Hello Everybody! As soon as everyone gets done with their tasks for the morning and have done some childrobotics and done some songs, dancing, or some form of Physical Educations etc.
We will go through Lamentations for our Bible History today. It is short but Grandma has a lot to cover on the Civil War tonight. Faith Alive asks the following questions:
How...does Lamentations show us God's love? Even in the middle of terrible sadness, with God there is hope. Jeremiah realizes that in love God did not totally destroy his people. God's compassion never fails. Jeremiah was right; God did later restore his people. And through them God kept his promise to send Jesus, the Savior.
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? Very likely the prophet Jeremiah wrote this book.
When...was this book written? This book was written after Jerusalem was destroyed by the Bablonians in 586 BC.
What...special messages does this book give us? Lamentations shows how sad the people of Jerusalem were at the destruction of the city. They finally realized that they were being punished for their sin.
Lamentations is "dirge poetry"--very sad poetry--like sadness over a person's death.
Faith Alive says in "Words to Remember 3:25-26 The Lord is good to those whose hope is in him, to the one who seeks him; it is good to wait quietly for the salvation of the Lord.
Let's Live It! Lamentations 5:1-22 A Time for Confession--Sin really was that bad! It really was that serious! God's people had pretended so long that a little sin now and then didn't matter. They thought they could go right on pushing God, and he'd keep overlooking it. But now their beautiful city was destroyed. All around they saw ashes and rubble and death.
Sin brings ruin. To us, too. Because God is so patient with us, do we ever think we can ignore his commandments? Since we haven't seen our homes burned down, might we imagine sin doesn't matter anymore? It does.
Maybe this is a time for you to confess your sins to God. Go to a place where you can be alone. In your heart, or maybe even out loud, admit to God anything you know you've done wrong. Confess to him, too, that you're a sinner in ways you don't even know. We all are.
Then read aloud Lamentations 3:21-24. What has become of your sins? Can you hear Jesus say, "I forgive you all your sins"?"
The Calendar history from Book (1) is as follows:
January 23, 1737 John Hancock, American statesman who was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born. Under The world's most famous signature book (1) says, "When John Hancock signed his name to the Declaration of Independence, he placed it dead center and large enough for the failing eyes of King George III to see. Hancock's name has become synonymous with any signature. . Ask your students to find out what the following names have come to mean, and why: Benedict Arnold, Einstein, Don Juan, Simon Legree, Florence Nightingale, and Scrooge. What would the kids like associated with their own names? Have them tell why by writing a story about themselves.
In 1832 Edouard Manet, French Impressionist painter, was born. It is a good idea to look up some of these artists work so the children have the experience to see their own interests if they like the paintings or not.
There are two events for the same year on January 23. One is that of Eizabeth Blackwell being the first American woman to receive a medical degree; and the second is the first practical envelope-folding machine was patented. Then one event of the 1900's Grandma felt was worth mentioning is that of 1916 whena 100 degree teperature variation (-44 degree Ferinheight to a 56 degree Ferinheight) occured during a 24-hour period in Browning Montana. Book (1) says, "Elizabeth Blackwell pursued a career in medicine when such a path was generally considered unthinkable for a woman. Because of her courage, intelligence, persistence, and desire to help others, she won the respect of her teachers and fellow students." Ask your children to think of someone they respect.
January 23 is also Babin Den (Grandmother's day in Bulgaria). "A Bulgarian woman who delivered babies was called a baba, or "grandmother." Tradition held that a baba passed some of her wisdom to each newborn she delivered. Every year parents and children showed their appreciation by bringing their baba flowers." Tell your children where they were born, who their doctor was, and find it on a map. If more than one child and one was born a different place than the other see if one was further from home than the other. Tell of your feelings and experiences with them. It is also Pie Day and you could make or buy one of your favorites. It is also National Handwriting Day. Tell your children in ancient times, most people did not know how to write and payed a scribe to write a letter or such for them. You or if more then one child take turns pretending one of you is a scribe for a cetain time and then switch roles.
For math today talk about various shapes and make some cartoons with them.
History of things right before the Civil War broke out from our history book. "In 1865, after 600,000 soldiers died, the North and the South became one nation again. Abraham Lincoln said he would not end slavery in the South. So why did Southern states form their own country after Lincoln was elected? The South had far less soldiers, weapons, and money, but they defeated the North many times. How? During the years after the Civil War, thousands of African Americans in the South voted in elections. After 1877, few African Americans voted. Why did they stop voting?
North and South Disagree
People to Learn about include: Gabriel Prosser, Nat Turner, Harriet Tubman, Daniel Webster, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Stephen Douglas, James Buchanan, Dred Scott, Roger B. Taney, John Brown, Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis
Places involved are: Richmond; and Harpers Ferry
New Vocabulary is rebellions, secede, popular sovereignty, debates, novel, Free Soilers, opposed, arsenal, nominated, Confederate States of America, Confederacy"
"1. How did the Compromise of 1850 keep peace in the United States for ten years?
2. How did Bleeding Kansas, John Brown, and the Dred Scott decision further divide the North and the South?
3. What caused some Southern states to form their own nation?"
Differences in the states became so bad by 1861 the Southern states decided they could no longer be part of the United States. "The North had changed into a region of factories, railroads, and large cities. Millions of immigrants had settled throughout the North. African Americans in the North were not allowed to vote in most states. People in the North believed that the nation needed a strong federal government."
People in the south were different. They depended on the slaves to work the big plantations. They needed them to work the cotton, sugar, and tobacco plantations. The North felt the slaves deserved some respect and a chance in life to become out of slavery. The Southerners felt the slaves were only of value to their usage. They were against all efforts to end any slavery. They felt the state's should be able to make their own decisions not a federal law.
"Slave owners lived in fear that their slaves might rebel against them. Sometimes rebellions did happen. One slave rebellion was led by a slave named Gabriel Prosser in 1800. He gathered about 1,000 slaves and planned to attack Richmond, Virginia. The rebellion failed, and Prosser and 36 of his followers were hanged. Nat Turner led a slave rebellion in Virginia in 1831 that frightened slave owners in the South. (Turner and his followers killed 57 slave owners on several plantations. It took about two months for soldiers to capture Turner. He and about 20 of his followers were hanged.)
Some slaves won their freedom by running away to the North and to Canada. They received help from a secret organization called the Underground Railroad. Members, or "conductors," hid runaway slaves in homes and barns as they escaped to the North.
Most slaves never returned to the South after they escaped, but a few brave people came back to help others. Harriet Tubman returned many times and led about 300 slaves to freedom. Another slave, Arnold Cragston, escaped to the North. He returned to the South many times and rowed hundreds of runaway slaves across the Ohio River to freedom.
As Americans moved west, slavery became an issue in the territories of the Mexican Cession. California wanted to join the Union as a free state. The South did not want this to happen. If California joined the union as a free state, there would be more free states than slave states. Since the north would then have more power in the Senate, it could pass laws against slavery. Some Southern states threatened to secede, or leave the Union, if slavery was not allowed in the Western territories.
Southerners were also angry because Northerners were helping slaves escape to freedom. When Northerners wanted to abolish slavery in the nation's capital, people in the South grew angrier.
Once again the nation turned to Senator Henry Clay. In 1820 he had written the Missouri Compromise. Clay was now old and sick, but he wanted to save his country. So he put together another compromise plan that became known as the Compromise of 1850.
The Compromise of 1850 had four main parts. First, California would join the Union as a free state. Second, the people's Union as a free state. Second, the people's vote, or popular sovereignty, would be used to decide if there would be slavery in the New Mexico and Utah territories. Third, a stricter Fugitive Slave Act would force people in the North to return runaway slaves to the South. Fourth, slaves would no longer be bought and sold in Washington DC, but slavery was still allowed in the capital.
No one was really happy with the Compromise of 1850. But it seemed to be the only way to keep the nation together. Senator Daniel Webster of Massachusetts urged Congress to pass the Compromise in order to save the nation. After seven months of debates, Congress passed the laws that formed the Compromise of 1850."
Uncle Tom's Cabin, a novel by Harriet Beecher Stowe, was published in 1852. She was an abolitionist and wrote the book to show just how bad slavery was especially when her own sister was beaten by the master when he bought her. People fell in love with the novel and made a play of it. The South called Harriet a lier.
"Senator Stephen Douglas wanted to build a railroad across the West through his state of Illinois. But Douglas needed votes from Southern states to pass the bill that would approve the railroad. Douglas knew that the Southern states wanted slavery to be allowed in every state. However, the Missouri Compromise prevented slavery on land north of MIssouri's southern border. To get the votes from Southern states, Douglas wrote the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. This law created two new territories, Kansas and Nebraska. The new law allowed popular Sovereighnty to decide if slavery would be allowed in these territories. The Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise.
Kansas would be the first territory to vote on whether or not to allow slavery. People who favored slavery and people who were against slavery quickly moved into Kansas. Each side was determined to have a majority of voters. When the election took place, there were enough votes to allow slavery in Kansas. The people who were against slavery, the Free Soilers, refused to accept this decision." Fighting broke out and 200 people had been killed by 1856. Kansas became known as "Bleeding Kansas." Eventually the Free Soilers won out. They passed laws to end slavery. It effected the presidential election of 1856. A new party, the Republican party was formed to stop the spread of slavery West. It was not the same as the Republican party of Thomas Jefferson. The Democratic party, once Andrew Jackson's party, was now a divided party. James Buchanan, a Northern Democrat, was elected President in 1856. He supported popular sovereignty.
Then the Supreme Court ruled on the court case of Dred Scott in 1857. He was a slave in MIssouri. "He had worked for his owner in a free territory and in the free state of Illinois. After they moved back to Missouri, Scott's owner died. In 1846 Scott sued for his freedom." It went to the Supreme Court in 1857. They ruled against Scott and said he was still a slave. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney wrote that Scott was not a citizen because African Americans were not citizens and did not have the right to bring their case to court. The Court finally decided that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional because it prevented slaveholders from bringing their property, in the form of slaves, into the West. All this made the North angry. Americans decided the only way to end slavery was to go to war. An abolitionist, John Brown captured the federal arsenal and its weapons in Harpers Ferry, Virginia the year of 1859. He was going to hand them out to the slaves but he was captured and hung. To some he was a hero.
The Republican party that had been formed was not only to stop the spread of slavery west but it also wanted high tariffs to protect Northern industries. One member was Abraham Lincoln. In 1858 he was nominated to be a candidate for the United States Senate. He made a speech that said the nation could not keep continuing to be so divided over slavery. "A house divided this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free..."
He was up against Senator Stephen Douglas. The canidates became famous in every part of the country and Douglas won the Senate election in 1858. Then in 1860 there were four candidates for President. Lincoln was a candidate for the republican party. The Southern Democrats promised to allow popular sovereignty and chose Stephen Douglas. The Southern Democrats chose John C. Breckinridge supporting slavery. John Bell of Tennessee was nominated for a new political party, the Constitutional-Union who stood neutral. Lincoln won the election of 1860. He received the majority of the electoral votes but non of them from the South. Southerners had threatened to secede if Lincoln won the election and that is just what they did. It began with South Carolina in December. Then before the inauguration six more Southern states seceded. They formed a new nation, the Confederate States of America writing a constitution that protected slavery and favored states' rights. Jefferson Davis was elected their president. It became very difficult to reunite.
Biography of Harriet Tubman 1820(?)-1913
An escaped slave; helper of the Underground Railroad(saving over 300 slaves, including her parents); at 13 received a blow to the head helping another slave that caused her to have sleeping spells causing her to fall asleep at any time; a short but very strong woman; father taught her to follow the North Star to travel north at night; a slave in Maryland; In 1849 she had escaped to freedom in Philadelphia; during the Compromise of 1850 she made 19 trips back to Maryland; slave catchers put a $40,000 reward out for her capture; she used many disguises and never got caught; worked as a nurse in the War and served as a spy and a scout for the Union; lived to be over ninety years old; she was called Moses because she led her people from slavery to freedom.
Excersizes-Fill in the blanks with words from the following list:
1. Some slaves, like Gabriel Prosser, led ____________________against their slave owners.
2. Some Southern states threatened to ______________________, or leave, the Union if slavery
was not allowed in the West.
3. Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote the _______________________called Uncle Tom's Cabin.
4. John Brown captured the federal ______________________ in Harpers Ferry, Virginia, where
weapons were stored.
5. In 1860, the Republican Party ________________________ Abraham Lincoln to be its candidate
6. ____________________, or the people's vote, was used in many places to decide on the issue
7. ____________________was the name given to people who opposed the spread of slavery into
new states and territories.
Comprehension Check-Match the name with the quoted statements by writting the correct letter in the blank.
A. Stephen Douglas ______1. "I wrote the compromise of 1850."
B. John Brown ______2. "My book showed the evils of slavery."
C. Henry Clay ______3. "I was elected senator from Illinois in 1858."
D. Abraham Lincoln ______4. "I was the Northern Democrat who was elected President in
E. Harriet Beecher Stowe ______5. "I helped many slaves to freedom through the Underground
F. Jefferson Davis ______6. "I was elected president of the Confederate States of
G. James Buchanan ______7. "My raid on Harpers Ferry made me a hero to many Northern
H. Harriet Tubman
Write a title for each group on the line above each group. Choose from the group of words below. One will not be used.
Dred Scott Decision Underground Railroad Compromise of 1850
Confederate States of America Nat Turner's Rebellion
1._________________________________ 3. _____________________________________
took place in Virginia in 1831 admitted California to the Union as a free state
57 slave owners were killed forced Northerners to return runaway slaves
its leader was captured and hanged allowed people in New Mexico and Utah
territories to vote on the slavery issue
2. ________________________________ 4. _____________________________________
made up of seven Southern states a secret organization
opposed President Lincoln leaders included Arnold Cragston
their constitution protected slavery and helped many slaves escape to freedom
favored states' rights