Good Morning! Grandma is sending you Sarah Plain & Tall movie with a lesson also; therefore, catch that link if you want it.
Grandma will finish the lessons on Sarah Plain & Tall that she started yesterday first. In book (4) under Language:
Delightful Dialects- Talk about "the incident in which Sarah teaches the children a "Maine word" for "yes" (ayuh). Discuss how people in different parts of the country, or even in different towns or neighborhoods in the same general area, may use different words to indicate the same thing. Some examples are flapjacks, griddle cakes, pancakes; grinder sub, hero; skillet, frying pan, spider; snapbeans, green beans, stringbeans. .... Suggest that (you)...begin an ALL-American Dictionary, adding to it as they come across other regional expressions in books or outside the (house). Keep the Dictionary on a reading table for (the children) to refer to ....
Grandma's Book (185) has a section in it having to do with Cooperative Learning/Listening/Speaking; however, if you only have you and your one child you can still do this activity but you can involve others if you wish. It is called "Catalogue Consumers. (The children) may be curious about the way Papa gets a bride in this book. Explain that mail-order brides such as Sarah were common long ago because women were scarce on the frontier. To find a wife, men placed ads in eastern newspapers and received responses by mail, just as Papa did. Tell (the children) that people who lived far from towns had to purchase many of their household goods by mail, too. They spent evenings poring over big, thick catalogues, then sent away for what they needed." Here are some activities involving this action.
The next pages are from fill out fun pages from Book (185). The first is called "Story Voices" and it has to do with Comprehension. There is a picture of a haystack with a boy and a girl leaning on it with a cat resting beside it and a bunch of chickens around it. Inside the haystack are the names: Caleb, Anna, Papa, Sarah, and Maggie. In placing the name on the person who says the sentence following the children complete the exercise. Next the children are suppose to "Pretend that Nick and Lottie can talk. What would they say about Sarah? Write your answer on the back of (the) page.
___________________________________ 1. I've forgotten the old songs.
___________________________________ 2. Ask her if she sings.
___________________________________ 3. I am fast and I am good.
___________________________________ 4. My favorite colors are the colors of the sea.
___________________________________ 5. You must have a garden. Wherever you are.
___________________________________ 6. I miss my brother William.
___________________________________ 7. I am loud and pesky.
___________________________________ 8. We could tie her up.
The next exercise is concerning Vocabulary: Compound Words and it is called "By the Fireside". It shows three children sitting by the fireplace of a home with the cat and the words- bluefish, newspaper, housekeeper, tumbleweed, fisherman, windmill are written on the front of the mantle. Book (185) says, "In their home, Anna, Caleb, Papa, and Sarah like to sit by the side of the fire, or by the fireside. Write the compound word below that completes each sentence.
2. A weed that tumbles is a ______________________________________________ .
3. A fish that is blue is a _________________________________________________ .
4. A paper with news is a ________________________________________________ .
5. A mill powered by the wind is a _________________________________________ .
6. A man who fishes is a __________________________________________________ ."
Then write a sentences using the compound words teakettle, sunbonnet, and candlelight.
The next sheet teaches Story Structure: Setting to the children. It has two scene pictures; one is a water scene of a ship in the middle with SEA written on the center sail, a cloud above, a whale in the background above the water, a fish and a shell in the water.; The other scene at the bottom of the page with on the opposite side has a sign saying Prairie on it with two little woodchuck on the ground with a corner of flowers and a bird singing a tune on top of the sign. Each scene has five lines for words next to them. Book (185) says, "Sarah comes from the sea, but now she will live on the prairie. Write each word" of the following to the correct setting:
fog pond flounder fields whale
scallop seal meadowlark woodchuck clover
Book (185) says, "On the back of this page write a sentence that tells about one place-the sea or the prairie."
The next fill out sheet has to do with Story Structure: Character. It is called "Simply Sarah". It has a big basket of flowers on the page. On the basket are five lines. Book (185) wants you to write the correct reasons Anna, Caleb, and Papa want Sarah to stay in the basket from the following statements:
She is sad She sings She is fun to be with
She loves animals She is pretty She is kind
She learns quickly She scares easily She is helpless
Book (185) then says, "What do you like best about Sarah? Write your answer on the back of (the) page.
The last fill out page from Book (185) deals with Creative Writing called "Dear William". It is a page for a letter that Book (185) says to, "Pretend you are Sarah. Write a letter to your brother William in Maine. Tell him what your life is like on the prairie with Anna, Caleb, and Papa. Tell how it is different from your life by the sea." It has a scene on the top of hills with a house in the middle and sea shells, a lobster, and sea star on each corner. It has Love, Sarah at the bottom in the middle. At the bottom of the page outside of the letter Book (185) says, "How does Sarah feel when she first arrives? How does she feel later on? Write your answer on the back of (the) page.
Switching back to Book (4) it has two fun pages to do. One is of a quilt with nine squares in it but on the page it has another small quilt of hearts and plain material but the children can use that for their own picture also. Book (4) wants the children to use four squares to show things that remind Sarah of Maine and the other four to show things that make her happy about the farm she lives on now. It can be displayed later.; The other fill out fun page has four dolls or puppets on it of Sarah and Caleb-two of each. Book one says the following:
(You could actually only do with one side of the puppet and attach it to a toilet paper tube, mitten, or paper sack.)
One last page of activities for Sarah Plain and Tall is in Grandma's book (185) and deals with Summarizing/Curriculum Connections. It is also Extended Activities to do. The first section is called "Chapter by Chapter" as a review of each chapter which you could do but Grandma feels is quite boring.
The next section is called "Plainly Acting" and Book (185) says to assign groups but it could be used to act out only one or a few scenes to the whole movie easily. If you do the whole story, just keep it simple. It could be acted out for a hospital, group, neighbors, old folks home, etc.
The next section is called "Writing: I Have Opinions-In her letter to Papa, Sarah asks him if he has opinions on cats because she most definitely does. Clearly, Sarah has strong opinions on most other things, too. Ask (the children) to think of something that they feel strongly about. Have (the children) write a short paragraph stating their opinions and why they feel that way. Ask them to include reasons for their opinions. Set aside time for volunteers to share their opinions." (Grandma is dealing with this quite strongly because her family can not understand why doing this for you is so important to Grandma. Their opinion is that Grandma should be putting her time into working online which I have not been able to get without a fee as well as they feel I should be working when with arthritis Grandma could not handle at all as to get ready for renters, get SSI, sew, and teach others if it will ever be there. Grandma's opinion is very strong about it and the knowledge that it is important to you as well as other possibilities. If anyone has a suggestion here, please speak out also; for Grandma feels this is her calling.)
The next section is about "Science: Plants and Animals". Book (185) wants the children to be aware of the amount of animals and plants mentioned in this book as well as Book (4) wanting them to be aware of the different Regions. Grandma want you to take this section and begin some planting of seeds. She will try to get more materials about plants on the blogs to go along with the learning.
The last section on the Extended Activities is called "Social Studies: More About Maine". Book (185) says, "Help (the children) learn more about the place that Sarah misses. Display a map of the northeastern United States and help students locate Maine. Ask a volunteer to trace its long, jagged coastline and point out its many islands. Explain that Maine has about 2,000 islands along its coast. They are the result of a glacier that melted and sank much of the land there. The islands are the peaks of old mountains that are now submerged. Tell (the children) that Maine gets its name from the expression "the main," which was used by sailors to distinguish the mainland from all the islands. Looking at the map, ask students to find the answers to the following questions:
If possible, show (the children) reproductions of some of the sea paintings by Winslow Homer. These were painted when he lived at Prout's Neck on the coast of Maine.( Grandma had a book about Maine one time from the library that gave some very interesting information about the Natives there and other things about it. She will see what youtube has for us. (Do love youtube) Link to Pictures of Maine and How There Life Was. That is all Grandma has to go with Sarah Plain & Tall. We will move on to the Bible History for today.
Grandma will cover Romans in the New Testament of the Bible through Faith Alive beginning with the Introduction, so it will be your assignment to read it.
How...does Romans show us God's love? Romans shows God's perfect love for sinners. All of us fall short of the glory of God: no one could get to heaven by being good enough. So instead, God sent Jesus to die for us. Because of his death and rising from the grave, we are "justified." That means we are forgiven and have eternal life absolutely free! It's a gift! Jesus has already given it to us!
Whom...did God inspire to write this book? The apostle Paul wrote Romans. (You can read about Paul's life in the book of Acts.) He also wrote all the books from 1 Corinthians through Philemon (counting Romans, a total of 13 books in all).
To Whom...was this letter first written? This book is a letter Paul sent to Christians in Rome, the capital city of the great Roman Empire. (All of the next books up through Jude are letters also. Another word for letters like this is "epistle.") When Paul wrote this let, he had never been to Rome, but you can read about how he did finally arrive there in Acts 28.
When...was this letter written? This letter was written about A.D. 57, probably from the city of Corinth.
What...special messages does this book give us? Paul reminds us that we are all sinners and deserve death. But when he explains how we are saved by faith in Jesus alone. Nothing else is necessary to get to heaven. Of course, because we have been saved, we will want to live our lives for God.
...are some important teachings in this book?
Everyone sins. Romans 3:9-20
We are saved by grace
through faith in Jesus. Romans 3:21-29
Jesus died for us sinners. Romans 5:1-11
Being saved is free, a gift. Romans 6:23
God loves us no matter what. Romans 8:28-39
God calls us to live for him. Romans 12:1-8
Now follow Grandma through the activities of Faith Alive starting with "Life In Bible Times-Rome--In Paul's day, "all roads led to Rome," or so they said. The center and largest city of the Roman Empire, Rome controlled all the land around the Mediterranean Sea and beyond, including Italy, France, Spain, Great Britain, North Africa, Greece, Turkey, and the Holy Land. Rome was important to the spread of Christianity because people moved in and out of Rome from all over the world.
Let's Live It! Romans 1:16 Powerful Gospel! Kaboom!--From tiny beginnings in Jerusalem, the Christian faith was spreading--exploding--all over the world! How? It happened--and still happens--because of the gospel, the good news that Jesus has saved us. Paul says the gospel is the power of God. The Greek word for "power" is dynamic, like our word "dynamite"! KABOOM! The news about Jesus has the power of dynamite--and the power to give people eternal life!
Did You Know? Romans 1:18-20, 2:12-15 Does God have a right to be angry with human beings? God created Adam and Eve without sin. Since the fall into sin, all humans are born sinful and sin daily. Yes! God has a right to be angry. Since God gave everyone a conscience, all people know they sin and have no excuse.
Did You Know? Romans 2:16 What is God's judgment? The Bible teaches that someday God will punish those who continue in sin. Until judgment occurs God continues to call people to repentance and forgiveness in Christ Jesus.
Did You Know? Romans 3:20 What is the law? The law is every rule God gave people to live by as summarized in the Ten Commandments. People often think God will be pleased with them because they keep the law. Actually no one has kept it. The law shows us that we all sin.
Did You Know? Romans 3:21 What is righteousness? In the Bible righteousness menas either doing right things, or being right with God. Because everyone has sinned, no one can be right with God by what he or she does. Yet God forgives people who believe in Jesus and says we are right with him. Then God empowers Christians to do right things in gratitude to him.
Words to Remember Romans 3:24 (All) are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.
Let's Live It! Romans 3:28 "Just Right" With God--Like computers? Try this: Type yourself a note--about anything, but at least six lines long. Notice the jagged right margin. Some lines are long, some are short. Our lives are like that, jagged, messed up by sin.
Now print the note, and tel the computer to "right justify." Nice and even on the right, eh? This is the way God sees us because of Christ, we are "Justified," made right with God.
Did You Know? Romans 4:25 What does justified mean? Justified is a special word that means we have been declared not guilty! When God forgives our sins, he says we are not guilty anymore. Because we are forgiven, we are right with God and can go to heaven.
Word to Remember Romans 5:8 God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us.
Did You Know? Romans 5:15 How do we know that God loves us? Jesus, God's Son, was sent to die for us, even though we were sinners. This shows how much God loves us.
Life In Bible Times-Slaves--There were thousands of slaves in Rome in Paul's day. They worked at many different jobs: potters, household servants, silversmiths, farmers, shepherds, builders, scribes. Most slaves, if they were obedient and did their job well, could plan on eventually being free.
Words to Remember Romans 8:26 We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us.
Words to Remember Romans 8:28 We know that in all things God works for the good of those who love him.
Let's Live It! Romans 10:11-15 A Beautiful Career--List five jobs you think it would be fun to have when you grow up. Tell your mom or dad what is on your list, and explain what you like about each job.
Then read Romans 0:11-15. Does anything in this passage make you think about being a pastor or missionary or Christian teacher? Talk with your pastor. What does he like about his calling?
Life in Bible Times-Grafting--Farmers often tried to improve their crop by grafting new branches on old trees. They cut off an old branch and carefully tied on a new branch in such a way that it could grow there.
Did You Know? Romans 12:9 How can we show that we love God? We show we love God by loving and serving others. Romans 12:9-21 lists many ways we can show love to the people around us.
Let's Live It! Romans 13:1-7 Don't Break the Law--Read Romans 13:1-7. This passage tells us that God gave governments the right to pass laws and punish people who break the law.
What is the most important reason Christians have for obeying the law? Write a one-page essay on why Christians should obey all laws. See if your church newsletter or the church page in your local newspaper will print your essay.
Did You Know? Romans 16:1,17 Why does Paul call others in the church his brothers and sisters? Christians are God's family. From the very beginning of the church, Christians called each other brother and sister to show how close they felt to each other.
Grandma is finished with Romans and will give you the Calendar History from Book (1) for April 23. In 1791 James Buchanan, 15th president of the United States, was born. In 1856 Granville Woods, African-American inventor who obtained 50 patents, was born. In 1891 Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer, was born.
The events are as follows:
In 1635 Boston Latin School, the Oldest Public School in the United States, was established.
In 1789 President-elect and Mrs. George Washington moved into the First Presidential Mansion, the Franklin House in New York.
It is also Children's Day in Turkey. "On Children's Day in Turkey, kids take over the government. Four hundred students (elected by their classmates) travel to the national capital at Ankara, where they take seats in the national government and spend the day observing and learning how it works. And all Turkish children can get free ice cream, movies, and transportation on this day." Plan a Children's Day in which your children can be in charge of something and have some special treatment. This reminds Grandma that she was going to suggest you talking to the children about what you would like done for Mother's Day or Father's Day even if it is just something special they do for you. I noticed some nice things that could be done from yesterday's lessons.
For Science today, Grandma is going to give you some more experiments form her book (12) to do. They are around Chemistry. The first one is called Colour magic. "Cut a red cabbage leaf into small pieces and soak in a cup of boiling water. After half an hour pour the violet-coloured cabbage water into a glass. You can now use it for crazy colour magic. Place three glasses on the table, all apparently containing pure water. In fact only the first glass contains water, in the second is white vinegar and in the third water mixed with bicarbonate of soda. When you pour a little cabbage water into each glass, the first liquid remains violet, the second turns red and the third green. The violet cabbage dye has the property of turning red in acid liquids and green in alkaline. In neutral water it does not change colour. In chemistry one can find out whether a liquid is acid or alkaline by using similar detecting liquids (indicators)."
The second experiment is called Violet becomes red. If you ever come across an anthill in the woods, you can there and then do a small chemical experiment. Hold a violet flower, e.g. a bluebell, firmly over the ants. The insects feel threatened and spray a sharp-smelling liquid over the flower. The places it turn red.
The ants make a corrosive protective liquid in their hind quarters. You notice it if an ant nips you, though it is generally quite harmless. Since the flower turns red where the drops fall, you know that they are acid. The acid is called formic acid.
The third experiment is called Invisible ink. If you ever want to write a secret message on paper, simply use vinegar, lemon, or onion juice, as the invisible ink. Write with it as usual on white writing paper. After it dries the writing is invisible. The person who receives the letter must know that the paper has to be held over a candle flame: the writing turns brown and is clearly visible.
Vinegar, and lemon or onion juice, cause a chemical change in the paper to a substance similar to cellophane. Because its ignition temperature is lower than that of the paper, the parts written on singe.
The fourth experiment is called Bleached rose. A piece of sulphur is ignited in a jam jar. Since a pungent vapour is produced, you should do the experiment out-of-doors. Hold a red rose in the jar. The colour of the flower becomes visible paler until it is white.
When sulphur is burned, sulphur dioxide is formed. As well as its germicidal action in sterilization, the gas has a bleaching effect, and the dye of the flower is destroyed by it. Sulphur dioxide also destroys the chlorophyll of plants, which explains their poor growth in industrial areas, where the gas pollutes the air.
The fifth experiment is called Transfer pictures. Photos and drawings from newspapers can e copied easily. Mix two spoonfulls of water, one spoonful of turpentine and one spoonful of liquid detergent and dab this liquid with a sponge on the newspaper page. Lay a piece of writing paper on top, and after vigorous rubbing with a spoon the picture is clearly transferred to the paper.
Turpentine and liquid detergent when mixed form an emulsion which penetrates between the dye and oil particles of the dry printing ink and make it liquid again. Only newspaper printing ink can be dissolved, though. The glossy pictures in magazines contain too much lacquer, which is only dissolved with difficulty.
The sixth experiment is called Sugar fire. Place a piece of cube sugar on a tin lid and try to set it alight. You will not succeed. However, if you dab a corner of the cube with a trace of cigarette ash and hold a burning match there, the sugar begins to burn with a blue flame until it is completely gone.
Cigarette ash and sugar cannot e separately ignited, but the ash initiates the combustion of the sugar. We call a substance which brings about a chemical reaction, without itself being changed, a catalyst.
This is all the experiments for today and all the information Grandma has time for. See you tomorrow.
The second experiment