Sorry Grandma could not stay awake this morning early to keep going with the next day. I was falling
asleep with each few words on my last day. I had to get some rest because my feet swell up real bad
when I try so hard. I am able to work and should have no interruptions today; therefore, Grandma
should be able to get both days on here by the end of tonight. I tried to get another picture of Moses
but could not and found out it is a problem on their end. They are checking it out. We may get some
pictures yet. I wish I could get some of the beautiful ones people post on facebook. I may ask some
of them where they get them.
So since it is the afternoon and I am sure you are probably ready to face what I give you. Most of it
till later will be a lot of reading. I will send it in section so you can read a little at a time.
Now Moses and Aaron did not have any luck with Pharaoh as God said he was going to make him
hardened. Moses finally remembered God say that he must show Pharaoh his powers in order for
him to listen. I think God wanted to use Pharaoh as an example to mankind that if you are hard
headed it will not pay in the end. Faith Alive says in "Did You Know? What are God's mighty acts"?
The ten terrible plagues God brought on Egypt are his "mighty acts." They are also called
"miraculous signs and wonders." Each plague was worse than any in Egypt's history. Each one
came and went at Moses' command. Each one showed God's power to Pharaoh."
As you read these plagues from the Bible today and tomorrow, Grandma wants you to make
a note on paper of each one and what it does. We will leave the Passover for tomorrow and read
what we can from there. Following are two last things Faith Alive leaves for you. One is an
experiment from "Let's Live It!; Exodus 7:14-24; Hard Heart, Soft Heart-A person with a "hard heart"
is someone who will not do what God says. What do you think made Pharaoh's heart hard?
On a warm, sunny day take two small plastic bowls. In one bowl, put a marshmallow. In the
put an ice cube. Put both bowls in the sun for one hour. What happened to the ice cube? What
happened to the marshmallow? In this experiment, the hot sun is like God's Word. The ice cube
is like the heart of people who trust God. The marshmallow is like the heart of Pharaoh.
Only the Holy Spirit can soften hearts. Let's thank him that he softened ours and pray he'll do the
same in everyone."
The other thing Faith Alive leaves us with is a little note about "Life in Bible Times--Pharaoh On
His Throne-When pharaoh summoned Moses he probably sat on an impressive throne, holding
the symbos of his power. Even though Pharaoh was the ruler of all Egypt, he could do nothing
against the power of God."
As you have already probably been doing some Childrobotics, I will give you the Creative Dance
Lesson for today. It is lesson 20 from the chart given to us. I am saving the one on instruments for
the last because we will talk about various instruments with it and we will go into various songs for
Thanksgiving and Christmas. Lesson 20 is following the element: pathways; helper: wirting in space.
The author, Mary Joyce, writes, "Today I want you to imagine you are downtown where all the
streets are straight. Stand up and face one of the walls. I'll beat four times, and you walk straight
toward that wall four steps.(parents home schooling in our Home Education Program with Grandma's
Place of Natural Learning Center will have to figure out the best place they can walk their children to
because of course we are in homes and Grandma has no idea what room you do your dancing in.
Mine is pretty tight.
Maybe I will set myself up in a community gym later and teach others with mine. I will see as the
time comes.) Suppose you see you might bump into someone--remember: dancers never bump.
What can you do? That's right. You can walk backwards. What else? Walk in place until the other
person passes. But do not turn. Ready, one, two, three, four. Now face a different wall, and do four
more steps. Read, one, two, three, four. And a different wall. (count.) Good. Feel how square and
straight everything is. No turns, only sharp shanges of direction. This time I won't stop. I'll keep
playing even beats and you keep walking in straight lines. You can walk as many steps in one
direction as you wish. Make sharp changes in direction. Feel straight and tall. Ready, go.
Now let's form a circle. Hold hands to form the circle. Now drop hands, and take one step backward
to make the circle a little larger. Face so that your left shoulder is toward the center and let's walk
around the circle. Go. And stop. What happens to the circle? It gets smaller. Why? because
everyone leans in slightly. When we make a circular path trough space, our bodies do the same
thing they do when we turn a corner on a bicycle. What do you do on a bicycle?you lean, that's
right. Same thing happens when an airplane turns-- it banks. Road builders bank the turns on a
roadway to make it safer for cars to turn.
Let's walk around again, and this time feel your body leaning in a little. Ready, go. Now reverse,
and let's walk around in the other direction in a circle. Go. Now you are leaning in with the other
side of your body.
Walk anywhere in the room you wish. but this time make curved pathways rather than straight lines.
You make curves and turns by leaning. Everyone make a figure eight by leaning. Go. Let your body
fall as it goes. Let the feel of the curve take over. Now, go anywhere you want to go, change from
leaning right to leaning left, and let your body just go. Be surprised where it leads you. Ready, go.
Now when I beat the rim, make curved lines. When I beat the had of the drum, make straight lines.
Feel the change in your body. Ready, rim. Head. Rim. Head.
Everyone come to one side of the room and spread out all along the wall. I am going to write my
name on the floor with my feet as I walk. Watch me and tell me if I am printing in straight lines or
if I am writing in curved lines. (I write Mary.)
You write your name, or print it. Let's have four people(or as many as can moe freely)go at once.
As soon as there is room, the next person start. Watch to see if you can see the name being spelled
Line up back at the wall again. I want you to take your favorite letter from your name, and this time
use the whole room for that one letter. You can write it by leaps, skips, jumps, any steps, but show
me where it is curved and where it is straight. Let's have the first four start. When your letter ends,
hold a low shape on the floor. Next people start whenever there is room.
Today for our good-bye dance I want to see a combination of curved and straight pathways through
the space.(Play music.)
Goals for evaluation: See that the children truly understand and feel centrifugal force in their curving
pathways."(now maybe you begin to feel or understand the power of this learning. I n otherwrods it
gives you a term for every move you make. Not just making a movement--the levels ect.)
Now before I go into our history book again and give you the evens, I want to go through what we
need to in Book 1 and then type out some information from the ways of life, the women, recipe's ect.
from the book written by a womon in 1776. There are three birthdays today, November 6 and a special
event. In 1814 Adolphie Sax, Belgian instrument-maker who invented the saxaphone. Book 1 says,
"the saxaphone was named after its inventor Adolphe Sax." Your assignment, as put it on your
calendar, is to gather materials from the house. I have tamborines of tin or paper plates, drums of
cans and containers that are round, wash scrubber from old hand washing, shakers of spoons or a
dried guord with the seeds shaking in it. Use your imagination, because in a few days everything
is going to be around various instruments. Grandma hopes she can find this one special book she
has. When we get done we are going to name each one after yourself. Parents , be sure to have
your camera's ready because these can go in with your Fall pictures.
The next birthday will be that of John Philip Sousa, American composer of "Stars and Stripes
Forever" born in 1854. No, Grandma has not heard this song but maybe you can find it online or in
the library. Spend the rest of the day singing American songs in the beginning of our country to
The last birthday was of James Nismith, Canadian educator who invented the game of basketball.
He was born in 1861. Book 1 also has an activity to go along with his birthday. Book 1 says he
invented basketball so his students could play a sport indoors, Maybe you could design a game
to meet your needs as a family and we could post each families games on my blog and I we could
post them on facebook if you wish. Here are some hints in designing it. "Decide 1)where the game
should be played(indoors or outdoors), 2)the number of players on each team, 3)the necessary
equipment, and 4)the emphasis of the game (accuracy, speed, strength, endurance, or some
combination of these). Have the teams try out their games, then demonstrate them."
The event for November 6 is in 1792 George Washington was reelected by unanimous vote of the
electroal cllege. to stay in as president.
Ok now we are going to go back in the history books. Grandma writes of this cookbook not
because I want us to ever work as hard or be like the women of those times because their ways
were not always the best and we broke from the structures of its misusage in the 60's although I
see many families still upholding too structured of control on children again. There really needs
to be a happy medium. However, as our fears of food is happening today we may start resorting
back to our farm lives again. This book may be helpfull in those areas. Grandma is going to start
with half of the cookbook she has.one necessary chapter of the History Book and then I will give
you some activity pages. She writes, "Of the Housewife's Duty
Since this treatise is calculated for the improvement of the rising generation of Females in America,
these hints are suggested for the more general and universal knowledge of those females, so
that they may do those things which are essential to the perfecting them as good wives and
useful members of society.
It is the province of the Housewife to be of chaste thoughts, stout courage, patient, untyred,
watchfull, dilligent, witty, pleasant, constant in friendship, full of good Neighbour-Hood, wise in
discourse but not frequent therein--sharp and quick of speech but not bitter or talkative, secret
in her affaires, comfortable in her counsels, and generally skillful in the worthy knowledges which
belong to her vocation.
These virtues remain in demand though fashion and fancy change. Observe this newspaper
advertisement of a Pennsylvania farmer who needs a housekeeper: "Wanted at a Seat about half
a day's journey from Philadelphia, on which are good improvements and domestics, A single
Woman of unsullied Reputation, an affable, cheerful, and amiable Disposition; cleanly, industrious,
perfectly qualified to direct and manage the female Concerns of country business, as raising small
stock, darying, marketing, combing, carding, spinning, knitting, sewing, pickling, preeserving, etc.
and occasionally to instruct two young Ladies in those Branches of Oeconomy, who with their
father, compose the family. Such a person will be treated with respect and esteem, and meet with
every encouragement due to such a character."
If you are about to enter on the duties of a housekeeping life, the precepts of Mrs Randolph of
Virginia, famous Mistress of "Moldavia" and reputed to be the best cook in Richmond, will be of
"The prosperity and happiness of a family depend greatly on the order and regularity established
in it. The husband, who can ask a friend to partake of his dinner in full confidence of finding his wife
unruffled by the petty vexations attendent on the neglect of household duties-who can usher his
guest into the dining-room assured of seeing that methodical nicety which is the essence of true
elegance,--will feel pride and exultation in the possession of a companion, who gives to his home
charms that gratify every wish of his soul, and render the haunts of dissipation hateful to him
Sons bred in such a family will be moral men, of steady habits; and daughters will each be a
treasure to her husband; and being formed on the model of an exemplary mother, will use the
same means for securing the happiness of her own family, which she has seen successfully
practiced under the paternal roof."
The good manager should begin her day with an early breakfast, the whole family in attendance
together for a social and comfortable meal. While the servants, if you have them, breakfast in the
kitchen, you may employ yourself in washing the cups, glasses: arranging the cruets, the mustard,
salt-sellers, pickle vases, and all the apparatus for the dinner table. The kitchen breakfast over,
you should then go in to give your orders and have all the articles intended for dinner pass in review:
have the butter, sugar, flour, meal, lard, gien out in proper quantities, and whatever may be wanted
for each dish, measured to the cook.
This procedure would ensure economy and relieve the mistress of the horrible drudgery of keeping
house all day, when one hour devoted to it in the morning, would release her from trouble until the
Message by Mary Randolph of Virginia, "The grand arcanum of management can be stated in three
simple rules: Let every thing be done at a proper time, keep every thing in its proper place, and put
every thing to its proper use."
The first requisite is to have a good cow. One that has high hips, short forelegs, and a large udder
is to be preferred. The cream-colored and the mouse-colored cows generally give a large quantity
and of rich quality. Her feeding should be faithfully attended to. She should have a good pasture not
far distant, or if this is impracticable, care must be taken that she is not made to run--a piece of
mishief frequently practiced. Giver her teacupful of salt once a week. (I do remember from the time
my Aunt had a cow that you did not make them run and all the utencils had to be cleaned very
carefully. Restaurants use a third rinse of a teaspoon of clorox to a quart of water to kill any germs.
Grandma has learned that through the day care program.)
The cow must be fed once a day with the waste from the kitchen, adding to it about 1 pt. of Indian
meal. Give her the skimmed milk not wanted in the family. If she does not readily drink it, teach
her by keeping her a few days without an ample supply of water. Take care that nothing is given her
which will injure the taste of the milk, such as turnips and parsnips. Carrots are a fine vegetable for
cows. Have her milked by a person who understands the process, or she will not give it freely, and
will soon become dry.
But the most abundant supply of the richest milk will avail little unless all the articles used in the
care of it are kept in perfect order. They should not be used for other purposes. Keep a cloth for
washing them only, and never wash them in the same water with other dishes. After washing, every
article and the cloth with which they are washed must be scalded. Wash off thoroughly all the
milk from the pans, pail, strainer, churn, dasher, skimmer, spoons, etc., before scalding them.
If milk remains in them when scalded, the butter will be injured, as may be supposed from the
fact that a cloth strainer, if scalded a few times with milk in it, becomes yellow and as stiff as if it
If a cloth strainer is used, it should be of thin, coarse linen. A basin having a fine wire strainer is
used by many persons. Tin pails and pans are better than wood and earthen; because tin is more
easily kept sweet than wood, and the glazing upon brown earthen pans is sometimes decomposed
by sour milk. About 2 years ago four men, while making hay on a warm day, drank buttermilk which
had been kept in a jar of potter's are, and every one died immediately. Those who keep 1 or 2 cows
only, will find a stoneware churn best. No other is so easily kept sweet.
Have the milk closet on the coolest side of the house, or in the dryest and coolest part of the cellar,
and with a window in it covered with wire net of slats. Good butter cannot be made without a free
circulation of fresh air. Every inch of such a closet must be kept perfectly clean.
Strain the milk as soon as it is brought in, and set immediately in its place. To remove milk after
the cream has begun to rise prevents its rising freely. For the cream; therefore all the milk wanted
for the day's use must be set apart from the other parts. Skim the cream as soon as the milk has
become loppord, which will, in hot weather, be in about thirty hours..
In very hot weather, especially in August, which is the least favorable month for making butter,
1 heaping teaspoonful of salt should be put into a pailful of milk, after the portion for the ordinary
family use is taken out; and at all seasons, fine salt should be put into the cream from day to day,
as it is gathered. The effect of this is excellent, in keeping it sweet and giving a rich flavor to the butter.
The finest butter is made where the number of cows renders it necessary to churn every day. The
custom of churning once a week is not to be tolerated. If you keep but 1 cow, churn twice a week;
and in dog days, 3 times. Do it in the cool of the morning. If the weather is warm, set the churn into
a tub of cold water; add ice if you have it, and put a piece also into the churn.
Air is necessary to make butter come; therefore, if the cream flies out of the opening around the
dasher, do not put anything around to prevent it. When the butter has come, take it out into the
wooden bowl with a laddle or skimmer.
Work the butter with the laddle, until the buttermilk ceases to come out; then sprinkle it with clean
sifted salt. Work it in well, and taste it to see if more should be added. Observation and experience
must teach you how much to use. Mold the butter with the ladle into balls or lumps or any form you
prefer; put it into a covered jar or tureen and set it in the icehouse or cellar.(Grandma's Aunt did
have a cellar for vegetables but of course we now have refrigerators. An easy experiment to see
how butter works is to take cream in a baby jar or jar and put a clean screw, bead, or something
that will move back and forth in the jar as the children shake it and toss it around shows how butter
was made. That one picture under Abraham's lessons shows the two men tossing it back and forth
in a leather bag to make butter. It is said that our milk today and probably the butter too has been
so processed we have lost most the vitamins in it. )
The lady in this book goes on to say, "The most celebrated housewife of our time is undoubtedly
Martha Danridge Curtis Washington. Though some say she is not socially scintillating, her kindness
and dignity impress all. Even in the midst of her eminent position as our President's wife, she has
been heard to describe herself as "an old-fashioned Virginia housekeeper, steady as a clock, busy
as a bee, and cheerful as a cricket."
Her duties , as the wealthy mistress of Mount Vernon, are substantial. As part of her dower when
she married the General in 1759 she brought one hundred fifty slaves. These, with those already
on the estate who were not field hands, come under her particular care. Every small detail, from
ordering the meals to directing the cooking, to determining where the pease shall be sown and in
how many rows, is said to be under her careful supervision.
Though justly famous as a hostess, she is at heart a country aristocrat who can easily assume
the priveleges befitting her and her husband. At a recent part, she is reported to have concluded
the evening by rising and announcing to her company, "the General always retires at nine, and I
usually precede him."
Dr. Franklin wrote about his wife saying, "We have an English proverb that says, 'He that would
thrive must ask his wife' It was lucky for me that I have one as much dispos'd to industry and
frugality as myself. She assisted me chearfully in my business, folding and stitiching pamphlets,
tending shop, purchasing old linen rags for the paper amkers, etc.
We kept no idle servants, our table was plain and simple,--our furniture of the chepest. One morning
being call'd to breakfast, I found it in a china bowl with a spoon of silver1 They had been bought for
me without my knowledge by my wife. She thought her husband deserv'd a silver spoon and china
bowl as well as any of his neighbours. This was the first appearance of plate and China in our house
which afterwards in course of years, as our wealth increas'd, augmented gradually to several
hundred pounds in value."
Written to the house-maid-
"Always when you sweep a room, throw a little wet sand all over it, and that will gather up all the
slew and dust, prevent it from rising, clean the boards, and save the bedding, pictures, and all
other furniture from dust and dirt."
The Accomplish'd Abigail Adams
"Abigail Adams, the wife of John Adams, is a housewife and hostess quite able to match wits
with any man. In writing to her husband in 1776, she plainly expresses the new sense of confidence
we women are achieving and how we too have interest in the Revolutionary movement. "...in the new
code of laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make, I desire you would remember the
ladies, and be more generous to them than your ancestors. Do not put such unlimited power in the
hands of husbands. Remember, all men would be tyrants if they could. If particular care and attention
are not paid to the ladies, we are determined to foment a rebellion, and will not hold ourselves bound
to obey the laws in which we have no voice or representation."
I believe I gave a lot of the rest before, then it starts on the recipe's and I will save them for
tomorrow's lessons, I probably will finish tonight. For now Grandma is going to switch to the
History book. By the way parents this history book is what the public schools her in Omaha
have been using. They may have changed the last few years. I am not sure. I came upon this
one by accident. It is called the America's History Land of Liberty by Vivian Bernstein. It is a
Steck-Vaughn book and covers the Beginning to 1877; Consultants were Dr. James E. Davis
Social Science Ed. Consortium, Richard Jankowski, Social Studies Dept. Chairman; Karen
Tindel wiggins, Director of Social Studies 1997 version. To the time line dates I gave you add
these three: 1789 George Washington became the first president; 1791 the Bank of the United
States begins; then in 1793 Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin.
"The Road to Revolution" in the History Book
People to remember:
King John; British; King George III; George Washington; Pontiac; Sons of Liberty; Daughters of
Liberty; Crispus Attucks; Sam Adams; John Adams; Patrick Henry: Minutemen
Places to remember:
Wales; Great Britain; Ohio Valley; Appalachian: Mountains; Montreal; Lexington: Concord
Magna Carta; Parliament; frontier; surrendered; treaty; ally; proclamation; repreesentation; taxation;
boycott; Committee of Correspondence; Intolerable Acts; militia
Main Ideas to Focus on
1. What events in England led to the development of representative government?
2. What kinds of representative governments did the colonies have?
3. How did the French and Indian War change the relationship between Great Britain and the 13
4. Which events between 1763 and 1775 led Americans to fight against Great Britain?
The History book says, "In 1760 Americans in the 13 colonies were proud to be ruled by Great
Britain and then things began to change within 15 years of time.
We first must understand representative government and how it developed in England before we
understand why we turned against England. In 12 15, a group of nobles forced King john to sign
a paper called the Magna Carta. It was the first set of laws in England to limit the king's power.
It allowed the nobles to help write the nation's laws. This was the beginning of the lawmaking group
called Parliament. Their members pulled together to make laws for England. The Men voted for
leaders to represent them in Parliament. Therefore it is called a representative government.
"England had been an independent country for hundreds of years. In 1536 Henry VIII united the
kingdoms of England and Wales. Then in 1688 Parliament forced its king, James II, to leave
England during the Glorious Revolution. No one was killed during this revolution, and Parliament
asked William and Mary to become the new monarchs. In 1689 William and Mary signed a group
of laws called the English Bill of Rights, which said that only Parliament had the power to raise an
army or to collect taxes. (In otherwords it sounds like to Grandma that they wanted the money
working for the people and not the Kings and Queens.) Then in 1707 the Kingdom of England and
Wales united with the Kingdom of Scotland to form one nation. This new nation was to be called
Great Britain and the people called British,
Then in 1760 King George III became the ruler of Great Britain. Before that Parliament made few
laws for the American colonies. Each colonial government made its own laws. They had an
assembly with two houses, a lower house and an upper house. Colonists voted for representatives
to make the laws for them in the lower house. Therefore the lower house passed tax laws and
controlled the colon's money. The upper house were men chosen by the governor of the colony.
As of 1750 white men owning property could vote. Then when King George III wanted to get more
money to cover the cost of war with France.For you see the French and England were fighting
over the land in Ohio Valley. See France had obtained the land in Canada and down the
Mississippi river throughout what they called Louisiana at that time Spain had optained part
of the southern region not part of Louisiana until England had gained over the Spain control
of the seas. Much of these land were unsettled very much but the 13 colonies and parts of
Canada. Both England and France wanted to rule the land around the Ohio River called the
Ohio Valley. The land was scattered with French Fur traders making lots of money. The Iroquois
and the French had been enemies since 1609, but in 1754 the French and Indian War began
between the French and the British as settlers started moving west of the Applachian Mountains.
The life was hard there they had to clear land and build homes. The natives next to the French
were killing them and making it that much more difficult. So at the start of that war, the British
asked young George Washington at 21 years of age to help fight the French. George was
inexperienced at the time but he was strong and brave. Even though he lost to the French at
that time, het learned how to fight on the frontier. and then became a war hero in the colonies.
For the battle he lost was to a western Pennsylvania fort the French had built. Then George
Washington took his men with the Iroquois next to him and they took over the French city of
Quebec in 1759. The next year they took Montreal and the French surrendered. The French had
also been in war with Britain back home in Europe called the Seven Year War. They lost that one
also. In 1763 the French and British signed a peace treaty called the treaty of Paris. This treaty
said France lost all its land to North America except four small islands. Spain as Frances's ally
in the war, gave Florida to Great Britain. Louisiana was split at the Mississippi River. East of it
was to belong to Great Britain and west of it would belong to Spain. Therefore, Great Britain now
not only had the land east of Mississippi including Ohio Valley but also Canada and the land along
the Atlantic Ocean.
Problems After the War- Then King George III made one big mistake. He wrote a proclamation, a
type of law , that said the colonists of America could not settle in the Ohio Valley. The colonists
were angry, they thought it was unfair of King George III. They had died in that war and gave Britain
Canada to top it. The Proclamation of 1763 was written after Pontiac's Rebellion, which occured
earlier that year. An Ottawa leader, Pontiac had led attacks by a number of Native American nations
against the British settlements and forts. They had destroyed the area of forts and all while killing
2,000 settlers. When the war ended the fighting stopped. Yet Britain did not want to pay to protect
the new colony settlers from settling back in the area; Therefore the King wrote the proclamation.
Then the Parliament began to pass tax laws to make the colonies pay taxes to pay for the casualties
of the war. Then to top it off representatives from the colonies were not allowed in Parliament.
"No taxation without representation" were the words. Yet Parliament thought they were right in
asking for taxes from the colonies they made the laws for them.
The colonists began congregating together as Americans and no longer thought of themselves as
part of Great Britain. They started protest groups called the Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of
Liberty.. They would burn stamps that were used to show that a tax had been paid.Following is a
chart of the events that led up to the Revolution:
The proclamation of 1763 British King George III said the colonists
was given to the colonists. could not settle in the Ohio Valley.
The Sugar Act of 1764 Taxes were put on sugar and molasses
was enacted. in the colonies of America.
The Stamp Act of 1765 Colonists were told they must buy stamps
was enacted. for all printed material.
The Quartering Act of 1765 The colonists hand to furnish food and
was enacted. housing for the British soldiers.
The Declaratory Act of 1767 Parliament ended the Stamp and
was enacted. Sugar Acts but said it had the right
to tax the colonies.
The Townshend Acts of 1767 Taxes were put on paint, glass, lead,
was enacted. paper, and tea.
The Boston Massacre A snowball fight leads to the British
happened in 1770. soldiers shooting five Americans.
Another Tea Act of 1773 Tax is put on tea again.
The Boston Tea Party Colonists dress like Natives and
of 1773 happens. dump tea into Boston Harbor.
The Intolerable Acts The British passed laws to punish
of 1774 happen. Boston for the Boston Tea Party.
They closed the Boston Harbor.
The First Continental Congress Delegates from 12 colonies meet
meet together in 1774 and send a letter to King George.
They battle at Lexington and The American Revolution begins.
Concord in April of 1775.
In order to stop "the unfair tax laws, the colonists started a boycott against products from Great
Britain." That hurt Britain's trade, so parliament ended some of the tax laws. Some colonists in
Boston were using violence to protest. The British sent soldiers to Boston to stop the protests.
Then on March 5, 1770, American men and boys began throwing rocks and snowballs at a small
group of British soliers. Therefore, the British soldiers fired their guns. Five colonists were killed
including Crispus Attucks, and African American. The colonists called this the Boston Massacre.
Famous protest leaders in Boston including Sam Adams started a group called the Committee of
Correspondence. Committees were started in other colonies. The committees started sending
information to each other.about the Boston Massacre. The colonists were getting angrier and
After the British passed the Tea Act of 1773, the Sons of Leberty took action. In New York City
and Philadelphia, they sent tea ships back to Great Britain. In Boston, Sam Adams and others
dressed as Natives and opened the tea chests, throwing thousands of pounds of tea into the water.
King George was furious. He passed new laws to punish the people of Boston. These new laws took
away self-government from Massachusetts. Boston Harbor was closed until the colonists paid for the
tea. More British soldiers were went to Boston.
The colonists called these laws the Intolerable Acts and the were so upset they prepared for war.
Protest leaders from 12 colonies met in Philadelphia. Georgia did not send delegates to that
meeting in 1774, but agreed to follow the decisions made by the Congress. It included officials like
Sam Adams, John Adams, Patrick Henry, and George Washington. They wrote a letter to
King George. They said they were loyal to the King, but laws for the colonies must be made by
their own elected representatives. The told him what they wanted corrected. They decided they
would boycott British goods until the problems were solved. Each colony would start its own militia
so the colonies would be prepared if they had to fight the British. They agreed to meet again in
The militia the colonies formed were called Minutemen because they only needed one minute to be
ready to fight the British. When more British soldiers were sent to Massachusetts in April 1775,
The Sons of Liberty learned that the soldiers planned to attack Concord and take the colonists'
weapons. On April, 1775, Paul Revere and two other members rode through the night and warned
the people of Concord and Lexington that the British soldiers were coming. The Minutemen were
ready to fight. The battle began in Lexington. Eight Minutemen died in that battle. (Grandma had
an ancester that was one of the Minutemen.) Then the British marched on to Concord where they
fought the Minutemen again. They forced the British back to Boston. This fighting has been called
"the shot heard round the world" because it gave people from other countries the hope that they
might be able to have freedom to fight for better governments.
Special Notes about Paul Revere:
a famous leader; born in Boston; father was a silversmith; became a silversmith himself; member of
the Sons of Liberty; made an engraving of the Boston Massacre in 1770; worked with Sam Adams to
enact the Boston Tea Party in 1773; one of the men to dump tea; best known for his rid
April 18, 1775-made famous fot the poem"Paul Rever's Ride," by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow;
served in the army in New England during the American Revolution; produced gunpowder and
cannons for the army; printed the first paper money for the nation; after the war became as famous
for his work with silver as he was for his famous ride.
When they heard the British were coming, Revere and William Dawes were sent to warn the colonists
in Concord and to warn Sam Adams in Lexington. They arrived at Lexington around midnight and
warned the colonists there. One hour later Revere, Dawes, and Dr. Samuel Prescott began riding to
Concord. On the way British soldiers stopped them. Dawes and Prescott escaped, and Prescott
reached Concord. The British allowed Revere to return to Lexington the next day without his horse.
After walking to Lexington, Revere and Adams escaped to safety. The Minutemen were ready when
the British came.
Review and Apply
Based on the Main Ideas:
-In 1215, England's King Joh signed the Magna Carta, which limited the king's power, and it allowed
nobles to start Parliament.
-After the French and Indian War, France lost most of its empire in North America. Great Britain
gained Canada and the Ohio Valley.
-After the French and Indian War, the British Parliament passed tax laws for the colonies to help pay
for the British war debts. The colonists protested these taxes because the colonists were not
represented in the British Parliament.
-The American Revolution started in 1775 with the battles of Lexington and Concord.
Vocabulary-choose the meaning from the letter of the word or phrase that best completes each
1. The Magna Carta was a paper that limited the power of the ___________.
a. British king
b. French king
c. colonial government
2. Parliament is a ____________.
a. British colony
b. British trading group
c. British lawmaking body
3. Representation means___________.
a. making laws for other people
b. voting for new laws
c. voting for people to make laws for you
4. A nation that surrenders during a war, _______________.
a. wins the war
b. gives up fighting the war
c. decides to continue fighting the war
5. Taxation is a way for a govrnment to _____________.
a. raise maney
b. fight a war
c. start new colonies
6. An ally during a war__________.
a. helps your enemy
b. fights with you against your enemy
c. is your enemy
7. A militia is a group of citizens that are trained to be _________.
8. The frontier is a region with few __________.
-Write one or more sentences to answer each question.
1, What were the results of the French and Indian War?____________________________________
2. What changes did King George make in the way the colonies were ruled after the French
and Indian War?
3. What was one way the colonists protested against British taxes?
4. What happened at Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts on April 19, 1775?
Distinguishing Relevant Information-Imagine you are telling a friend why many colonists
decided to protest and fight against Great Britain. Read each sentence below. Decide which
sentences are relevent to what you will say. Put a check in front of the relevant sentences.
There are 3 relevant sentences
________1. The British passed the Tea Act in 1773.
________2. George III became the king of England in 1760
________3. The British would not allow the colonies to have representation in Parliament.
________4. Settlers cleared trees and started farms in the Ohio Valley.
________5. The British closed Boston Harbor after the Boston Tea Party.
Writing an Opinion--Do you think that the colonists were right or wrong for protesting the
tax laws made by Parliament? In your notebook, write a paragraph that explains your opinion.
If you can answer these question from the reading with out the map you are doing good.
One Grandma may have to answer for you because it is not clear in the chapter.
1. Which nation ruled Louisiana in 1754?_________________________________________________
2. Which nation ruled east of the Mississippi River in 1763?__________________________________
3. Which nation ruled Florida in 1754?___________________________________________________
4. What land did France lose in 1763?___________________________________________________
5. What land did England control in 1763?________________________________________________
6. How did the French and Indian War change Great Britain's control in North America?__________
The answer to number 3 is that in 1754 Spain did, but in 1763 Britian did in exchnge for Spain
to have the land west of the Mississippi river/