Day 130
The Best Place to Learn From - Is The Best Place for Learning
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Home Educaton Program

Day 130

Good Morning Folks! I hope your weekend was better than Grandma's. Don't forget to do your tasks for the day along with your assignments; Language; science experiments and study; writing; journals; yearbooks; family scrapbooks; math; newspapers; and some physical education or health studies. Just be sure to get some Childrobotics in there also before any physical activity is preformed well enough it starts the day good.
 
For March 30 from the Calendar History Book the first birthday is in 1746 of Francisco Jose De Goya, Spanish painter. The next birthday is for Anna Sewell, English author, born in 1820. The next is Vincent Van Gogh, Dutch painter, born in 1853. Book (1) says, "Artist Vincent van Gogh never knew wealth or fame. Although he produced about 800 paintings and hundreds of drawings, he sold only one during his lifetime. But van Gogh later came to be regarded as an artistic genius. On March 30, 1987--the 135th anniversary of his birth--his painting Sunflowers was sold at a record-breaking price of $39.9 million. Allow your students to look at a picture of Sunflowers or another van Gogh painting for 1 minute. Then see how observant the kids are by asking them questions about it--for example: How many flowers are there? What color is the vase? What's in the background? Finally, ask your students if they can name other people whose work went unappreciated during their lifetime but later was recognized as important. A birthday in 1945 is for Eric Clapton, English singer, songwriter, and guitarist.
Book (1) events include one for 1842 in which Dr. Crawford W. Long performed the First Recorded operation using a general anesthetic. Then in 1843 The Egg incubator was patented. This made Grandma realize she has not given you much science lately because she was concentrating so hard on the other necessary things for you to have. For so much has taken much of your time, for sure.  Therefore, Grandma will try to get the rest of the science to you and finish the algebra book. I hope the children are receiving some math to do even if it is playing store and counting money or learning part of the clock, or simple math in your everyday life like measuring or adding and subtracting simple stuff to be added and following the video Grandma has given you on things. We will finish the stories about Jesus and finish the New testament before the middle of May also. Grandma is going to start with those of planting because it is the time of year when many people start their planting. The first experiment is called a "Maze." These experiments are out of Grandma's book (12). Grandma is going to try to list her books for you in April considering it is Book Month.
The experiment says to "Plant a sprouting potato in moist soil in a pot. Place it in the corner of a shoe box and cut a hole in the opposite side. Inside stick two partitions, so that a small gap is left. Close the box and place it in a window. After a couple of days the shoot has found its way through the dark maze to the light. Plants have light-sensitive cells which guide the direction of growth. Even the minimum amount of light entering the box causes the shoot to bend. It looks quite white, because the important green colouring material, chlorophyll, necessary for healthy growth, cannot be formed in the dark."
The next experiment is called ""The Sun Brings Life." Fill a large glass jar with fresh water and place in it several shoots of waterweed. Place the jar in sunlight, and at once small gas bubbles will rise in the water. Invert a funnel over the pants and over it a water-filled glass tube. The gas which is given off by the plants slowly fills the tube.
Plants use sunlight. With its help, in the presence of chlorophyll, they make their building material, starch, from water and carbon dioxide, and give off oxygen. Oxygen has actually collected in the glass tube. If you remove the tube and hold a glowing splint in it, the splint will burn brightly."
The next experiment is called ""Automatic Watering." Fill a bottle with water and place it upside down and half buried in soil in a flower box. An air bubble rises up in the bottle from time to time, showing that the plants are using the water. The water reservoir is enough for several days, depending on the number of plants and the weather.
Water only flows from the bottle until the soil round it is soaked. It starts to flow again only when the plants have drawn so much water from the soil that it becomes dry, and air can enter the bottle. One notices that plants can take water more easily from loose soil than from hard."
The next one is called ""Secret Path." Dissolve a teaspoonful of salt in a glass of water and cover it tightly with parchment paper. We call such an exchange of liquids through a permeable membrane, osmosis. All living cells are surrounded by such a membrane, and absorb water and dissolved substances in this way."
That is enough for today on experiments. Grandma will try to keep going from here on. Back to the events from here. 
In 1867 Secretary of State William Seward negotiated the Purchase of Alaska from Russia. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that Secretary of State William Seward spent $7,200,000 in gold to buy Alaska. Many Americans believed the purchase was ill-advised, calling it "Seward's folly." Today, of course, we have a different perspective. Have your students write short stories about other purchases that seem foolish but that later turn out to be "great buys." If they're having trouble getting started, suggest they consider the bottom of the ocean, an iceberg, or a plot of territory on the moon. Why might these places become valuable in the future? For this reason Grandma believes they have made it Seward's Day. It is also called Doctors' Day. Maybe because of the First event of an operation with anesthesia.
In 1870 Texas was readmitted to the Union after the Civil War and the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, took effect. Then in 1886 J Ricks patented the Horseshoe.
 
For the last day of March, March 31st, Thomas Peterson Mundy became the First Black to vote following ratification of the Fifteenth Amendment in 1870. Next the Eiffel Tower was officially opened to the public in Paris as of 1889. Book (1) says, "The Eiffel Tower was built for the Paris Exhibition of 1889, which celebrated the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. At 300 meters high, it remained the tallest structure in the world for several years. Have your (children) convert this height to feet, then mark it on graph paper. Next, ask the kids to find and graph the heights of current tall structures, such as the Sears Tower; the Empire State building, The-New-World Trade Center, the St. Louis Arch, and the tallest building in their community." In 1893 Whitcomb Judson patented the "hookless fastener"--an early form of the zipper. Talk about other ways people have fastened clothing or made wastes.
The birthdays for the day are one in 1596 for Rene Descartes, French philosopher. Another is in 1811 for Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, German chemist and inventor of the Bunsen burner.
 
The Bible stories for today will begin with John 8:12-30, The Validity of Jesus' Testimony and goes on The Children of Abraham, John 8:31-41; The Children of the Devil, John 8:42-47; The Claims of Jesus About HImself, John 8:48-59. Do the following in Faith Alive: "Did You Know? John 8:57 How old was Jesus? Jesus lived about thirty-three years here on earth. But Jesus was and is also God. As God, Jesus has always existed, even, before Abraham was born thousands of years earlier.; Let's Live It! John 9:1-7 Is Sickness Punishment?--Some people think all sickness is punishment for sin. What did Jesus say about this Idea? Read John 9:1-5. Jesus is God (John 9:4). The healing, then, was a way to glorify God.
Christian health workers realize that God is really the one who heals. Talk to Christians who are doctors and nurses about this Bible story. Thank them for giving glory to God in their work.; Life in Bible Times- The Sheep Pen--At night flocks of sheep were kept in pens made of stone or branches with thorns. The shepherd slept in the only doorway. If wild animals came near the shepherd was there to protect the sheep.; Words to Remember John 10:14-15 I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me...I lay down my life for the sheep."
Then read Jesus Heals a Man Born Blind John 9:1-12; The Pharisees Investigate the Healing John:13-34; and Spiritual Blindness John 9:35-41. Then go on to read John 10:1-21 The Shepherd and His Flock and John 10:22-42, The Unbelief of the Jews.
 
The book to cover today out of Grandma's book (185) is called Ox-Cart Man by Donald Hall, 1979 by Barbara Cooney Porter; reprinted by permission of Penguin Books USA, Inc.
"Meet  the Author: Donald Hall...,one of America's most renowned poets and critics, was born in New Haven, Connecticut, on September 20, 1928. After graduating from Harvard College and Oxford University, he taught creative writing at Harvard, Stanford, and the University of MIchigan. Hall has won many awards for his poetry, including the Newdigate Prize from Oxford (1952). From 1953 until 1961, Hall was the poetry editor of the Paris Review. Hall's first book for children was Andrew the Lion Farmer (1959), followed by Riddle Rat (1977) and Ox-Cart Man(1979). He now lives on Eagle Pond Farm in Danbury, New Hampshire, (at the time Grandma bought her book (185); this author may no longer be alive, nor the artist given next.)
 
Meet the Artist: Barbara Cooney...was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1917. Her mother was an artist and encouraged Cooney to use her paints and brushes whenever she liked. After graduating from Smith College in 1938, Cooney studied lithography and etching at the Art Students league in New York City. Cooney likes her work to be as realistic as possible, with each detail directly from her own observations and research. The details in Ox-Cart Man are based on Cooney's remembrances of childhood summers in Maine and on her knowledge of the Massachusetts countryside, where she now lives or lived. Story Summary-Ox-Cart Man very simply describes the economic life of a farm family in New England almost 200 years ago. The story begins with the farmer and his family loading their cart with items they want to sell in Portsmouth. After a ten-days' journey, the farmer arrives in the bustling town of Portsmouth and proceeds to sell everything he owns-including his ox and cart. With the money from his sales, he buys tools and a special family treat: peppermint candy.
As fall turns into winter, and winter into spring, the farmer and his family start to make again the items they sold. And as spring turns to summer, they start planting the fruits and vegetables that they will sell again in the fall.
 
Classroom Traders-To help(the children) develop the concept of needs, excess, and trading, (ask them)  to tell about thins they may have "a lot of." For example, (they) may have five red crayons, three mittens, and several models of the same kind of dinosaur. On a large sheet of poster paper, draw an outline of a cart. Ask(the children) to draw ... small picture(s) on a sheet of paper ... the things they have in excess, then tape these pictures to the cart. Explain that through trading people try to get things they need in exchange for things they don't need. (Have them) tell about things in the cart that they need, and complete "sell-and-buy sentences" about the objects. For example: "I could sell one of my red crayons and buy a blue one," or "I could sell my extra mitten and buy a scarf." Tell (the children) that in Ox-Cart Man they will meet a family that buys the things it needs by selling what it doesn't need."
 
There are four worksheets following that the children can have fun doing:
The first is "Where Do They Come From", in which the items A Birch Broom, Feathers, Wool, Cabbage, and Honey with the illustrations are all placed on the left side of the page; and A tree, Sheep, Bee, Goose, and Seeds are all placed on the right side with illustrations. The children are suppose to draw a line connecting the two items that match. Have them figure out other things or draw pictures of other things from wood.
 
On the next sheet there is a list of things in between a girl working on a quilt and children carrying wood. Words from the list are suppose to be listed by numbers under the two pictures. Following are the words; they were placed in a box: Weave, split, embroider, carve, tap, stitch, whittle, knit, spin, saw.
Have the children think of things they could do in school that could be sold. The children were suppose to write on the back of the sheet sentences to tell about the school work they like best.
 
The third sheet has various things on the sheet about spring as birds from eggs, bird nest, flowers, grass,and a butterfly in the flowers with three boxes labeled March, April, and May. The children are to figure out the things the Ox-Cart man's children are so busy doing in the spring and list them under each month in the boxes. There are five lines under each month in each of the boxes. Then on the back your children are suppose to try to figure out the things the children or family are doing in the summer and list them or draw pictures of them doing it.
 
The last (fourth page) is about The Ox's Story. The children are to imagine what the ox might say about his journey? Portsmouth? About leaving the farmer and his family? and write his story on the page with pictures of the trees, houses, the road and the cart with him the ox, and  town buildings as the church, town hall, and warehouses.  The farmer holding the ox with a rope at the bottom of the page.
 
The next activity with this book is an Art Activity called Diorama Drama. It is a movable diorama of the ox-cart man. You will need: a shoe box per child; construction paper; glue; tape; scissors; markers/crayons; straws; a cardboard picture of the ox-cart man drawn. The children can draw, color,and cut out scenery to be taped on the box in which the man and his cart may pass by. Make a slit in the box for the cart to move along when the children tape a straw on the back of the cart with the ox and the man pulling it. As the children hang onto the straw on the back of the cart they can move it along the slit through the scenery.
 
The next activity is suppose to be a cooperative learning/art activity. However, we can adapt it to our learning in our  Home Education program through Grandma's Place of Natural Learning Center without a problem. The children may only have their family to cooperate with but they can involve others you and they may want to work with. It is suppose to be a community go through the different seasons with each season drawn on a separate mural. The murals are to be taped together to make a long streamer.
However, Grandma feels you could draw each picture about the farmers family during each scene with the one he travels to town and his family at the farm starting more projects.
The materials they will need include: four long strips of mural paper, poster paints and brushes, black markers, pencils, and tape. Tell the children to sketch the pictures on the murals first with the pencils then use the markers and then paint.
Have a seasonal discussion about what was drawn and other ideas. Then talk about how these old fashioned item have been replaced by modern ones.
 
For the last activities which are considered Extended Activities it summarizes the story and makes curriculum connections. The first thing to do is draw a wagon wheel with wide spokes to be able to write on. There must be eight of them. In the middle where the axle fits in it should have family written on it. Then discuss with your children the four basic needs of families as you write each one on four of the spokes. The first one being Food, next Shelter, then Transportation, and last Clothing. Discuss how each of those were obtained in the beginning, at the time of settlers, and the way they are provided today. Discuss the problems people are having today in providing them and why some people are wanting to go back to a time when they furnished them from their own goods.
 
The next activity is to make out a Thank-you card to the Ox-cart man's family for letting you visit them and what you have learned from their farm and the marketing the farmer did in town.
 
The next activity is to enjoy, play, and possibly listen to some songs of that era as ""Skip to My Lou, ""The Old Gray Goose,""Frog went a-Courtin',""Jimmy Cracked Corn,""Billy Boy,""All the Pretty Little Horses." They can write new lyrics for them if they wish.
 
For this next activity which is part of Social Studies look at the illustrations of Portsmouth in the book. Find Portsmouth, New Hampshire, on a map of the United States. Write Portsmouth down and underline port. Discuss what a port is with the children of a place where ships come in from the sea, usually bringing goods with them. Point out the Atlantic Ocean and the other Oceans, bays, and seas of interest. Ask them what kinds of goods they think were sold in the markets during that time and if they think there are other markets still in existence today. (Grandma has seen many of them in Mexico and she is sure they are in many islands of the Carribean and other countries. Ask them what they think they look like today. Actually there can be different kinds in different towns or villages.
 
For the last activity Grandma wants you to go through all the states of United States and discuss what they might be like or are like if you have been in them or seen them. Find something that has the state flag and birds as well as the flowers in them and look at them. Then find the state capital's in them and see if you know of any other towns or cities in them. Discuss what they are like or might have been at one time.
 
An extra book to read from book(2) of Grandma's is The Bird Who Was An Elephant by Aleph Kamal. It is about the country of India. To summarize it book (2) says,"A bird, who had been an elephant in another life, revisits a small village in India and observes the lifestyles of the people. New York:J.B. Lippincott, 1989.
Activities to go along with the book include:
 
  1. Make a picture dictionary of the Indian words used in the story.
  2. Explain, according to Hindu beliefs, how the bird could once have been an elephant.
  3. List the Indian occupations mentioned in the book. Write a short paragraph telling about one of them.
  4. Choose one of the spices that is sold in the spice shop. Find out how it is grown, processed, and used.
  5. The palmist told the bird that he had once been an elephant that carried children across the palace gardens of the Maharajah. What is a Maharajah?
  6. On special occasions the palace elephants were decorated with jewels and tapestries to represent the wealth of the Maharajah. Draw an elephant and carefully decorate it. Pretend you are a child of the Maharajah. Write a story about your life in the palace.
  7. Elephants help the environment. List the ways they help. Which of these do you consider to be the most important? Why?
 
Grandma hopes it all goes well today.

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