Good morning folks! Work hard on all your assignments today, do your tasks, Childrobotics, music, dancing or sport for the day. Don't forget to do writing, alphabets, words, vocabulary, journal writing, yearbooks, family scapbooks, and newspaper work with cartoons if you can.
This is kind of a quite day for the calendar out of Book (1).
The first birthday for February 13 is all around the picture called American Gothic. The American artist, Grant Wood, was born in 1891 on this day. Book (1) says, "While driving through Eldon, Iowa, American artist Grant Wood was inspired by a house with a Gothic arch window. He wanted to paint the house and the kind of people who lived there. Not wishing to disturb the residents, he asked his sister and his family dentist to pose as a sternfaced farmer's daughter and her father. He called the painting American Gothic. Unfortunately, the painting angered many Iowa farm women who thought Wood was making fun of them. One disapproving writer stated, "That woman's face would sour milk." Show American Gothic to your (children). Have them write their own hyperboles or metaphors to describe the two famous faces. Look hyperboles or metaphors up if necessary on the computer to understand them if you don't know what they are. Metaphors is describing something with the word like, is like, etc. The Computer Dictionary describes hyperboles as "an extreme exaggeration used to make a point. It is like the opposite of "understatement", from the Greek word meaning "excess.""
The next birthday in 1923 is of Chuck Yeager, American test pilot who was the first to break the sound barrier. The last birthday is in 1945 of William Sleator, children's author.
The events for the day are number one in 1741 in which The American Magazine became the firs Magazine Published in America. The second event happened in 1866 when Jesse James robbed his first bank, the Clay County Savings in Liberty, MO. Then in 1867 Johann Strauss's The Blue Danube was first performed in public.
It is also Snack Food Month so Book (1) suggests making two lists of different snacks. Those good for us and those not. Then chart which ones people in your family like and those that they do not or those they could learn to like or try. Maybe try looking in the cookbook for different ordures, drinks, and ideas. Following is one Grandma can think of off hand:
Low salt snacks at the stores
popcorn with melted cream cheese sprinkled on it (specialty of Grandma's daughter-in-law and will try to find out how it is done again-for it is delicious)
Oatmeal muffins (which we have found really good or a pick of your own or a type of homemade bread as pumkin you may like)
any fruit or vegetable either fresh, whole, juiced, cooked(looses some vitamin)
a piece of meat
pizza pepperoni on a cracker
cheese sliced on a cracker or bread
whole wheat toast or especially homemade
A cut up potatoe broiled in the oven or french fried
cooked Sweat potatoe or a baked potatoe with peppers
a cold pancake
a bowl of cereal
whole wheat crackers
History from Grandma's history book.
We left off with the things that led to the The War of 1812 ending with the Battle of Tippecanoe and Tecumseh.
The War of 1812
"The British continued to seize American ships and impress American sailors. The question of going to war against Britain divided the nation. People in New England did not want war because war would prevent trade with other nations. People in the South and in the West favored going to war. These people, called War Hawks, were led by Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky. They wanted to end British attacks on American ships.
In June 1812 President Madison asked Congress to declare war against Great Britain. ....
The United States was not prepared for war in 1812. Its army and navy were small. But the war was difficult for Britian, too. ....
In 1813, American troops captured the Canadian city of york, which is now called Toronto. Americans burned the government buildings in York. But Canada remained part of Great Britain. Later that year, Tecumseh was killed while fighting Americans in Canada.
In 1814 Napoleon was defeated in Europe, and British soldiers stopped fighting the French. The British sent many more ships, sailors, and soldiers to fight against the United States. In August 1814 the British prepared to attack Washington, DC.
President Madison was with the army in Maryland when the British attacked Washington. Madison sent a message to his wife, Dolley, telling her to escape from the capital as quickly as possible. Dolley packed important government papers in trunks. She packed a famous painting of George Washington that had been hanging in the White House dining room. Then she left the capital. The British entered the city and burned many buildings.
Next the British planned to capture Baltimore, but the city's harbor was protected by Fort McHenry Francis Scott Key, an American who watched the battle at Fort McHenry, was filled with joy when he saw the American flag flying over the fort after the long battle. He wrote a poem about the flag called "The Star Spangled Banner." That poem became our country's national anthem.
Peace talks to end the war began in August 1814. On December 24, 1814, the United States and Great Britain signed a peace treaty called the Treaty of Ghent.
The last battle of the War of 1812 was actually fought in January 1815, not long after the peace treaty was signed. News about the treaty did not reach the United States until February. General Andrew Jackson had learned that the British wanted to capture New Orleans. So he gathered more than 5,000 soldiers to defend the city. Many free African Americans joined Jackson's army. During the Battle of New Orleans, 2,200 British soldiers were wounded or killed, and only 8 Americans died. Jackson became a war hero.
Many of the battles during the War of 1812 were fought along the border of Canada. In the Battle of Lake Erie, Oliver Hazard Perry defeated a British fleet and took control of Lake Erie. His ship was damaged during the battle, and he had to take a rowboat to get to another American ship.
The Era of Good Feelings
The Republican party was so popular after the War of 1812 that the Federalist party lost most of its members. In the election of 1816, the Republican candidate, James Monroe, won 183 out of 217 electoral votes.
The years when Monroe was President have been called the Era of Good Feelings. During this time the nation grew larger. By 1821 the nation had 24 states. Businesses were growing, and many Americans were earning more money.
While Monroe was President, many slaves in the South ran away to Spanish Florida to hide among the Seminole Indians. Monroe sent General Jackson to Florida to attack the Seminoles and capture runaway slaves. Jackson fought battles against the Seminoles and destroyed their villages. But he also captured two Spanish forts. The Spanish were too weak to fight back. In 1819 Spain signed the Adams-Onis Treaty, which gave Florida to the United States for about $5 million.
The Monroe Doctrine
For a few hundred years, Spain had ruled a large empire in America. But in the early 1800s, Spain's colonies began to fight for independence. The fight for freedom in Latin America began in Mexico in 1810. In South America Simón Bolívar and José de San Martín helped Spanish Colonies win freedom. By 1822 most nations in Central and South America were independent.
President Monroe feared that other European nations might try to start colonies in Latin America. To prevent this from happening, Monroe gave a speech to Congress that is now called the Monroe Doctrine. Monroe stated that the United States would not allow European countries to start new colonies in Latin America. The United States might have gone to war to prevent new European colonies. European nations must stay out of the Americas. In return the United States would stay out of Europe's affairs.
The Monroe Doctrine helped many future Presidents decide how to handle problems with Latin America.
The United States had grown stronger, larger, and more powerful when Jefferson, Madison, nd Monroe served as Presidents. ...
Review and Apply...
Choose the Meaning--Write the letter of the word or phrase that best completes each sentence.
1. A republic is a ______. 4. To impress means to_____.
a. form of government a. sign
b. political party b. fight
c. branch of government c. force
2. Repeal means to ______. 5. War Hawks were people who ______.
a. fight against a. wanted war
b. do away with b. opposed war
c. declare something unconstitutional c. wanted to remain neutral
3. The Embargo Act ________. 6. Our country's national anthem is a _______.
a. stopped other countries from a. book
trading with the United States b. song
b. stopped the United States from c. flag
trading with other countries
c. stopped all trade to and from
the United States
Writing an Essay--(After learning about the next few chapters) During the early 1800s, the United States went through a period of growth, war, and change. Select on of these three areas and write an essay relating it to the United States during this time.
Understanding Events in History--Complete the graphic organizer below with information about the Louisiana Purchase. (There should be a line connecting the questions to the main idea in the middle.)
What two leaders were involved? In what year did it happen?
_______________________________ The _______________________________
_______________________________ United States What were two results of this event?
Why did France sell this land? Bought _________________________________
_______________________________ the Louisiana _________________________________
_______________________________ Territory _________________________________
Cause and Effect--Choose a cause or an effect from Group B to complete each sentence in Group A.
Group B has one more answer than you need.
Group A Group B
1. The Supreme Court decided that A. so Jay's Treaty was signed
the Judiciary Act of 1789 was B. France needed to pay off its war debts
unconstitutional, so ________. C. While James Monroe was President.
2. _______, so France sold Louisiana to the country grew
the United States for $15 million. D. The Marbury v. Madison court case
3. News of the peace treaty ending the gave the Supreme Court the power
War of 1812 did not reach the United of judicial review
States until two months later, ______. E. so he gave a speech that is now called
4. _______, so his time as President the Monroe Doctrine
became known as the Era of Good F. so the Battle of New Orleans was fought
Feelings. after the war was over
5. President Monroe was afraid that
European nations would try to set up
colonies in Latin America, _______.
Science and Bible history will be on Day 98 (Friday's) lessons.