Day 56 and 57
The Best Place to Learn From - Is The Best Place for Learning
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Home Educaton Program

Day 56 and 57

Washington Monument at Washington DC in our Home Education Program at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.3d building in Washington DC in our Home Education Program at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.Federal Reserve Building at Washington DC in our Home Education Program at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.Capital Hill Building Washington DC in our Home Education Program at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.Viator Free Event Tour dc's Election Sites in our Home Education Program at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.Capital Building in our Home Education Program at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.
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The Mouse on the Mayflower
The Mouse on the Mayflower is a 1968 animated Thanksgiving television special created by Rankin/Bass. It debuted on NBC on November 23, 1968. The special is about a mouse named Willum, who is discover...With the addition of Charlie Brown all on Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.If the children do not want to watch the mouse story then they can push the play button forward across and the other videos will appear.
This has been added from a week ahead in order for the pictures and information from Book (57) to stay together. As we have read "Finally, in 1789, the (thirteen) states ratified a new constitution which provided for a stronger national government, including a single chief executive," Geaorge Washington. "But there was still no official place for the government to meet. By 1789, the Congress had already met in Philadelphia and York, Pennsylvania; Baltimore and Annapolis, Maryland; Trenton, New Jersey; and New York City. When George Washington took office, there was no official capital of the United States. Southerners wanted the capital in the South; Northerners demanded that it be located in the North. Placement of the capital grew into a very serious issue which threatened to disrupt the new government. But a compromise was finally reached between the North and South.
The site chosenfor the capital was a diamond-shaped piece of land, ten miles square, located on the Potomac River on land donated by Maryland and Virginia. The area, no longer part of any state, became known as the District of Columbia as a tribute ot Christopher Columbus.
The congress then authorized President Washington to hire someone to design, the new city. Washington chose Pierre Charles L'Enfant (pronounced LONFON), a French artist who immigrated to America to fight for independence. L'Enfant spent many days traveling on horseback studying the 100 square miles of wilderness that he had been entrusted to make into a world-class city. While L'Enfant was familiar with the great cities of Europe, his concepts and designs were uniquely his own. He selected Jenkins Hill--a stretch of high ground overlooking the Potomac River--for the site of "Congress' House," and designed a broad avenue running from there to the "President's House." Today that wide avenue is known as Pennsylvania Avenue and is the site of many parades and marches.
The first two major buildings constructed in Washington were the Capitol and the White House (although it was then known as the President's House or President's Palace). The Capitol building was much smaller when it was first oppened in 1800 than it is today, but new additions have been added in the past 190 years, with the last major addition constructed during the 1950s. Abraham Lincoln was President when the magnificent dome was finished in 1863, replacing a much smaller one. Today, standing atop the dome is the Statue of Freedom, always keeping a watchful eye on the capital.
The White House has been occupied since 1800. The first residents were President John Adams and his wife Abigail. Every President since then was lived in the White House, leaving George Washington as the only President never to have occupied it. Its many rooms and famous Rose Garden are visited by more than a million people every year.
The new capital city was originally known as "Federal City" but was soon named "Washington City" in honor of our first President, and finally just"Washington."
Unlike other major cities, Washington does not have any skyscrapers. By law, no building can be more than 130 feet tall, about 13 stories high. Congress passed this law so that the Capitol building would never be overshaddowed and would be easily seen throughout the city. Only the washington Monument and the old Post office building (built before the law was passed) rise above 130 feet. Yhe absence of skyscrapers gives Washington an uncrowded skyline which highlights the many monuments and public buildings that adorn the city.
In 1837, the federal government felt that it had too much land so it gave back the land that Virginia had donated more than 40 years earlier. Today, that land is again a part of Virginia, although most of the land is used for public purposes, which includes Arlington National Cemetery--where President Kennedy and Pierre Charles L'Enfant are buried--and the Pentagon, which is the hadquarters fro America's Armed Forces.
Today, Washington fills every corner of the District of Columbia. More than 600,000 call Washington their home, and they can thank Pierre Charles L'Enfant for making it such a beautiful city in which to live.
 
The White House
 
When John and Abigail Adams moved into what was known by some as the President's Palace, it was anything but a palace. The building was still under construction and the Adamses were forced to hang their laundry in the East Room, perhaps the most elegant room in the White House today. The building was finally finished, but on August 2, 1814, British troops invaded Washington and set fire to the White House. It was rebuilt in 1817, and has been remodeled many times since.
The White House serves three major purposes: it is the President's office, the President's home, and a public building used dozens of times each week for official ceremonies, dinners, dances, and concerts.
The President's office is known as the Oval Office. It is called this because of its shape. The office used by the President today was built in 1902 by President Theodore Roosevelt, sho was also the person who painted the building its now-famous color and first called it "The White House." Leaders from around the country and the world visit the President nearly every day in the Oval Office.
Of the 132 rooms in the White House, thirty of them are used by the President's family as a residence. These rooms are located almost entirely on the second and third floors of the building.
Most of the White House is used for public ceremonies, and many rooms can be visited during regularly-scheduled visiting hours. Here, the President and his family can entertain their guests, present awards, greet visiting dignitaries, and host official dinners. Receiving an invitation to a White House event is a very special honor.
 
The Capitol
 
The United States Capitol is one of the largest buildings in Washington. Its towering dome is in the center of the building and can be seen throughout the city, Beneath the dome is the Rotunda, a gigantic circular room with a ceiling more than 150 feet high. On the walls surrounding the Rotunda are large paintings illustrating major events in American history, such as the landing of Columbus, the surrender of General Vornwallis, and signing of the Declaration of Independence.
On either side of the Rotunda are two long hallways, One leading to the House of Representatives, the other to the United States Senate. The governing system of two legislative bodies is the readon that the United States Capitol is designed the way it is.
 
The Supreme Court
 
Across the street from the Capitol is the United States Supreme Court. This is the highest court in the nation. There are nine Justices on the Court, appointed by the President to serve for the rest of their lives. Lawsuits or criminal cases which are started in local courthouse could one day be decided by the Supreme Court.
Among the Supreme Court's many duties is to decide whether a law passed by Congress is constitutional or not. The United States Constitution guarantees certain rights for all Americans that cannot be outlawed by Congress. If, for example, Congress passed a law that abolished all newspapers in the country, the Supreme Court would most likely declare that law "unconstitutional" because it would violate our constitutional right of freedom of speech. Our right to speak freely is part of the Bill of Rights which were added to the original Constitution in 1791.
 
The Smithsonian Institution
 
In 1846, a man named James Smithson donated approximately $500,000 to the United States government to create an organization for the purpose of increasing knowledge among men and women. Today the Smitsonian Institution is an American scientific and cultural organization recognized around the world. And yet, its founder, James Smithson, was an Englishman who never once visited the United States!
More than a dozen museums are part of the Smitsonian Institution, including the National Air and Space museum, the National Museum of American History, the National Museum of Natural History, and the National Zoo.
The National Air and Space Museum is the most visited museum inthe world! More than 11 million people pass through its door each year. Besides all those people, it is packed with airplanes, rockets, helicopters, missiles, hot air balloons, and even a model of the Starship Enterprise. Here you can see which Charles Lindbergh few non stop across the atlantic Ocean: Frindship 7, the space capsule that carried John Glenn, the first American to orbit the earth; and a moon rock brought back by Neil Armstrong after he became the first human to walk on the moon.
At the National museum of American History, you can see the original Star Spangled Banner, which inspired Francis Scott Key to write the national anthem. You can also see the ruby slippers worn by Dorothy in the movie "The Wizard of Oz"; the baseball bat used by Hank Aaron to hit his record-breaking home run; the gowns worn by the First Ladies at the inaugurations; and thousands of old clocks, trains, cars, tractors, telescopes, bicycles, and cameras that help tell the story of America's past.
Pterodactyls and triceratops await you at the National Museum of Natural History. These dinosaurs join wooly mammoths and dozens of other mammals on exhibit here. You can also see historic objects like Stone Age cooking utenils and the largest blue diamond in the world, the Hope Diamond--all a part of the Smithsonian's collection of natural wonders.
 
.Grandma sees that many people are taking the week off for the holiday from home schooling. Therefore, Grandma will shorten the two days as much as possible and give some pages the children can have fun doing instead of the dancing. For instance they could be cooking up turkey of their own in coloring and cutting out turkey, Native American, deer, corn, Pilgrims and whatever else they want to act a play out with. They can write their own scripts. I will try to find a Charlie Brown video for them also because it is part of the birthday's. They can do Math on pages of Turkey's or Pumpkin PIe's Or do a math problem they make up with them all or the deer. They could count Native american's if they wish. They can sing songs about Thanksgiving and Christmas during the Holiday. I hope you got some use out of my planning given to you.
 
To start this off we will go to the calendars. Be sure to record the weather for the week. Some people are going to be in a real snow storm. I hope those people are not trying to travel. I do not like to hear someone has gotten stuck in it pulled off the road or in an accident. They are never fun.  Please take care and precaution for the holiday. If any of you do have a fireplace or cooker, Grandma did cook the turkey in the fireplace once. However, do not do it unless you like it smoked because that is what it will do to it. Grandma likes it but not everybody does. Pineapple, orange, and lemon make the turkey really good.
Now to Book 1 calendar-on November 26 1895 William Griffith Wilson, cofounder of Alcoholics Anonymouse Association(AAA) was born.
 Then in 1922, Charles Schulz, American cartoonist who created "Peanuts" with Charley Brown in it and Snoopy, was born. Book 1 says, "After skipping two and a half grades in elementary school, Charles Schulz felt out of place. He disliked being the oldest child in his grade, and he fell behind in his work. Like Charlie Brown, the character he created years later, he felt ignored by other children. Looking back on his school days, Schulz noted, "now I realize that Charlie Brown's goofs are familiar to everybody." Ask your children to hunt for some "Peanuts strip and write a paragraph explaining why the subject is relevant to readers of all ages. If there are no newspapers or comics in the house I am sending some videos if I can find them. I found them . They are on with the Mouse and the Mayflower video so if they do not want to watch it or watch it first just pull the video knob clear to the end of the video and the other movvies will fall on the screen. Just click on what they want to see.) In finishing about Charles Schulz. Book 1 finishes with the fact that, "When Schulz was 13, his family was given a mixed-breed black and white dog that became the inspiration for another famous "Peanuts" character. When he started his comic strip, Schulz intended to name the dog Sniffy, but there was already a cartoon pet with that name. So he changed the name to Snoopy. Ask your students to explain how their families have selected names for pets.
Under events for that day: In 1716, a Lion was first exhibited in the United States, in Boston. Then in 1783 Annapolis, MD, became the capital of the United States. Book 1 calls it a Cavalcade of capitals.-Seven cities , besides Annapolis, have been the nation's capital: York, PA; Philadelphia; Baltimore: Lancaster, PA; Princeton, NJ; Trenton, NJ; and now Washington DC; have the children research these other captial cities. What do the cities have in common? What do students think is important in choosing a capital? Then challenge the children to select a new city to be the nation's capital. They could design a poster highlighting the merits of their choice or do a picture each with each ones ideas.
 
November 27, in 1701 Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer and inventor of the Celsius scale was born. Book 1 calls this Up scale, down scale-it says, "Observe the birthday of Anders Celsius by having the children use their calculators to convert temperatures from Fahrenheit to Celsius. Using the formula C=(F-32)x5divided by 9, they can express interesting temperatures--that of the human body, the surface of the sun, the oven setting for a batch of brownies, the record high in Death Valley--on the Celsius scale."(play around with this some)
In 1917 "Buffalo Bob" Smith, host of the children's TV show "Howdy Doody" was born. Book 1 wanted the children to interview you and ask about the children's TV shows they watched. Beforehand, brainstorm for a list of questions; like what the format  of the programs started, what times the children's TV shows were on, or how they're different from the kids' shows of today."
in 1960 Kevin Henkes, children's author and illustrator was born.
Then an event for this day was in 1582 when William Shakespeare was issured a marriage license in the diocese of Worcester, England.
November 28 in 1757 William Blake, English poet whose works include "The Tiger" was born. Bood 1 says, "Poem, poem-Read aloud William Blake's famous poem "The Tiger." Then invite your students to write their own poem addressing an animal and asking it a question.
 
"The Tiger" by William Blake
 
Text:TIGER, tiger, burning bright
In the forests of the night,
What immortal hand or eye
Could frame thy fearful symmetry?

In what distant deeps or skies
Burnt the fire of thine eyes?
On what wings dare he aspire?
What the hand dare seize the fire?

And what shoulder and what art
Could twist the sinews of thy heart?
And when thy heart began to beat,
What dread hand and what dread feet?
 

What the hammer? what the chain?
In what furnace was thy brain?
What the anvil? What dread grasp
Dare its deadly terrors clasp?


When the stars threw down their spears,
And water'd heaven with their tears,
Did He smile His work to see?
Did He who made the lamb make thee?

Tiger, tiger, burning bright
In the forests of the night,
What immortal hand or eye
Dare frame thy fearful symmetry?Initial Reaction:
 
Upon first reading "The Tiger," it seems to me that Blake is trying to use the tiger to symbolize both beauty and fear due to references such as "what art could twist the sinews of thy heart" and "in what furnace was thy brain."  Furthermore, the burning can represent both the radiance of the tiger and the fire of fearfulness is emits.  In addition, the reference to the lamb migh signify an allusion to the bible and the creator, implying that the tiger is a mystical and magnificent creation of God. 
Paraphrase:TIGER, tiger, shining brightIn the darkness of trees at nightWhat kind of GodCould design something so beautiful and frigtening? In what far off landsWas the fire of your eyes created?What was the god trying to make of you?
Would anyone be so bold as to create you?
Whose creativity and hard workCould mold something like you?And when you came alive,Was your creator scared of what he made? What and whose tools were used to make you?From which furnace were you crafted?Which anvil? What did it doTo cerate something deadly as you? When the sky was createdAnd the stars and rain set in placeWas God happy with his creation?Did the father of our Savior make you too?
TIGER, tiger, shining brightIn the darkness of trees at nightWhat kind of GodCould design something so beautiful and frigtening?SWIFTT:
SW: Th syntax of the poem is evident in that the poem is written in the form of a series of questions directed to the tiger itself.  In this sense, Blake uses the technique of apostrophe as he continually adresses the tiger.  Blake also includes many words that emphasize the beauty and the fear he sees when he looks at the tiger.  The words he chooses show the reader just how frightnening a tiger can seem while also incdluding the idea that things that people fear can still be acknowledged as beautiful.  Blake's references to God also imply that the tiger is a heavenly creation. I: Blake's constant references to the frightening image of the tiger evoke fear from the reader.  In addition, his descriptions of the skies and the heavens of which the tiger was created draw a picture for the reader that clearly signifies the difference between the frightening tiger and the innocent beauty from which he was created.  F: In the poem, Blake includes allusions to the bible and religious beliefs when he asks the tiger if "He who made the lamb make thee?"  Here, he is referencing to the bible where Jesus Christ is referred to as the Lamb of God.  Blake also includes apostrophe as he addresses the tiger throughout the poem.  In addition, personification is used when Blake describes how "the stars threw down their spears and water'd heaven with their tears."T: Blake's tone throughout the poem is one of wonder and awe.  While reading the poem, the reader can tell that Blake recognizing the fearful image of the tiger while also admiring and acknowledging the beauty of his creation.  When Blake references the tiger's "fearful symmetry," he views the tiger as a beautiful work of art created by God rather than a horrendous monster.  T: The theme of Blake's poem is that even in the most frightening of things, one can find beauty since everything is a creation of God.  Using syntax and word choice, Blake addresses the creature itself depicting it as frightening yet beautiful.  The imagery he includes emphasizes Blake's depiction of the image of the tiger.  The allusion to the bible and the lamb of God implies that Blake views the tiger as a gift from God rather than an awful creature.  Furthermore, the tone of wonder and awe portrayed throughout the poem makes it clear that Blake finds beauty in the creation of the tiger.
Conclusion:
After reading and carefully analyzing "The Tiger" by William Blake, I realize that my initial reaction was incorrect.  Initially, I thought that Blake was emphazing how frightening the tiger was and wondering what God could every create something so fearful.  However, I now realize that Blake was only admiring the tiger, respecting it for its fearfulness and frightening image but also revering it for its beauty and its creation as a beautiful work of art rather than a monstrous creature.
Posted by Allie Baldassaro at
 
In 1866 Henry Bacon, American architect who designed the Lincoln Memorial was born.
 
 
Old Post Office Washington DC in our Home Education Program at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.Lincoln Memorial in our Home Education Program at Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center.And other pictures of Buildings in Washington DC
are above at the top of the blog.
There was lots more buildings
Grandma was able to save but they got all mixed up and it was hard for grandma tired to find them all. She did get the main ones. I may add the others later.
 
 
 
In 1931 of November 28 Tomi Ungerer, children's illustrator was born. On November 29 1803 Christian Doppler, Austrian physicist and Mathematician who explored the Doppler effect, was born. In 1876 Nellie Taylor Ross, first female U.S.governor (Wyoming) was born. In 1898 C> S. Lewis, English writer
was born. Then in 1918 Madeleine L'Engle, children's author was born. Book 1 said that "Madeleine L'Engle called writing an "essential function, like sleeping and breathing." She started writing as soon as she could hold a pencil. and even during the busiest times of her life, she wrote every day. Create a big book from photographs or drawings of these activities.
Now for the events of November 29; in 1760 The French surrendered Detroit to the British at the close of the French and Indian War. In 1776 Invisible Ink was first used in diplomatic correspondence..Book 1 says, "People have sent messages in invisible ink for hundreds of years. Try writing invisible messages with the " children. Citrus juice, vinegar, or a misture of 1 teaspoon of sugar in a glass of water all make fine invisible inks.Write the messages with a small paintush, a toothpick, or the head of a small nail. Once dry they can try to read it holding it up to a light bulb. Ask them why they think the message reappears. (The heat releases the carbon in the fluid.)
November 30 birthday's are just as filled. In 1667 Jonathan Swift, Irish-English writer, author of Gulliver's Travels was born. Book 1 says to tell your children that Lilliputians were the tiny people encountered by the hero of Jonathan Swift's book Gulliver's Travels. Ask the kids to imagine what their classroom or bedroom would look like if they were 2 or 3 inches tall. Then have them draw a picture from that perspective. Then in 1835 Mark Twain(real name:Samuel Clemens), American writer was born. In 1874 Winston churchill, British statesman was born. Book 1 says when Winston Churchill was a boy, he had a hard time in school. However, he could apply himself if he wanted to. He once won a prize for reciting 1,200 lines of poetry from memory without a single mistake! Later, as prime minister of England at the height of World War II, he said, "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat. She if the children can figure out what that means.
The last birthday besides the upcomming event is the birthday of Shirley Chisholm, first black woman to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives was born in 1924.
Now as I said before there is one more birthday for November 30 and that is the event of the First baby born to a Pilgrim Family in the New England colonies was Peregrine White in 1620.
The other event for November 30 is of England and America signing the preliminary peace articles in Paris, marking the End of the Revolutionary War in 1782.
(Grandma is going to post this and then type a few recipes and what she can of the Bible. Have a nice Thanksgiving. Grandma will write again for next Monday.)
 
These Recipes are from the little colonial cookbook Grandma has. She is covering "The Garden Stuff"
 
The author says, "Nowhere in the world do people have such a variety of good garden things to grow and east as in these colonies. Still our daily fare can be monotonous. How beneficial it would be if more of our contrymen thought as freely as does Mr. Thomas Jefferson about fruits and vegetables. Since he was a young boy Mr. Jefferson has kept garden records of the plantings at his home and has been curious about every vegetable, exotic or ordinary.
Most people spoil garden things by over-boiing them. All things that are green should have a little crispness, for if they are over-boiled, they neither have any sweetness or beauty.
 
                                               To Boil French Beans
 
Take your beans and string them, cut in two, then across, when you have done them all, sprinkle them over with salt, stir them together, as soon as your water boils put them in and make them boil up quick, they will be soon done and they will look of a better green then when growing in the garden; if they are very young, only break off the ends, then break in two and dress them in the same manner.
 
                                               To Keep Grren Peas Till Christmas
 
Take young peas, shell them, put them in a cullender to drain, then lay a cloth four or five times double on a table, then spread them on, dry them very well and have your bottles ready, fill them, cover them with mutton suet fat when it is a little soft: fill the necks almost to the top, cork them, tie a bladder and a leather over them and set them in a dry cool place.
 
                                                New England Baked Beans
 
Put a quart of white beans to soak in soft water at night: the next morning wash them out, --put them in a pot with more water than will cover them, let them simmer on fire till quite tender, wash them out again, and put them in an earthen pot; scald and gash 1-1/2lbs. of pork; place it on top of the beans so as to have the rind even with the beans; fill the pot with water in which 2 tablespoons of molasses are mixed. Bake five or six hours. If baked in brick oven it is best to have them stand over night.
 
                                                          Corn
 
Indian corn is considered the most important food staple in America. It is our chief mainstay--our everlasting diet all over the colonies.
Some early opinions were that the barbarous Indians knew no better and by necessity thought it good food. Foolish colonists thought it a more convenient food for swine than for man. Sensible leaders, however, faced with grim and grizzled starvation, quickly learned to cultivate and harvest their own plats of corn and so kept themselves alive.
Lest any among us forget, during the starving times, it was corn that kept our first colonists alive.. Many in Europe disdain our American grain, but the good Dr. Franklin set them right. He spiritedly defended the virtues of corn in a letter to a London newspaper in 1766 during the dispute over the stamp act..
"...a writer in your paper comforts himself, and the India Company, with the fancy that the Americans, should they resolve to drink no more tea, can by no means keep that Resolution, their Indian corn not affording "an agreeable, or easy digestible breadfast.' Pray let me, an American, inform the gentleman, who seems ignorant of the matter, that Indian corn, take it for all in all, is one of the most agreeable and wholesome grains in the world...and that johny or hoecake,hot from the fire, is better than a Yorkshire muffin...Mr. Vindex's very civil letter will, I dare say be printed in all our provincial news-papers...and together with the other kind, polite and humane epistles of your correspondents...contribute not a little to strengthen us in every resolution of advantage, to our country at least, if not yours."
 
                                                        Hasty Pudding
 
From corn comes the most notable standing dish in all the colonies and saved us from starvation--Indian pudding, that which some call Hasty pudding or loblolly or Suppawn. In truth, for the cook, there is nothing hasty about this pudding of corn meal mixed with water or milk.. Many farm families eat such a pudding twice every day of the year. For the main course it is served with milk, and for dessert, sweetened with molasses or maple syrup.
"Come at Pudding time. " means in most colonies, come in time for dinner. Puddings are brought to the table before the meat and vegetables at Sunday dinners in the home of John Adams and other New Englanders. The place of pudding on the menu even enters into political life. The Federalisssts eat their puddings first, but the democrats begin their dinners with meat.
The young men of Harvard College are devotees of Hasty Pudding. Since the Revolution, undergraduates have started a new club called "Hasty Pudding," Activities center around dinner at a certain Cambridge inn on "hasty pudding night."
 
                                                  Boiled Indian Pudding.
 
Mix one quart of corn meal, with three quarts of milk; take care it be not lumpy--add three eggs and a gill of molasses; it must be put on at sun rise, to eat at three o'clock; the great art in this pudding is tying the bag properly, as the meal swells very much. .
 
                                              Baked Indian Meal Pudding 
 
Boil one quart of milk, mix in it two gills and a half of corn  meal very smoothly, seven eggs well beaten, a gill of molasses, and a good piece of buter; bake it two hours.
 
                                                        Pumpkins
 
Of all the puddings we colonial wvies have boiled and baked, the first was pumpkin.. We gave skuced them, dried them and hung them from the kitchen beams. We have cut them into a dice,  filled pots with them and stewed them all day. So many pumpkins have we stewed, boiled and baked, one settler composed this bit of verse:
    We have pumpkins at morning, and pumpkins at noon,
    If it were not for pumpkins we should be undone.
 
                                                    Pumpkin Pudding
 
Stew a fine sweet pumpkin till soft and dry; rub it through a sieve, mix with the pulp six eggs quite light, , a quarter of a pound of butter, half a pint of new milk, some pounded ginger and nutmeg, a wine glass of brandy, and sugar to your taste. Should it be too liquid, stew it a little drier, put a paste round the edges, and in the bottom of a shallow dish or plate--pour in the mixture, cut some thin bits of paste, twist them, and lay them across the top, and bake it nicely.
 
                                                Sweet Potatoe Pudding
 
Boil one pound of sweet potatoes very tender, rub them while hot through a colander; add six eggs well beaten, three quarters of a pound of powdered sugar, three quarters of butter, and some grated nutmeg and lemon peel, with a glass of brandy; put a paste in the dish, and when the pudding is done, sprinkle the top with sugar, and cover it with bits of citron. Irish potato pudding is made in the same manner, but is not so good.
 
                                                       Cranberries
 
The Indian use them much, boyling them with Sugar for sauce to eat with their meat, and it is a delicate Sauce, but expensive because of the sweetening required. They are brought to market every Wednesday and Saturday at Philadelphia late in autumn.
Wash a quart of cranberries and remove the stems and wilted berries. Put them with 2 cups of sugar and 2 cups of water and boil without stirring until the skins burst. Cool and serve up with your meat.
 
Pray how does your aspargus perform?
                                            John Adams in a letter to his wife, Abigail!
 
                                                          Apples
 
Apples are highly useful in families...There is not a single family but might set a tree in some otherwise useless spot, which might ser4ve the two fold  use of shade and fruit; on which 12 or 14 kinds of fruit trees might easily be engrafted and essentially preserve the orchard from the intrusions of boys, & c, which is too common in America.
If the boy who thus planted a tree, and guarded and protected it in a useless corner, and carefully engrafted different fruits, was to be indulged free access into orchards, whilst the neglectful boy was prohibited--how many millions of fruit trees would spring into growth...The net saving would in time extinguish the public debt, and enrich our cookery.
 
                               Mrs Washington's Own Baked Apples Recipe
 
Take a dozen good pippins, cut them in half and core. Place them in a tight mazarine dish with the skins on, the cut side down; put to them a little water, scrape on them some brown lump sugar. Put in a hot oven till the skins are burnt black, and your apples are tender. Serve them on plates with a good cow cream.
 
                                                 To Stew Pears
 
Pare six pears, and either quarter them or do them whole: they make a pretty dish with one whole, the rest cut in quarters, and the cores taken out. Lay them in a deep earthen pot, with a few cloves, a piece of lemon peel, a gill of red wine, and a quarter of a pound of fine sugar.
If the pears are very large, they will take half a pound of sugar, and a half a pint of red wine; cover them close with brown paper, and bake them till they are enough.
Serve them up hot or cold, just as you like them, and they will be very good with water in the place of wine.
 
                                             Mrs. Horry's Preserved Peaches
 
Take the peaches full grown and ripe but not soft, weigh them to every pound of peaches take 1/2 sugar. (Slice) the peaches very thin and put them in a jar sprinkling sugar between every layor of peaches, let them lay 12 hours in which time the juice will be drawn. Then put them in some preserving jar and boil them till transparent then put them in bottles or small jars putting in 2 or 3 glasses of Brandy to each while warm.
N.B. When you do a good many peaches 1/2 sugar to a pound is sufficient, but if only 2 or 3 (pounds ) it will require 3/4 to each pound.   Very good.
 
 
The fruits that are most fit for preservation in syrup are, apricots, peaches, nectarines, apples, greengages, plums of all kinds and pears. Boil them up three days successively, skimming each time, and they will then be finished and in a state fit to be put into pots for use.
 
That is all of the recipes tonight. Grandma is going into the bible which I don't know how short or long yet.
 
Grandma is going to cover as much of Samuel as she can.
Here is questions Faith Alive pressents about 1 Samuel:
 
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? We do know who wrote 1 Samuel..
 
When...did this happen? The events of this book happened between 1085 and 1010 BC.
 
Where...did this happen? The stories in this book happened in the land of Israel.
 
How...does 1 Samuel show us God's love?
God had always intended to give Israel a king, but not the kind or for the reasons they wanted. Saul, the first king of Israel, was a like the sinful nations had. In his place, God chose David, a man after God's own heart. to rule according to God's will. David became an illustration pointing to Jesus, God's gracious King for all people.
 
What...special messages does this book give us? God is the King of kings. For our good, he seeks to place over us other leaders who will do his will and reflect his love.
       ...action happens in this book? Samuel serves as Israel's last judge. Saul becomes Israel's first king. Saul disobeys God, and God chooses David to replace him. Saul becomes David's enemy.
       ...important people do we meet? Samuel, Saul, David, and Jonathan are main characters in this book.
       ...are some of the stories in this book?
  God calls the boy Samuel                                             1 Samuel 3
  Samuel anoints Saul King.                                            1 Samuel 9
               Saul disobeys God.                                    1 Samuel 13,15
   Samuel anoints David king.                                         1 Samuel 16
               David kills Goliath.                                          1 Samuel 17
              David and Jonathan.                                         1 Samuel 20
   David spares Saul's life twice.                                  1 Samuel 24,26
           Abigail faces David.                                             1 Samuel 25
            Saul dies in battle.                                             1 Samuel 31
 
(Since the Psalms and Proverbs were mostly by David we can read about 8 a day with out chapters from here.) .
 
Faith Alive has questions here too.
 
How...does Psalms show us God's love? Some psalms foretell Jesus' life, death, and resurrection. Many psalms show that God provided what David and other writers needed for their lives.
 
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? David wrote at least73 of the 150 psalms. Several people, such as Solomon and Moses, wrote the others.
 
When...were the psalms written? The psalms were probably written between about 1400 and 500 BC
 
What...special messages does this book give us? The psalms were the "hymnal" God's Old Testament people used to talk to him and worship him.
        ...kinds of psalms are there? The psalms may be grouped in many ways. Some kinds of psalms are identified below:
1. Psalms of praise like Psalms 33 and 103 help us thank God for who he is.
2. Historical psalms like Psalms 68 and 106 tell what God has done for his people during their history.
3. Psalms of friendship like Psalms 8 and 23 remind us that God loves us and tell us how we can show our love to him.
4. Psalms of anger like Psalms35 and 137 ask God to punish evil people.
5. Psalms of confession like Psalms 32 and 51 show us how to talk to God about our sins.
6. Psalms of the Messiah like  Psalms 22 and 89 tell us about Jesus.
7. Psalms of worship like Psalms 30 and 120 were used by groups of people on special religious holidays to worship God.
        ...kind of Petry is used in this book?
Hebrew poetry does not rhyme. It repeats ideas instead of repeating sounds.
        ...are some favorite psalms?
God's creation and Word                                                                Psalm 19
Christ suffers for us.                                                                       Psalm 22
God is our shepherd                                                                       Psalm 23
Confessing sin to God                                                                    Psalm 32
A mighty fortress is our God                                                           Psalm 46
God's great forgiveness                                                                  Psalm 51
 Come let us sing."                                                                       Psalm 95
How great God is                                                                         Psalm 104
Love God's Word.                                                                         Psalm 119
 
In reading the first 8 Psalms Failth Alive says in "Life in Bible Times- What God is Like--Psalm 2:4 says God is like a king on heaven's throne. In Bible times a king sat on his throne to giv orders and make decisions. To say God is a king on heaven's throne means that what he commands will happen."
Then in Psalm 3:1-8 Faith Alive explains it in "Let's Live It!-Safe at Night--David was running from an eneny army when he wrote this psalm. You can read the story in 2 Samuel 15:10-14. Now read Psalm 3. Verses 1 and 2 tell how David felt. Verses 3 and 4 tell what david remembered about God. Verses 5 and 6 tell how David was able to sleep, even when he was in danger. Verses 7 and 8 tell what David prayed.
Here's something to help you if you are afraid at night. Cut a shield from a piece of cardboard. Cover it with blue construction paper. Tape on two strips of aluminum foil in the shape of a cross. Put the shield under your pillow at night to remind you that God will guard you, just as he guarded King David."
 
Then Faith Alive for Psalm 7:10 in Life In Bible Times he describes God as a shield. A shield protecting a soldier from the spears and arrows of his enemies, meaning David. Faith Alive says, "To call God a shield means God will protect the person who trusts him."
Then for Psalm 8:1-5 Faith Alive says in, "Let's Live It! -Look at the Heavens--David often slept outside at night when he cared for his father's sheep. He watched the moon and the stars and thought about God. Read Psalm 8 and see what David thought when he looked up.
Some summer night go outside and look at the stars. Without a telescope you can see just over one thousand stars. If you looked through the first telescope, made many years ago by Galileo, you could see of three thousand. With today's big telescopes you can see millions of stars in the sky! Our great God, who made all this, still knows you by name and cares for you! "
 
If you follow the outline given in the beginning of 1 Samuel of questions Faith Alive gives you will see the happening pretty much tell the story. For in the beginning Hannah is childless and barron and she pleads to God that if he gives her a son she will give him up to God's service. Eli is the priest at the time and his sons are helping him but they are doing wrong in the sight of God and will die soon. God grants Hannah her wish and then the son born she gives to Eli for the service of God. His name is Samuel and he is favored by God and God talks to him as a young teen
Faith Alive talks about 1 Samuel1:1-20 in "Let's Live It!-A Gift  to and from God--Did you know that many mothers pray for their children before the children are born? Ask your mom if she prayed for you before you were born. Ask her what she said when she prayed for you Ask if she prays for you now.
Then read 1 Samuel 1:1-20. What did Hannah say when she prayed to God for her child? Was anything in Hannah's prayer like your mother's prayers for you? Chapter 2 of 1 Samuel is Hannah's Prayer."
Faith Alive asks in "Did Yuo Know?2:12 What was Eli's sin? Eli was high priest. He let his sons, who were also priests, keep on disobeying God and doing wicked things. This chapter tells what happened to Eli for letting his sons sin. It also tells what will happen to Eli's sons."
Therefore in chapter 3 God begins to talk to Samuel because he favors the boy. Faith Alive talks about it in "Did You Know? 3:1 How old was Samuel when God called him in the night? The Hebrew word for boy means that Samuel was probably about twelve when God spoke to him. God desires that people of all ages hear his Word and obey him."
In the battles against the Philistines , the Philistines take the Ark and many are killed including Eli's sons and then Eli dies in hearing about it. The Bible keeps telling about them putting the Ark in front of their clay idol god, Dagon and how Dagon starts to fall apart and kept falling over. Faith Alive talks about it in "Life in Bible Times- The Broken Idol--The philistines worshiped an idol made of clay and called it their god, Dagon. The god had many human features like a head and hands. Dagon fell and broke apart before the ark of God. This showed that the Lord is the true God."
In chapter 5 the Philitines are punished for taking the Ark; Faith Alive says in "Did You Know? 5:6,10 What were Ashdod and Ekron? Ashdod  and Ekron were Philistine cities. . The Philistines had five large cities. These were two of the important centers of Philistine power."
Chapter 6 is where the Ark is returned and Chapter 7 is where Samuel subdues the Philistines at Mizpah. Faith Alive asks in "Did You Know? 7:14 How did the Israelites defeat the Philistines? Samuel persuaded the Israelites to give up worshiping pagan gods. When the Israelites worshiped only God, he gave them victory at Mizpah. As long as Samuel lived, and as long  as Israel worshiped God. the people were safe from the Philistines."  Then in chapter 8 the Israelites want a king so Samuel finally appoints Saul but he does not have God in his heart as Samuel and does not do as well. Faith Alive says in "Did You KNow? 8:5 Why did the Israelites want a king? The Israelites wanted to be like other nations, but Israel was not like other nations. Israel had God as its king and leader. It was not wrong to have a king. But Israel wanted a king for the wrong reason."  So  in chapter 9 Samuel Anoints Saul King Faith Alive talks about it in "Did You Know? 9:17 Who was Israel's first King? Saul was Israel's first king. People were impressed with Saul because he was so tall. At first Saul was a good king. He trusted God and showed good judgement. But later he began to forget God."
Chapter 10 talks about pouring the oil on Saul's head. Faith Alive explains in "Life in Bible Times- Anointing with OIL-Pouring oil on a person's head was a special act in Old Testament times. It was done when God gave a person an important job. like bieing king or being high priest. Our greatest high priest and king of kings is jesus Christ. The name "Christ" means anointed one." In chapter 11 Saul Rescues the City of Jabesh and he is Confirmed as King. In chapter 12 Samuel says good-bye because he knows he is dying. Faith Alive tries to explain why a king is no help to the Israelites in "Did You KNow? Why couldn't a king help the Israelites? The true source of blessing is God. A king could not be of greater help or be a better leader than God. The Lord's power reigns supreme."
In chapter 13 Saul goofs up bad and they have no weapons like the Phlistines. Faith Alive explains in "Let's Live It! 1 Samuel 13:5-14- If the Crown Fits--God made Saul the first crowned head (king) of Israel. A great honor!. Unfortunately, when people have positions like that, they often get "bog heads." God had commanded Saul to wait for Samuel to offer a sacrifice before attacking the Philistines. What did Saul do instead? Read 1 Samuel 13:5-14. Saul's thought he  was important enough to do things his way instead of God's. Saul's head was getting too big for his crown.
Even when God gives power to earthly leaders, the one real crowned head remains God himself(Ephesians 1:22). And he promises to give all believers a crown--a crown of life (Revelation2:10). Make yourself a paper crown to help you remember that Christ is ruler of your life--a life lived with him now and eternally."
Faith Alive answers a question in "Did You Know? 13:19 Why didn't the Israelites have any weapons? The Philistines knew how to make and sharpen iron. The Israelites did not . So for many years the Israelites could not make iron swords or even sharpen the tools they used in farming."
Then in chapter 14(14:1) Faith Alive asks in"Did You Know? Who was Jonathan? Jonathan was King Saul's son. He was a brave fighter who trusted God. Later he became David's very best friend."
In chapter 14 Israel Routs the Phillistines. But then Jonathan is condemed for eating Honey. Faith Alive explains in Did You KNow? 14:39 Why was Jonathan condemned to die for eating honey? Jonathan's father made the army promise to eat nothing all day. Jonathan didn't know this and ate some honey. Sau was ready to put  Jonathan to death, but the men did not let that happen."  Then in chapter 15 Saul is rejected by God to be king any longer. as Faith Alive explains it in "Did You Know?15:11 Why did God reject Saul as king? Saul was refected because he did not obey God. The leader of God's people needed to be someone who trusted God and was obedient to him." then Faith Alive says this in "Words to Remember 15:22 To obey is better than sacrifice."
Samuel and Saul part ways and Samuel kills Agag. Saul felt it did not matter he had disobeyed God. As Samuel told him, God is in charge not him and he supported God.
In chapter 16 God tells Samuel to let it go and fill his horn of oil because he want him to anoint  David and he is to go to Jesse of Bethlehem. Samuel obeys him. Faith Alive has things to do in "Let's Live It! 1 Samuel 16:1-13- THe Heart the Lord Sees--In choosing Israel's next king, Samuel looked only at the outside. What does God see?
Cut out three paper hearts--Gray, red, white. Here's what they represent. Gray:the way our hearts once were (Mark 7:21-23). Red: what changed our hearts (1 John 1:7). White: what God has made our hearts now (Psalm 51:7). First display the gray heart. Then cover it up by taping the red heart over it. Finally, cover them both with the white heart. This is what God sees because Jesus' blood has washed away your sins (Colossians 1:22). Now , on the white heart write Psalm 51:10."
In Word to Remember 16:7 Faith Alive says, "Man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart."
In chapter 17 David battles Goliath this is the famous battle that should be told to the younger children also. Faith Alive explains in "Life in Bible Times-Goliath the Giant- David was just a boy, but he fought the giant Goliaath. Even the big men in Saul's army wouldn't fight Goliath. This picture shows a six-footh-tall basketball player, and Goliath, who was over nine  feet tall. How did David dare to fight such a giant? See 1 Samuel 17:45-47." Faith Alive has more to say about it in "Let's Live It!-The Bible Story Everybody Knows--Do you think that everyone knows the story of David and the giant Goliath? Just for fun, ask five of your neighborhood friends if they know the story. Read 1 Samuel 17 to make sure that you remember every part of this famous Bible story. It is a long chapter, but it is exciting reading. David was able to face the giant because he trusted God. David was not afraid. He knew that God could help him defeat Israel's enemy."
Chapter 18 talks about the jealousy Saul has of David as Faith Alive talks about it in "Did You Know? 18:8 Why was Saul jealous of David? David was so successful as an army leader that people praised him more than they praised Saul. That made Saul jealous. Saul was afraid of David too. Saul had disobeyed God and knew that God had rejected him as king of Israel. He also knew that David obeyed God and that David was victorious because God was with him."  Saul tries to Kill David in chapter 19 but as Faith Alive explainsin "Did You Know? 19:9 What is an "evil spirit from the Lord?" God has power over everything, even evil spirits. Saul turned from God and was punished with this spirit. We don't need to be afraid of evil spirits, though, because Jesus has conquered them."
David is so scared and confused he runs to Jonathan , Saul's son and talks to him. Jonathan does not believe his father would do such a thing without talking to him. Therefore, David and Jonathan make a plan in which David hides and they tell Saul another story. Saul shows his anger and is having David hunted down. Jonathan goes to David and tells him what happened and he must leave. Jonathan and David become very good friends. Faith Alive says in "let's Live It!-Showing Friendship--Read about the friendship of David and Jonathan in 1 Samuel 20:1-42. After reading the story, name three ways that Jonathan showed his friendship with David. Name three ways you can be a friend to someone.
Make posters showing each of the three important things friends do. A good Bible verse to put on your posters is, "A friend loves at all times"(Proverbs 17:17).Ask if you can put the posters up where everyone in your family will see them."
Throughout clear up to 31 Saul pusues David and is trying to kill him. At one point David ends up cutting Saul's robe? Faith Alive explains why it bothers him so much in Did You Know? 24:5 Why was David "conscience-strick-en" for cutting off the hem of Saul's robe? David did not hurt  the king. But in those days the hem of a person's clothes had special markings. These markings showed what the person did. David had so much respect for God, who had made Saul king, that he felt sorry when he cut Saul's hem, a symbol of his royal power."
In chapter 25 David meets Abigail when he is there morning Samuel's death. They fall in love and get married and her husband dies.  Faith Alive has this to say in "Let's Live It! 1 Samuel 25:1-19, 35-42 Special Women Deserve Praise--Abigail is a famous Bible woman. How can you tell from this Bible story that she was both brave and wise? When David saw how special Abigail was, he did two things . He praised(Thanked)God for her (1 Samuel 25:32). And he praised Abigail for her good judgment(1 Samuel 25:33).
A mother or sister or wife who loves Jesus is a precious gift of God. She can make a big difference in your life! Think about the Christian women closest to you. What makes each special? How have they helped you? Thank them and praise God for them!"
Chapter 26 is about David sparing Saul's life. Faith Alive says in "Did You KNow? 26:21 How many chances did David have to kill King Saul? David had at last two chances (see 1 Samuel 24 and 26) to kill Saul. But David knew God had made Saul king. David would not harm the man God had made king, even though Saul had tried to kill David."
Faith Alive also want to present "Life in Bible Times-Food for David What did people eat in Old Testament times? They usually ate foods like those Abigail brought to david. Everyone ate bread every day. Roasted grain was cooked in a soup or eaten like a snack. Everyone ate figs and raisins too. People liked meat, but they ate it only at special celebrations."
In chapter 27 David joins the Philistines to hide among them from Saul.  Then he hangs low in a town and then he takes arms against the Girzites and the Amalekites.
In chapter 28 Saul does a bad thing by calling on the Witch of Endor to bring Samuel's spirit  up to help him. Samuel tells him he cannot help him that he lost favor to the Lord and God had found it elsewhere. .Faith Alive points it out why it is wrong what Saul did in "DId You Know? 28:3 Why was it wrong for Saul to consult a medium? A medium is someone who claims to talk with the dead or with spirits. God told his people not to go to witches or astrologers or anyone like them. Saul knew this law, so what he did was very wrong."  In  chapter 29 Achish sends David Back to Ziklag. They are scared of him in their army. Faith Alive explains it in "Did You Know 29:4 Why didn't the Philistine rulers want David in their army? The Philistines were going to fight the Israelites. They were afraid that when the battle started David would fight against them, not with them. So the Philistines sent David home, and he did not have to fight against his own people."
In chapter 30 David destroys the Amalekites. IN chapter 31 the Philistines attack Saul and his family and he takes his own life. It is very gross. Faith Alive explains it in "Did You Know? 31:3 Why was Saul's end so tragic? God had made Saul king and promised to be with him. But when Saul turned away from God, Saul began to feel desperately alone and helpless. He even asked a witch for advice. Finally, wounded in battle, he lost any hope that God would save him. Rather than be captured, he killed himself."
At the end of the Book Faith Alive has some things to say in "Let's Live It! 1 Samuel 17, 18, 31
The fifthe Commandment--You shall not murder" (Exodus 20:13).
As you may have noticed, if 1 samuel were made into a movie, it might have to carry a parental warning: "Violence-- not suitable for Small children." The Fifth Commandment warns us against murdering other people, but there's more to it than that.
Read again these three stories: David and Goliath (1 Samuel 17:1-51), Saul's attack on David(1 Samuel 18:6-11), and Saul's death (1 Samuel 31:1-5). Then answer the following questions.
 
    1.  In which of these was there a sin against the Fifth Commandment even though no one was physically hurt at all? How was there sin even before any violence was attempted? (Hint: Matthew 5:21-22)
     2.  Which of these incidents involved a sin against the Fifth Commandment even when someone did not hurt anyone else? Why was this wrong? (Hint: 1 corinthians6:19-20.)
     3.  In which story did the main character not sin against the Fifth Commandment, even though he killed someone? Why was it not a sin? (Hint: Romans 13:4)
 
It may also help you to read how Martin Luther explains the commandment: "We should fear and love God so that we do not hurt or harm our neighbor in his body, but help and support him in every physical need."

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