Day 118
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Home Educaton Program

Day 118

Good Morning folks; I hope everything is well with you. Reminder of chores; Childrobotics; Physical Education, Health, or Dancing; Language of ABC's, sounds, words, vocabulary; extra reading; math; science; writing; yearbook; family scrapbooks; journal writing; and the newspaper. Grandma is only going to give you the Calendar History today and as many exersizes for the stories as she can along with a small section out of Book (57) on Peanuts.
 
Calendar History:




Today is March 14 and the first birthday on this day is for Lucy Hobbs Taylor, American who became the first female dentist, born in 1833. Book (1) says, "When Lucy Hobbs Taylor was born in 1833, dentistry had not yet become a profession. It wasn't until 1840 that the first dental school was established. Besides having top-notch academic skills, a dentist must also possess good manual dexterity. Have (the children) list activities and hobbies that help develop manual skills (sewing, model building, drawing, painting). What other professions require specific physical skills? How can those skills be acquired?" Here is a link to "Dealing      with Stress" which is only one manual skill, Life skills is part of it, bicycle tricks and skateboard, Grandma is getting the idea it has to do with developing control of our bodies and especially our hands in order to develop skills for our body to control it's functions. They showed a lot of sports skills in this section on Youtube. It is hard for Grandma because she can't find her control box for the speakers since the move and can't hear the videos. One skill taught is taking the Blood Pressure which does take skill. Being able to relax and bring that pressure down is all part of Stress management.




The next March 14 birthday is of Casey Jones, American railroad engineer, born in 1864. Book (1) tells the story, "American folk hero-John Luther "Casey" Jones gave his life to save his passengers when the train he was driving, the "Cannonball Express," collided with another train blocking the tracks near Vaughan, Miss. Invite your students to tell about their heroes. Has someone ever helped them in an extraordinary way? How can they help other people?" Grandma knows this first link is partly a sales promotion for Fisher price toys, but it teaches us a lot of ideas. Maybe Grandma can even make connections with them to help us. Grandma was looking for a link to the "Casey" Jones story for you when I found it. Here is one link of a cartoon version of the story and the song. Here is another cartoon version of the story. The next three links Ninja Turtle 1, Ninja Turtle 2, and Ninja Turtle 3 may be very fun and interesting to learn. There were more movies and cases "Casey" Jones falls in as a good example for children. The idea of "Casey" Jones could definitely lead children into the discussion of their heroes and what makes real heroes. A very good lesson for learning which ties to reading comics to drawing the characters and other cartoon characters. Grandma found this so full that it would be a good idea to send children directly to it through youtube to get the full learning they might want and you could develop from also.




The rest of the birthday's include:
Albert Einstein, German-American physicist, born on March 14 in 1879.



Marguerite DeAngeli, children's author, born on March 14 in 1889.



Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist who created "Dennis the Menace", born on March 14  in 1920(?).




Quincy Jones, American composer and musician, born on March 14 in 1933;



and Billy Crystal, American comedian and actor, born on March 14 in 1947.




Events on that day include:



The First Town Meeting in America was held at Fanevil Hall in Boston on March 14 in 1743.



Then on March14 in 1794 Eli Whitney patented the Cotton Gin.




It is also National Peanut Month which Grandma has a lot to give you about. First of all Book (1) has to say in ""Peanuts galore"-Peanuts have been growing in South America for more than 1,000 years. (Natives) along the Chicma River in central South America were the first people to realize the plant's food value. But it was George Washington Carver who found the most uses--more than 300--for peanuts. For example, Carver used peanuts to make fuel, medicines, cosmetics, inks, and dyes. Have your (children) cut out peanut shapes from brown construction paper, then list on them as many uses for peanuts as they can think of. (Grandma thinks they could make great letter characters). Post the paper peanuts on a bulletin board to mark National Peanut Month.




 
Ok, now Grandma has information in Book (57) to give you about peanuts in a section called ""Peanut Power" by Teddy Meister,

Say it With Peanuts
Peanuts are full of proteins, minerals, and vitamins (However, be careful because some children are allergic to peanuts). Find out about their other benefits and create a billboard advertisement convincing people to eat more of them. Use a lot of descriptive adjectives in the ad.
Create word pictures about nuts. For example, a walnut might be pictured as a nut growing on a wall. Can you think of something for a cashew nut? Chestnut? Beechnut? Butternut?
Create some interesting sentences using NUTS as the starting letters for each word. For example, Ned Uses Toy Soldiers.
"I'm nuts about you!" "You're making me nuts!" Think of other "nut" sayings that can be written on mural paper and hung up for a class graffiti wall.
"Polly Pickens plays perfectly practiced piano pieces." This is an alliterative sentence because each word begins with the same letter. Write others for "p" (peanuts) or "n"(nuts).

Peanuts in the Laboratory
In a series of picture flash cards, show how peanuts get from planting to harvesting.
Gather different varieties of nuts. Look for pictures and information about them in reference books. Record facts about their growth, harvest, and use. Collect all of this in a "nut" book. Display it in the library(at your home).
Which varieties of nuts were grown several thousand years ago? Find out about ancient legumes and how they were used. Prepare a poster showing these ancient types and the parts of the world they came from.
Brainstorm a list of other plants that ripen underground. How are they like peanuts? How are they different?

A World of Peanuts
Using an outline map of the United States, show major areas where peanuts are grown. List states and countries beginning with each letter in the word peanut. For instance, "p" might be Panama and "e" could stand for Egypt.
Create a "World of Peanuts" chart showing different countries where peanuts are grown. Which country distributes the most?
Create your own island shaped like a peanut. Identify different geographical forms, lakes, rivers, etc. Name the island after yourself.Cities and towns might be named after peanuts, such as Gooberville, New Legume, and so on. Describe the main sights to see on your island that might attract tourists. Be sure to include a legend, scale of miles, and compass. (This could also be put in the middle of our little town we had started to make in the beginning of classes.)
What is the largest peanut-producing state in the United States? Check product maps. Develop a campaign slogan which that state could use to create more national interest in the purchase and use of peanuts.

Peanuts and People
Ancient tripes found many uses for varieties of empty shells. List ways they might be used today. Can you brainstorm ten new uses?
Peanuts, or goobers, comes from the Congo word nguba. First sold commercially in 1870, it was an important food source for soldiers during the Civil War. (This could be added to our timeline sheets.) The song "Eating Goober Peas" is from this period of history. Learn the words and prepare a song tape for the class. Make lyric cards so they can sing along. (Here is the link to the song "Eating Goober Peas") 
Hot peanut salad is a Chinese specialty. (My husband loves them roasted in a skillet by tossing them around in a slight bit of oil or sprayed pan on the heat. Grandma had some in Mexico that a gentleman or Senior had soaking in lemon water. They were real good.) Look up recipes using peanuts (especially the Mexican cookbooks. They call them Cayotes). Can you find any unusual ones native to other countries? Make a "Peanut World Recipe" file. Interview parents and friends for their favorite recipes using peanuts. Visit restaurants specializing in ethnic foods and ask if they serve dishes using peanuts.
Peanuts were first used over 2000 years ago in South America. Read about this period of ancient history. Find out about the culture of these early people and the uses developed for peanuts. Write a brief report to share with classmates.
How do you think growing peanuts in the United States began? What theories do you have? Write them down and explain why you feel this way.

Peanuts by the Pound
Collect candy recipes involving peanuts, and select your favorite one to try at home. How might the recipe be improved? What could be added? (Grandma says to be careful here because a lot of these recipes and foods bought has corn syrup and soy bean; therefore they can be part of the Monsanto and GMO threats and could be used as a precaution for foods not to eat.) What proportions of nuts to other ingredients are used?
The average person eats about three pounds of nuts a year! How much would this be per month? Per week? Conduct a survey...and find out approximately how much they eat a month. Compile the results, and construct a graph to show your findings.(Now peanut butter might be a good thing to eat and use in many recipes good for us.)
Visit your local food market produce section. Examine the jars of shelled peanuts. What is the price per weight of each jar? Examine the bags of unshelled peanuts. How much do they cost for the same amount of shelled? Which is the better buy? How do you account for the difference?
Peanuts are a commodity on the stock exchange. Look up the phone number of a local stockbroker. Call and ask someone to explain what this means. Perhaps you can arrange for a speaker to talk with the (children) about stocks, bonds, and commodities. (Maybe you could dress as one.)
Which peanut manufacturers are the most popular in terms of sales? Make a list of the different brands of peanut companies you can think of. (A visit to your local supermarket will be helpful!) Interview family members and friends to see which company's products they prefer. Write a letter to the company you find most popular telling them about your interviews.

Picture-Perfect Peanuts
Roasted, salted, ground into peanut butter, candy, baked goods, cooking oil--over 300 uses for the peanut were discovered by George Washington Carver. Create a collage using peanut product pictures from magazines and newspapers.
Borrow an ink pad from your teacher. Press your thumb into the pad and make several thumb prints on art paper. Turn these into "peanut people" by adding lines to create faces, arms, legs, etc. Add color to the finished prints.
Examine the symbol of the company using the peanut man. What could you do to add to the symbol and make it different? Try some original ideas to improve the symbol, or make up a totally new one.
Collect peanut shells. Brush them off and give them several coats of varnish. Create "shell" jewelry or pictures. Use shell halves or the outside texture of the shell itself. Dip into paint and press on paper for shell prints."
 
 
Considering Monday is Saint Patricks Day and also the birthday of Grandma's daughter, Andrea, we will be given some Ireland or Irish links for your usage. She is not only part German heritage, but Scotch Irish and English along with Grandma. We actually descend from the Parr family of the last queen of Henry VIII even though she died giving birth to her child that died later. However, the father to that baby was from Spain. Grandma's granddaughter Eva also has Mexican blood involved in her, if you have not been able to tell yet she is pretty partial to her but situations this year have separated us and Grandma is very sad over it. Read any books over the weekend and be prepared for a fun little home parade given in Book (1) for that day with all kinds of things they can bang on and pretend they are drums.
The first link is a little history; some more information about Ireland; and of course the movies made tell of the wild folklore along with Folklore1, Folklore 2, and Folklore 3; and a little more.
 
Grandma also want those children that are older to start reading at least part of the Little House on the Prairie and or Sarah Plain and Tall. Other shorter stories we will read are the Ox Cart Man, Wagon Wheels, Molly's Pilgrim, and The Girl Who Loved Wild Horses.
 
However, for today Grandma will give you activities to go with The Empty Pot by Demi about China.
"Before Reading Activity
Would you be honest even if it meant you might get in trouble? (Discuss.)
This is a story about a boy named Ping who lived in China. He has to choose whether or not to be honest. Listen to what happens to him and how he is the same and different from you.
...
After Reading Activity
What did Ping do about being honest? (Discuss.) How is he the same as and different from you? (Discuss.)
 
Writing...
Group Activity: Predicting Outcomes
Do you think Ping would make a good emperor? Why, why not? (Discuss and list ideas... . Model writing sentences from student responses.) 
Pre-writers: Draw a picture showing what kind of emperor Ping would be. ...copy and complete this sentence:
"Ping would be a __________________________________emperor because__________________
 
_______________________________________________________."
 
Beginning Writers: Draw and write about what kind of emperor Ping would be and why.
 
Experienced Writers: Write a paragraph explaining what kind of emperor Ping would be and why. Illustrate your work when done.
 
Reading Experience:...
You will Need:
  • book: The Empty Pot, by Demi
  • writing paper 8 1/2 x 11"
  • pencils
Story Map
This activity deals with the characters, problem and solution presented in the story.
Before Reading Activity
Who were the characters in the story? What was the problem Ping had to face in the story? How did he solve it? Listen for these things in the story again.
...
After Reading Activity
Who were the characters in the story? What was the problem. Ping had to face? What was the solution? (Discuss and list ....)
Student Assignment: Children fold paper into horizontal fourths. Tell each child to write his or her name and the title and author of the book on the first quarter. On the second quarter, write the word "Characters," and across from it list and draw the characters in the story. In the third quarter, write the word "Problem." Across from it, write and illustrate the problem in the story. In the last quarter write "Solution," then write and draw the solution of the story.
Math:...
You Will Need:
  • 8 1/2 x 11" blank paper (one per child)
  • pencils
  • snow pea pods (one per child)
  • butcher paper
  • crayons
  • rulers
Estimation/Measuring/Graphing Snow Pea Pods
The Chinese use snow pea pods in many of the dishes they prepare.
 
Sorting, Sprouting, Planting Seeds
  1. Children fold their papers in horizontal quarters.
  2. Give each child a pea pod and have each estimate how many peas are in the pod and record it in the top quarter.
  3. Each child measures the length of his or her pod, then records its length and draws its actual size in quarter #2.
  4. Tell the children: Open your pod and count the number of peas in it. Record the number of peas in quarter #3. Taste the peas and write how they taste.
  5. In quarter #4, draw all the peas in detail.
  6. On two class graphs made from butcher paper, record how many peas were in your pods and how long your pods were.
  7. After the activity is complete, read the graphs with the children, asking such questions as: How many people had _____peas in their pod? Most people had______peas, etc.
 
Science: ...
You Will Need:
  • potting mix
  • transparent tape
  • bean sprouts (one per child)
  • 5 different types of seeds of varying sizes, shapes
  • a copy of the following page to fill out and do
 
Sorting, Sprouting, Planting Seeds
 
  1. Sort your seeds. How many kinds of seeds do you have?______________________
  2. Draw the different seeds you have.
 














3.     Here are the different parts of a bean sprout. Draw your bean sprout. Find the parts.
 




                                                              leaves
 
                            stem
 
 
                                                                seed
 
                            root




 
 
4. Taste you bean sprout. What did it taste like?_________________________________________
 
______________________________________________________________________________
 
______________________________________________________________________________
 
5. Tape a different kind of seed to the outside of each cup. Draw the seed taped to each cup. Draw the
     plant you think will grow.
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Put potting soil in each cup. Plant the seeds in the right cup. Water it. Put it in the window.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Social Studies:...
You Will Need:
  • red butcher paper
  • construction paper
  • several long blankets(for dragon)
  • plastic laundry basket w/handles
  • scissors
  • paste
  • paint
...
Map
Locate the continent of Asia on (a) map..., then locate China on it. Color China.
 
Chinese New Year
This traditional celebration is a centuries-old spring festival. The Chinese lunar calendar determines the date so it usually occurs between the middle of January and the middle of February.
  1. For the Chinese, the New Year is a time to get rid of the old and welcome the new. If people owe money, they try to pay their debts before the New Year.
  2. Families hang scrolls with short poems about good wishes written in Chinese. The family also makes an arrangement of oranges because the Chinese word for orange sounds like the word for "wealth."
  3. On New Year's Eve a big family dinner or banquet is served with traditional Chinese food. After dinner, the children stay up late and bow to their elders as a sign of respect. The children receive red envelopes of lucky money as a sign of respect. The children receive red envelopes of lucky money as a sign of respect. The children receive red envelopes of lucky money called "Lai-See" throughout the New Year. In China, red is the good luck color. Only paper money is given since coins are thought to be bad luck.
  4. According to the Chinese Zodiac Calendar, each year is associated with a different animal. Those people born in the year of a certain animal are thought to exhibit certain characteristics.
  5. The last day of the Chinese New Year, the Dragon Parade takes place. It is considered the highlight
  6. of the whole New Year celebration. The dragon is accompanied by firecrackers to scare away evil spirits and bad luck.
 
Note: Arrange four oranges as a New Year display--three on the bottom, one on top. Red lucky money envelopes can be found at many Asian food markets. Chinese fortune cookies are not a Chinese tradition; they are an American invention.
 
To Make a Dragon: Invert the plastic laundry basket, cover it with red butcher paper (leaving holes for the eyes), and decorate it with paint and construction aper to look like the head of a dragon.
For the dragon Dance, have children line up in single file, arms on the waist of the child in front of them with blankets draped over themselves to form the long, snake-like body of the dragon. The child in the lead holds the dragon's head over himself or herself and leads the parade dance by dramatically dipping and swaying the large head from side to side. The rest of the children follow the leader as they are led in serpentine movements around the classroom and outside.
 
Art:...
You Will Need:
  • butcher paper
  • rolls of white shelf paper
  • black watercolor paint
  • paintbrushes
  • Chinese characters(possibly provided by a link)
 
Chinese Characters
Chinese writing is traditionally done with a brush and black ink on paper. The Chinese don't use an alphabet as we do; they use characters that have meaning by themselves. The words are written from top to bottom. There are thousands of Chinese characters.
  1. Cut a length of shelf paper for each child's "scroll."
  2. Have children hold their brushes straight up and down without their arms resting on the paper. This is the traditional way to hold the brush.
  3. Write numbers 1-10 and other symbols on butcher paper for children to copy."
Link to First Chinese Characters and in that area of you tube is a whole bunch more. 
 
Have a good day! 

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