English colonies along the Atlantic Ocean." Look at the various Oceans. I Am The Ocean is a good book for this to be reviewed by Friday. I have one other called My Granddpa and the Sea. I will do some things with those Friday to give you a chance to see if you can get them from the library or whatever.
"Spain controlled the seas near North and South America. The English had to weaken Spain's power in the Atlantic Ocean before they could start colonies in North America. To accomplish this Queen Elizabeth I encouraged English sea captains to capture Spanish ships near America and steal their cargo of gold, silver, and other products. These English captains were called sea dogs."
"The most famous sea dog was Francis Drake. In 1578 Drake captured Spanish ships near South America and stole their gold and silver. Then he sailed through the Strait of Magellan into the Pacific Ocean and back to England. His crew were the second to sail around the world. Drake brought a huge amount of gold to England. Francis Drake became England's hero.
King Philip II of Spain was furious that "sea dogs" were attacking his ships. He decided to attack England with a huge fleet called the Spanish Armada. In 1588, 130 Spanish ships sailed into the waters close to England. England's smaller navy defeated the Spanish Armada. After the defeat more than half of the Spanish ships were destroyed in a storm. As a result Spain no longer controlled the Atlantic Ocean. England could send ships safely to America to start colonies.
Queen Elizabeth ruled England from 1558 to 1603. For the time line add these events:
1215 King John signs the Magna Carta.
1487 Dias sails around the southern tip of Africa.
1492 Christopher Columbus sails west from Spain in search of Asia.
1513 Ponce de Leon searches for the Fountain of Youth in Florida.
1539 Hernarndo de Soto explores the Southeast.
1608 Champlain starts Quebec in Canada.
1610 Santa Fe is started as a Spanish mission.
1632 George Calvert starts Maryland.
1682 La Salle claims Louisiana for France.
1651 England passes first Navigation Act.
1689 William and Mary sign the English Bill of Rights.
There were four reasons English settlers came to America:
1. Religious Freedom-King Henry VIII had broken from the Catholic church and now expected everyone to belong to the Church of England which was a Protestant Church and many did not want to belong to it. Queen Elizabeth supported it also.
2. People heard there was gold and wanted to get rich.
3. To own land which was becoming scarce overseas
4. To get away from the wars in Europe.
Roanoke was on an Island near North Carolina. It was started in 1587. John White went back to England for supplies to return after three years to nothing there. Only the letters CRO carved in a tree. No one knows what happened.
Some people would buy stock from a joint stock company to come because they couldn't afford to pay the trip themselves. One of those such settlements was the first permanent English settlements of Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. They came for gold and had 144 men on that ship. They almost starved because the men did not want to grow crops and labor. They almost all died. They stayed alive because of food they received from the natives. Then in 1612 they learned to grow tobacco they could sell in England. Women and Africans arrived in 1619, they were indentured Servants meaning they no longer had to work after several years. They were then freed. Virginia House of burgesses was started. It was a group of Representatives who wrote laws for the colony. They were chosen by vote among a group of men. This was the beginning of representative government in the English colonies.
IN 1620 the Pilgrims came to Massachusetts for religous freedom. Their little ship called the Mayflower
landed on Cape Cod. Before leaving the ship the men signed an agreement called the Mayflower Compact stating that they would work together to make laws that would be fair to all. They spent a month searching for a good place to settle. They chose Plymouth Harbor and started a town there. During the winter many died from hunger and disease. Then the natives helped them. They taught them how to fish and hunt and grow crops such as corn and squash. Then they had enough for the next year. They invited the natives to join them at The First Thanksgiving Dinner. The natives brought 9 big deer to eat on with all the other food. Turkey has always been abundant but I spect there was fish, salads and other foods to eat. It was celebrated to thank God for the Natives and the food to eat. It was in 1621.
More and more colonies were started. There were three types of colonies: a royal colony the king controlled the colony and chose the governor who ruled the colony;a proprietary colony had one person or several people who owned the colony(the king gave a proprietor a charter to start a colony-they shose the governor and controlled the colony);the third was a self-governing colony(colonies people voted for their won governor and voted for representatives to make laws for the colony). There were three groups of colonies: The New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. A total of 13 colonies as listed:Massachusetts(they owned the territory of Maine known today also), New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia.
The Northern Colonies
In 1630 about 1,000 people called Puritans started the Massachusetts Bay Colony. They were unhappy with the Church of England. They believed churches should look plainer and church leaders should encourage more Bible study. The Puritans did not allow people to follow other religions in their colony. Only church members were allowed to vote. Puritan leaders controlled the colony's government.
Roger Williams lived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, but he disagreed with many Puritan ideas. He believed all people should have freedom of religion. He said that religion and government should be separate. He angered the Puritans and forced him to leave Massachusetts. He fled to Rhode Island and Natives helped him.
Anne Hutchinson was another person who angered the puritans by talking about different religious ideas. She was forced to leave Massachusetts and she went to Rhode Island and started a new settlement. Other people moved to New Hampshire and Connecticut.
The Middle Colonies
England wanted control of the Dutch colony. In 1664 England sent warships to fight for New Netherlands. The Dutch did not fight and rendered it over to them. It was renamed New York. Later parts of it would become New Jersey, Connecticut, Delaware, and Pennsylvania.
Pennsylvania was started in 1682 as a place where Quakers could have freedom of religion. It was bought by William Penn who also was of those that believed in freedom of religion. The king of England owed Penn's father some money and he gave him rights to the land in exchange when Penn's father died. He being part of the Quakers who refused to pray in the Church of England. So they went to Pennsylvania and paid the Natives for the land that he took.
The Southern Colonies
Virginia colony grew from the original settlement at Jamestown. It was the largest of the Southern Colonies. Maryland was the second colony started in the South. It was started in 1632 by George Calvert, who was also called Lord Baltimore. He started it as a place where Catholics would have religious freedom. In 1649 a law called the Toleration Act was passed in Maryland. This law allowed all Christians to have religious freedom in Maryland. Jews were not allowed in the colony.
North and South Carolina were together at first and then seperated later, becoming two royal colonies. In 1732 James Oglethorpe started Georgia, the last of the 13 colonies. It was began for debtors, people in England who did not have enough money to pay their debts were sent to jail. Georgia was a place to go to for debtors released from prison. It had a lot of attacks by the Spanish Florida. Therefore, English soldiers stayed in Georgia to stop attacks on the colonies.
Writing Activities to go With the Reading
Write a Paragraph or paper on your opinions about William Penn, Anne Hutchinson, Roger Williams, and other protestors against the Puritan beliefs.
Write a paragraph or describe the Vocabulary words above.
Sequencing-Write the numbers 1,2,3,4,5,and 6 nest to these sentences to show the correct order.
______________The Puritans start the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
______________William Penn starts the colony of Pennsylvania so that Quakers could have religious
______________The first Africans are brought to Jamestown, Virginia, in 1619 as indentured servants.
______________The English Navy defeats the Spanish Armada.
______________James Oglethorpe starts the Georgia colony.
______________In 1607, Jamestown, Virginia, becomes the first permanent English settlement in
Reviewing Important Facts-Match each sentence in Group A with the word or phrase from Group B that the sentence explains. You will not use all the words in Group B
Group A Group B
__________1. Since few people had enough money to start A. New York
a colony, many colonies were started by this
type of business. B. Natives
__________2. This crop brought profit to the English settle- C. Mayflower Compact
ment in Jamestown, Virginia.
D. joint stock company
__________3. This was the first representative government
in the colonies. E. Virginia House of Burgesses
__________4. Puritans, Pilgrims, Roger Williams started F. Maryland
colonies in this region.
__________5. This was the first plan for self-government
in the colonies. H. New England
__________6. These people lost their land and died from I. tobacco
European diseases as the English settled
__________7. This colony was once part of New Netherlands.
__________8. Lord Baltimore started this colony to give
religious freedom to Catholics.
The English started colonies in America for many different reasons. Choose 1 or 2 of the 13 colonies. Explain how and why they were started. Begin the essay with a topic sentence. End your essay with a paragraph that summarizes the main idea.