Good Morning! I hope all is well! Be sure to carry out tasks; Childrobotics; physical education of sports or dancing else health education of foods and recipes or body parts of eyes, ears, nerves, cells, chemicals, skin, sinuses, organs, bones, and muscles; Reading and Language of ABC's, words, vocabulary, spelling, sentence structure and parts; writing and Journals; Math, science projects; newspapers; yearbooks; and family scrapbooks as well as other projects.
For our Bible read Acts13 through Acts 28 then do the following from Faith Alive: "Did You Know? Acts 13:2 What are missionaries? Missionaries are people who travel to tell others about Jesus. The first missionaries of the Christian church were Barnabas and Paul(Saul). The rest of the book of Acts tells about the adventures of these missionaries.;
Life In Bible Times-Jewish Synagogues--Jews gathered each Sabbath to worship in a synagogue. At the front of the synagogue was a container, called an "ark," where Bible scrolls were kept. Leaders of the synagogue sat on chairs in the front on each side of this ark. Visitors like Paul were often invited to speak to the congregation.;
Let's Live It! Acts 14:8-18 The Wrong God--People in the ancient Greek world worshiped many gods and goddesses, like Zeus and Hermes and Artemis. Because people dreamed up these false gods, they often imagined them having human form. Read Acts 14:8-18. What did the people of Lystra do when Paul healed the crippled man? Why were Barnabas and Paul so upset?
Notice what the people of Lystra said: "The gods have come down to us in human form!" They were wrong, of course, in thinking that Paul and Barnabas were gods.
They were right about one thing, though. God has come down to us in human form. When? Look up Colossians 2:9. What are some of the things that make that so wonderful? Read and think about Hebrews 2:14-15;4:15; and Galatians 4:4-5. (Grandma says it might be a good idea if children are interested in finding out some about the Greek Mythology so they understand what some other people are talking about later in life. However, emphasis how they are really not real and how God is.)
Did You Know? Acts 5:6 What is a church council? A church council is a meeting of the leaders of the Christian church. Acts 15 tells about the first church council. The leaders met to decide whether God wanted non-Jewish Christians to live like Jewish people. They decided that they could not require non-Jewish Christians to obey all the laws of the Jews.
Life In Bible Times-Purple Cloth--Purple dye came from crushing the shells of tiny sea creatures. Hundreds of these shellfish were needed to make enough purple to dye one robe, so purple cloth was very expensive.
Let's Live It! Acts 16:16-40 A Bad Day?--It had been a truly horrible day. First, they'd seen a poor girl suffering from a demon. That made them sad. But when they set her free from the demon, a mob had them arrested. Next they were whipped. Then thrown in jail. Finally, their feet were locked in stocks. That's miserable.
Read Acts 16:16-25. What did Paul and Silas do? How could they sing after a day like that? Paul and Silas knew God was with them. They knew they had a happy (and everlasting!) day in heaven to look forward to because of Jesus. How might the Good News of Jesus help you during your next horrible day? By the way, see how Paul and Silas' day turned out in Acts 16:26-40.
Did You Know? Acts 17:22-23 What was Athens like? Athens was a famous Greek city. The people of Athens loved to talk about religion and important ideas. When Paul came to Athens he talked to people about God, who made the world, and about Jesus, who was raised from the dead. Acts 17 contains Paul's sermon to the people of Athens.
Life In Bible Times-Tentmakers--Tents were made from animal skins or from fabric woven of wool or goats' hair. The tentmaker sewed these materials together using awls and needles and thread. It was expected that every Jewish boy would learn a trade; Paul was trained to be a tentmaker.
Did You Know? Acts 19:17 What was Ephesus like? Ephesus was one of the largest cities in Asia. It had a great temple, dedicated to a pagan goddess named Artemis. When Paul came to Ephesus he taught about the true God. So many people became Christians that the silversmiths who sold medals of Artemis began to lose business. Acts 19 tells about Paul's adventures in Ephesus.
Life In Bible Times-The Temple of Artemis--The temple of Artemis at Ephesus was one of the wonders of the world. It was larger than a football field and had 127 columns, each of them as high as a five-story building! People came from all over the world to visit the temple of Artemis.
Did You Know? Acts 21:27 What happened to Paul in Jerusalem? A riot started when Paul went to the temple in Jerusalem. A Roman commander and his soldiers rescued Paul from the mob. Later the commander also rescued Paul when some Jews were plotting to kill him. The commander sent Paul with a guard of 470 soldiers to the Roman governor for trial. You can read about all that happened to Paul in Jerusalem in Acts 21-23.
Life In Bible Times-Roman Citizenship--The Romans whipped people they thought might have committed a crime in order to make them confess. But it was against the law to whip a Roman citizen.
Did You Know? Acts 25:14 Who were Felix and Festus? Felix and Festus were Roman governors. Felix kept Paul under arrest for two years. Festus, who replaced Felix, didn't know what to do with Paul. Acts 24-26 tells what happened while Paul was under arrest in Caesarea, and how he happened to be sent to Rome.
Did You Know? Acts 25:23 Who was King Agrippa? Agrippa was a grandson of Herod, who was king when Jesus was born. But Agrippa ruled only the district of Galilee. The Roman governor Festus wanted Agrippa's advice because he did not know what to do with Paul.
Life in Bible Times-Cargo Ships--Paul was traveling on one of the large cargo ships that sailed the Mediterranean Sea. These ships were large enough to carry two or three hundred people as well as their cargo.
Let's Live It! Acts 27:13-44 An Anchor of Hope--Driven by hurricane winds, with waves crashing over the deck, the sailors tried everything, but after days of struggle, they finally gave up all hope.
But throughout the crisis, Paul had hope. Why? Read Acts 27:21-26 and Hebrews 6:17-20. God has promised you his care and forgiveness and eternal life in heaven. That's like an anchor for your life. When do you especially need the anchor of God's promises to keep up hope?"
For Science Experiments we working on Plants form Grandma's Book (12)
The next experiment from this section of the book is called Rising sap.
"Make a deep hole in a carrot and fill it with water in which you have dissolved plenty of sugar. Close the opening firmly with a bored cork, and push a plastic straw through the hole. Mop up any overflowing sugar solution, and seal the joints with melted candle wax. Put the carrot into water and watch: after some time the sugar solution rises into the straw.
The water particles can enter the carrot through the cell walls, but the larger sugar particles cannot come out. The sugar solution becomes diluted and rises up the tube. This experiment on osmosis illustrates how plants absorb water from the soil and carry it upwards."
Next is Ghostly noise
"Fill a wine glass to overflowing with dried peas, pour in water up to the brim, and place the glass on a metal lid.. The pea heap becomes slowly higher and then a clatter of falling peas begins, which goes on for hours.
This is again an osmotic process. Water penetrates into the pea cells through the skin and dissolves the nutrients in them. The pressure thus formed makes the peas swell. In the same way the water necessary for life penetrates the walls of all plant cells, stretching them. If the plant obtains no more water, its cells become flabby and it wilts
The Next experiment is called Rain in a jar.
Place a green twig in a glass of water in sunlight. Pour a layer of oil on to the surface of the water and invert a large jar over the lot. After a short time, drops of water collect on the walls of the jar. Since the oil is impermeable, the water must come from the leaves. In fact the water which the plant absorbs is given off into the air through tiny pores in the epidermis of the leaf. Air saturated with moisture and warmed by the sun deposits drops like fine rain on the cool glass.
The Next experiment is called Zig-zag growth.
Lay pre-germinated seeds on a sheet of blotting paper between two panes of glass, pull rubber bands around the panes and place in a water container in a window. Turn the glass panes with the shoots onto a different edge every two days. The roots always grow downwards and the stem grows upwards.
Plants have characteristic tendencies. Their roots strive towards the middle of the earth and the shoots go in the opposite direction. On slopes the roots of trees do not grow at right-angles to the surface into the ground, but in the direction of the middle of the earth.
The Next experiment is called Leaf skeleton.
Place a leaf on blotting paper and tap it carefully with a clothes brush, without pressing too hard or moving sideways. The leaf is perforated until only the skeleton remains, and you can see the fine network of ribs and veins.
The juicy cell tissue is driven out by the bristles and sucked up by the blotting paper. The ribs and veins consist of the firmer and slightly lignified framework and resist the brush.
The Next experiment is called Two Coloured Flower.
Dilute red and green fountain pen inks with water and fill two glass tubes each with one colour. Split the stem of a flower with white petals, e.g. a dahlia, rose or carnation, and place one end in each tube. The fine veins of the plant soon become coloured, and after several hours the flower is half red and half blue.
The coloured liquid rises through the hair-fine channels by which the water and food are transported. The dye is stored in the petals while most of the water is again given off.
That is all the experiments Grandma is giving today.
The next coverage will be from the Calendar History book. The first birthday for today, April 22 is in 1451 for Isabella I, queen of Spain and Columbus's sponsor. Grandma has been watching a Movie on the Spanish Channel about her before she became the Queen. I am hoping it is the same Isabella. Now Grandma will be able to check the next date shown to make sure. Two other birthdays are in 1923. One is for Homas Baird, children's author. The other is for Paula Fox, another children's author.
There are a lot of events for April 22nd. In 1500 Pedro Alvares Cabral landed in Brazil, which he claimed for King Manuel I of Portugal. Then in 1715 The greatest Eclipse of the Sun seen in 500 years occurred. In 1864 Congress authorized the use of the motto "In God We Trust" on U.S. coins. In 1876 The First National League Baseball Game--between Philadelphia and Boston--took place. In 1884 Thomas Stevens began a Bicycle Trip around the World. In 1889 Oklahoma was opened to homesteaders.
It is Earth Day which we will do an activity for at a later time. It was also Look-Alike Day (third Tuesday in April). Book (1) says, "As homework for Look-alike Day, ask your (children) to stand in front of a mirror and draw a look-alike picture of themselves.
Grandma is going to cover Sarah, Plain and Tall for those reading this book. There is also a famous movie made of this story if you have not seen it already. Grandma is using two books for this story. One is book (185) and the other is book (4) which is a geography book. They are using this book to illustrate the seeing regional likenesses and differences.
Sarah, Plain & Tall by Patricia MacLachlan (Harper & Row 1985)
Book (185) has a section About the Author and a Summary as follows:
"Patricia MacLachlan was born in Cheyenne, Wyoming. She is a graduate of the University of Connecticut and has taught English and creative writing. She did not become an author, however, until she had been a wife and mother for many years. Not surprisingly, her books emphasize family situations and are strongly connected to childhood experiences. Cassie Binegar and Arthur, for the Very First Time both have family themes. Sarah, Plain and Tall grew out of what MacLachlan's mother called "the heroics of a common life." Says the author, "Just what is the magic-the literature or the life from which it grows?" In Patricia MacLachlan's case, the answer seems to be both.
Story Summary-Caleb and Anna live with their father in a house on the prairie. Because their mother died when Caleb was born, their father feels it is time he had a wife and they had a mother. So one day Papa tells tem that he has placed an ad in the paper looking for a wife. Sarah, who lives in faraway Maine, answers the ad. She agrees to stay with them for a month to see if she'll be happy there. Anna and Caleb are full of wonder: What will Sarah be like? Will they like her? Will she like them? As the days pass, Caleb and Anna grow to love Sarah, but they are worried because they know that Sarah misses her seaside home. For one heartbreaking day, they think Sarah has left. But Sarah returns, and she tells them that she would miss them more than she misses the sea."
Book (4) gives it as this, "In response to an advertisement common about a hundred years ago, Sarah Wheaton travels from Maine to a mid-western farm to see whether she wants to settle down with the widower, Jacob and his children, Anna and Caleb. The children and their father love Sarah's feistiness, warmth, and imagination, but fear she misses the sea so much that she will leave them to return to her home. When Sarah goes to town in the wagon, Caleb especially fears that she will never come back. But Sarah does, bearing with her a parcel of colored pencils that link the colors of her sea with the colors of the children's prairie home, and signaling that she has made her decision to stay and become part of the family." (Grandma is very much touched by this story for four reasons: one because her mother lost her mom during the Depression times a rare blood disease; two because her grandfather remarried after traveling around helping others just to have a place to stay and eat because it cost him his farm as well a new baby-then he remarried a woman that helped him get a new farm; third because he had gained a third wife after his second through a newspaper ad; fourth is because he not only told my sister and I how our real grandmother had helped him a lot on the farm when she could and that our mother helped him build a house when she was pregnant with me. She tells how she carried tile up the ladder to him being eight months with me.)
Also from Book (4) In Preparation:
"On a topographical map, point out Maine, then the American prairie states. Invite students to use the map to tell about differences in land and water. Explain that the story tells about a woman who moved from Maine to the prairie more than a hundred years ago, when railroads were new, airplanes did not exist, and every move was thus a "big" move and likely to be permanent. Ask students to predict what a person from Maine might miss if she or he moved hundreds of miles inland."
Also from Book (4) there is a section called Extending Geography Skills: Comparing Map Keys and Legends. "In a central location, provide a variety of United States maps, such as topographical maps, highway maps, political maps, views from space, historical maps, and goods-and-resources maps. Review with students how. Sarah associated certain colors--gray, green, and blue--with her home in Maine." Have the children choose one of the maps and discover how it uses colors to indicate special facts about places. "(They) might start by reading the title of their map to find out its purpose, next study the legend to find out its purpose, next study the legend to find out what particular colors or symbols stand for, and then locate the Maine seacoast and trace Sarah's approximate route from there to the central part of the country. Suggest that (the children) note differences, as indicated by the colors and symbols, as they move from one region to another. Then invite (the children) to show their maps ... and tell about major differences in regions and how the colors on their maps signal them. The (children) will soon note that the same color may be used in different ways on different maps, depending on what aspect of a region the map is intended to show."
Also in Book (4) under As You Read it says, "Encourage (the children) to discuss what Sarah misses from her old home in Maine (such as swimming in the sea, ocean colors, watching seals, sliding down sand dunes, her brother's fishing boat) and how Jacob, Anna, and Caleb try to replicate some of these experiences for her on their Midwest farm. Invite (the children) to name some of the most obvious differences, such as salt water/fresh water; sand/grass; prairie flowers/seaside flowers.
While Maine and the prairie are quite different, Sarah and Caleb are much alike. To help (the children) compare these two characters, invite them to fill in a chalkboard character chart like the one below as they read the story. Discuss how their likenesses pull Sarah and Caleb together.
Book (185) says under "Homesickness Remedies-Tell (the children) that in the story they are going to read, one of the characters is homesick. She has moved from one part of the United States to another, and her new home is very different and very far away from her old one. She misses her old home and the people she knew there. Ask (the children) if they (or someone they know) have ever been homesick. Discuss where they were and how they felt. How did they recover? As (the children) volunteer their experiences, write their homesickness remedies on the chalkboard. Point out that most people, both children and adults, experience homesickness at one time or another. Ask (the children) to look for ways that the character in the book copes with this problem.
From Book (4) do this activity for Art:
"Pictures Praising Places-At the center of a (poster board), place a picture of Sarah. At the top, under the book title, make heads for two columns on either side of the figure: The Best Things About the Farm and The Best Things About the Sea. Invite (the children) to brainstorm a ... list of things or activities Sarah might put in each column. Suggest that each ... choose one item from each list and make construction-paper cut-out pictures of the items. As (the children) affix their pictures in the ... columns, invite them to tell why Sarah likes each thing. Suggest that (the children) use (this) as a reference as they retell the story to (others.)
Other Art/Oral Language projects are in Book (185) as follows: "Make a Mobile-Remind students that when Sarah comes to the prairie, she brings along mementos of the sea in the form of shells and a smooth white stone. Ask (the children) to think about a place that he or she loves, indoors or out. Have them make a list of things that are found in their favorite places. Then explain that they are going to make mobiles to show what their places are like.
You Need: white construction paper; scissors; string; colored markers; pencils; tape; paper plates
Three Colors-Recall with (the children) the colors of the three pencils Sarah buys in town: blue, gray, and green. Remind (the children) that these colors are important to Sarah because they are the colors of her favorite place-the sea. Tell (the children) that they will use three colors to illustrate their favorite places.
You need: pencils or charcoal sticks, colored pencils, poster paper
Here are some Art/Creative Writing Activities from Book (185)
Beautiful Bookmarks-One of the first things Sarah does on the prairie is pick flowers. She tells Caleb and Anna she will hang the flowers upside down to dry them. "And we can have flowers all winter long," she says. Tell (the children) that in this activity, they too, will preserve flowers.
You need: small flowers(wildflowers or flowers such as daisies purchased from a florist); clear Contact paper; scissors; yarn; hole punch; old telephone books and/or other heavy books
Illustrators Wanted-Point out to the (children) that Sarah, Plain and Tall has no illustrations. Tell the class that their job will be to provide pictures to the story. Assign (the children) a chapter to work on. ... Provide time for (the children) to reread their (chapter), then tell each (child) to select a scene to illustrate. ... discuss why and how they showed the characters the way they did.
Seal's Story-Recall with the class the class that Sarah wasn't the only one who left her home by the sea. Sarah's cat, Seal, also made the journey to the prairie. Not only does he have to adjust to living in a new place, but he also has to learn to live with dogs! How does Seal feel about all this? Have your students write a short story from Seal's point of view describing his new life with Anna and Caleb. Suggest that students add illustrations to their stories."
In Creative Writing of Book (4)
Shape Letters-Invite (the children to recall the many different animals mentioned in the story, for example, Sarah's cat Seal, the dogs Lottie and Nick, the horses Old Bess and Jack, the three lambs, the chickens, and the seal that Sarah remembers petting back home in Maine. ... choose one of the animals, imagine that it can write, and work together to write a "shape letter" from the animal to another one, describing some part of the story from the animal-writer's point of view. ... decided on the basic message, ... design and cut a pattern of the animal's shape, to use for the covers and pages of the letter: ... write the letter; ... draw a picture on one of the shape-pages. ...share their letters..., put all the letters in a cardboard Sarah's Mailbox. ...read the letters... .
This is all Grandma can do today. She will finish Sarah, Plain & Tall first thing tomorrow.