Day 59
The Best Place to Learn From - Is The Best Place for Learning
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Home Educaton Program

Day 59

Good Morning! I hope you all survived your holiday. Grandma seems to have optained a problem with her gallbladder. I am feeling so well that when I went to get a pointillism picture I forgot to save the material and must start over now because I lost It. Therefore , if my work is a little groggly it is because I am very groggly today and not dong well at all. I must go to a Funeral on Wednesday and I hope my work gets to you on time because of it. Grandma will do her best.
Once you have gotten your tasks for the day done and done some Childrobotics you can get ready for some Creative dance lessons with Mary Joyce. We are covering leson 29 with the subject: textures and properties with a helper: bag of things; As I had advised before I lost my material, The bag of things can be used for a lesson on different textures for younger children also. Mary Joyce goes on typing her chapter with "(Bring to class a bag of articles of differing textures and properties, such as a rock, a wad of cotton, a small package tied with string, some loose string, a piece of very wide elastic, a balloon. Have the children describe them in words first.) Show me the shape of this rock with your body. Now show me, if you can, its texture--how it feels to touch. It's cold, hard, smooth in part, and rough in part. Now show me in movement its heaviness, its solidness, its jagged edges.
Show me this piece of cotton with your shape. It is soft and bumpy. Can you dance like that? I can throw it and drop it without making a sound. It is curved. It can be squeezed and pulled apart easily. It is light, hardly weighs a thing. The wind could toss it easily.
Now show me the string pulled tight that binds this package. It is all straight, tight lines. All angles. No curves. Show me in space the lines that this string makes on this package.
Now show me the losse string. It flops in curved lines. It twists and curves in a light but linear way, making shapes like snakes or spaghetti.
Now show me rock, string, cotton, rock(etc).
The elastic is rough and bumpy but soft. It's long and narrow. It stretches to straight and snaps back to curves. I can give this elastic a long ull stretch, and let it come bak slowly in a controlled way. Or I can let it snap back fast! Or I can pull it out only a small way. Show me how many ways your body can move like this elastic.
The balloon is smooth and shiny and flat. It can grow and become curved as it stretches. It can float. When I let the air out suddenly, what does it do? It dashes and dives in crazy directions to the ground. Be that balloon with your body. Go.
Now pick your favorite artcle. First dance its texture, what it feels like to the touch. Then dance what it looks like. And then dance what it does. Practice.
Who would like to show us and have us guess what his article is?(Watch all who want to show.)
 
Goals for evaluation: Look for the ability to capture the feeling of texture and still dance with conviction and variety.
 
Well lets go to the calendars. Grandma better get her calendar straightened out. The reason for the pictures above is to give you an idea of what this artist started. The artist"s name is Georges Seurat, French artist who developed the technigue called pointillism. Book (1) explains it with these words"George Seuart wasn't a magician, but his paointings sure fool people! Instead of painting with lines and strokes, they used thousands of dots, a technique called pointillism."  Many that Grandma found were done in colors, but some are in pencil. Grandma saw one of a bunny she loved; lost it and couldn't get it back, sorry! The children might try some of their own. Georges birthday was December 2, 1859. Charles Ringling, American circus entrepreneur of Ringling Brothers Circus was born that day in 1863. The children might pretend to be in his spot and see what it would take to own a circus. Then in 1906 on December 2 Peter Carl Godmark, American inventor of the long-playing record and color television was born. To think how far development has come since that day is amazing.  Then in 1946 ,David Macaulay, children's author and illustrator was born. Book (1) said he"has written and illustrated best-selling books about building and how things work." It suggests you have the children study his technique. Invite intereste children to make Macaulay-stle illustrations to explain the workings of something that interests them. December 2 was also Pan American Health Day.
December 3 which is today, Gilbert Stuart, presidential portrait painter, was born in 1755. Discuss this kind of painting to the children. In 1826 George B. Mcclellan, U.S. Civil War general and 1864 Democratic presidential nominee was born. In 1838, Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist who was the first weather forecaster for the U. S. Weather Station, was born. Maybe a small poster of his birthday and the weather calendar or chart could be placed since part of our activity is to give weather forcasts ourselves.
Then an event of 1775 happened when the First Official American Flag was raised abourd the navel vessel Alfred.
 
We are going into our history book from here. Grandma did not realize there was one small section at the begginning of this next unit that still had to deal with the 1700's and the begginning of our country. It is called "The Start of the New Nation"
People you learn about are as follows:
Benjamin Banneker                           Pierre L"Enfant                        Maurice de Talleyrand
Anthony Wayne                                Napoleon Bonaparte                Charles Pinckney
Aaron Burr                                        Richard Henry Lee
 
Places we will learn about are:
Mount Vernon                                   District of Columbia                 Potomac River
Washington D.C.
 
Vocabulary to learn is
precedents, appointed, Cabinet, rebel, foreign affairs, political parties, foreign minister, unconstitutional,
electoral college, electors, candidates
 
The main ideas to focus on are:
1. How did Alexander Hamilton's plans help the United Sstates pay its debts?
 
2. What difficult decisions did George Washington and John Adams make as Presidents?
 
3. Why did the House of Representatives elect the President in 1800?
 
"In April 1789 George Washington left the home he loved in Virginia and traveled with his wife,Martha, to New York City." New York was the largest in the country and was the first capital. "On April 30, 1789" he "was inaugurated as the nation's first President."
For "in 1788 the Constitution had been ratified, and the new Congress started meeting in March 1789. The first job for Congress was to write the Bill of Rights." From our last lesson you remember the government was divided into three parts: executive, Judicial, and Legislative departments. "George Washington knew that his actions would create precedents, or examples, that future Presidents would follow. So he was careful about every decision he made. Washington appointed, or selected, people to advise him and to lead the new executive departments These people were called the Cabinet. Every President has followed Washington's precendent and has had a Cabinet of leaders.' The Cabinet included "Attorney General Edmund Randolph, Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson, Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton, and Secretary of War Henry Knox."
The Supreme Court was set up with "six judges called justices. The leader of the Court is called the Chief Justice. Today the Supreme Court has nine justices. The Judiciary Act also created federal courts that heard cases in different parts of the nation."
With the war and everything the Continental Congress had lots of debts to pay. Therefore, they borrowed money from other nations and the American people by selling bonds. After a certain period of time, the government had to repay the money it borrowed, with interest. Without paying these debts nobody would ever trust them again.
Alexander Hamilton, secretary of the treasury, made plans for all these depts to get paid. He also created a Bank of the United States where the federal government would keep the tax money it collected. It "would lend money to businesses to help them grow. The taxes the businesses paid would help the nation grow." "Thomas Jefferson and James Madison believed that the Constitution allowed Congress to pass laws to carry out its powers. The Bank would help Congress carry out its power to collect taxes. In 1791 Congress passed a law creating the Bank of the United States.
Alexander Hamilton's plans worked well slowly the government collected enough tax money to repay its debts, and the American economy grew stronger."
Our governement faced some problems at first. "The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 said settlers could not take land away from the Indians of the region. But American settlers moved into the Northwest Territory and settled on Indians land. There were many fights between the settlers and the Indians." In 1793 George Washington sent General Anthony Wayne to the Northwest Territory to protect the settlers. After two years of fighting, the Indians surrendered and signed the Treaty of Greenville."
"After Congress put a tax on whiskey in 1791, frontier farmers started the Whiskey Rebellion. The farmers grew corn that they made into whiskey. Many farmers earned most of their money from the sale of whiskey. In 1794 the farmers prepared to fight to end the whiskey tax. President Washington led about 13,000 soldiers against the frontier farmers. When the soldiers reached the frontier, no rebel farmers could be found."
"Washington had to make difficult decisions about the nation's foreign affairs. In 1793 Great Britain went to war against France. The British seized American ships that were trading with France. Many Americans wanted the United States to help France and go to war against Great Britain. But Washington felt the United States was not strong enough to fight another war against Britain. Instead he sent John Jay to Great Britain to discuss a peace treaty." Some felt the Treaty was unfair but by avoiding the war United States had time to grow stronger.
Washington had more decisions to make. "By the end of his first term as President, Washington wanted to retire. But members of the Cabinet asked him to serve another term. In 1796 Washington decided not to serve a third term as president. Yhis decision set the precedent that Presidents should serve only two terms. For the next 145 years, no President served more than two terms."
"At the end of his term, Washington wrote his famous Farwell Address. He told the American people to remain united at home and to develop more trade with other nations. He warned his country to remain newutral and to not favor any foreign nation:"Tis our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world.""
"Congress had passed a bill that allowed the nation to build a new capital city. Washington chose Benjamin Banneker, a free African American, to survey the land for the nation's new captal city. Wasington had helped plan the District of Columbia along the Potomac River between Virginia and Maryland. He had asked Pierre L'Enfant of France to plan the Capital. That city became Washington, D.C."
"Disagreements between two Cabinet members, Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton, led to the development of the first political parties. Jefferson's party became the Democratic Republican party. Its members were often called Republicans. This is not the same as the modern Republican party, which began in the 1850s. Alexander Hamilton's party became the Federalist party. John Adams, a Federalist, was elected President in 1796
Soon after Adams became President, he faced serious problems with France. The French had seized American ships that were trading in the West Indies. Adams sent three Americans to France to end this problem. The foreign minister of France, Maurice de Talleyrand, sent three men to meet secretly with the Americans. The French men said France would stop seizing ships if the United States paaaid ten million dollars to France. The three French men were called Mr. X, Mr. Y, and Mr. Z, so the problem with the French became known as the XYZ Affair." The American people were furious about the XYZ Affair because of the big amount of "Millions" and no tribute.
"In 1798 the Federalists in Congress passed several unfair laws called the Alien and Sedition Acts. The Alien Act forced people from foreign countries to wait 14 years instead of 5 years to become American citizens. The Sedition Act said it was a crime to write or print anything against the government. This law took away rights that were protected by the First Amendment of the Constitution.
Thomas Jefferson and James Madison believed the new laws were unconstitutional. So in 1798 Jefferson wrote the Kentucky Resolution. It said Kentucky did not have to obey a federal law that was unconstitutional. Madison wrote almost the same thing in the Virginia Resolution.  Because of these resolutions, many people wondered if state governments should have more power or less power than the federal government. This question would continue to be a problem for the next 65 years of American history."
Then came the election of 1800. "The Constitution states that the President must be electoral college. Each state choses delegates called electors for the electoral college. The number of electors chosen by a state is the same as the number of representatives and senators the state sends to Congress. Electors meet to vote for the President and the Vice President. During the nation's early years, the person who received the most electoral votes became President. The person who received the second largest number of votes became Vice President.
In the election of 1800, John Adams and Charles Pinckney were the Federalist candidates. Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr were the Republican candidates. Adams lost the election when Jefferson and Burr received the same number of votes. The Constitution said the House of Representatives must elect the President when there is a tie vote. For six days members of the House voted, and each time there was a tie vote. Then Alexander Hamilton advised other Federalists to vote for Jefferson because he would be a better leader than Burr. Jefferson was elected President, and Burr became Vice President Because of this election, the Twelfth Amendment was added to the Constitution in 1804. It required separate voting for President and Vice President."
Following is an outline of George Washington 1732-1799 Biography.
I.  Called the "father of our country"
II   Born  and died in Virginia
     A. Led soldiers from Virginia against the French during the the French and Indian War
     B. spent 16 years as a farmer after the war
     C. Became a judge in a Virginia court
     D. Was elected the Virginia House of Burgesses where he helped write laws for the colony
     E. Returned to Mount Vernon after the war and studied ways to grow better crops and raise healthier farm animals
     F Retuned to become a farmer again when he retired in 1797
     G. Died there in 1799
III   He married Martha Custis, who had been married before and adopted her two children, John and Patsy
IV.  Was a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses
V.   Chosen  as commander in chief of the American Army
VI.  Led Americans to victory in 1781
VII. Agreed to lead the Constitutional Convention when they needed a Constitution
VIII. Became the First President of the United States in 1789 for two terms of service with a salary of $25,000 each year which was large for those times.
IX.   Disliked political parties and the only President who never belonged to one.
       A. behaved like a king
       B. rode white horses
       C. wore expensive clothes
       D. had many servants
       E. never wanted more power
X.    His close friend, Richard Henry Lee, said after Washington's  death that he was "first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen."
 
Following are some excersizes for this last 1700 lesson:
 
Vocabulary
Using the vocabulary on the side fill in the blanks to finish the sentences. One vocabulary word(s) is not used.
 
1. George Washington set a ______________________________, or
     example, for future Presidents by not serving a third term as               unconstitutional
     President.                                                                                          precedent
                                                                                                             candidates
2. President Washington's ____________________________advised           Cabinet
  him on issues such as the national debt and foreign affairs.                   political parties
                                                                                                          electoral college
3. The Democratic Republicans and the Federalists were the country's 
  
    first_______________________________________.
 
4. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison believed that Americans
 
    should not obey laws that were______________________________,
    or went against the Constitution.
 
5. The Constitution states that the President must be elected by the
 
   ________________________________________.
 
 
Using Information(Grandma is making this one up herself because she did not like the one the book
had.) Take one problem our government faced in the begginning or one later on and write about what you would have done to solve it.
 
Comprehension Check
Who Said It? Look in Group B for the person who might have said a statement in Group A. Place the letter coordinating with that person on the line ahead of the statement. One name will not be used.
 
                       Group A                                                                     Group B
 
______1. "I was the first President of the United States."              A. Pierre L'Enfant
 
______2. "My plan for paying off the country's debts                     B. John Jay
               included creating the Bank of the United States."     
                                                                                                C. George Washington
______3. "I was sent to the Northwest Territory to protect
                settlers."                                                                   D. Thomas Jefferson
 
______4. "I planned the city of Washington, D.C."                        E. Benjamin Banneker
 
______5. "As President, I refused to pay the French any               F. Alexander Hamilton
               any bribe money."
                                                                                                G. John Adams
______6. "I wrote the Declaration of Independence." 
                                                                                                H. Anthony Wayne
______7. "I surveyed the land for the nation's capiital."
 
 
Critical Thinking
Using the statements above the four categories, put the correct item on the line of the number in which the statements below it match. One statement will not be used.
 
   Political Parties                The Bank of the United States                      The XYZ Affair 
                      The President's Cabinet                       The Electoral College
 
 
1.___________________________________          3.  __________________________________
    Included Secretary of Treasury                                occurred with the country of France
       Alexander Hamilton                                             made the American people very angry
    advised President Washington                                 America was asked to pay ten million
    every President has had one to                                  dollars
      give advice
 
2. ___________________________________         4. __________________________________
    created to pay off country's debts                          has representatives from each state
    first proposed by Alexander Hamilton                     created in the Constitution
    lent money to American businesses                      meets to elect the President and
                                                                                     the Vice President
 
 
Folks Grandma is not able to do the Bible tonight. She may even have Food poisining. If you do not
hear from me in a few days it is because I am too sick. Just keep reading the Psalms and from Kings on to the end of the Old Testament, till I get back.
 
Do lots of fun X-mas songs and decorations. Find things about the natives, Mexico, Louisiana Purchase, Pioneers, the Civil War. Grandma hopes she can be here.

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