Wednesday Morning we do our chores, childrobotics, words, alphabet, sounds, extra reading and work, music, physical education or dancing, newspapers, writing, and journal writing, yearbooks, recipes, and family scrapbooks.
If you want to watch more about Hinduism and how they are developing into Christianity go to Hinduism.
Grandma has a video about Japanese Lifestyle connection in You tube also, If you want to watch it go to
Then to learn a Math Family song and about Math Families click on each that is underlined and then plan a Family Fun Night.
To learn about multiplication click on Multiplication Tables, Multiplication Basics, and Multiplication tricks.
Next we jump into another avenue for algebra through You tube Algebra beginnings, Algebra tricks, Algebra 1, completing Squares, 7 simplifying fractions, 4 factorizing, and Algebra 2 lessons.
Grandma will continue with the Book Lessons (714) she has also. She left off with the examples for Problem solving section 2 of the first chapter, be sure to make a copy of the Guidelines given a couple of days ago.
The second example is called "Processor Speed-In February, 2001, the fastest Intel processor, the Pentium 4, could perform about 1.5 billion operations per second (1.5 gigahertz, symbolized 1.5GHz). How many operations could it perform in 0.3 seconds?
Solution--Understand We are given the name of the processor, a speed of about 1.5 billion(1,500,000,000) operations per second, and 0.3 second. To determine the answer to this problem, The name of the processor, Pentium 4, is not needed.
To obtain the answer, will we need to multiply or divide? Often a fairly simple problem seems more difficult because of the numbers involved. When very large or very small numbers make the problem seem confusing, try substituting commonly used numbers in the problem to determine how to solve the problem. Suppose the problem said that the processor can perform 6 operations per second. How many operations can it perform in 2 seconds? The answer to this question should be more obvious. It is 6 X 2 or 12. Since we multiplied to obtain this answer, we also will need to multiply to obtain the answer to the given problem.
number of operations in 0.3 seconds = 0.3(number of operations per second)
Carry Out = 0.3(1,500,000,000)
= 450,000,000 from a calculator
Check The answer, 450,000,000 operations is less than the 1,500,000,000 operations per second, which makes sense because the processor is operating for less than a second.
Answer In 0.3 second, the processor can perform about 450,000,000 operations."
Next Grandma wants to cover different graphs on You tube instead of from the book because it gives a picture for you to follow and she likes that. Therefore, catch Graphing 1, Graphing 2, and Graphing 3.
Last Grandma is making a link to Basic Geometry, Advances in Architecture, as well as Geometry and Algebra Connection.
Grandma is giving you 5 last experiments having to do with Heat out of Book (12). The first is called "Non-inflammable material--Place a coin under a cotton handkerchief and ask someone to press a burning cigarette on the cloth stretched over the coin. You need not be afraid of scorching the material, because only a harmless speck of ash will be left.
The experiment shows that the metal of the coin is a much better conductor of heat than the cotton fabric. On rapid pressure the heat of the burning cigarette is immediately conducted away by the coin. There is only enough heat to cause a small rise in temperature in the coin, and the cotton does not reach a high enough temperature to burn."
Can you tell what the theory was? If there were any variables? or Things that might alter or affect the experiment? and/or If it was valid?
The next experiment is called "Fire guard--Hold a metal kitchen sieve in a candle flame. To your surprise the flame only reaches the wire net, but does not go through it.
The metal in the sieve conducts so much heat away that the candle wax vapor cannot ignite above the wire net. The flame only passes through the metal lattice if it is made to glow by strong heating. The miner's safety lamp works in the same way. A metal lattice surrounding the naked flame takes up so much heat that the gases in the mine cannot ignite."
See if you can answer the same questions above.
The third experiment is about "Scenting coins--Three different coins lie in a plastic dish. You close your eyes while another person takes out one coin, holds it for several seconds in his closed hand, and puts it back. Now, hold the coins one after the other briefly to your upper lip and find out immediately, to everyone's astonishment, which coin was taken from the dish. Since metals are very good conductors of heat, the coin warms up immediately in the hand. But plastic is a poor conductor, so hardly any heat is lost to the dish when the coin is put back. The upper lip is particularly sensitive and reveals the smallest temperature difference in the coins, so that you can detect the right one immediately. Before the trick is repeated it is a good idea to lay the coins on a cold stone floor to conduct away the heat."
Now see if the questions can be answered.
The fourth experiment is called "Fire under water--Warm the base of a candle stump and stick it in a bowl. Fill the bowl with cold water up to the rim of the candle. If you light the wick it burns until it is under the surface of the water. Then the candle flame hollows out a deep funnel. An extremely thin wall of wax remains standing round the flame and stops the water from extinguishing it.
The water takes so much heat from the candle that its outer layer does not reach its melting point, and the wax there cannot evaporate and burn."
See if you can answer the questions?
The last experiment or sixth one is called "Paper saucepan--Do you believe that you can boil water in a paper cup over a naked flame or in the embers of a fire? Push a knitting needle through the rim of a paper cup containing some water, hang it between two upright bottles and light a candle under the cup. After a little while the water boils--but the cup is not even scorched.
The water removes the heat transferred to the paper and begins to boil at a temperature of 212 degree F or 100 degree c. The water does not get any hotter, so the paper does not reach the temperature which is necessary for it to burn.
Again answer the questions dealing with experiments?:
History, Social Studies, etc.
Grandma will give the birthdays and event for the day of February 19 now:
On February 19 in 1473 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish astronomer, was born. Book (1) says, "In Copernicus's day, the accepted view--held since the time of Ptoloemy in the second century AD--was that the earth was the center of the universe, and the planets and the sun revolved around it. Copernicus, however, came to the conclusion that the earth and the rest of the planets actually revolve around the sun. He was right. Challenge your (children) to name the planets in order from the shortest to the longest orbit around the sun.
Sven Hedin, Swedish scientist and explorer of Tibet, was born in 1865 on February 19.
Then in 1876 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian sculptor, was born on February 19.
In 1903 Louis Slobodkin, children's author, was born on February 19.
In 1960 Prince Andrew, duke of York, was born on February 19. Book (1) says, "Prince Andrew, the second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, is a member of Britain's royal family, the Windsors. Create a Royal Family of your own in the family. Find out about castles and design your own. Produce a drawing of its castle's exterior as well as blueprints of the interior that include the dimensions and function of each room. Pick a name, design a crest, and present your castle to family, friends, children in a hospital, old folks home, somewhere useful.
The event for the day, February 19, happened in 1888 when a cyclone destroyed Mt Vernon, IL.
February is also Potato Lovers Month which the book suggest trying to grow the eyes of a potatoes. However, I have been told to plant your potatoes on Good Friday. Grandma suggests writing out recipes or ways of fixing potatoes, growing them, etc. This could include sweet potatoes as well.
The Bible lessons today include "Jesus changes water to wine" John 2:1-11, Faith Alive says through "Life In Bible Times-Water Jars-Water was stored in large stone jars and was used for washing and drinking. Jews at the time of Jesus did much ceremonial washing of their hands before eating. These very large jars were the sort that Jesus asked to be filled with water before he changed that water to wine."
Read "Jesus Heals the Sick" Mathew 4:23-25.
Then read "Jesus Drives Out an Evil Spirit" in Mark 1:21-28 and Luke 4:31-37.
Last for today read "Jesus Heals Many" in Luke 4:38-44, Mathew 8:14-17, and Mark 1:19-34.
Now from our History Book "While events like the War of 1812 united most Americans, other forces were dividing the nation. People we will learn about in this chapter will be Samuel Slater; Robert Fulton; John Quincy Adams; John C. Calhoun; Creek; Cherokee; Choctaw; Chickasaw; Sequoya; Osceola; Black Hawk; Sauk; and Fox. The Places we will learn about is Erie Canal (which there is a book to try to get and read and Grandma will give some exercises for this week called The Erie Canal by Peter Spier) and Rock River. The New Vocabulary includes Industrial Revolution, textile mills, fibers, cotton gin, sectionalism, tariffs, Union, majority, spoils system, states' rights, and nullify.
Main Ideas are:
1. How did the Industrial Revolution affect the North and the South?
2. How did North, South, and West differ in their ideas about slavery, building roads, and tariffs?
3. What important decisions did Andrew Jackson make as President?
"The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was a change from making products by hand at home to making products by machine in factories. It began in the 1700s in Great Britain with the invention of machines that could spring cotton thread. Then weaving machines were invented. Factories called textile mills were built where workers used these new machines to spin thread and weave cloth. In 1789 Samuel Slater came to America from England. In Rhode Island Slater built factories that had spinning machines. Before long, there were many textile mills in the North.
The textile mills in the North needed the cotton fibers taken from cotton plants that were grown in the South.
It took many hours of work to remove the cotton seeds from the cotton fibers. Eli Whitney helped solve this problem when he invented the cotton gin in 1793. This machine quickly separated the cotton seeds from the fibers." Because this cotton gin could do the work of many farmers could grow more crops which made more of a need to have more slaves because the factories put more and more pressure on the need for cotton. People began saying "Cotton is King." However, this great need divided the nation.
Growth of Sectionalism
With the North, South, and West only caring about the needs and interests of their area; they were not thinking what was best for the entire nation. The division that was beginning to happen has been called sectionalism.
By 1820 three important issues were dividing the nation. The first issue was the use of tariffs, or taxes on goods brought into the country from other countries because they bought cheaper goods. A second issue was that the upper states wanted roads built, but the south did not have a need for that because it used the rivers more.
Another issue was the improvement of Steamboats and canals. Robert Fulton invented the steamboat in 1807 which made it possible for them to sail upstream quickly.
The Erie Canal was built to create a water route from the Great Lakes to the Hudson River, increasing trade with New York City. The most serious issue that divided the nation was slavery. Many states wanted to join the Union as new states.
The Missouri Compromise
The Missouri Compromise came about with a problem because there were at this time 11 slave states and 11 free states. Missouri became a slave state and Therefore Henry Clay suggested a compromise. They decided to divide the Louisiana Purchase in half with the Missouri River. Making the South slave states and the north free states. It allowed balance.
The Elections of 1824 and 1828
With John Quincy Adams trying to follow his father's footsteps as the second president against William H. Crawford from the South and Henry Clay and Andrew Jackson from the West they came so close that none of them won a majority of electoral votes. Even though the people like Jackson better, the House of Representatives having to elect the President chose John Quincy Adams. He tried to improve roads, canals, and industry. He was not liked and Congress would not pass laws to put his plans into action.
Therefore, Jackson won the vote and the Republican party formed a new political party, the Democratic party. To see the video about Andrew Jackson and the Trail of Tears click on the underlined. For the Trail of Tears was a movement of the Natives hundreds of miles to settle in Oklahoma. Many walked and died of exhaustion. It was not a good sight.
The history book has a part about Black Hawk's War of 1832 fighting to keep his land. Click on Black Hawk.
Grandma will give some exercises tomorrow. Other books to prepare yourself for could be any you may have about the pioneers, Oregan Trail, or Natives. Grandma has exercises for Ox-Cart Man by Donald Hall, Sarah Plain and Tall by Patricia MacLachlan, Little House on the Prairie by Laura Ingalls. She has already given The Erie Canal by Peter Spier but there is also Wagon Wheels by Barbara Brenner, John Henry by Ezra Jack Keats, and The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses by Paul Goble. Then there is not only that but The Gift of the Sacred Dog, Three Names, Death of the Iron Horse, Stone Fox, and the Moon of the Alligators. Also try to get these books: about Japan-Crow Boy, Sachiko Means Happiness; Korean-The Chinese Mirror; Vietnamese-Tuan; American (Colonial)-The Quilt Story; Lewis -American-Matzoh Mouse; Koreal-American-Katie -book: an Adoption Story; Russian-American-The Keeping Quilt; Vietnamese-American-Angel Child, Dragon Child; Russian-All the Lights in the Night.