I am truely sorry folks having my Modem stolen has just put me so far behind. I should catch up by tomorrow or through the weekend.
For those wanting to go back on days we have had just click on a subject within the blog area and it will bring all the days up with that subject.
People who have been with me know to do tasks, responsibilities, and jobs assigned to each other. You know to work on assignments, check your calendars, mark the weather on a calendar or chart and work on your journals, yearbooks, and family Newspapers.
We are in the Bible with Moses and Aaron trying to convince the Pharaoh that they have powers from God and that he should listen to them and let the Israelites go. Well God told Moses and Aaron that he had one more plague to present the Pharaoh that would make him surely give into their wishes. They were to let the people know he was going to Bring forth a plague to kill the first born children of those that did not carry out the passover instructions given to them, in which they were to partake in a lamb dinner done just a special way. The blood of the lamb was to be placed over the doorway and prepare only that which they could eat, else give the rest to a neighbor to share with them, None of the lamb was to be left uneaten. All the Egyptians first borns would die but the would passover all of the Israelites homes.
Then God told them that from that time on, every year at that time they were to celebrate the time of their freedom during seven days of eating bread without yeast. They were to eat nothing made with yeast at that time. They were to do nothing the whole seven days of work but cooking food and celebrating on the seventh day by eating the Unleavened bread. All men and boys were to be circumsized guests wanting to participate and slaves. If they did not partake in the celebration as expected they were to be cast out from the rest.
Faith Alive says this in, "Did You Know?; What is the Passover?; Passover was the night God killed the firstborn of the Egyptians but "passed over" Israelite families. God told the Israelites to hold a special meal each year to remember how he saved them. The Passover lamb, whose blood was put on each family's doorframe, was showing how Jesus' blood would save them." God was right the Pharaoh ordered them to leave. Ordered them to leave at once, They were allowed to take anything of the Egyptians they wanted, All the flock, whatever, they deemed necessary-jewels, clothing; whatever.All six hundred thousand of men alone and their wives and childrren alike. They all left the land of Egypt by the order of God and the Pharaoh. Eveb tiday that tune if year us jeot sacred abd celebrated by the Jews.
For our dance lesson that maybe you can add to their lessons tomorrow or take a little time on Saturday to preform is to teach the children the element: duration. It is lesson 23 from our chart and the helper: quarter, half, whole.
The author says, :(Bring to class one piece of construction paper whole, a second piece cut in half, and a third piece cut into quarters(strips). Bring two such sets to demonstrate two whole motes, four half notes, and eight quarter notes.)
Here is a whole piece of paper. If I cut that same whole piece of paper into quarters, how many would I have? Four. Here they are. The names of notes in music or beats in dance are the same as the names for those pieces of paper: whole, half, and quarter--like a whole dollar, a half dollar, and a quarter.
If I played four quarter notes on my drum it would sound like this. (Beat four times.) The whole note I wuld beat just once because there is just one piece of paper, but it would last for four beats like the four quarters. Listen. (Play the triangle, and deaden it after four beats.) Someone clap four quarter notes while I play a whole note on the triangle. Ready, beat.
Who thinks he or she could fit two half notes into those four beats? You have only two sounds, or two claps because there are only two pieces of paper there. Clap: one, hold, three, hold. Clap at the geginning of the sound. Let's all clap whole notes. My triangle will last the four beats; your clap will last inside our heads. Ready, go. One, hold, hold, hold, one, hold, hold, hold. Now let's beat half notes. Ready, one, hold, one, hold, one, hold, one, hold. Now let's beat quarter notes: one, one, one, one, one, one, one, one.
Now I'm going to add another whole set. First, another whole note. How many half notes equal that? Two. How many quarter notes? Four. Let's clap just what we see. First, the top row--the two whole second row-- the four half notes. Ready, clap, hold, clap, hold, clap, hold, clap, hold. Now the third row--the quarter notes. Ready, clap, clap, clap, clap, clap, clap, clap, clap.
Let's do all three rows at the same time. Who wants to clap whole notes? Half notes? Quarter notes? Ready, go.
Now we are going to move with each note. First, let's all move with the long whole note. I'll play the triangle, and you make the movement long and smooth. Keep it going for four eats. Just one move, but keep it going for four counts. Ready, and one. Now let's move two whole notes. Ready, and one, two.
Next let's move with four half notes. Each movement lasts two beats. Ready, one, hold, two, hold, three, hold, four, hold. Let's do that again. One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight. Why did I count eight?(A note from Grandma- actually rock and rock and roll, pop music is done in a count of eight to a measure, but some music is done in a 123, 456 of eighth notes.; Cha-cha and jazz are another set of rhythm and so are the blues. These are too hard to teach a child right off. Another point here, in a band as we call ourselves playing drum, guitar, and base. The base and a lead guitar have a beat pattern to play and the drum's basic beat is only done on the second and the fourth beat with the base drum on the fourth only. The basic guitar that plays the rhythm is played with repeative fingering that Grandma has the special privaledge of learning from a special instructor who played in bands and was a radio announcer at one of the stations in our area. Orchestra and normal learning on the guitar is very difficult and each chord is different fingering. Chords are what carries the tune of the song and holds all the notes played during the time of that tune. It all gets pretty complicated. However, when a drummer learns all the fancy beats in music lessons they don't usually get to use them. However, my boys and I did have the priveldge to play together for a little while. My eldest was so insistent with his drums in learning all the rythms, he was asked to bring his whole set to a concert and play with them. It was quite a honor he well earned; now back to the creative dance.)
Let's have this half of the room move with two whole notes, and the other half with four half notes. We should come out even, shouldn't we? Ready, and one9count through), eight.
Now let's do the quarter notes. Try sharp bending movements for these notes so that we shall see each move on each beat. Ready, and one(count through), eight.
Shall we try putting all three together? Let me have three people who think they can do it. Ready, one(count through), eight.
Good. Each time we have four quarters, let's call that a measure. How many measures are here on the floor? Can you imagine four measures? Let's clap four measures: first group you be wholes, second group be halves, third group be quarters, and let's all clap at once. Four measures. How many wholes is that? Four. How many halves? Eight. How many quarters? Sixteen. Ready, and one(count through), sixteen.
Now let's make groups of three people. ONe be a quarter, one be a half, and one be a whole. See if you can dance four measures and come out even. The person who is the whole note will count out loud for the others. Dancers count like this: one, two, three, four: two, two, three, four; three, two, three, four; four, two, three, four. Can you do that? Practice. Then we'll watch each group.
Goals for evaluation: Look for clear mathematical understanding."
Well Grandma found a couple of books way early this morning or last night she had forgot about. They have all kinds of Holiday stories in them with puppets, tangrams, different scenes and ways of doing things for the stories and making your own. Grandma had decided she was going to add them to the lessons that were suppose to be for today. Now she has decided to give it to you as part of tomorrow's lesson. The children may have fun all weekend with it. It is necessary for a skeletin that is in parts and can be put together with tape or glue or felt stick on pieces. There is one with a tangram but Grandma doesn't have much way of showing you were to cut it for that. But maybe you can find the story somewhere and the pattern with it. One particular story you can do on felt magnets or a tray. It has a man in a Bed with room above his body for a ghost or upper case leters of only three at a time. The letters are as follows: F, B, C, R, D, H, E, and Y, only the left side of the Y can hinge in to make it a letter I. For one can take a metal tray and put the picture of the man in the bed on it and then magnets on the green glowing ghost and the letters to stay on the tray. Unless you have lots of felt to make the pieces from. Just to give you some preparation.
Now to finish for today. There is only one birthday and one event for the day. The birthday is for Marie Curie, Polish-born physicist and chemist who became the first person to win two Nobel Prizes. She was born in 1867. However, she was special in the fact that she had to overcome some obstacles. Her mother died when she was 10. Because Poland was rulled by Russia, she had to do all her schoolwork in Russian, not her native tongue. And she had to leave her homeland to get a college degree because women weren't allowed to attend college in Poland. What Book 1 wants you to do is have your children think of accomplishments--large or small--that they've made despite obstacles. Grandma also says to have them keep adding to it through the years and always keep this story and their own close to them so that despite things always seeming hard, never give up and remember your goals and don't get too disappointed when things don't seem just right because Grandma can tell them for sure to keep going.
The event for the day is about Christopher Columbus In 1504 when he arrived in Sanlucar, Spain, ending his fourth and last voyage to America.
Now we will go back into the History Book and finish up the Revolution.(Grandma just realized here that she forgot to remind you to act out part together in what they call role play to keep focused. You can also use the puppets you made and act out parts. Even drawing or coloring pictures. Grandma is real lucky to have a lot of pictures. Getting other books, movies, may all help the children.; their puppets, dolls all help, even doing cartoon pictures or make them as animals and make a cartoon of it.)
People To Learn About Are: Thomas Paine; Thomas Jefferson; John Locke; Phillis Wheatley; Marquis de Lafayette; Friedrich von Steuben; Bernardo de Galvez; Benedict Arnold; General Cornwallis; Joseph Brant; Peter Salem
Places are: Fort Ticonderoga; Bunker Hill; Trenton; Princeton; Saratoga; Valley Forge; Yorktown
New Vocabulary is: delegates; commander in chief; blockade; pamphlet; Loyalists; neutral; Patriots; Enlightenment; Unalienable rights; pursuit of happiness; traitors; retreat; turning point; morale
The history book points out how strong the people were to battle a big experienced army at Lexington and Concord. Then after the battles delegates from all 13 colonies held the Second Continental Congress which began in May of 1775 in Philadelphia. They decided to form an army with soldiers from all of the colonies. All the delegates agreed that George Washington should be the commander in chief of the new Continental Army. Dressed in his army uniform as the book points out he looked ready for the part. They also decided Benjamin Franklin should go to France to ask for help from them. Apparently it was discovered that they had also captured British cannons and supplies at For Ticonderoga in New York. Therefore, "in June 1775 American troops moved to Breeds Hill and Bunker Hill, two hills near Boston. On these hills American and British troops fought the Battle of Bunker Hill. The Americans lost the battle, but more than a thousand British soldiers died there.
Back at the Continental Congress in Philadelphia, the delegates sent a letter to King George called the Olive Branch Petition. It said the colonists wanted peace, and they wanted to be ruled by Great Britain. But the colonists also wanted to have the same rights as British ciizens.
A few delegates, on being Patrick Henry, were ready for the colonies to break away from Great Britain and become an independent nation. In one of his famous speeches, PatrickHenry said, "I know not waht course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!" However, most delegates still wanted the colonies to be ruled by Great Britain. ( some people just like their security blankets)
Those feelings changed at the end of 1775. King George refused to read the Olive Branch Petition. Instead British ships were sent to blockade American ports.
In January 1776 Thomas Paine convinced many Americans that they should be a free nation. Paine had come to live in America from England. He wrote a pamphlet called "Common Sense," which said the colonies should break all ties with Great Britain. Many people in the colonies agreed with "Common Sense."
Not all colonists agreed with Thomas Paine. About one third of the colonists wanted to remain part of the British Empire. These colonists were called Loyalists because they were loyal to King George. Many Loyalists moved to England and Canada during the American Revolution, but thousands stayed and fought for the British. About one third of the colonists wanted to be neutral and not fight for either side. One third of the colonists wanted independence; they were called Patriots.
The Declaration of Independence.
In June 1776 the delegates at the Congress decided to tell the world that the colonies were an independent nation. They decided to explain their reasons in a paper called the Declaration of Independence, A committee was given the job of writing the Declaration. Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and Thomas Jefferson were in the committee of five delgates that wrote the Declaration of Independence. They asked Thomas Jefferson, a young delegate from Virginia, to do most of the
Thomas Jefferson used ideas from Enlightenment when he worte the Declaration. The Enlightenment was a period durin the 1600s and 1700s when great thinkers wrote new ideas about government. John Locke was one of the great thinkers of the Enlightenment. He believed that God gave rights that belong to all people and can not be taken away. Locke also believed that people have the right to have a revolution against their government if the government does not protect the rights of the people.
The Declaration of Independence explained that "all men are created equal," and that God gave all people unalienable rights.. These rights, which can not be taken away, are "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." Jefferson used Locke's ideas when he wrote in the Declaration that people can change their government if it tries to take away thise rightsl The Declaration listed the many ways King George had taken away the rights of the colonists. The Declaration ended by saying the 13 colonies were "free and independent states." Soon Americans began to call their free nation the United States of America.
Jefferson wrote"all men are created equal,"" women still had to fight for their rights to vote. However when "delegates from the Southern Colonies refused to sign the Declaration, the sentences about slavery were removed. All people were not treated equally in America in 1776, but the Declaration set high goals for equal treatment in the future.
On July 4, 1776, the delegates signed and adopted the Declaration of Independence. It took great courage to say the colonies were a free nation. T King George all of the signers were traitors. If Americans lost their fight to be free, all of the signers would be punished with death."
Therefore, George Washington went to Boston to take charge of his army; with no taxes to pay any of them; no uniforms; they had to buy their own guns; a few stollen cannons; and barely enough food.
Phillis Wheatley, an African-American poet, admired Washington. She published a poem about Washington's greatness. He read the poem, liked it, and later met Phillis Wheatley to thank her.
Washington became a hero because he taught the soldiers to work together as an army; he lost more battles than won, yet he refused to give up. Washington knew when tro retreat and to move to another place. Then they could fight again.
The British were determined and they were strong with a powerful navy; but the Americans knew how to fight in forests and on the frontier where the British didn't. The King couldn't even find enough men to be there so he hired German Hessians.
Washington fought the British in New York from all angles. He lost at Long Island and Nathan Hale a Brave American spy was caught and hung with the famous words of "My only regret is that I have but one life to give for my country."
Washington went to Trenton after crossing the icy Delaware River and they won that battle; then they went to nearby Princeton where they won another small battle. It gave the Americans encouragement. In September 1777 the British captured Philadelphia. But a few weeks later the won a victory in Saratoga, New York (which was way North)in which they captured almost 6,000 British prisoners. If you look at this on a map, you will see the men traveled quite a distance in those times of living. They say this was their turning point in the war because it proved that we were strong enough to defeat the British. So France decided to send soldiers, ships, and supplies to help defeat their old enemy, the British. Marquis de Lafayette became a French hero. He used his own money to buy a ship and sailed to America with French soldiers. After winning Saratoga, Washington led his army to Valley Forge in Pennsylvania. They spent a long, cold winter; morale was so low many returned home. There was not enough food or clothing. Thousands wrapped rags around their feet because they had no shoes to wear. But those who stayed became better because of the work of German General Friedrich von Steuben. Von Steuben drilled the soldiers on how to use weapons, and taught them the best ways to fight. Then they all moved South and West. The British won many battles in the South but many lives also. Americans won a victory at Vincennes in the Ohio Valley, way West.
In 1779 Spain started to help the American Army. Bernardo de Galvez, the Spanish governor of Louisiana, sent gun powder, food, medicine, and money to the American Army. He led a Spanish army that captured British forts and cities along the Gulf of Mexico from Louisiana to Florida.
One of the best American generals, Benedict Arnold, became a traitor. He wanted to give the American fort at West Point , New York, to the British. They tried to capture him but he escaped and became a general in the British Army.
By 1781 General Cornwallis the leader of the British Army, was losing the war in the South. From August until October they fought him at Yorktown, Virginia. With the French army and the French Navy, Americans won their independence, on October 19.
In 1783 the Americans and the British signed the Treaty of Paris and they recognised the United States as an independent nation. "Although Great Britain still ruled Canada, the United States ruled all the land to the east of the MIssissippi River.
So Who All Fought in the American Revolution? Many kinds-
The natives fought mainly with the British because they thought they would stop Amercans from settling on Native land. Joseph Brant, a Mohawk leader, helped win the Battle of Long Island for the British.
About five thousand African Americans fought during the war. Both free African Americans and slaves. They fought in every important battle. Peter Salem a Minuteman, fought at Lexington. Later, Salem shot a British commander in the Battle of Bunker Hill. James Aristead, an African Slave, served as a spy for Lafayette. He became free after the war.
Large numbers of Irish Americans fought for freedom. Many of them became generals in the Continental Army.
Jewish Americans fought for American freedom. David Emmanuel became a hero in Georgia. Haym Salomon, a spy for the American Army, arrested twice and escaped. He also raised money for the Continental Army.
Thaddeus Kosciusko, a Polish engineer, became good friends with George Washington. He really helped at Saratoga.
Even the women were important in the war, even though they were not allowed to fight. While the men were away the women ran farms and businesses. They served as cooks, nurses, and doctors for the army. Some women worked as spies. Martha Washington spent the winter with the army. She nursed soldiers who were hurt and sewed up holes in clothing. Deborah Sampson fought as a soldier, she disguised herself as a man, wore an army uniform, and fought in the Battle of Yorktown.
"The Declaration of Independence had said Americans wanted a government that would serve the people." We will find how the Americans planned a government that was meant to protect their rights and freedoms.
Extra on Thomas Jefferson 1743-1826-Farmer, lawyer, architect, inventor, governor, president, and writer were all jobs he did well. He grew up in Virginia and went to college and became a lawyer. He learned several languages, played violin and was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1769.
He became a Patriot who spoke out, believing the British were taking away the rights of Americans. He studied John Locke's Ideas about government and was glad to be one of Virginia's delegates at the First Continental Congress. He was asked to write the Declaration of Independence. It took two weeks and a few men like Benjamin Franklin and John Adams shortened it. It is five pages long and worth reading. He believed in religious freedom so during the Revolution he wrote the "Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom." During the war he served as governor of Virginia. He helped write the Treaty of Paris and wrote other treaties with European nations for the United States. He was elected the third President of 1800 and served two terms. Then he started the University of Virginia in 1817. Both he and his friend John Adams died on the same day of July 4, 1826, exactly 50 years after the Declaration of Independence had been adopted.
A heavy paper to write about is How you think his work helped American freedom?
Grandma has one: In knowing how strong our government was for the people, write about our government then and what it has become today. Ask yourself if you feel our government really is worried about their own paycheck compared to what the people need compared to the government in the beginning. Then write about the changes you think could be made to make us a strong and trusting government again.
There is two excersizes Grandma is not giving you. One is letters between Abagail and John Adams and do not feel the excersize is so necessary. The last is a graph of the population from 1680 when it was at 100,000 people in the United States and over 2 million during the war. That is still quite a bit of people for just those 13 states. Here are the rest of the excersizes for the chapter. Maybe parents want to do a Unit test by next Friday. Following are the Chapters Main Ideas and then the work.
-The Second Continental Congress first met in May 1775. It created a Continental Army and made George Washington commander in chief of the Continental Army.
-When the Declaration of Independence was approved on July4, 1776, Americans announced their independence from Great Britain..
-The Battle of Saratoga was considered the turning point of the American Revolution because after this American victory. France began to help the Continental Army.
-The Americans won the American Revolution after the British were defeated at the Battle of Yorktown on October 19, 1781.
Use the dictionary to find the meaning of each word or phrase listed below if you cannot get it from the chapter. Write each word's definition with other vocabulary words to study and mark it as part of the chapter on the Revolution. Use each word in a sentence if parents wish in their home schooling as part of our Home Education Program here in Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.
blockade neutral traitor
commander in chief pamphlet turning point
Biography Cards- Take each name and put them on a postcard or whatever your records are being kept on. Write their names under Name and How they helped in our Independence. Add any other names you can find or know about.
Thomas Jefferson Haym Salomon Thomas Paine George Washington
Marquis de Lafayette James Armistead Look to see if Daniel Boone was
involved or another Grandma cannot
remember who wore a coon cap. They
may have only been involved in the
war over Canada and Louisiana.
Making predictions- Making predictions emans using information that we know in order to think about what probably will happen next.
Example Fact: Prediction:
It rained hard for ten days. There will be a flood.
Read the paragraph below about the end of the American Revolution. Then check two sentences that predict what will happen after the war.
The American army was defeated in many battles during the American Revolution, but George Washington continued to lead the fight for independence. After seven long years of war, the American army defeated the British at Yorktown. The 13 colonies became one free and independent nation.
_______1. The United States would develop a plan for a new government.
_______ 2. Most Americans would want to stay part of Great Britain.
_______ 3. The new nation would give some land back to Great Britain.
_______ 4. Americans would choose a leader for their nation.
5. What do you predict will happen after the American Revolution?
Grandma has an extra credit question? What are your predictions about our country going through the
turmoils of today?
Writing an Essay--There were many battles fought during the American Revolution. Select the battle that you think was the most important to the American victory. Explain why you feel the battle was so important. Start your essay with a topic sentence. End your essay with a sentence that summarizes the main idea. Write your essay with a sentence that summarizes the main idea. Write your essay in your special notebook, journal, newspaper, and/or yearbook.
Other things to think about and write about are: How the women felt about things? Why the African Americans and the slaves were so supportive of the people? How these great leaders would think about our country now and the people in it? What things could help us now? Why it is so important for America to be fighting for other people's desire for freedom?
See if you can come up with some more ideas to write about?
The Last chapter of the 1700's has to do with the problems and changes. Grandma will give it to you for Monday, so be prepared.