Grandma has twenty to twenty-two more days of
information to enter. However, I will be entering it as
two separate days in one day. Be sure to finish up
reports here this next week along with your year
books; family scrapbooks, trees, and information;
recipes collected; information on animals, insects,
plants, planets and space; recycling; pollution;
older people; poems; jokes; riddles; art; math reviews;
spelling and vocabulary reviews; words, writing, alphabets; and anything else to finish up as the end
of the year on the newspaper, journals, any of your reading, mine I have given. Grandma still has a few
more books to cover for you, calendar history to catch up and give. Then she will finish the calendar
for the summer; the rest of the bible; South America; Science; and any thing else we can think of. I
will continue with lessons for the summer and then start the year over again in following what we have
and adding to it.
For today's Calendar History Lessons Grandma will cover May 15th and 16th on this day along with
the 1900's for April. Then I will cover a Book in the Bible; some science; some things on the Pioneers
and Little House on the Prairie.
May 15th 1856 L Frank Baum, children's author who wrote the Wonderful Wizard of Oz was born. In
Jasper Johns, American artist, was born. Book (1) says to "Tell your (children) that Jasper Johns
often incorporated numbers into his works. Share some photographs of John's paintings, including
Zero through Nine. How many numbers can the kids find?" Link to Jasper's Paintings in Youtube.
In 1602 English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold discovered Cape Cod. In 1862 The U.S. Department
of Agriculture was established. Also in 1862 The First Baseball Stadium opened in Brooklyn, N.Y.
In 1941 Baseball player Joe DiMaggio began his record-breaking 56-Game Hitting Streak. Book (1)
says, "For 56 consecutive games, New York Yankee star Joe DiMaggio managed to get one or more
hits, a streak many believe will never be matched. Ask your (children) to estimate what percentage
of the 154-game season DiMaggio's hitting streak covered. Then have them check their estimates
In 1930 The First Airline Stewardesses started work.
Book (1) says, "Ellen Church, a registered nurse,
was the world's first airline stewardess. She and
seven other nurses were hired by United Airlines
to serve food, allay passengers' fears, and help
with the upkeep of the plane. Ask your (children)
why they think nurses were hired for this job. What skills do today's flight attendants need?"
In 1942 Wartime Gasoline Rationing Began, with most people limited to 3 gallons a week.
In 1989 The apple industry Agreed to Stop Using the Chemical ALAR, a ripening and preserving
agent, because of its suspected carcinogenic effects. Do some research if wish.
It is also Peace Officers Memorial Day and Police Memorial Day. It would be a good time to talk
about these people and do some interviews. It is also Straw Hat Day. Book (1) says, "Celebrate
Straw Hat Day by asking your (children) to wear their favorite hats .... Invite each child to share a
story about the hat, telling where it came from, how old it is, When it's usually worn, use paper
plates to create their own, then decorate them to show their favorite sports or hobbies.
May 16 1801 William Seward, U.S. secretary of state who promoted the purchase of Alaska from
Russia, was born. In 1804 Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, American educator and founder of the
first English-speaking kindergarten in America, was born. In 1928 Betty Miles, children's author,
was born. In 1955 Olga Korbut, Russian gymnast, was born. In 1964 John Salley, basketball star,
In 1866 A U.S. Five-cent Piece was authorized. Book (1) says, "Have younger (children)
calculate the number of years nickels have been in circulation. Then have the children collect
10 to 20 nickels. Arrange them in order from the oldest to the newest. How old is the oldest?
Compare the head and tail impressions. Are they all alike? Have the children speculate
about how the terms heads and tails might have originated."
In 1875 The First Kentucky Derby took place. In 1903 George Wyman left San Francisco on the
First Transcontinental Motor-Cycle Trip. In 1929 The First Academy Awards (Oscars) were presented.
Book (1) says, "Ask your (children) to list eight Oscar categories, real or made up." For each or at
least one category create brief written nominations in it, then read them to the family or some group.
Hold a vote to determine the winners.
In 1939 Rochester, N.Y., introduced the First Food Stamp Program. In 1973 The First Flight of a
Solar-powered Balloon took place. In 1975 Junko Tabei of Japan became the First Woman to Reach
the Top of Mt. Everest. In 1988 Ricard Stokes became the First Black to Join the Buckingham
Palace Guard. In 1990 Muppet master Jim Henson died. Book (1) suggests, "To mark Biographers
Day-- and in memory of Muppeteer Jim Henson--have the (children) each select a favorite Muppet
character, then write a short biography of that character.
It is also National Egg Month and whether Grandma covered it or not, Book (1) asks you to "Ask your
(children): Which came first, the chicken or the egg? ...encourage the kids to conduct some
background research. Afterward, have them each write a persuasive paragraph supporting their position.
This brings Grandma down to giving you the 1900 events for April as follows:
April 11, 1900 The U.S. Navy bought its First Submarine, the USS Holland.
April 24, 1913 The Woolworth building opened in New York City. At 792 feet,
it was the tallest Building in the World.
April 2, 1902 The First Motion-Picture Theater in the United States opened in Los Angeles.
April 6, 1909 America explorers Robert Peary and Matthew Henson reached the North Pole.
April 8, 1904 Longacre Square in New York City was renamed Times Square.
April 12, 1917 President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress to declare war on Germany
so that America could help "Make the World Safe for Democracy."
April 10, 1912 The luxury liner Titanic Hit an Iceberg just before midnight.
April 20, 1902 French scientists Marie and Pierre Curie discovered Radium.
April 21, 1908 according to Dr. Frederick Cook, he reached the North Pole.
According to Book (1) "Although Frederick Cook kept a journal purportedly proving he'd
discovered the North Pole, another man has been given credit for the discovery. Challenge
your (children) to find out who that man was."
April 18, 1906 A devastating Earthquake struck San Francisco destroying 3,000
acres of the city.
April 15, 1912 Albert Einstein first spoke of Time as the Fourth Dimension.
April 15, 1912 The Ocean Liner Titanic sank in the North Atlantic.
April 11, 1921 Iowa became the First state to Impose a Cigarette Tax.
April 1, 1923 The First Dance Marathon began in New York City.
April 13, 1923 The Illinois legislature Gave Women the Right to Serve on Juries.
April 18, 1923 Yankee Stadium opened in New York City.
April 10, 1924 Simon and Schuster published the First Crossword Puzzle Book.
April 16, 1926 The Book-of-the Club was founded in New York City.
April 6, 1927 The First Pilot's License was issued by the U. S. Department of Commerce.
April 7, 1927 Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover appeared on screen in the First
Public Demonstration of Television.
April 3, 1933 An airplane first flew over Mt. Everest.
April 12, 1934 The Highest-Velocity Natural Wind ever recorded--231 mph--occurred
on Mt. Washington, N.H.
April 18, 1934 The First Laundromat--called a "Wasateria"--opened.
April 8, 1939 The First Telephone Weather Forecasting Service began in New York City.
April 7, 1940's Booker T. Washington became the First African-American depicted
on a U.S. Postage Stamp.
April 16, 1940 Bob Feller of the Cleveland Indians pitched an Opening Day
No-Hitter against the White Sox in Chicago.
April 20, 1940 The Electron Microscope was demonstrated for the first time.
April 9, 1941 The Golf Hall of Fame was established in Palm Beach Gardens, Fla.
April 1, 1943 Norman Rockwell did his first April Fool's cover for The Saturday Evening Post.
This had an activity with it but Grandma decided to skip this one.
April 13, 1943 President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.
April 3, 1944 Anne Frank, age 14, described her family's eating habits in her diary.
Book (1) says, "Through her diary, Anne Frank gave the world an account of her feelings and
experiences as she and her family hid from the Nazis during World War II. After 21 months in
hiding, she wrote about "food cycles"--times when she and her family ate only one food, prepared
in various ways. For example, "We had nothing but endive for a long time, day in, day out, endive
with sand, endive without sand, stew with endive, boiled or en casserole..." Ask your (children)
to keep a diary recording what their family eats for 1 week. Compare their diet with that of Anne
April 1, 1946 Stan and Jan Berenstain, the creators of the Berenstain Bears, were married.
An activity goes along with this in which Book (1) says, "Stan and Jan Berenstain have two sons.
When the boys were young, they asked their parents to buy them funny books. The Berenstains
eventually ran out of books to buy, so they created their own. Read several of the Berenstains'
books to the (children), discussing how humor makes the stories appealing. Then choose one
story and ask the (children) to write and illustrate another episode or a different ending for it."
April 18, 1946 The League of Nations officially went out of existence.
April 10, 1946 Japanese Women voted for the first time.
April 7, 1947 A 23-Day, Nationwide Telephone Strike in the United States began.
April 9, 1947 Sunspots were Large Enough to be visible to the naked eye.
April 11, 1947 Jackie Robinson broke major-league baseball's "color barrier" when he
joined the Brooklyn Dodgers.
April 7, 1948 The World Health Organization was founded.
April 4, 1949 The North Atlantic Treaty organization (NATO) was formed.
April 23, 1949 Governor Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois vetoed a Bill requiring cats to be leashed.
Book (1) says "In refusing to sign the bill requiring cats to be leashed, Governor Stevenson noted,
"it is in the nature of cats to do a certain amount of unescorted roaming." Do your (children) agree?
Ask them to make a class list of things pet owners can do to ensure their pets aren't a nuisance
to other people." (Grandma had an experience of her granddaughter wanting to leash the cat
because it meowed constant to go back outside and she did not like him roaming with the wild ones.
A friend held the leash and it got loose and caught under a car. If they can be kept in but if they insist
it is better to let them do their natural roaming in my opinion. However, Grandma has had some very
bad things happen to them by others.)
April 13, 1950 Simon, the cat mascot of HMS Amethyst, was awarded a Medal for his
April 19, 1950 Ham Kee Young, a 19-year-old from South Korea, became the Youngest
Runner to win the Boston Marathon.
April 24, 1951 The Soviet Union applied to Participate in the Olympic Games for the first
time since 1912.
April 15, 1952 The Franklin National Bank of New York issued the First Bank Credit Card.
April 24, 1953 Winston Churchill was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
Book (1) says, "Sir Winston Churchill is noted for his outstanding military and Political leadership
during World War II. When Britain seemed on the verge of collapse, he rallied the nation with
magnificent speeches and directed the war effort with unflagging nerve. Churchill was also a fine
writer--he won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1953--the same year he was knighted by Queen
Elizabeth II. As a child, Churchill had been considered a poor student. His mother felt a
military career would suit him because he liked playing with toy soldiers. After taking the entrance
exams for the Royal Military College three times, Churchill was finally admitted. There he excelled.
His great interest in the military had sparked his hidden abilities. Ask your (children) if they think
they have hidden abilities. Can they identify the hidden abilities in others? Have partners interview
each other in an attempt to find out. Then have each child write a paragraph of praise about his
partner. Post the paragraphs."
April 10, 1953 The House of Wax, the First Feature-Length 3-D Movie in Color, Premiered
in New York City.
April 11, 1953 The Department of Health, Education and Welfare was established.
Oveta Culp Hobby became its first Secretary.
April 17, 1953 Yankee slugger Mickey Mantle hit a 565-Foot Home Run, the longest ever measured.
April 1, 1954 The U.S. Air Force Academy was established in Colorado Springs, Colo.
April 11, 1954 "Rock Around the Clock" by Bill Haley ant the Comets was recorded.
April 23, 1954 Home run King Hank-Aaron hit His Homer in the major leagues.
April 12, 1955 The Polio Vaccine, developed by Jonas Salk, was pronounced safe and effective.
April 15, 1955 The First McDonald's Restaurant opened in Des Plains, Ill.
April 14, 1956 Videotape was First demonstrated to the public.
April 24, 1956 Willard Cravens caught a 360-pound, 9-foot-long white sturgeon in Idaho's Snake
River. It was the Largest Freshwater Fish ever caught with rod and reel.
April 7, 1959 The First Atomic-Generated Electricity was produced in Los Alamos, N.M.
April 9, 1959 NASA announced the selection of America's First Seven Astronauts.
April 21, 1959 Alf Dean caught a 2,664-pound Great White Shark.
April 1, 1960 Tiras I, The First weather Satellite, was launched by the United States.
April 12, 1961 The Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the First Man in Space.
April 13, 1961 The UN General Assembly voted to condemn Apartheid, South Africa's
policy of racial segregation.
April 5, 1963 The Soviet Union and the United States established a telephone "Hot Line"
linking their leaders. The need for a direct channel of communication was demonstrated
during the Cuban Missile Crisis.
April 7, 1963 At age 23 Jack Nicklaus became the Youngest Person to win the Master
April 9, 1963 Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill was made an honorary U.S. Citizen.
April 17, 1964 Jerrie Mock of Columbus, Ohio, became the First Woman to Complete a Solo
Flight around the world.
April 16, 1965 Early Bird, the First Commercial Communications Satellite, went into orbit.
April 9, 1965 President and Mrs. Lyndon Johnson were honored guests at the opening of the
Book (1) says, "The Houston Astrodome, which cost $20 million to build, has a plastic dome that's
208 feet above the stadium floor at its highest point. Challenge your (children) to work ...to create
freestanding domes using only plastic wrap and straws for support."
April 24, 1967 Soviet Cosmonaut Vladimar Komarov was killed when his parachute straps of his
spacecraft got tangled during a landing attempt.
April 4, 1968 Civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., was assassinated in Memphis, Tenn.
April 22, 1968 Forty-four countries signed a Treaty Pledging Cooperation in Rescuing
Astronauts in trouble.
Book (1) suggests "After discussing the treaty to rescue astronauts, talk about treaties and their
significance in history. Then ask each (child) to research an important treaty and report to (you).
As each treaty is discussed, note its place in history on (the) class time line."
April 4, 1969 Doctors in Houston implanted the First Artificial Heart in Haskell Karp of Skokie, Ill.
April 13, 1969 A White Tiger Cub was born in captivity for the first time, at the National
Zoological Park in Washington, D.C.
Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that the white tiger is one of the world's rarest tigers. So when
a white tiger cub was born at the National Zoo, there was much rejoicing. To commemorate this
event, have your (children) draw and color a "birth announcement" for the baby tiger."
April 23, 1969 Robin Knox-Johnston completed the First Nonstop, Around-the-World Solo Sailing Trip.
Book (1) says to "Tell your (children) that Robin Knox-Johnston was at sea for 312 days and covered 29,500 miles. Then ask the kids if they'd ever want to go on an adventure alone. Why or why not? Have a ...discussion about being alone. What's it like? Can being alone feel good sometimes? Can it also be frightening? Ask (the children) to imagine that they were going to duplicate Robin Knox-Johnston's journey. What kinds of skills would they need?" (Grandma says to remind them that Jesus is always with them and God.)
April 22, 1970 The First Earth Day was observed.
We will let the activity go to this one for now unless grandma already assigned something.
April 3, 1971 Gordie Howe retired from professional hockey after 25 years.
April 20, 1971 The supreme Court upheld Busing as the Primary means to Achieve Racial Balance in the public schools.
April 16, 1972 Chinese Giant Pandas arrived at the U.S. National Zoo.
April 4, 1974 Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves tied Babe Ruth's record of 714 career home runs.
April 8, 1974 Hank Aaron hit his 715th Career Home Runs, breaking Babe Ruth's long-standing major-league record.
April 4, 1976 Kazukiki Asaba Flew 1,050 Kites at one time.
April 21, 1977 The Musical Annie opened on Broadway.
April 6, 1978 President Jimmy Carter signed into law legislation Raising the Mandatory Retirement
Age for government Age for government workers from 65 to 70.
April 20, 1979 Thirty-five riders pedaled the Longest True Tandem Bicycle ever built. It was almost 67 feet long.
April 12, 1980 The U.S. Prime Interest Rate hit a record 20%.
April 14, 1981, The First Space Shuttle the Columbia, was launched.
April 14, 1981 The Space Shuttle Columbia ended its First test Flight with a Smooth Landing in California.
April 17, 1982 Queen Elizabeth II gave Canada the Right to Amend its Constitution, thus severing its last legislative link with Britain.
April 18, 1981 Pitcher Tom Seaver struck out his 3,000th batter.
Book (1) says, "Tom Seaver went on to strike out 640 more batters after achieving his 3,000-strikeout milestone in 1981. He retired in 1986. Ask your(children) to figure out how many strikeouts Seaver averaged per year over his 20-year career. Tell the kids that through the 1992 season, Nolan Ryan, baseball's alltime strikeout leader, had fanned 5,668 batters over the course of a 26-year career. How many strikeouts had Ryan averaged per year?"
April 1, 1983, Newspaper reporter Steven Newman began a 15,000-Mile Walk-Around the World.
April 1, 1983 The Tiger Tops Tuskers won the First Championship of the World Elephant Polo Association.
April 5, 1984 Kareem Abdul-Jabbar scored his 31,421st point, becoming the Highest-Scoring Basketball Player in NBA History.
April 11, 1984 Two astronauts from the Space Shuttle Challenger performed the First IN-Space Repair of a Satellite.
April 12, 1984 The Crew of the Space Shuttle Challenger placed a satellite it had retrieved and repaired back into orbit.
April 19, 1985 Susan Montgomery Williams of Fresno, Calif., blew the Biggest Bubble Gum Bubble on Record. It was 22 inches in diameter.
April 15, 1985 The World's Largest Marching Band, 4,524 students, performed at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles.
April 6, 1985 William J. Schroeder became the First Artificial Heart Recipient to be Discharged from a hospital.
April 9, 1985 Thomas Bradley became the First Los Angeles Mayor to win a Fourth term of Office.
April 5, 1986 A British Guiana 1-cent Stamp sold for $850,000, the highest price ever paid for a stamp at an auction.
April 23, 1989 Kareem-Abdul Jabbar, professional basketball's all-time leading scorer, played his last regular-season game.
April 16, 1988 Residents of Fort Madison, Iowa, raised $12,383.06 in Pennies for a playground.
Book (1) says, "The residents of Fort Madison, Iowa, housed their 1,238,306 pennies in the high school gymnasium. To give your (children) a sense of Fort Madison's accomplishment, cover a dollar bill with 100 pennies. Then ask the kids to estimate how many dollar bills would be needed to cover a desk top. Next, trace a dollar bill on drawing paper and have your (children) cut out enough to cover one desk top (A 24X18-inch desk would require 26 dollars.) Now, ask your students to calculate how many desk tops could be covered by $12,383.06."
April 20, 1987 New Jersey became the third state to pass a Recycling Law.
In place of Book (1)'s instructions have the children make a record of people they have talked to in interviews that recycle. Graph the results. Can they think of some ways things that we throw away be used.
April 15, 1989 The Highest and Fastest Steel Roller Coaster--the "Great American Scream Machine"-- opened at Great Adventure in Jackson, N.J.
April 7, 1988 The World's Largest Quilt, measuring 1.73 acres, was completed. Its 4,200 panels commemorate Aids victims.
April 12, 1988 The U.S. Postal Office issued a Patent For a Live Mouse, a new breed genetically altered to aid in the study and treatment of cancer.
April 18, 1988 Kenya's Ibrahim Hussein became the First African to win the Boston Marathon.
April 2, 1989 In an editorial, The New York Times Declared that the Cold War was over.
April 7, 1989 A Soviet Nuclear Submarine Sank in the Norwegian Sea.
April 20, 1988 Teacher Alice Meyer performed Mouth-to-Mouth Resuscitation on a puppy that had been stuffed into a student's book bag.
Book (1) says to "Discuss proper care of pets with your students, then have them develop a list of dos and don't s."
April 8, 1990's Ryan White Died at age 18. A Hemophiliac who had contracted Aids through a blood transfusion 5 1/2 years earlier, White had promoted a greater understanding of the disease.
April 14, 1990 The Space Shuttle Discovery was launched with a copy of the U.S. Constitution on board.
April 22, 1990 Millions of Americans celebrated the 20th Anniversary of Earth Day.