Day 103
The Best Place to Learn From - Is The Best Place for Learning
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Home Educaton Program

Day 103

(Good Morning! We will see how far we can go this morning. With chores, Childrobotics, music, dance or physical education (Grandma just remembered that physical education includes Health also-that means that learning about your body and the needs for that body are also part of Physical education along with dancing and sports to accomplish good health. Dancing is actually a sport as well. In college we had to go through special analysis about our bodies. Grandma tries to follow Dr. Atkins advice and tries to teach that but she has also had to deal with Cholesterol build-up, high blood pressure, slight diabetes, and gout with her husband; therefore, she has seen many things as the fact they took fluid off his knees and give him allopurnal for his gout which has worked for years. He is 71 this year and still working(a little note here-Grandma's husband is now 74 and she is 63 0f 2017. He had to quit work for a chance at SSI disability for Grandma with her knees. They still denied her to have it twice and Grandma waited 20 months coming back from Mexico: went to court in January and then now tell Grandma because we are married his social security and the state help count against her money so she will only be allowed $40,but having the Medcaire for insurance since she had lost her insurance last year is worth it.). He had to have laser in his eyes at one time. Grandma has learned to separate eggs so he doesn't get too much from that. We eat salmon, fish, a little shrimp now, and turkey a lot. She also uses a lot of garlic, fruit, and green vegetables. Now the doctor says he must cut the salt which is really hard for him because he likes to salt his food for he even tastes it. He is learning though. Grandma has also learned some about GMO's and Monsanto which she understands that most of that is to leave soybean and corn syrup out of your diet. There is more to it than that though.) Please don't forget to work on your newspapers, yearbooks, family scrapbooks, journals and other writing as well as reports and record keeping Grandma has not given. Be sure to keep record of everything and add to lists as well as any other interests. Planting season is coming round and many seeds can be planted in pots to begin them right now.
 
The lessons from the Bible include the following:
 
Read "Ten Healed of Leprosy" Luke 17:11-19 and Mark 1:40-45. Then do Faith Alive lesson of "Let's Live It! Mark 1:40-42 Reach Out to Others--Leprosy was a terrible disease. The leper's skin had open sores. A person with leprosy was called "unclean," meaning he or she could not worship God with other people or even live in town. No one came near a leper. What a lonely life!
Read Mark 1:40-42. Jesus showed he cared for the leper by touching him and healing him.
Everybody feels lonely sometimes. Have you ever been in one of these situations:
                                                                                                                                                                                       
1.  The other kids are laughing and joking and then suddenly stop when you show up.
2.  Almost everybody in your Sunday school or confirmation class sees each other at school; you go to a different school."
3.  Mom and Dad both work, and you have to stay home alone in an empty house.
 
Jesus was "filled with compassion" for the leper. He cares about you too. Feel free to tell him when you feel lonely. He's always there to hear."
 
There is another reading about leprosy called "The Man With Leprosy" Mathew 8:1-13 and Luke 5:12-16. Read this and read "The Faith of the Centurion" in Luke 7:1-10.
 
 
Science Experiments from Book (12) to do are as follows:
"Floating beam-
(A clothes pen is broken apart and a peg is used for this experiment. However, 1/8 of the end is cut off and a notch is made below the curved end of the top.)
It would not seem possible to balance a clothes peg with one end on the tip of your finger if a leather belt is hung over half the peg. But the force of gravity can apparently be overcome.
The whole secret is a small nick which you cut slantwise in the piece of wood. The belt, which you squeeze firmly into the nick, leans so far sideways because of its slanting fixing that the centre of gravity of wood and belt together is shifted under the tip of the finger and balance is obtained."
 
"Candle see-saw
Push a darning needle sideways through a cork and fix equal-sized candles at both ends. Then push a knitting needle length ways through the cork and lay it over two glasses. If you light the candles, they begin to swing.
Before the candles are lit, the centre of gravity of the see-saw lies exactly on the axis so that both ends are balanced. But as soon as a drop of wax falls at one end, the centre of gravity shifts to the other side. This is now heavier and swings down. Since the candles drip alternately, the centre of gravity moves from one side to the other side. This is now heavier and swings down. Since the candles drip alternately, the centre of gravity moves from one side to the other."
 
"Letter balance
Stick a penny or a half-dollar or a metal disk of similar weight at the top right-hand corner of a picture postcard and fix two paper clips on the opposite corner. Hang the card up on a wooden surface with an easily-turned pin in the top left-hand corner. The most simple of letter balances is is complete and with it you can check the weight of a letter as accurately as with a normal type letter balance.
You must, however, first standardize your balance. Hang a letter which weighs exactly four ounces onto the paper clips and mark the displacement of the top right-hand corner by an arrow on the wall. With letters of more than four ounces the balance moves further and you know that you need more postage. This simple construction is a first-order lever, which is suspended by a pivot just like a normal letter balance. The left-hand narrow edge of the card forms the loading arm, and the upper edge the force arm, which shows, because it is longer, even small differences in weight."
 
"Magic rod
Lay a rod over your index fingers so that one end sticks out further than the other. Will the longer end become unbalanced if you move your finger further towards the middle?
The rod remains balanced however much you move your finger. If one end becomes over-weight it presses more strongly on the finger concerned. The less loaded finger can now move further along until the balance is restored. The process can be repeated by the combined effects of the force of gravity and friction until the fingers are exactly under the centre of the rod."
 
"Boomerang tin
Make slits half an inch wide in the middle of the bottom and lid of a round biscuit tin. Push a piece of thick rubber the same length as the tin through the slits, and tighten it from the outside with pins. Hang a nut of about two onces on to the entire of the rubber with a paper clip. If you roll the tin several yards forwards, it will return at once.
The force of gravity prevents the nut from joining in the rolling movement of the tin. It hangs upright under the rubber and winds it up at each rotation. A force is produced in the rubber by the tension, and this causes the backward movement."
 
"Balancing acrobat"
For this experiment one must have the special clown. Grandma will do her best to tell you how to make him.
Take two postcards on one drawn slightly legs and arms about an inch width as an X with each leg and arm from corner to corner; only leave the middle edges of the pants an inch from the one edge and the arms two inches from the other side. Make the middle go straight across like a shirt over the pants. Draw his head in the middle with his nose sticking out a little making it more oblong than round; his mouth not showing but a small circle on each edge as the cheeks and two oblong shape eyes. The ears stick out a little below ruffled hair under a pointed hat with two balls on it. Draw extended from the legs, ruffled edging and little rounded feet. From the arms are also ruffles and stubby fingered hands. Make sure the hands are large enough to fit a small coin like a dime behind them. Once this is drawn, put the two cardboards together and cut the clown out. Color him on both sides the same way and tape or glue the coin inside on the hands unseen to others eyes as you glue the two sides together. The little paper clown will balance everywhere, on a pencil point, on your finger or as a tight-robe walker on a thread or a string. All by the nose. The trick baffles everybody. It would seem that the figure should fall because its top half is apparently heavier. The weight of the coins cause the centre of gravity of the figure to shift under the nose, so that it remains balanced.
 
Now we are going into Grandma's algebra book (714) Chapter 7 section 3-7.3 "Solve Problems Involving Statistics"-"The mean and median are to measures of central tendency, which are also referred to as averages. An average is a value that is representative of a set of data (or numbers). If you take a statistics course you will study these averages in more detail, and you will be introduced to other averages.
The mean of a set of data is determined by adding all the values and dividing the sum by the number of values. For example, to find the mean of 6,9,3,12,12 we do the following.
 
                                   Mean = 6+9+3+12+12 =42=8.4
                                                            5                5
We divide the sum by 5 since there are five values. The mean is the most commonly used average and it is generally what is thought of when we use the word average.
Another average is the median. The Median is the value in the middle of a set of ranked data. The data may be ranked from smallest sot largest or largest to smallest. To find the median of 6, 9, 3, 12, 12, we can rank the data from smallest to largest as follows
 
                                                                3,6,9,12,12
                                                                        ¦
                                                              middle value
The value in the middle of the ranked set of data is 9. Therefore, the median is 9. Note that half the values will be above the median and half will be below the median.
If there is an even number of pieces of data, the median is halfway between the two middle pieces. For example, to find the median of 3, 12, 5, 12, 17, 9, we can rank the data as follows.
 
                                                               3,5,9,12,12,17
                                                                        ¦
                                                              middle value
Since there are six pieces of data (an even number), we find the value halfway between the two middle pieces, the 9 and the 12. To find the median, we add these values and divide the sum by 2.
 
                                                     median= 9 + 12=  21=10.5
                                                                        2          2
Thus, the median is 10.5 Note that half the values are above and half are below 10.5.
 
Example 6- The Mean Grade Alfonso Ramirez's first six exam grades are 90,87, 76,84,78, and 62.
                     a) Find the mean for Alfonso's six grades.
                     b) If one more exam is to be given, what is the minimum grade that Alfonso can
                          receive to obtain at least a B average (a mean average of 80 or better)?
                     c) Is it possible for Alfonso to obtain an A average (90 or better)? Explain.
Solution       a) To obtain the mean, we add the six grades and divide by 6.
                                                   Mean=90 + 87+ 76 + 84 +78 + 62 =477 = 79.5
                                                                                     6                           6
                      b) We will show the problem-solving steps for this part of the example.
 
                     Understand--The answer to this part may be found in a number of ways. For the mean average of seven exams to be 80, the total points for the seven exams must be 7(80) or 560. Can you explain why? The minimum grade needed can be found by subtracting the sum of the first six grades from 560.
                      Translate
                               minimum grade needed
                                                   on the seventh exam = 560-sum of first six exam grades
                      Carry out            = 560-(90 + 87 + 76 +84 + 78 + 62)
                                                  = 560-477
                                                  = 83
                       Check    We can check to see that a seventh grade of 83 gives a mean of 80 as follows.
                                     mean  = 90 + 87 + 76 + 84 + 78 + 62 + 83 = 560 =80
                                                                                7                                  7
                      Answer   A seventh grade of 83 or higher will result in at least a B average.
                      c) We can use the same reasoning as in part b). For a 90 average, the total points that
                           Alfonso will need to attain is 90(7) = 630. Since his total points are 477, he will need 630-477 or 153 points to obtain an A average. Since the maximum number of points available on most exams is 100, Alfonso would not be able to obtain an A in the course."
"Practice the Skills(use a calculator)
11.  Test Grades-Jenna Webber's test grades are 78, 97 59, 74, and 74. For Jenna's grades, determine the a) mean and b) median.
12.  Bowling scores-Eric Flemming's bowling scores for five games were 161, 131, 187, 163, and 145. For Eric's games, determine the a)mean and b)median.
13.  Grocery Bills-Liz Kaster's monthly grocery bills for the first five months of 2003 were $204.83, $153.85, $210.03, $119.76, and $128.38. For Liz's grocery bills, determine the a) mean and b) Median.
14. Electric Bills-The Foxes' electric bills for January through June, 2002, were $96.56, $108.78, $87.23, $85.90, $79.55, $65.88. For these bills, determine the a)mean and b)median.
(They used a graph for this next problem.)
15. Dry Summers-The following figure shows the 10 driest summers in the Southeast from 1895 through 2001. Determine a) the mean and b) the median inches of rainfall for the 10 years shown. They say the average in the southeast is 15.61 inches. Grandma will try to show the graph as best she can.
Rainfall(Inches)
 
                
 
(16)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(12)
 
 
 
 
 
 
      12.18
     12.80   
   12.91
 
(10) 10.63
     10.67    
    10.68
    10.83
     11.60
     11.76
      11.87
 
 
 
 
(8)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(4)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       1980
  1954
   1993
   1925
    1902
    1983    
   1930
   1990
    1998
   1921
                                                                                                                
 
16. Homes for Sale-Eight homes are for sale in a community. The sale prices are $124,100, $175,900, $142,300, 164,800, $146,000, $210,000, $112,200, and $153,600.
Determine a) the mean and b) the median sale price of the eight homes.
 
Problem Solving
17. Commissions-Barbara Riedell earns a 5% commission on appliances she sells. Her sales last week totaled $9400. Find her week's earnings.
 
18. Empire State Building-May 1, 1931, was the opening day of the Empire State Building May 1, 1931, was the opening day of the Empire State Building. It stands 1454 feet or 443 meters high. Use this information to determine the approximate number of feet in a meter.
 
19. Sales Tax- a) The sales tax in Jefferson County is 7%. What was the sales tax that Jack Mayleben paid on a used car that cost $16,700 before tax?
b) What is the total cost of the car including tax?
 
20. Checking Account-The balance in Lois Heater's checking account is $312.60. She purchased five compact disks at $17.11 each including tax  If she pays by check, what is the new balance in her checking account?
(Grandma is not happy to give these problems to solve because they are too hard for children; therefore, she
went to Youtube for elementary algebra problems for us to use. She will give these others to parents to try a few at a time.) Therefore, use Elementary Algebra Problems for a link.


 
The calendar  History from Book (1)

Birthdays for the 21st of February include:


One in 1907, February 21 of W. H. Auden, English-born American poet.


The 2nd is for Jim Aylesworth, children's author, born in 1943, February 21.



The events for the day include:


One in 1828, February 21 when the Cherokee Phoenix, the First Newspaper printed in an American Indian Language, was published.


Then in 1838, February 21 the First Burglar Alarm was installed.


In 1866, February 21 Lucy B. Hobbs became the First Woman to graduate from Dental School
Book (1 ) says, "When Lucy Hobbs became a dentist in 1866, she was entering what had been a man's profession. How far have women come in the medical professions since then? Conduct a class survey to get an interesting, if not completely scientific, perspective on the question. Ask how many students go to a male dentist, and how many go to a female dentist. Then ask the same question about your students' pediatricians. Make a graph of your class results. What conclusions can you students draw from their data?


,
Another event was in 1878, February 21 when The New Haven, Conn was established.


I think I lost something here. Book (1) says, "With just 50 listgs, the first phone book wouldn't fill a single page today. Show your (children) a phone book from your community, and ask the kids to estimate how many listings it contains. Have each child write his estimate on a piece of paper. Then ask three kids to count the entries on three different pages. Use a calculator to get the average, then multiply this figure by the number of pages in the book. Which child's estimate was closest?


In 1885, February 21 The Washington Monument was dedicated.


February 21
It is also Tincunaco Ceremony in Argentina of South America. Book (1) says in "For love of kids-In the Calchaqui Valley of Argentina, mothers and godmothers perform the Tincunaco Ceremony during carnival season. They line up on opposite sides of an arch made of willow branches trimmed with flowers, fruit, cheese, lanterns, and candy. After meeting under the arch, the women touch their foreheads together and exchange a child made out of candy. This is their way of honoring the children in their lives. Ask your
 (children) to think of ways children are honored in this country. On what occasions do we celebrate love for children here?"



 
On February 22 which is Saturday, tomorrow; George Washington's Birthday. He was born in 1732 and as we all know he was the first president of United States. Book (1) says that our children "might be surprised to find out that George Washington was quite an eater. For example, his supper--which might take 2 hours --would include 8 or 10 large dishes of meat and poultry, several kinds of vegetables, and pastries. About how long do (you as a family) spend at the table for a weekend meal? Poll the kids, then graph the results.


 
Frederic Chopin, Polish-French composer and pianist, was born in 1810  on February 22.


Then in 1892 on February 22  Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet, was born.



For events:


Quadequina, the brother of the Wampanoag Indian chief Massasoit, introduced Popcorn to the New England colonists.


In 1819 on February 22 A treaty was signed whereby Spain ceded Florida to the United States.


In 1861on February 22  Edward Weston began a walking trip from Boston to Washington D.C., to attend Lincoln's inauguration. Book (1) says, "Edward Weston bet a friend that Stephen Douglas would defeat Abraham Lincoln in the 1860 presidential election. The stakes? The loser would walk from Boston to Washington, D.C., for the presidential inauguration. Weston lost. After walking for 10 days, he finally arrived at his hotel in Washington. Ask your (children) to use their atlases to figure out how many miles per day he averaged. Then have them pretend that Weston lived in their hometown and figure out how long it would have taken him at the same pace to walk to Washington, D.C.



Next in 1861 on February 22  the first "five-cent Store" opened in Utica, NY. Book (1) tells how, "With just $315 worth of inventory bought from his former retail employer, 27-year-old Frank Woolworth opened his "Great Five-Cent Store" in Utica, NY. To appeal to bargain hunters, he displayed his merchandise on easily accessible counters and sold everything for the same price--5¢. Back then, a nickel could buy a baseball, a handkerchief, even a purse. Can your (children) think of anything a nickel buys today? How much do they think those things listed would cost today. Can think of anything with a quarter, 50¢, or one dollar.

 
 
For our last assignment for the day  and the week Grandma will cover one last book. It is called The Erie Canal by Peter Spier, Illustrations copyright 1970 by Peter Spier reprinted by permission of Doubleday.
 
"Story Summary- In song and pictures this book tells the story of the Erie Canal, begun in 1817 and completed in 1825. The song follows the path of an Erie Canal barge worker, or "hoggee," and his mule as they pull the barge through the canal. Spier's richly detailed illustrations show the traffic and life along the canal, including landscapes, towns, cargo, and people. The words to the popular song provide the text. The back of the book also includes a map and historical background about the canal. Such intriguing questions as "What did canal children do?" and "How many animals pulled a boat?" are carefully answered. Finally, the book includes the music to the song so that readers can really sing the text as they turn the colorful pages."
 
Peter Spier-
  • Born in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, on June 6, 1927
  • grew up in Broek-in Waterland, a small Dutch village
  • house was on the water, and boats passed by daily
  • father was a famous political cartoonist
  • at 18 decided to be an artist too
  • first job in Parish office of a Dutch weekly newspaper
  • transferred to Houston, Texas
  • made way to New York City and became a freelance artist
  • illustrated about fifty books of others before wrote his own
  • In 1978 he won the Caldecott Medal for his book Noah's Ark
  • so his father gave him a collection of works by Randolph Caldecott
  • spends considerable time researching to write his books; for The Erie Canal he drove the canal twice and made sketches of his trips
 
Building Background-write the word canal down in the records asking the children what it means. Tell them it is much like the Panama Canal we were learning about when we studies Central America only that it is somewhat different. The deffinition of a canal is an artificial waterway or channel. Ask the children if they understand why it would have been built and why the Panama Canal. Point out to them that in those times there was no cars and few roads, so it was easy to travel by water. Explain that it was over 150 years ago. Remind the to listen and look to find out what made the boats and barges on this canal move.
 
Hum a Little Tune-If the children do not know the tune to the Erie Canal, teach them the tune. Once they master the song and the chorus, explain that the words in the book go with the tune. Have them hum the tune as you read the words.
 
Pages of information are included, the answers are written on the boats drawn on the side of the page which you and the children can do. The aswers are given below:
 
people and cargo             The Erie Canal          a mule          15 miles            pulls the barge
 
   1.  What is the song about?________________________________________
   
         __________________________________________________________
 
   2. Who is Sal?__________________________________________________
 
        ___________________________________________________________
 
   3. What does Sal do?_____________________________________________
     
       ____________________________________________________________
 
   4.  What does the barge carry?______________________________________
 
       ____________________________________________________________
 
   5. How many miles does Sal go each day?_____________________________
 
       ____________________________________________________________
 
   *What does everyone do when they come to a low bridge?
 
________________________________________________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                 Sal's Canal
(this page is done with the rhyming words below written on barrels two men are loading on a barge)
Write down the word given that rhymes with the underlined word in the phrase above the line.
 
          pal              lock            canal            Buffalo            down            hay
 
1. It takes all day to pull some                           4. Off we go to
 
_________________________.                     __________________________.
 
2. Sal works hard on the                                    5. At six o'clock we reach a
 
_______________________.                         _________________________.
 
3.  This old gal is a good                                    6. There's a town. New lean way
 
_______________________.                          _________________________.
 
 
See if you can study a map from somewhere.
 
 
 
 
 
 
                                                         Meet a Mule
 
Suppose you could ask Sal these questions. What do you think she would say?
Write her answers in complete sentences on the lines.
 
 
 
What do you see on your trips?
Sal:___________________________________________________________________________
 
________________________________________________________________________________
 
______________________________________________________________________________
 
Why is your job important?
 
Sal:____________________________________________________________________________
 
_______________________________________________________________________________
 
_______________________________________________________________________________
 
What towns do you pass through?
 
Sal:____________________________________________________________________________
 
_______________________________________________________________________________
 
________________________________________________________________________________
 
What is the best part of your job?
 
Sal:_____________________________________________________________________________
 
________________________________________________________________________________
 
_________________________________________________________________________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
For the next activity draw a mule on poster board and a barge to pull with fold down bottoms you can glue on a box. Put cotton on the bottom or something soft and hills to make a Barge-o-Rama Drama. Take butcher paper to roll on pencils and slide it through cut slips or the bottom of the box. Make different scenes on the paper.
For another activity do some singing and dancing.
Another activity is to make a seasonal poster of the pictures on the book of the different seasons. Following are some helpful questions:
What is the weather like?
How do the trees, other plants, and fields look?
What kind of activity is there on the canal?
What is happening on the locks?
What are the people doing?
 
 
Following are some questions for investigation:
 
How did people catch fish in the canal in winter?
(They dug a hole in the ice.)
Name two foods that the mules ate.
(Oats and carrots)
Find the name of a barge.
(Small Hope, Bumble Bee, Star, Annie, Bridget, Benjamin H. Cooper)
How did people wash and dry their clothes on a barge?
(They washed them in a tub and hung them on aline up top.)
What was the fine for driving on the towpath?
($5.00)
What kinds of containers were used to hold the cargo?
(barrels, sacks, crates)
Name some ways that people traveled on land along the canal.
(horse-drawn sled or carriage; wagon pulled by oxen; on foot; on horseback; by bicycle)
 
A culminating activity is to turn to the historical notes at the back of the book. Read and learn and take notes.
The children might enjoy other books by Peter Spier also.

3 Comments to Day 103:

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