Good Morning Folks! We will be covering the lessons for Wednesday this week and Thursday. Grandma has been covering Ukraine and Russia. She gave you lessons for last week along with Monday and Tuesday. I hope you have been keeping up with your tasks for the last two weeks; Childrobotics; extra reading; language of ABC's, words, spelling, and vocabulary; writing and Journaling; Math (counting and using eggs, Easter bunnies, Easter hats, chicks, etc.); older children going into business should learn typing, algebra, bookkeeping, and calculators as well as all that is possible about computers. Be sure to cover yearbooks, family scrapbooks, recipes, and the newspapers.
To start today's lessons off Grandma is going to first cover information on a place called Ellis Island that many of the immigrants came through to the United States. One link to this on youtube is the Story of Ellis Island; another is About Russia; Book Reading of Molly's Pilgrim; and the Movie trailer of Molly's Pilgrim.
Next we will cover the lesson from Grandma's book (4) covering Geography Focus: using a globe.
"Molly"s Pilgrim by Barbara Cohen illustrated by Michael J Deraney (William Morrow 1983)
Molly and her family are Russian Jews, recently immigrated to the United States. In the small town where they finally settle, Molly endures the taunts of classmates who are not used to newcomers. When the teacher assigns students to make clothespin dolls representing Pilgrims for a Thanksgiving display. Molly's troubles seem to increase: the doll her mother makes for her shows not the typical Pilgrim, but a Russian woman dressed much like Mother herself. Mother explains that this is appropriate, for she, too, is a pilgrim: one who travels to another land in search of religious freedom. Molly's classmates make fun of her doll, until Molly explains it and her teacher backs her up by describing the Jewish harvest holiday on which the American Pilgrims based the first Thanksgiving.
Invite (the children) to tell what they think a pilgrim is. Definitions at this stage will probably be far-ranging. Write them on the chalkboard, for revision after students have read the book.
As You Read
Help (the children) use a globe to locate Russia and the United States. Invite volunteers to use a length of string to mark a route westward from Russia to America and to name some of the countries and the ocean that Molly and her parents had to cross in their journey. Explain that in those days before airplanes, immigrants traveled by land, then by ship, In voyages that might take several months.
Use questions like the following to encourage students to respond to the conflicts that Molly faces:
Extending Geography Skills:
Comparing a Globe and a Map
Display a world map on a wall above your globe. Explain that the globe is a map that has been printed on a hollow sphere, and that it gives a truer picture of Earth and its land and water than a map because its surface is rounded like the Earth's surface is. Then ask (the children) to identify the main way in which a world map is different from a globe (a map is flat). Invite a volunteer to locate Russia and the United States on the glove again, then find them on the map.
To help (the children) understand that flat maps are not at accurate in their portrayal of the area of land and oceans as globes are, direct attention to the North and South polar regions, especially Greenland, on the globe, and ask (the children) to find these regions on the flat map and encourage them to tell about the size-difference between them. Invite (the children) to suggest why people nevertheless make and use maps (for general reference: to show small areas up close; to show the location of towns, cities, and highways; to show national boundaries; to show mountains, hills, and flat areas). If possible, assemble a collection of different kinds of maps for (the children) to study and discuss."
(As part of this learning try to figure out on the map and/or globe a route from Russia the Pilgrims may have traveled on the Boat.)
What Does It Mean? In the story, Mama uses various Yiddish words and expressions. First, ask (the children) to guess what the words might mean in the context of the sentence in which they are used.
Then provide the English translations:
Malkeleh-Little Queen. (The name "Molly" is derived from it.)
Invite (your children) if they speak other languages to contribute words and expressions and their meanings to a list of Wonderful Words. Post the list and keep adding to it if you are learning these languages together or they are from a past country they lived in.
Dramatic Retelling Discuss the three basic problems Molly faces: how to cope with her treatment by her classmates; how to explain to her mother what the assignment is at school and why the doll doesn't seem to meet the description given in the assignment; how to explain the doll to her classmates and teacher." To learn cooperative learning form the following situations into a film or skit to present somewhere ( at a hospital, church, cooperate group, old folks home, child care facility, etc.):
Modern-Day Pilgrims Encourage (the children) to relate the story to current news about immigrants (pilgrims) from other countries, such as Vietnam, Korea, Haiti, Cuba, Cambodia, (Mexico) and Guatemala. Discuss what freedoms or opportunities the modern-day pilgrims are seeking in their new home. If possible, ask (your children) to interview a newly-arrived pilgrim to find out when the pilgrim came, where he or she came from, what he or she was looking for, and what problems had to be faced on arrival. Encourage interviewers to make notes and compile them into an oral presentation for the class. The presenter should also indicate on a globe or map the country from which the pilgrim came."
(Make sure if they are from Mexico that they are not here illegally by asking to see a green card they should have with them.)
Doll Maps Invite (your children) to make clothespin dolls dressed in the traditional clothing of (different) ethnic group(s). Display a large map of the world in the center of a (wall), and mount the dolls around it. Use colored yarn to connect each doll to the country it represents." (Also place a the globe nearby also.) A link Grandma found is on Other Dolls; Clothespin Doll Faces Plus More; Wire Arms and More; Assembly of Clothespin Dolls and More; Clothespin Doll Clothes and More; Wigs or Hair and More; plus a Series of Clothespin Dolls.
Welcome Packages Ask the (children) to imagine a child or person from another country or as most of originated from other countries. Discuss and list what the new person might want to know about the neighborhood, town or city, yourselves(make sure they are trustworthy first). Discuss what things might make them feel welcome in your area, neighborhood, home, church, or organization. Suggest and make a list of items to form in a welcome package such as maps, lists, descriptions, and pictures. Act out how to make newcomers feel welcome. Be careful because helpful people in some neighborhoods may not turn out to be so helpful as experience just lately has taught my husband and myself. Not all people to day can be so trusting.
To extend this learning think of other packages that could be formed for people in the neighborhood you know well that may become sick, have a loved one die, need help(figure out some things as needing money for a sick family member, or a funeral, etc.) also ways we could help family members as older people, etc. Other type of packages might be for a birthday, weddings, and new babies. Make use of the time.
Media Contrasts Molly's Pilgrim is retold in a video which won the 1985 Academy Award for best-live action short (24 minutes). It is available on a cassette from Phoenix Films. After showing the film, discuss how it is different from the book (set in modern times; new characters: some new scenes). Encourage students to tell what they would add or subtract from the story if they were the film director.
(Might even check with the library-they may even have a copy to watch.)
Another story for the day is Russian and American in Grandma's Book (6) called
"Here Comes the Cat! by Frank Asch and Vladimir Vagin (Scholastic, 1989.32 pp.)
This story, about a big cat who comes to a community of mice, represents the first artistic and literary collaboration between an American and a Russian. Designed by popular American author/illustrator Frank Asch, and painted by Russian artist Vladimir Vagin, Here comes the Cat! reinforces the old message that "all we have to fear is fear itself." The book, which is written in both English and Russian, helps to underscore how unfair and faulty negative prejudice can be.
Before Reading Here Comes the Cat!
After Reading Here Comes the Cat!
Connecting Prejudice and Fear
Have the children explain how fear is spread in the story (e.g., by word of mouth). Introduce the word "prefudice" into the conversation. Help the children to understand that the word "prejudice" has to do with prejudging. Then, help (the children) make the important connection between prejudice and
fear by" filling out a chart. This chart is made easy by taking a piece of paper and folding it in half lengthwise. On one side of the sheet put the heading "Things some people don't like before they experience them." as flying in an airplane, snakes, spinach, broccoli, etc. On the other side of the paper put the heading "What they're afraid of."
"Have (the children) tell what fear is associated with each item (e.g., (the children) may fear tasting broccoli because it is a green vegetable or (the children) may fear snakes because they think they are slimy). Ask how many of the items were actually experienced by the students, and how many were prejudged.
Explain to the (children) that the book's collaboration between a Russian and an American is an incredible achievement because for many years a "cold war" existed between the two powers, with each side regarding the other as an enemy. Help the (children) understand that a cold war is largely a war of words--with both sides fearing and mistrusting the other side. Invite students to create their own collaborative books based on the format of Here Comes the Cat! One or more students may write the text, while one or more other students may act as illustrators, interpreting the text with accompanying art work.
Billingual Dialogue Balloons"
Provide the children with sheets of paper. On the paper or papers, big round cartoon language balloons should be drawn. Inside the balloons write the following English words with their translation in certain languages also written in the balloons. Therefore, inside each balloon will be a line headed English, a second with translation, and a third Other language. Here are some words the book suggestion using. You can add more if you wish and make as many of these balloons as you wish. They can be posted somewhere in your home or elsewhere if you wish. The words given are Hello!; Goodbye!; Here comes the _____!; My name is _______?; What's your name?; Where do you live?
Next week we will cover Russian-American The Keeping Quilt, American (Colonial) The Quilt Story, and other colonial stories. Grandma will also try to cover Sarah, Plain & Tall and the Little House on the Prairie. Then we will go into Australia and South America to finish the School lessons. We will also be covering information for the rest of the calendar for 1700's, 1800's, and go into the 1900's. Grandma will try to finish the science experiments from her science book and what she can also mention of the Algebra. She will also finish the Bible before she finishes. I will be advertising to mentor year around and give lessons for the summer as well as etiquette birthday parties for the children. Please be watching for I have some corrections to make and material to add all the time. For now Grandma has some more days in the Calendar History Book(1) to give you through Easter Sunday.
Calendar History for April 15 includes two birthdays. One in 1452 for Leonardo Da Vinci, Italian artist, scientist, and inventor. Book (1) says, " Tell your (children) that Leonardo da Vinci--inventor, painter, sculptor, and scientist--is considered one of the most intelligent people in history. But do the kids think da Vinci was right when he said that a person's arm span and height are approximately equal? Have your students write down their opinions, then conduct a simple experiment to find the answer. Ask the kids to measure one another's arm span (from tip to tip of the middle fingers on outstretched arms) and height (standing against a wall). Chart the data, then tally the number of (children) whose arm span and height measurements are 1 inch or less apart. Also calculate the average arm span and average height. Was da Vinci right? (All Grandma knows that her husband who is 5'5" to her 5'1" gives him almost a six inch more reach than her at doing things. The same with her daughter and mother to her short height.)
The second birthday is in 1832 for Wilhelm Busch, German caricaturist considered the father of the modern comic strip.
The events for April 15 include that of 1621 The Mayflower sailed from Plymouth, Mass., on its first return voyage to England. The next event happened in 1817 The First American School for the Deaf was opened in Hartford, Conn., by Thomas Gallaudet. In 1870 The Metropolitan Museum of Art was founded in New York City. Then in 1895 Josephine Blatt lifted 3,564 pounds, a record that still stands.
It is also Income Tax Day when all tax statements should be given into the government. It is also Festival of the Sardine (Spain) and National Griper's Day. Book (1) says under "Complaints, complaints
To mark National Griper's Day, ask your (children) to look up the definition of "gripe," then make a list of 5 to 10 things that irritate them. Challenge the kids to fix at least one of these things."
April 16th has 5 birthdays and 2 events. In 1867 Wilbur Wright, American inventor and aviator was born. In 1889 Charlie Chaplin, English silent film star and comedian was born. In 1912 Garth Williams, children's illustrator was born. Book (1) says, " Garth Williams illustrated several stories by Margaret Wise Brown. In Wait till the Moon Is Full, Brown writes about a little raccoon who asks a lot of questions about the dark. His mother makes him wait until the moon is full to find the answers. Have your (children) brainstorm for things they see at night--babies being bathed, airplane lights in the sky, families watching television, and so on. Share the poem below with your (children), then have them turn their nighttime images into verse. Of course, invite the children to illustrate their poems.
When the moon is full
I hear geese
Cry ow ow
Like a hurt child.
I see deer eyes
The other birthdays are of John Christopher, children's author in 1922 and in 1947 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, basketball center who set the NBA career scoring record was born.
The events for April 16th are in 1789 President-Elect George Washington left Mount Vernon for New York City for his inauguration. In 1862 Congress abolished slavery in the District of Columbia.
April 17th marks the birthday of Boomer Esiason, professional football quarterback, born in 1961 also the beginning of the "Sesame Street" character Sherlock Hemlock. Events for the day are in 1492 King Ferdinand of Spain agreed to finance Christopher Columbus's voyage seeking a westerly route to the Orient. In 1524 Giovanni Verrazano, a Florentine navigator, discovered New York Bay. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that Christopher Columbus made four voyages to the New World." Research about each of the trips and list two important facts about each of his trips.
In 1629 The First Commercial Fishery was established. For book (1) discuss if all of you in your family like fish and what kinds best if you do. Plan to try ones you have not and a big fish fry upon doing some fishing. In 1704 The First Successful Newspaper in American, The News-Letter, was published in Boston by John Campbell.
It is Alp Aufzug of Switzerland today. It is also Professional Secretaries Week (third or fourth week in April).
April 18th is the celebration of an 1857 birthday of Clarence Darrow, American lawyer and in 1962 Wilbur Marshall, professional football player. In 1775 Paul Revere began his famous ride from Boston to Lexington, Mass., warning the colonists that the British were coming. In 1818 President James Monroe signed a bill creating the state of Illinois.
April 19th is commemorating three birthday's. One is in 1721 of Roger Sherman, American political leader who was the only person to sign all four of the following documents: the Continental Association of 1774, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the Constitution. In 1883 Richard Von Mises, German mathematician was born. Book (1) says, " Mathematician Richard von Mises did significant work in the area of probability. Introduce even young children to probability with this simple activity. Fill a bowl with green and red grapes ... but include a fewer of one color. Ask the children to predict their chances of getting a green (or red) grape if they pick one grape while blindfolded. Record the predictions, then blindfold each child and have him pick a grapes As the kids eat their grapes, discuss the concepts of "probability" and "hypotheses" to help them understand what their predictions involved." Do more probability games with candies and foods. Do to a happening of 1985 Grandma feels is important here in which Susan Montgomery Williams of Fresno, Calif., blew the Biggest Bubble Gum Bubble on Record. It was 22 inches in diameter. Upon it being Diameter Day "Have your (children) draw a circle with a 22-inch diameter, the diameter of the biggest bubble gum bubble ever recorded. To reinforce the idea of diameter, declare this "Diameter Day." Arm the kids with measuring devices (yardsticks, metersticks, tape measures) and ask them to see how many circles they can find and measure." However, start out with other things in your imaginations to measure with and other imaginary units. Measure anything you can think of and record all the measurements. Blow up balloons. Last see who can blow the biggest bubbles of bubble gum. Peanut butter removes gum by the way. It is also easy to clean from things. The last birthday is of 1903 when Eliot Ness, American crime fighter was born.
In 1739 John Winthrop, the First Colonial Astronomer, made observations of sunspots. In 1775 The American Revolution began with battles at Lexington and Concord, Mass. In 1865 Abraham Lincoln's Funeral Service was held in the Capitol. It is also Sechselauten of (Switzerland)
April 20th of course is Easter Sunday this year. It is also called Cuckoo Day in (Europe) and Paro Tsechu of (Bhutan). In 1850 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor whose work includes the statue of Abraham Lincoln at the Lincoln Memorial, was born. Book (1) says, "Tell your students that Daniel French first fell in love with sculpting at age 13, after building a lifelike snow sculpture of a lines and her cub. French's parents encouraged his natural talent. And at age 23, French was chosen to create a statue commemorating the Revolutionary War battle at Concord, Mass. That statue, The Minuteman, brought French immediate renown. At age 72, French crafted one of his most famous works, the stately, seated Abraham Lincoln. Share photographs of the Lincoln Memorial statue with your (children), and invite kids who've visited the memorial to describe it to the class. Which design elements make Lincoln seem powerful and majestic? Does Lincoln also seem tranquil? Have students write letters to Lincoln asking him specific questions about his life. Collect the letters, then distribute them randomly among your (children). Finally, have the kids conduct research to answer one another's questions--and letters.
The other birthdays include that of Adolf Hitler, Nazi dictator of Germany, born in 1889. In 1893 Joan Miro, Spanish surrealist painter was born. (You could do research here.) In 1962 Don Mattingly, professional baseball player was born.
The events for this day include that of 1832 in which the Hot Springs National Reservation, in Hot Springs, Ark., became the first area set aside for public recreation by federal action.
In 1836 Congress established the Territory of Wisconsin.
Have a Nice Holiday and Join Grandma on Monday!