Day 157
The Best Place to Learn From - Is The Best Place for Learning
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Home Educaton Program

Day 157

Dear Parents:
Grandma is so sorry for all the problems. She hopes there will be no more in finishing up the material I want to give to you. I had the Calendar material typed up for the Calendar history typed up last week, but I all at once had connection problems which the new Internet service had to deal with and they thought it was their equipment but it actually all came down to a new rouder even though some other things had to be cleared up in the middle and they are so busy a technician could not come till yesterday. Now we are set to go, but the Calendar History I though I had saved has somehow been lost and Grandma has tried in all ways to try to find it. I must take the time to retype it which will have to be top priority at this time and must be done first for you. I will finish all the material I have to give you even if it takes us the next few weeks which I do not feel it will. However, Grandma wants to cover the full 180 days for you. Therefore, I hope you will be patient for me to receive it. You have been great and our followers are growing. I love hearing from everyone and will give material for the summer and try to continue my work until I have no more to give you. We will do our best to keep marketing and I should be able to take some pictures soon to send you. I will keep things up the best I can. Take care.
 
Calendar History for the beginning of May is as follows:
Grandma will now be giving you the 1900 history also to add to the calendar or time line. As I pointed out before, The Project of the Month is Intergenerational Connections. Grandma has a great interest in this because not only in feeling the attitude of my own children, but the attitude of other young folks is that some parents do not seem to count. There is things in my own family that are so intense and bad that I have been forced to secrecy for the value of their good will. I will not go into facts in my blogs because I have been sworn to secrecy. Parents are not machines with a switch that turns on when you want them to work and when you don't. Children and some older people I sworn to secrecy about have learned to manipulate so well and get what they want that other can be hurt very badly to the point the connection between grandparents and grandchildren can be so broken that there is no chance for any survival.
I have a very strong feeling towards older peoples wishes and respect to the point Grandma has been hurt by her own mother so bad that it is irreparable. I do not feel this kind of things should happen to Grandparents or any older person as that.
The project for the month is for children to do research on older people through local nursing homes, senior citizens' centers, religious groups, or your child's own grandparents. Do interviews, reading, sharing booklets, open houses, sharing books together, and experiences keeping record of all their material. Find out all they can and do whatever they can with it. Publications as your newspapers, yearbooks, and family scrapbooks, blogs, pictures, and anything else you can think of. Put it all together and do anything you can with it.
 
The Monthly projects for the month are as follows:
Monthlong Observances are
American Bike Month-clean and fix bikes, learn safety rules, have a race, enter a race
Asian-American Heritage Month-results from last month may be usable
Better Sleep Month-analyze, contemplate, collect information an use
National Barbecue Month-If you have not done any of that yet, I hope you make a time to
National Egg Month-a great time to decorate some of the special ones you have learned about and eat
Older Americans Month-should be for any nationality
 
Weeklong Events are
International Music Week(first week)-can still be utilized in listening to different music and choosing
National Letter Writing Week(first week)- can still say it was last week but send out certain letters
National Nurses Week(first week)-can still commemorate them or a favorite as it was  last week
National Pet Week(first week)-can still do something special for your pets or a friends
Asian American Week(first full week)-still commemorate
Be Kind to Animals Week(first full week)-utilize along with the pets
National Family Week(first full week)-you should be utilizing some of this already
National Postcard Week(first full week)-send a postcard to a friend and look at various ones
Teacher Appreciation Week(first full week)-give the children an opportunity to give you appreciation-talk
Metric Week(second week)-look at metrics-compare them to our own measurements
National Be Silly Week(second or third week)-what fun to end the year with
Police Week(week including May 15)-talk about their jobs and what they think makes a good police
National Transportation Week(week including the third Friday)-do all you can do with this
National Science Week(third week)-this month has a lot of science in it
All-American Buckle-Up Week(third full week)-good with the police lessons and safety for summer
Clean Air Week(last full Week)-grandma had information posted maybe on a blog-do the research-talk
 
Special Days and Celebrations are
Kentucky Derby Day (first Saturday)-talk about it
Mother's Day (second Sunday)-I hope you had a good day, mine was horrible
Native American Day(second Saturday)-Grandma will try to help; get books and you tube
Memorial Day(last Monday)
 
Link for Native Americans can be reached here.
 
May 1 in 1764 Benjamin Latrobe, American architect who designed the south wing of the U.S. Capitol, was born. In 1825 George Inness, American landscape painter, was born. Then in 1925 Scott Carpenter, American astronaut, was born.
In 1704 The Boston News-letter published the First Newspaper Advertisement in America. In 1707 England and Scotland formally adopted the Name "Great Britain" when the two kingdoms were constitutionally united. In 1847 The cornerstone was laid for the Smitsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. In 1931 The Empire State Building in New York City opened. Book (1) says to, "Tell your (children) that when the 102-story, 1,250-foot-tall Empire State Building opened, its closest rival in height was New York's 77-story Chrysler Building, which was 1,046 feet tall. Have your (children)calculate, as a percentage, how much taller the Empire State Building in in feet and in number of stories.
In 1950 Gwendoly Brooks became the First Black Woman to be Awarded a Pulitzer Prize in Poetry. In 1963 James W. Whittaker became the First American to Reach the Top of Mt. Everest. In 1983 More than Two Dozen Tornadoes hit the Midwest.
It is also Law Day in which book (1) says "was established by presidential proclamation in 1958. Ask your (children) what they think a law is. Then have them list five laws, school rules, or home rules they follow every day. How do these laws and rules protect them? Tell your students that an Illinois congressman once asked the people in his district for ideas for new laws. He got some interesting responses from schoolchildren." It is also Loyalty Day so talk about different ways we are loyal to others and ourselves. It is also Save the Rhino Day which goes along with the month and Mother Goose Day which you can have a lot of fun with. Book (1) says, "...,ask your (children) to help some nursery characters solve their problems. For example, how might Bo Peep find her sheep? How could Miss Muffet get rid of her spider? What could Little Boy Blue do to keep from falling asleep? How might Jill help Jack's injured head? Where are the mittens that belong to the three kittens? Have students write their solutions on goose-shaped sheets of construction paper. It is also fun to make puppets for Mother Goose stories.
 
May 2 1892 Stephen Meader, children's author, was born. In 1903 Benjamin Spock, American pediatrician and author was born. Book (1) syas to "Invite (the children) to evaluate Dr. Spock's contributions to their lives. Read aloud selected excerpts from one of his books. Then ask the kids to respond to Spock's ideas on a given topic. ... have the (children) develop their own guidelines for good parenting, based on their own and their siblings' experiences. Compile these guidelines into a class booklet". Lastly in birtdays Bing Cosby, American singer and actor was born in 1904. He may be a little beyond your times; however, he definately was one of Grandma's generations favorites.
In 1853 A Chariot and Ostrich Race highlighted the opening of Franconi's Hippodrome in New York City.
On This day, May 2, in 1853, Franconi's Hippodrome opened (not to be confused with the later venue the Hippodrome Theatre or New York Hippodrome, built in 1905 in the Theater District).

"What is a Hippodrome?," you might ask.  Franconi's Hippodrome was a elliptical shaped structure 338 feet by 196.5 feet, with a seating capacity of 10,000 people.  The structure was covered with a patriotic red, white and blue canvas supported by a 70 foot center pole, and a series of 40 foot smaller polls surrounding the central pole.  It was located at Madison Square, on Fifth Avenue between 23rd and 24th Streets.

The structure was in many ways the precursor to the modern circus, especially those with a "Big Top" and multiple rings.

The Hippodrome, which was based upon a roman structure, the "Roman Circus" of similar purpose, included, and could be said to highlight a track for animal, and chariot races.  Animal acts and other circus-like acts would take place inside the track.

The Hippodrome only lasted 2 years, with its final performance on November 12, 1855, featuring General Tom Thumb (made famous by P.T. Barnum) and a menagerie.  The structure was closed 5 days later, on November 17, with the Animals and fixtures auctioned off thereafter.  Demolition of the remains of the Hippodrome began in March of 1856, with newspapers noting that the "neighbours are not sorry" to see it removed.  The papers, specifically the New York Daily Times, had noted upon its opening that the attendees, "...were blacklegs, gamblers, rowdies, and the miscellanea of polite roguery and blackgurdism."

It was apparently so bad, PT. Barnum wrote a letter to the editor of the New York Daily Times, stating:
To the Editor of the New-York Daily Times:

Notwithstanding I have some half-dozen times contradicted in the public prints the reports of my being interested in the Hippodrome, I observe that your Correspondent from New-Haven reiterates the old story, and insists that Franconi and Barnum in this country are synonymous terms.  Will you permit me once more to state that I have not the slightest interest, nor never had, in any Hippodrome in this or any other country; and that I am not interested to the amount of a farthing, nor never was, in the Crystal Palace, The Tower, or in any lot or lots, building or buildings in the vicinity of either.  Yours Truly, P.T. Barnum."
  New York Times, May 26, 1853, Page 2

It is not without irony, that Mr. Barnum, in 1871, established, "P.T. Barnum's Grand Traveling Museum, Menagerie, Caravan & Hippodrome."  
Picture are in the beginning of Grandma's blog.
 
In 1887 The First Kindergarten for the Blind opened. In 1917 In a baseball game between the Cincinnati Reds and the Chicago Cubs, Both pitchers hurled nine no-hit Innings. The Reds finally got two hits and a run in the 10th inning and won, 1-0. In 1927 Alaska's Flag was adopted. It had been designed by 7th grader Benny Benson. Book (1) says to "Have (the children) design a flag for their own state or for any other state they choose. When they've finished their designs, ask them to write two or three sentences explaining why they used certain colors and symbols. Next, have the kids compare their flags with the official state flags. Display the flags....
In 1936 Sergel Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf premiered in Moscow.
In 1954 Stan Musial of the St. Louis Cardinals hit a record Five Home Runs in a Double-Header. In 1972 J. Edgar Hoover, director of the FBI for 48 years, died at age 77.
It was also Backwards Day, therefore, maybe you can think of some backward things you can do together.
 
May 3 in 1849 Jacob Riis, photographer considered the first American photojournalist, was born. In 1898 Golda Meir, prime minister of Israel, was born. Book (1) says to "Tell your (children) that before becoming prime minister of Israel, Golda Meir werved as the first woman foreign minister. Have older students work ...to research Meir's accomplishments in office. Afterward, ask the kids to name other women who have held--or currently hold--important leadership positions in countries around the world, then locate the countries on a map." In 1934 James Brown, American singer, was born.
In 1654 The First Toll Bridge opened over the Newbury River in Rowley, Mass. Book (1) says, "When the first toll bridge opened, people could cross for free but had to pay when their livestock crossed. Younger children cand ecide on tolls for different animals, such aa pigs, cows, horses, and chickens. They can then use their invented fees to develop toll-bridge math problems. For example: How much money would Farmer Smith owe if he took three chickens, eight cows, 10 horses, and two pigs across the bridge?"
In 1715 A Total Eclipse of the Sun was observed and documented. In 1765 The First U.S. Medical School was established at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1904 New York became the First State to Pass a Speed Law for Autos (suggested maximum speeds: city, 10 mph; small town, 15 mph; country, 20 mph). In 1921 West Virginia imposed the First State Sales Tax. In 1937 Margaret Mitchell won a Pulitzer Prize for Gone with the Wind. In 1943 Robert Frost won his fourth Pulitzer Prize in poetry. In 1971 National Public Radio began broadcasting. In 1973 Chicago's Sears Tower became the world's tallest building. Book (1) says, "The Sears Tower is 1,454 feet (110 stories high and has 4,500,000 square feet of floor space. To help older students understand area, take them to the gym, cafeteria, or playground and have them estimate, then measure, the area in square feet. Compare this with the floor space of the Sears Tower. Students studying ratio and proportion can select a familiar local landmark and draw it to scale next to the Sears Tower. May 3  is Internation Tuba Day which you can talk about a Tuba and why it is so important in a band and go into other instruments you may not have talked about yet. Book (1) in addition to what Grandma suggested for National Teacher Appreciation Week suggests have the children write stories about what their "ideal" teacher would be like.
 
May 4 has three birthdays; one in 1796 of which Horace Mann, American educator and author considered a pioneer in the development of public education in the United States; second, in 1959 Randy Travis, country singer, and Susan, "Sesame Street" character, were born.
In 1494 Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Jamaica. In 1626 The Dutch colonial administrator Peter Minuit landed on Manhattan Island. He later bought the island from its Indian Inhabitants for beads and trinkets worth about $24. In 1776 Rhode Island became the First American colony to declare its independence from Great Britain. In 1884 The First photograph of a Lightning Flash was taken. In 1897 J. H. Smith patented the Lawn Sprinkler. Book (1) says to "Tell your (children) that lightning is a visible flash of electrical charges between two clouds or between clouds and the ground. There are several different forms of lightning. Forked lightning branches out like the forks of a tree limb. Streak lightning is a single line. Ribbon lightning consists of two or more parallel streaks. Beaded lightning appears as a broken line. A special kind of ball lightning, called St. Elmo's fire, looks like a ball and is seen near airplanes and ships. Discuss the dangers of lightning. Then have your (children) each prepare a poster that depicts a type of lightning and includes a safety rule beneath the illustration. In 1927 The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which annually awards Oscars, was formed.
In 1975 Major League Baseball's Millionth Run was scored by Bob Watson of the Houston Astros. In 1989 Magellan, a U.S. space probe destined for Venus, was launched from the space shuttle Atlantis.
It was Children's Day in China and National Weather Observer's Day. It was also Thank your School Librarian Day which you may want to do something special for your librarian.
 
May 5 in 1818 Karl Marx, German political philosopher who laid the theoretical foundations of modern communism, was born. In 1867 Nellie Bly (real name: Elizabeth Cochrane), American journalist, was born. In 1910 Leo Lionni, children's book author and illustrator, was born.
In 1809 Mary Kies of Connecticut became the First Woman to Receive a Patent in the United States, for a process for weaving silk and straw. In 1847 The American Medical Association was formed in Philadelphia. In 1904 Cy Young of the Boston Americans pitched Major League Baseball's First perfect Game. In 1925 John T. Scopes, a biology teacher in Dayton, Tenn., was arrested for teaching the Theory of Evolution. In 1956 Jim Bailey became the First American Runner to Run a Mile in under 4 minutes. Book (1) says, "On the anniversary of the first sub-4-minute mile by an American runner, give your (children) this math problem to do in their heads: What is the average speed (in mph) of a runner who finishes a mile in 4 minutes?
In 1961 Alan B. Shepard became the First American in Space. It was also Children's Day in Japan and Korea. May 5 is also National Letter Writing Week (first week) and Book (1) suggests having the children write to someone describing the learning experiences they have had this year. It was also Cinco De Mayo in Mexico and many Mexican people here also celebrate it here in United States. Book (1) says to "Tell your (children) that Cinco de Mayo (the fifth of May) honors the Mexican military victory over French troops at the town of Puebla, Mexico, in 1862. The Mexicans, commanded by Ignacio Zaragoza, were outnumbered three to one. May 5 is a national holiday in Mexico, and people of Mexican descent everywhere celebrate the victory with bands, fireworks, and reenactments of the battle. Have students compare the origin of this patriotic celebration with that of Bastille Day (France) and Independence Day (United States).
 
May 6 1856 Robert Edwin Peary, American Arctic explorer credited with being the first person to reach the North Pole, was born, In that same year of 1856 Sigmund Freud, Austrian neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis, was born. In 1931 Willie Mays, American baseball superstar, was born. Then in 1948 Shasta the Liger (half lion, half tiger) was born. Book (1) says, "On the anniversary of the birth of Shasta the liger, ask younger students to combine two animals and name and draw the result How about arhinoceros and a lion,  a zebra and a bear, or a giraffe and an elephant?
In 1840 "Penny Blacks"--the First Adhesive Postage Stamps--went on sale in England. In 1889 The Eiffel Tower in Paris was completed. In 1915 Babe Ruth hit his first home run. In 1933 Richard Hollingshead was issued a patent for an Outdoor Drive-in Movie Theater. In celebration of Richard Hollingshead's patent for an outdoor drive-in movie theater, let the children enact a pretend movie theater of their own with play cars, puppets, or actors themselves pretending to drive a car or do an outside theater with the TV on an enclosed porch. Use some imagination. Or plan a time to go as a family to an outdoor theater near you. In 1937 the Airship Hindenburg Exploded at Lakehurst, N.J. In 1954 Roger Bannister of England became the First Person to Run the Mile in Less than 4 minutes. His official time was 3:59:4. In 1960 President Dwight Eisenhower signed the Civil Rights Act, aimed at making voter registration fair. In 1976 An earthquake measuring up to 8.9 on the Richter Scale devastated towns in northeastern Italy. It is also Tinjaua in Romania. Book (1) says, "Tinjaua is an ancient planting festival held in villages throughout Maramures, a mountainous area in northern Romania. Village elders select one farmer to be the first to plow the fields. The farmer then sits on a plow covered with flowers and is paraded through the village. Ask your (children) to make miniature plows from toothpicks or craft sticks and to decorate them with real or paper flowers. They can then present these plows to farmers or gardeners they know.
 
May 7 1774 Sir Francis Beaufort, British naval officer who developed a scale to measure wind force, was born. In 1812 Robert Browning, English poet, was born. In 1833 Johannes Brahms, German composer, was born. In 1840 Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky, Russian composer, was born. It might be good to look for different music by these composers for the children to see and hear. In 1909 Edwin H. Land, American inventor, was born. In 1932 Noony Hogrogian, Children's author and illustrator, was born. Book (1) says "He received the Caldecott Medal in recognition of her outstanding illustrations for the picture book Always Room for One More, which was written by Sorche Nie Leodhas. Then challenge the children to find a favorite picture book and create a new illustration or cover for it. Next, tell them that they've each been awarded the Caldecott Medal for their creations, and have them write speeches accepting their awards. Finally, ask the kids to show their artwork and read their speeches to small groups."
In 1789 The First presidential inaugural Ball was held in honor of George Washington. In 1824 Beethoven's Ninth Symphony was performed for the first time. Book (1) starts with the question, "Do your (children) know what's unusual about Beethoven's Ninth Symphony? It ends with lyrics. Beethoven was the first major composer to write a symphony that included lyrics. The words he selected for the finale were taken from Johann von Schiller's poem "Ode to Joy." Beethoven had always loved the poem and had long thought of setting it to music. Tell your students that Beethoven "heard" his when he composed it. Play part of the symphony for your (children) and ask ... for their reactions."
In 1915 The British liner Lusitania was attacked and sunk by a German submarine. In 1934 Fishermen removed a 14-pound Pearl from a giant clam in the Philippines. In 1962 The Telstar Communications Satellite was launched. In 1986 Patrick Morrow became the First Person to Climb the Highest Mountain on each of the seven continents. Book (1) now says to see if the children can name the highest mountains in each of the continents and point it out on a map.
 
May 8th in 1753 Miguel Hidalgo, Mexican priest known as "the Father of Mexican Independence," was born. In 1884 Harry S. Truman, 33rd president of the United States, was born.
In 1541 The Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto sighted the MIssissippi River. In 1864 The Geneva Convention established the International Committee of the Red Cross. In 1877 The First Dog Show was held at the Hippodrome in New York. In 1879 George Selden filed for the First Patent for an Automobile. In 1886 Coca-Cola was sold for the first time. Book (1) says to "Explain to your (children) that the fizz in Coca-Cola and other soft drinks results when carbon dioxide is released and forms bubbles (the gas is put into the liquid ahead of time). The let the children make their own soft drinks by stirring 1 teaspoon of baking soda into a glass of lemonade or fruit juice." Talk about the effects of Coca-Cola on our bodies and why they are trying to change it for people. Do some research and find out how aspartme in the new diet pop affected some people badly and ask the children what they think Coca-Cola should do with their pop situation.
In 1915 Regret became the First filly to win a kentucky Derby. In 1945 The Alies celebrated V-E Day (Victory in Europe Day) as Germany surrendered. Talk about World War II why this was so important.I
In 1961 The First seawater Conversion Plant opened. In 1978 Reinhold Messner completed the First ascent of Mt. Everest with no Supplemental Oxygen.
This day is also No Socks Day. Grandma can relay to this because when the weather starts changing and Grandma's feet also change in wanting no socks either. It is also Stork Day in Denmark. Something to research about.
 
May 9th 1800 John Brown, American abolitionist, was born. In 1860 Sir J.M. Barrie, Scottish novelist and creator of Peter Pan, was born. Talk about this fabulous story and do some research about it.In 1873 Howard Carter, English Egyptologist who discovered the tomb of King Tutankhomen, was born. In 1916 William Pene Du Bois, children's author, was born.
In 1502 Christopher Columbus began his fourth and final voyage to the New World. In 1754 The First Political Cartoon published in an American Newspaper, titled "Join or Die," appeared in Benjamin Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette. In 1899 John Burr of Agawam, Mass., patented the Lawn Mower. In 1927 Days before Charles Lindbergh's historic transatlantic flight, two French airmen, Charles Nungesser and Francois Coli, disappeared during an attempted Transatlantic Flight from France to New York. In 1988 Fire fighters in Warren, Mich., Rescued 14 Ducklings Trapped in a Sewer. Book (1) says, "To rescue the trapped ducklings, four fire fighters removed the heavy sewer grate, then one of them climbed down and got the 14 babies. Have older students each find the name of another animal's babies, such as the oyster (spat), swan (cygnet), turkey (poult), eel (elver), pigeon (squab), or kangaroo
(joey). Then let the kids try to stump (you). They tell you the name of the offspring, and you try to identify the parent. Younger children might enjoy reading Make Way for Ducklings by Rober McCloskey." Make some ducks to go along with the Duck stories. Make one of your own with all the animal babies. One story Grandma has read to the children and used the puppet ducks is Five Little Ducks but she cannot remember the author right now. 
In 1990 A group of 6th graders won an invention contest with a No-Drip Ice Cream Cone. Book (1) says to "Tell your students that the 6th graders who invented a dripless ice cream cone created their own recipe and made a traditional cone topped with a saucer-sized rim. (they used confectioners' sugar to seal the seams.) Challenge your students to think of ways to improve a commonly used item." Maybe they have ideas for a No drip Ice cream cone themselves.
May 9th is also Windmill Day in Holland. Book (1) says, "To celebrate Holland's Windmill Day, ask older students what windmills are used for (to pump water and drive machinery). Then challenge teams of students to create working miniature windmills using any or all of the following materials: milk cartons (for the base), (Grandma would say lysol wipe towel cleaner containers), pencils or drinking straws (for the shaft), string (to attach to the shaft), cardboard, paper, craft sticks, toothpicks, fabric scraps, paper clips, pushpins or thumbtacks, (Grandma's thought of clay or plaster), and glue. Tell the teams that their windmills will have to be able to lift a paper clip. Test the finished windmills outdoors if it's windy enough or indoors with your (children's) lungs providing the wind. Which designs were most effective in lifting the paper clip? Why?
 
May 10 1775 Robert Gray, American sea captain who was the first seaman to carry the flag of the new United States around the world, was born.In 1620 Mary Honeywood of Kent, England, died at the age of 93. She had 16 children, 114 grandchildren, 228 great-grandchildren, and 9 great-great-grandchildren. Book (1) says, "In honor of Mary Honeywood of Kent--who had so many descendants--have your (children) visit a local Senior citizens' center and offer to create family trees for the members. Or have the kids each do a family tree for an older member of their own family or for a royal, political, or fictional family."
In 1869 The First Transcontinental Railroad was completed as a golden spike connecting the Union Pacific and the Central pacific railroads was driven at Promontory, Utah. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that during the civil War, two construction companies were chartered to complete a transcontinental railway. One track headed east from Sacramento, California, while the other headed west from Omaha, Nebr. When the tracks met, a golden spike was hammered into place. Telegraphs clicked a short message from coast to coast: "Done." Have your (children) locate Omaha and Sacramento on a map and use the map scale to estimate the distance between them."
In 1872 Victoria Woodhull became the First Female Presidential Canidate, receiving the nomination of the National Radical Reformers. Book (1) says "Help your (children) explore the evolution of the women's rights movement. To begin, have them write down questions they'd want to ask Victoria Woodhull about the status of the women's movement in 1872. Then have the kids work in groups to research her life. Next, ask one child to portray Victoria Woodhull while other students portray contemporary women's rights leaders. Hold a forum in which these leaders react to contemporary women's issues.
In 1876 The Centennial Exposition opened in Philadelphia. Nine million visitors attended, each paying 50¢ admission. In 1924 J. Edgar Hoover was named the First Director of the FBI. In 1930 Chicaago's Adler Planetarium became the First planetarium in the United States. In 1981 Francois Mitterrand was elected.
 
May 11th was Mother's Day the (second Sunday in May). Book (1) says, "Mother's Day was started by a philadelphian named Anna Jarvis. After the death of her mother in 1905, Jarvis wanted to find a way to honor not only her own mother, but all mothers everywhere. Ask your (children) to think of other ways mothers could be honored. Encourage them to use the ideas to honor their mother.
It is also Festival of Cats day in Belgium (second Sonday in May). Book (1) says, "Since 1938, Belgians have celebrated the Festival of Cats by dressing up as cats and marching in a parade. Have your students name well-known cats from literature--for example, the Cheshire cat, Puss in Boots, and the three little kittens. Encourage them to read the stories or poems involving these famous felines. Then invite students to dress up as their favorite cat for a classroom parade."
May 11th 1888 Irving Berlin, American composer, was born. Book (1) says, "Irving Berlin wrote more than 1,500 songs during his distinguished career. He also wrote the scores for 16 Broadway shows. These achievements are especially astounding in light of the fact that Berline never received any formal musical training and couldn't read or write musical notation. He needed special pianos and musical secretaries to transcribe his ideas into notes on a scale. Though he was born in Russia, he became one of America's most popular songwriters with such quintessentially American songs as "God Bless America," "White Christmas," "Alexander's Ragtime Band," "Easter Parade," and "There's No Business Like Show Business." Play some of Berlin's music for your (children). Then play some songs by composer Jerome Kern, one of his contemporaries. In what ways is their music similar? In what ways does it differ?"
In 1894 Martha Graham, American Modern dancer, was born. In 1904 Salvador Dali, Spanish artist, was born. Book (1) says, "Salvador Dali was born in the town of Figueras, Spain, near Barcelona. Have (the children) locate his birthplace on a world map. Then tell them that Dali's artistic talents emerged early; Before turning 10, he'd painted two outstanding works. Dali is best remembered, though, for his contributions to the surrealist movement. In an attempt to express a different reality, surrealist painters juxtaposed and combined images that normally wouldn't go together. Share photographs of Dali's work with your (children). Point out the meticulous detail and sharp clarity of the paintings. Then challenge the kids to create a surrealistic drawing or painting of their own."
In 1858 Minnesota became the 32nd state. In 1911 Glacier National Park in northwestern Montana was created. In 1949 Israel became a member of the United Nations. In 1950 President Harry Truman dedicated the Grand Coulee Dam in Washington State. In 1986 Fred Markham set a World Speed Record for a Human-Powered Vehicle. He pedaled a streamlined, enclosed bicycle 65,484 mph.
 
May 12th 1812 Edward Lear, English writer of nonsense verse, was born. Book (1) says he has been called "the poet laureate of the limerick." Read aloud several limericks from his Book of Nonsense, and invite the children to illustrate them. Next, go over the meter and thyme scheme of limericks. Then have the kids work ... to write and illustrate silly limericks of their own. Compile their work into a ...book."
In 1820 Florence Nightingale, English nurse considered the founder of modern nursing. Book (1) says, "to commemorate International NursesDay--invite a nurse to your home (Grandma does not advise this). Students can conduct background research about Nightingale's public service, then prepare interview questions about the impact of ther ideas on today's nurses.
In 1962 Emilio Estevez, American actor, was born.
In 1621 Edward Winslow and Susanna White became the First Couple to Marry in Plymouth Colony. In 1875 Chicago beat St. Louis, 1-0, in major league Baseball's First Shutout. In 1922 A 20-ton Meteorite landed near Blackstone, Va., creating a 500-square-foot crater. In 1937 The coronation of George VI of England beame the First event Broadcast Worldwide. In 1980 Maxie Anderson and his son Kris began the First nonstop Baloon Flight across North America. It is Eat What you want Day so book (1) says, to "have your (children) create fantasy recipes and menus. Younger children might also have fun transforming the classroom into a restaurant to serve their fantasy meals. Have the children work ...to develop the restaurant's name, decor, menu design, and so on. You may want to videotape or photgraph the children enjoying their food fantasies." It is also National Hospital Day, Limerick Day
 
May 13 1914 Joe Louis, American boxer who held the world heavyweight title from 1937 to 1949, was born. In 1938 Norma Klein, children's author, was born. In 1950 Stevie Wonder, American singer and songwriter, was born.
In 1607 Jamestown, the First permanent English Settlement in America, was established in Virginia by Captain John Smith and 105 colonists. In 1918 The First U.S. Airmail Postage Stamps were issued. In 1942 The First Cross-country Helicopter flight began in Stratford, Conn. In 1980 Henrick Doornekamp, a Dutch farmer, Ran the New York City Marathon Wearing Wooden Shoes. Book (1) says, "Ask your (children) to gather all kinds of sport shoes (tennis, running, walking, golf, bowling, football, basketball, soccer, and so on) as they can. Then have them identify the special features each kind of shoe has to enhance an athlete's performance in the particular sport."
In 1981 Pope John Paul II was seriously wounded by a Turkish gunman in St. Peter's Square. The pontiff later recovered from his wounds. In 1989 Robert Commers set a world record when he jumped Rope 13,783 times in 1 hour. Book (1) says to challenge your children to set some records of their own. You'll need jump ropes and stopwatches.... count the number of jumps completed by a partner in 1 minute. Can the kids figure out how many jumps they'd make in an hour at the same pace? How would that stack up against Commers's record? How many jumps did Commers average per minute?"
It is also American Bike Month. Book (1) says, "Young children will enjoy rolling into American Bike Month by reading Bicycle Race, a picture book by Donald Crews. When they've finished the book, have a ...discussion about bicyles. Have your (children) ever had a bicycle--or tricycle--race? Ask the kids to write a true or fictional story about their bike."
 
May 14 which is Wednesday is considered "The Stars and Stripes Forever" Day. In 1686  Gabriel Daniel Fahrenheit, Dutch instrument maker who developed the Fahrenheit thermometric scale, was born. In 1727 Thomas Gainsborough, English portrait and landscape painter, was born. In 1929 George Selden, Children's author, was born. In 1944 George Lucas, American movie director and producer, was born. In 1952 David Byrne, rock musician and songwriter, was born.
In 1796 The First Smallpox vaccination was administered by Dr Edward Jenner. In 1804 The Lewis and Clark expedition se out from St. Louis, Mo. In 1897 John Philip Sousa's march "The Stars and Stripes Forever" was performed for the first time. Book (1) says, Younger (children) can "perform" John Philip Sousa's "Stars and Stripes Forever" with construction paper instruments and flags. Have the children draw various marching band instruments on construction paper, then cut them out. Next, have them draw and color the American flag on one side of a piece of large, white construction paper. On the other side, have them glue their construction paper instruments. Now that they've made their "instrumental flags," play a recording of Sousa's famous march and let them parade around the" house or in the yard.
In 1904 The First Olympics held in the United States opened in St. Louis, MO. In 1930 Carlsbad Caverns in New Mexico became a national park. In 1955 The Warsaw Pact, which created a military alliance among the Soviet Union and seven Eastern European nations, was signed. Book (1) says to "Ask your (children) to consult encyclopedias or other reference books (Grandma says to check on the computer.) to find out which eight nations originally formed the Warsaw Pact. Then have the kids locate these nations on a world map. Do all of them still exist? Have their forms of government changed since 1955? How? Do your students know which organization (NATO) the Warsaw Pact was intended to counterbalance?" In 1963 The First Solar-Powered Airplane was patented. In 1973 Skylab 1, the first orbiting U.S. space station, was launched.
 
This is all for today. Grandma has to go help with the voting tomorrow. Will enter stuff starting Wednesday. Take care.

4 Comments to Day 157:

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