Christmas is getting closer! I saw there might be snow the weekend so be prepared. I hope you are watching your records.
Do Your chores and duties; start your childrobotics and Grandma will give you another Creative Dance lesson. It is Lesson 31 from the last chart with the subject:images and the helper:word cards. The author Mary Joyce says, "Get into groups of three to five people. One person from each group will come and draw a card out of the bag. On the card will be a word or phrase. Your group as a whole must dance that word. For instance, your card might say "falling star." Everyone stand up and show me with just one hand how you would do falling star.
Everyone did it differently! Some had the star sprkle by moving their fingers lightly, some made the star fall in a curve, some stars fell in a straight path, some fell slowly, others fell fast. The direction was down, the force light, and it happened once and ended.
Now do "waterfall." Do it with one hand, two hands, or your whole body. Go. Okay. How is "waterfall" different from "falling star"? They both go down, don't they? Yes, but a waterfall is continuous, it is noisy, it is big and heavy, it splashes.
When you get your word, you must decide on all its characteristics. Talk about it first. Decide the size, direction, level, force, speed, where it starts, and where it ends. Then do movement that fits what you decide. As I come around, someone from each group is to draw a card. Then I'll collect the cards. Don't let other groups know your word. Take about five minutes to make up the movement. It must be exactly like your word in every respect. Then we'll watch each group, and see how close we can come to describing your word.
(Suggested words: drip, garbage disposal, umbrella, popcorn, fire, tornado, explosion, firecracker, snow, machine, melting ice cream, smoke, quicksand, a banana being eaten. It is important in this lesson to let the dancers prepare long enough so that they relate every aspect of the word to movement. Go around and help the groups by asking them questions relating to the elements..
Teach the audience not to guess merely at random what the word is. They should rather follow your example by saying things such as, "I saw light, airy movement with the direction upward and outward. It started all together, then separated, and finally disappeared. It went from medium to slow and it had a breath quality." That would be a good movement description of smoke. If the audience comes up with that description, then the dancers have been highly successful! If a group is unsuccessful, have the audience decide what characteristic is missing or poorly done. The audience can then direct the changes, and the performing group should repeat the study. This is excellent training for perception of movement and the relationship of movement to other things. The audience training is as important as the training of the dancers.
You can continue with impages that arise from the children's studies, trips, or ideas.)
Goals for evaluation: Look for ability to work with a group and to relate the elements of movement to a word."
We will start on the Birthdays now. On December 14, 1503 Nostradamus, French physician and astrologer famous for his predictions, was born. In 1897 Margaret Chase Smith, first woman elected to both houses of the U.S. Congress was born. Lorna Balian, children's author and illustrator was born in 1929. The only event before 1800 is that of George Washington's death at Mount Vernon in Virginia. the year of 1799. Book (1) calls it "Monumental honors-When the Revolutionary War was over, the Continental Congress unanimously decided to build a national monument honoring George Washington." (Grandma did not like the assignment and decided to make up one of her own) In all we have learned and anything more have the children write about President George Washington. What they think about him? They can compare him to other presidents. Tell why he was made such an honorable president. If they do not want to write about him they can choose any president they want to write about as long as it is sensible. The 14th was on Saturday and it was called Halcyon Days. Book (1) says, "Halcyon Days is observed during the 7 days before and 7 days after the winter solstice, the shortest day of the year. According to legend, the halcyon, a fabled bird, nested at sea around the time of the winter solstice and calmed the waters during this period to protect her young. Point out that mothers often go to extraordinary lengths to protect their children. Have your students create cards depicting times when their mothers protected or nurtured them--for example, by keeping them away from danger or calming them when they were frightened. Then encourage the kids to share the legend of the halcyon, and their cards, with their moms.
On December 15 which was Sunday in 1832 Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, French engineer who designed the Eiffel Tower in Paris, was born. In 1861 Charles Edgar Duryea, American inventor who built the first successful gasoline-powered automobile, was born.
In 1791 on December 15 the First 10 Amendments to the Constitution--the Bill of Rights--was ratified. Therefore this day is considered the Bill of Rights Day. It is also National Care and Share Day. Have the children "Celebrate National Care and Share Day by" learning "about organizations in their community that provide services for others. Have" them "go through the local telephone directory and list agencies they'd like to learn more about.
There is lots of people with birthdays on December 16. In 1770 Ludwig Van Beethoven, German composer, was born. It would be a good idea to research about Beethoven. In the next week we may talk about Germany and one of the assignments is to play records or tapes from various composers. Most learning piano music is from famous composers. Talk about them and compare them. They suggested doing a collage. I think puppets could be made if you could find pictures or trace them. The famous composers are as follows:
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750 George Friderick Handel(1685-1759)
Ludwig Van Beethoven (1770-1827) Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart(1756-1791)
Johannes Brahms(1833-1897 Feliz Mendelssohn(1809-1847)
Franz Schubert (1797-1828) Robert Schumann(1810-1847
In 1775 on December 16 Jane Austen, English novelist, was born. In 1893 Marie Hall ETS, children's author, was born. In 1901 Margaret Mean, American anthropologist(a word to look up) was born. In 1917 Arthur C. Clarke, science fiction writer, was born. In 1932 Quentin Blake, children's author and illustrator, was born. Then in 1962, a famous football player by the name of William "The Refrigerator" Perry, was born. Book (1) want the children to find out why they called him that nickname "The Refrigerator. It wants you to discuss nicknames. I want you to discuss if they are good or not. For some people feel good being called something else. However, nobody likes to be teased with a name and some people do not like nicknames given to them or their own name. Decide how a nice way would be to ask someone politely if they would call them by a shorther name or something you feel they could be called.
An event of a volcano in Itally erupting called "Vesuvius" in 1631. One of the stories Grandma wanted you to get is called Hill of Fire. The story happens in Mexico. Before reading the book explain to the children what a volcano is. Book (57) explains it as a force itself. "Volcanoes are caused by openings in the earth's crust through which molten rock(magma) and gases under great pressure push upward to esscape. Great explosions usually occur as these tremendous forces build over a period of time. As they rise to the surface, a flow (lava) is formed which might contain great volume, shooting hundreds of feet into the air. The main openings (vents) through which the lava erupts later form hills or mountains, as happened with Mt Fuji, located in Japan, one of the most famous volcanic mountains in the world.
Volcanoes usually fall into several categories: active, recently active, and extinct. Active volcanoes frequently erupt over a period of years and are constantly monitored and studied by scientists. Recently-active volcanoes may have quiet or dormant periods between eruptions but still have hot cores. Those volcanoes classified as extinct will probably never erupt again and have lost their gases and magma.
Information given out of Book (4) in which Grandma is getting activity from for this story describes volcanoes by telling you to draw a half a circle as an example of half the earth. Drow a half circle inside the half circle, 1/4 inside of it as the Crust, Then make a little section under that of melted rock. Under that of about 3 inches is the Mantle(solid rock) and it is hot. Next layer about 1 1/2 inches in is the Outer Core of melted metal which is even Hotter! Then the inner half circle which is in the middle. It is called the Inner Core(solid metal and it is the HOttest! It is that first layer of melted rock that gets hot and puts pressure on the crust and pushes outward to form a volacano.
Before you begin reading let the children look the book over and ask questions. Take notes about things you are unsure of to look up. Before you read draw a picture of a section of land 1/2 inch high and then forms a volcano mountain on the top. Across the bottom write phrases as follows across inside the bottom piece of land:
old Hole In HIll Safe old
tasks field of fire again tasks
Going up the hill, above the first Same old tasks put Bored, meaning the farmer was bored. Still going up the hill above Hole in field put Excited. At the top where the lava would come out put Fearful above Hill of fire. Then coming down the hill on the other side above Safe again put Happy. then at the bottom of the hill above Same old tasks again put Peaceful. Talk about all these emotions the farmer has during the story during the time of reading it. When you are done reading it, Form a broadcast announcement activity on a radio or Tv station as if was actually happening right now. Book (4) describes Roles as:1. an on-the spot reporter describing the eruption as it happens; 2. a studio reporter pointing out the location on a map; 3. the farmer and his son being interviewed by a reporter; 4. a program director to introduce the show and announce the different segments(e.g., "And now, back tou, ________, at the scene of this group to practice its presentation before sharing it with the class. Conclude the activity with a general discussion in which students critique their own performance, telling what they like best about it and what they might want to change. A follow up might be what emergency help might do in the situation of a volcano.
Later as part of science you might visit a museum that has rock used after a volcano happens and the lava that flows out cools off and hardens. It is called Igneous rock("igneous" means "of fire"). Eventually soil forms and plants grow on it.. Book (4) said some common uses for the rocks are as follows: "Granite(used for buildings and curbstones), basalt (used in building roads), pumice (ground up in household scouring powders), and obsidian (used decoratively and in jewelry).
Book (57) talks about Vesuvius. "The ancient city of Pompeii, near what is today known as Camania, Italy, was totally destroyed and buried on August 24, 79 AD by earth tremors which culminated in a tremendous explosion of Mt. Vesuvius. The nearby cities of Herculaneum and Stabiae were also devastated by the eruption.
An eyewitness account of the catastrophe was provided by the Roman author Pliny the Younger in two letters to the historian Tacitus. Falling pumice and hot lava covered pompeii over six feet deep. A rain of ash followed, adding another five to six feet of debris. Archeological excavations in modern times have yielded many invaluable artifacts that have helped scientists document this calamity of early times.
Since the destruction of Popmpeii, Mt. Vesuvius has been continually active, erupting fifty additional times, with the most recent eruption occurring in 1944."
Book (4) says, "Artifacts from Pompeii are on display in the Louvre, a museum in Paris, France. Archeologists and anthropologists have learned much by studying them. Do some research to find out about the customs, laws, and architecture of this ancient site. Prepare a diorama or shoe box display of what Pompeii might have looked like shortly before the eruption of Mt Vesuvius."
If very interested the children can look up "How is volcanic activity observed and tested? What conditions would scientists look for that might enable them to give an early alarm for people in the area? Summarize what you learn in a "student Guide to Volcanoes" booklet."
Another volcano erupted in Australia:
"One of the most spectacular volcanic eruptions ever witnessed in modern times was that of Krakatoa in the Sunda Strait, between Sumatra and Java. So great was this explosion that four cubic miles of earth were thrown into the air, where some of it remained for a period of three years!
By early August of 1883, three separate vents had opened on the sides of the volcano, but activity was mild and not yet considered to be real cause for alarm. On the morning of August 26, the character of these eruptions changed drastically, rapidly becoming more convulsive. The first of a series of increasingly violent explosions began at 1:00 in the afternoon. One hour later, a black cloud of ash had risen more than seventeen miles above Krakatoa. By night, the explosions had become more intensified and the noise sounded like heavy artillery fire.
Houses and trees trembled from the concussive bursts, and the inhabitants made ready to leave the island. By 10:00 am the next day, the climax was reached with catastrophic explosions which propelled ash to a height of fifty miles. The sound produced by these explosions was heard in Australia, over 2,200 miles away to the southeast, and at Rodriquez Island, almost 3,000 miles to the southwest. The tremendous atmospheric pressure waves were recorded by meteorologists around the world. Explosive activity continued until the morning of August 28, when finally all was quiet.
Besides the enormous quantities of earth and rock that were thrown into the air, huge amounts of ash rained over an area of 300,000 square miles. Masses of floating pumice and debris were so thick in the seas surrounding the area that ships could not make their way through it. Great amounts of ash that remained in the air resulted in total darkness in nearby regions. At places fifty miles away, the volcanic darkness lasted 2 days. As this ash rose high into the stratosphere, the fine dust drifted around the earth several times. This dust cased "red sunsets all over the world for an entire year. This was truly an eruption shared by all the world.
If you could travel back in time to help he people of Krakatoa escape the eruption in 1883, what procedures would you use? What would be the first thing you would need to do? Make a "survival checklist" you could give them.
Ancient people often made up legends and stories that explained natural disasters and eased their fear of what they could not understand. Some of the most interesting are about the goddess of fire, Pele, and the god of fire, Vulcan. Read stories about them, then make up your own legends to explain how destructive forces in nature, particularly volcanoes, are named for them.
On May 18, 1980, Mount Saint Helens in the Cascade Mountain Range erupted--the first eruption to occur in the United States since 1917. Find out about this event. Make some notes and present the information .....in the form of a newspaper article. Think up a catchy title for the story and add an illustration.
Many islands are formed from cooling lava that continues to build from undersea eruptions or from large flows emptying into the sea over a very long time. The Hawaiian IIslands are examples of this type of activity. Write a brief report about their formation. Tell about the most recent volcanic eruptions there.
Paricutin, a volcano in Mexico, erupted periodically from 1943 to 1952. Within eight months of the first eruptions, a cone had formed that was more than 1500 feet high and covered an area of more than ten square miles with lava. Investigate other famous eruptions. Meke a scrapbook entitled "The Volcano Hall of Fame." Find out about Mt. Pelee, Martinique, West Indies; Mt. Hekla, Iceland; Kilauea, Hawaii, and Mt. Etna, Italy.
What is the "Ring of Fire?" Find out about this unusual area of the Pacific and locate it on a world map. What conclusions can be drawn about this "ring" and the frequent quakes in the same general area? Present an opinion talk about what you think. Be sure to back up your ideas with facts.
Define the following terms:domes, spines, craters, calderas,cinder cones, and vents. Draw a diagram to show each of these features of volcanoes. Add the words to your vocabulary list.
Our earth is continually changing. Report on other types of changes, such as erosion, rock formations, and weathering..
To build a volacno. Take a plastic bottle, generally the 2 litter ones, Form plaster paris around the bottle in a mound like a mountain or hill. It can be painted or food coloring. Pour vinegar in the bottle with dishwashing soap(not for the dishwasher.) Drop baking soda into that and it should bubble up and flow out like a volcano.
The other mention of event to happen on December 16 is that of The Boston Tea Party that took place in 1773.
The other thing to talk about is that of the Nine Days of Christmas in Mexico. I am not sure if my husbands family could participate or not. However, it is called "posadas(Mexican celebration that begins tonight and lasts until Dec 24).from Book (1) it says,
"In Mexico, candlelit processions of "pilgrims"--traditionally composed of nine families--knock on the door of a different house each night for the nine nights presceding Christmas. After singing a song asking the master of the house for posada (shelter), they are admitted, and food, refreshments, games, dancing, and the breading of a pinata follow. Celebrate the culture of mexico by holding a fiesta in your(home). If you have students of Mexican ancestry, they will totally enjoy this. Grandma will try to provide some recipes. For tonight make it simple and have refried beans from a canChese in it is really good or a mild taco sauce) or tacos(try soft heated flour ones rather than corn or the hard shelled ones. Try different things rather than just tomatoe and lettuce. Fish tacos are really good also..Grandma will give you more recipes tomorrow. She has things about paper flower making for you to see and the little cut out patterns of tissue paper that they hang also. Hopefully I can get everything to you tomorrow. Read the book Nine Days to Christmas by Marie Hall Ets & Aurora Labastida. Vocabulary words for this book are:
enormous patio scolding procession pinata
tortillas sparklers twitch posadas scrambling
Have the children discuss Ceci's feelings. Draw a picture of the celebration.
as part of our Geography classes:
Mexico City is both the capital and the largest city of Mexico. Mexico City is , in fact, the largest city in all of North America. Although Grandma has heard it has become pretty polluted. Locate the largest city in the remaining Continents and see how big they are.
Find out how other countries celebrate Christmas which Grandma will go into in the next few days.
Some activities in this book of Grandma's Book (3) we have already done. You can repeat the counting of numbers for review. In the next few days. Grandma will have more words and conversations for you in spanish.
Under Problem-solving, it says,
"Many products we purchase in the United States are made in Mexico. In small groups discuss the positive and negative effects this has on our economy. Explain your answers.( have the children do this)
Grandma was going to finish the Psalms and do the Proverbs tonight with Faith Alive. But I decided it was more appropriate to tell the story of Mary and Joseph and the birth of Christ. The story is in Matthew1:1-2 and more in Luke 1:1-2. Maybe you have other story books around the house..
Plan food and activities for the next nine nights whether you break a pinata one night or not.