Good Morning! I will let parents think of something for dance today because each home is into different things. From my Multicultural Math book (15b) it says, "In Africa, children play many of the same games as in the United States. For instance, they like to play "Follow the Leader," "Hide and Seek," and "Leapfrog." Qakela, a guessing game, is one of the less active games children like to play. Players sit in a circle. One person is chosen to be "It." This person is taken by a guard to a place where he cannot see or hear what the rest of the group is doing. Every player puts a small object in his right hand from a selected group of objects that "It" has already seen. When "It" returns, each players puts out his right hand but does not show what is in it. "It" can select any hand and guess what is in it. If "It" guesses correctly, "It" sits in the circle. The player that "It" guessed is the new "It." If "It" guesses incorrectly, he gets to ty once more and then the next player guesses. Variation- Start with only two objects possible. For example, each player should have either a paper clip or a penny in his hand. "It" knows the two possible objects. "It" can ask one question that requires a "yes" or "no" answer before guessing. "It" must guess correctly three or five times. After a few players have been "It," increase the number of objects to three, then to four, and so on. If the object becomes too difficult to guess, increase the number of yes/no questions allowed before guessing.
Activities, Problems, and Questions for Discussion
-Play several rounds of Qakela (using the above variation) with your friends. What are some good questions to use? What makes them good questions?
-Have you played a game similar to Qakela? What is it called? How is it similar?
-Work with your friends to create your own guessing game. Make your game for the same number of people as in your group. Test the game. Is it too easy or too hard? Why or why not? What can you change to make it better?"
Bible History and activities:
Faith Alive starts its lesson in Isaiah with, "Life in Bible Times-Plowing-Oxen pulled plows that were made of heavy, forked tree branches. The part of the plow that turned over the earth was called the plowshare. Metal blades on plowshares made plowing easier. In wartime metal plowshares were hammered into swords.
Life in Bible Times-Winepresses-Ripe grapes were put into a large stone vat, called a winepress. Men stamped on the grapes to get juice. The Juice flowed out a hole near the bottom of the vat. The men held on to ropes so they would not fall on the slippery grape skins.
Let's Live It! Isaiah 7:10-14 Who is This Guy?--Let's pretend you're living in Judah around 735 BC. You're a faithful follower of the Lord, so you eagerly listen to every word he gives you through his prophets.
One day the famous prophet Isaiah announces that a young woman will have a son--without ever having sex with a man! She'll name him Immanuel, which means "God with us" (Isaiah 7:14). How could that happen? What could that mean, calling that baby God?
You're curious. So you read everything else Isaiah writes. You read Isaiah 9:6-7 and 11:1-6. You read Isaiah 42:1-4 and 50:6. Who is this guy Isaiah is writing about? Finally you come across Isaiah 53:1-12. Aha! This is the Saviour! Go back and list all the things you've learned about him.
Did You Know? 9:6 Does the Old Testament speak about Jesus? There are many prophecies about Jesus in the Old Testament. A prophecy tells ahead of time something that will happen in the future. Both Isaiah 9:1-7 and 11:1-9 are prophecies about Jesus.
Let's Live It! Isaiah 11:6-9 A Perfect World--Have you ever seen a cat catch a mouse? or a cat and a dog in a fight? Animals often fight and hurt each other--all because of sin.
Read Isaiah 11:6-9. This is a picture of what a world would be like without sin. Impossible? Actually, Jesus' death and resurrection has taken away the sins of the world. Believers in Christ already are at peace with God--much like the peace among animals described in Isaiah 11.
In heaven we will see how perfect Jesus has made things. We can also see a bit of it here, every time we forgive each other.
If you have stuffed animals, set them out--all kinds together. Let them remind you of Christ's perfect, forgiven world.
Words to Remember 25:9 Surely this our God: we trusted in him, and he saved us.
Let's Live It! Isaiah 26:19 Joy After Sorrow--People are aften sad at funerals. The body of someone they love is buried or cremated. It's all right to cry when a person we love dies. But Isaiah 26:19 is about joy. See why, even when Christians feel sorrow, we know joy will come.
Make a picture reminder that your loved one will rise from the dead. Fold a sheet of paper in two. Draw a grave on the outside of the fold. Inside the fold give a photo or draw a picture of your friend or relative. When the paper is folded, you see only the grave. When the paper is unfolded, you see your loved one alive again and happy.
Word to Remember 35:5 Then will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of the deaf unstopped.
Life in Bible Times-Babylonians-Pictures carved in rocks tell us how ancient peoples looked. Each area or nation had its own special way of dressing, of cutting hair, of shaving or not shaving their beards. The babylonians were a large and powerful nation during the time of Isaiah, and they too dressed in their own special way.
Words to Remember 40:31 Those who hope in the Lord will renew their strength. They will soar on wings like eagles; they will run, and not grow weary, they will walk and not be faint.
Did You Know? 44:16-17-What are idols? How did people make idols? Idols were figures, like dolls, that pagan people worshiped as if they were gods. Idols were made of metal or carved from wood. This chapter of Isaiah told the people how foolish they were to think that idols they had made could help them.
Life in Bible Times-Working Magic-Pagan peoples often tried to get what they wanted by casting magic spells. They used magic to harm enemies, to gain riches, or to heal sickness. Some spells used things like the skin of used things like the skin of toads or feathers along with magic words. But magic is in the end unsuccessful. God is the one who is in control.
Let's Live It! Isaiah 47:12-15 Don't Trust Astrologers--People in Babylon wanted supernatural help. They tried magic spells and asked astrologers to tell them what to do. Astrologers think stars control our future. Read Isaiah 47: 12-15. Could magic or astrology help the Babylonians avoid God's judgment? Also read Daniel 2:1-11. Could the astrologers help King Nebuchadnezzar? Most newspapers have an astrology column (horoscope) to give advice to people. If your paper has such a column, write a letter to the editor. Tell what you think about astrology. In the Bible, God tells us all we need to know. God, who sent Jesus to save us, takes care of us all the time.
Did You Know? 53:4 What does Isaiah 53 describe? This chapter is about Jesus. It describes his death, burial, and rising and explains that Jesus died for our sins. Isaiah wrote these words about seven hundred years before Jesus was born! Only God could know ahead of time how Jesus would die. Prophecies like this one prove that the Bible really is the Word of God.
Life in Bible Times-Blacksmiths-Blacksmiths heated metal in a fire until it was red hot. Then they could use hammers to shape it. Blacksmiths made tools for farming and swords for fighting wars.
Life in Bible Times-Dogs-In Bible times people did not keep dogs as pets. Dogs lived in the streets and ate the garbage people threw outside. People thought dogs were lazy, noisy, and mean. In Isaiah 56:10-11, the Lord compares the prophets of Israel ("watchmen") to dogs.
Life in Bible Times-Older People-Old men and women were respected in Bible times. Long life was seen as a special blessing from God. In Isaiah 65:17-25, God promises that in heaven everyone will have that honor and blessing. No one will grow old, but everyone will live forever."
Calendar history and birthdays with activities
Grandma believes parents will recieve this on the 21st which is tomorrow. Book one says it is National Hugging Day. The children can keep a record of the most huggable person they know. Competition can be between the family or friends; whoever they wish. Celebrities have competed for it. Special "hubbable" certificates can be made to pass out. The birthday's for this day are as follows: Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson, Confederate general, was born in 1824. Remember this for our history lessons. Jack Nicklaus, American golfer, was born in 1940; Placido Domingo, Spanish tenor, was born in 1957; Akeem Olajuwon, Ngerian basketball star, born in 1963.
January 21 has only one event up to 1900's of 1861 in which Jefferson Davis of Mississippi resigned from the U.S. Senate after his state seceded from the Union.
Social Studies plus
In following book (2) they give information about Africa as follows:
"Africa, the second largest continent, is located south of Europe with the Atlantic Ocean on its west and the Indian Ocean on the east. It consists of 51 independent countries and is a land of great contrasts. The land area is covered by deserts, grasslands, and tropical rain forests. Over 800 languages are spoken by the people: Arabic, Swahili, and Hausa are the most common of these. About two thirds of Africa's population live in rural areas. These People raise livestock and grow crops mainly for their own needs. The continent has great mineral crops mainly for their own needs. The continent has great mineral deposits of gold, petroleum, diamonds, and copper. Disease, overpopulation, famine, and extreme poverty remain immense problems for Africa, despite the great mineral wealth.
Northern Africa is mostly desert. The Sahara, the largest desert in the world, and the Nile, the longest river, are located in this region. Crops are grown along the coastlines. Most of the people in the north are Arabs. Nomads herd camels, goats, and sheep, looking for grazing land. This area is also the site of pyramids that are over 4,000 years old.
Western Africa is an area of rapid modernization, but the people remain very poor. The people who live south of the Sahara make up 800 ethnic groups. Grasslands and forests cover the land. Crops of cocoa, coffee, pineapples, bananas, cotton, peanuts, and rubber are grown for export.
Eastern Africa consists of grassland areas. Many wild animals live in this region. Crops tea and coffee are grown here for export. Livestock is also raised. Desert areas can be found in the countries of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, and Djibouti.
Southern Africa is mainly a large, flat plateau. Grasslands and the Nambi Desert occupy most of this land area, where some of the richest gold and diamond mines in the world are located. Great waterfalls prevent ships from using the rivers. However, the power from the falls can be used to generate electricity."
Grandma has discovered through a friend that much of Africa today has become a tourist area with many motels and Hotels. However, it is still open for much industry and needed jobs. A gentleman she knows wants help from the Angel investors to get some things started for them but Grandma has been too involved and couldn't get the contact yet. She must really try at some things she was unable to do.
The following are African Countries:
Algeria Gabon Rwanda Madeira Islands
Angola Gambia Sao Tome and Namibia
Benin Ghana Principe Reunion
Botswana Guinea Senegal St. Helena Island Group
Burkina Faso Guinea-Bissau Seychelles Western Sahara
Burundi Ivory Coast Sierra Leone
Cameroon Kenya Somalia
Cape Verde Lesotho South Africa
Central African Republic Liberia Sudan
Chad Liberia Swaziland
Comoros Libya Tanzania
Congo Madagascar Togo
Djibouti Malawi Tunisia
Egypt (African) Mali Uganda
Equatorial Guinea Mauritania Zaire
Ethiopia Mauritius Zambia
One excersize is called ""Wildlife Safari"
Africa is known for its wild animals. Thousands of birds, animals, reptiles, and amphibians live in the grasslands, forest, and swamps across the continent. People are the chief enemies of these animals. The natural habitats of many animals are destroyed as cities are built. Other animals are overhunted. Several countries have formed game reserves and national parks to protect the animals.
Select an animal that lives in Africa. Construct a paper sack puppet of it. After reading about the animal, list five interesting facts about it on the back of the puppet."
Facts About The
Another exersize is called ""The Wealth Of the Land"
Many valuable minerals can be found in Africa. These include gold, petroleum, copper, diamonds, and uranium. The countries of Algeria, Libya, and Nigeria are major producers of petroleum, sometimes called "black gold," while South Africa ranks first in the world in the mining of gold. Find out more about these minerals by completing the chart below." Maybe you can pin down those that are gaining in tourism.
Leading gold-producing countries Uses for gold
1. __________________________________ 1. ____________________________
2. __________________________________ 2. ____________________________
3. __________________________________ 3. _____________________________
4. __________________________________ 4. _____________________________
5. __________________________________ 5. _____________________________
Leading petroleum-producing countries Uses for petroleum
1. __________________________________ 1. _____________________________
2. __________________________________ 2. _____________________________
3. __________________________________ 3. _____________________________
4. __________________________________ 4. ______________________________
5. ___________________________________ 5. ______________________________
Next is ""Homes in African Region"
The continent of Africa can be divided into three main land regions. These are the deserts, the grasslands, and the tropical rain forests.
Because the climates in each region are so different, the houses of the people also must be different. The people who live in the large cities usually swell in modern types of houses, while those in rural areas live in the traditional houses of their villages.
After you have completed the information about the houses in each region, choose one of the regions and construct a village of houses. Be sure to include plant and animal life.
The Desert Region
There are three deserts that cover approximately two fifths of the African continent. These are the Sahara, which is the largest desert in the world, the Nambi Desert, and the Kalahari Desert.
Sudan and Morocco are two African countries that are located in the desert region. Locate information about one of these countries and draw a picture of a rural house on a separate sheet of paper. Why is it best for the houses in this region to have thick walls?
The Grassland Region
The grassland region, also called the savanna, covers approximately two fifths of Africa. Much farming takes place in this region. Nomads also herd sheep, goats, and cattle in this area, searching for water and land to graze.
Two grassland countries are Mali and Kenya. Read about these countries. On a separate sheet of paper, draw a rural house and a nomad's shelter. Name three ways these houses differ from each other.
The Tropical Rain Forest
Many people believe that Africa is covered by dense jungles. You will find only a few true jungles on this continent. However, forests cover approximately one fifth of Africa. Most of these are tropical rain forests.
The Congo, Cameroon, and Gabon are three of the countries that are located in the tropical rain forest region of Africa. These countries receive 80-100 inches of rain each year. After exploring information about one of these countries, draw a typical rural dwelling. Why do you think people who live deep in the tropical rain forest would not choose wood as the main building material for their homes?"
The next activity is called "Sights to See, Places to Go"
In this activity they suggest designing a poster to one of the tourist areas. It will require some research.
The next activity is called ""Traveling Through Africa"
Forms of transportation in Africa differ from region to region because of the diversity of geography. Select a region that interests you. Using a shoebox, make a diorama showing one of the ways the people in that region travel. Print the name of the region on the top of the box and tell why this type of transportation is used." (Grandma has used empty laundry containers for this also if a picture you may have is smaller or something. She just cuts the front out.)
Another activity is called ""Solve a Mystery"
For many years, Africa was a mystery to people who lived on other continents. As more and more non-Africans began to visit the large continent, they developed a greater understanding of Africa. Now it's your turn to help solve a mystery. Read a mystery book. Explain how you might have solved the mysterious problem differently.
Name of book:____________________________________________________________________
Mystery to be solved:
Book (2) has activities for two African books to read:
"Bringing the Rain to Katiti Plain
by Verna Aardema
Summary: This is a rhyme explaining how the drought-stricken Kaiti Plain was relieved by rain.
New York: Dial Books, 1981
1. Using the encyclopedia, look 4. What forms of wildlife live in
up Kenya to find the average yearly the plains region? What has the
rainfall in the plains region. government of Kenya done to
protect the animals?
2. This is a good book for
teaching cause and effect. Discuss 5. Discuss the reasons that animals
the meaning of drought. What were migrate.
its effects on the Kapiti Plain?
Illustrate the effects on a poster. 6. Compare this story to the book
THE HOUSE THAT JACK BUILT.
3. Find out more about the Sequence both stories.
acacia tree. Besides providing food
for giraffes, how is the tree used?
The Village of Round and Square Houses
by Ann Grifalconi
Summary: Grandmother tells her granddaughter about the night the Naka Mountain erupted, leaving only one round house and one square house in the village.
Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, 1986.
1. The village of Tos has round however, seem to have a warning
houses and square houses, Find out system. Find out about these
what materials were used to "warning systems."
construct the houses. What other
types of houses are built in other 4. Use the World Almanac
areas of Cameroon? to find out where major volcanos
have erupted in Africa. Mark the
2. List the chief crops that locations on a map. What do these
farmers in Cameroon grow mainly areas have in common?
for their own food. On this list,
circle the crops mentioned in the 5. There are three main types of
story. What are cash crops? List the volcanos. Read about each. Use the
cash crops grown in Cameroon. facts in the story to determine which
Circle those mentioned in the story. type erupted in the village of Tos.
3. Most volcanic eruptions 6. Construct a miniature volcano.
cannot be predicted. Some,