Good Morning! As you are finishing up your lessons for the year Grandma has a few to enhance the learning.
Grandma will begin with the Calendar History up through Monday today and add some interesting links to the possible Science we will be able to try.
May 17th 1749 Edward Jenner, English physician who discovered vaccination, was born. In 1929 Eloise Greenfield, children's author, was born. In 1956 Sugar Ray Leonard, American boxer, was born.
In 872 The Kingdom of Norway was founded. In 1503 Columbus discovered the Cayman Islands. In 1630 The Belts of Jupiter were first recognized. Book (1) says, "No one has ever seen the surface of Jupiter--the largest planet in the Solar system--because the gases in its atmosphere shroud the planet from full view. These gases also form the bands around the planet known as belts. Jupiter is the fastest-rotating planet, completing one rotation every 10 hours. But it takes nearly 12 years to orbit the Sun. Jupiter's surface gravity is 2.65 times greater than Earth's. That means a person weighing 100 pounds on Earth would weigh 265 on Jupiter. Challenge your (children) to calculate how much they'd weigh on Jupiter.( Grandma does love Youtube. Link to Jupiter and the System along with a great Animation Version.)
In 1673 Father Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet began exploring the Mississippi River. Link to the Joilliet and Marquette expedition. In 1792 The New York Stock Exchange was founded.
In 1954 In its landmark ruling in the case of Brown vs the Board of Education of Topeka, Kan., The Supreme Court Declared Racial Segregation in Schools Unconstitutional. In 1955 Physicists Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard obtained a patent for the First Atomic Reactor. In 1972 The Boston terrier became the State Dog of Massachusetts. May 17th is also Future Nurses' Day--talk about it. It will also be International Museum Day; therefore, you may plan a trip to one you have not visited yet. It is also National Transportation Week (week including the third Friday in May)--talk about it. Book (1) says,"Mark Transportation Week by taking a closer look at how we get places. Explain to your students that transportation can be as simple as walking across a room or as exotic as rocketing into space. Then challenge them to list different kinds of transportation for each of these categories: air(airplane or jet, balloon, blimp, glider, helicopter); land (bicycle, bus, car, feet, horse, subway); water (barge, submarine, water skis); and space (rocket, space shuttle)."
May 18th is on Sunday in which Irene Hunt, children's author, was born in 1907. In 1925 Lillian Hoban, children's illustrator, was born. Book (1) says, "Lillian Hoban has illustrated numerous books written by her husband, Russell Hoban. Her love of books began during her childhood, when she spent many hours in the libraries of Philadelphia, her hometown. She called these hours "The coziest kind of private time....." Ask your (children) whee their favorite private place is. What do they like to do best there? In 1946 Reggie Jackson, baseball player, was born.
In 1631 John Winthrop became the First Governor of Massachusetts. In 1852 Massachusetts became the First State to make School Attendance Mandatory, for children ages 8 to 14. In 1860 The Republican Party Convention in Chicago Nominated Abraham Lincoln as its candidate for president.
In 1933 Congress formed the Tennessee Valley Authority to develop the Tennessee River and its tributaries. In 1953 Jacqueline Cochron became the First Woman Pilot to Fly faster than the Speed of Sound. In 1962 American Al Oerter became the First Discus Thrower to Break the 200-Foot Barrier, with a throw of 200'5". In 1980 Mt. St. Helens Volcano in Washington State erupted. Book (1) says, "The volcanic eruption of Mt. St. Helens has become a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for scientists to observe nature's recovery system. The eruption toppled thousands of trees and covered the ground with layers of ash. But the timing of the eruption--in the early spring--helped a number of plants survive. Some plants that were covered by snow and still in winter dormancy eventually resumed growth. Tell your students that plants that become dormant in winter and resume growth in spring are called perennials. Plants that die after one season are called annuals. Have the children classify some common plants in their area as annuals or perennials. Ask them to make a two column chart, then draw and color the plants they classify. The last event for the 18th happened in 1989 in which The legislature of Lithuania, one of the Soviet Baltic republics, adopted a declaration seeking independence from the USSR. It is also Visit Your Relatives Day and World Goodwill Day.
The last day for our history is May 19th. In 1879 Nancy Langhorne (Lady Astor), American-born British political leader who became the first woman to sit in the British Parliament, was born. In 1925 Malcolm X, African-American leader, was born. In 1930 Lorraine Hansberry, playwright whose play A Raisin in the Sun was the first by an African-American woman to be produced on Broadway, was born. Then in 1939 Francis (Dick) Scobee, American astronaut and commander of the space shuttle Challenger on its final, ill-fated mission, was born.
In 1849 In a letter to a friend, Abraham Lincoln wrote, "The better part of one's life consists of...friendships." In 1884 The First Ringling Brothers Circus opened in Baraboo, Wis. In 1911 Caesar Cella became the First Person convicted of a crime on the Basis of Fingerprints. Book (1) says, "Tell your (children) that the FBI has the largest collection of fingerprints in the world--over 170 million are on file. There are eight basic fingerprint patterns, which are divided into loops, arches, and whirls. No two people have the same fingerprints. As people grow older, their fingerprints become larger but do not change. When fingerprints are taken, each finger is first covered with a thin film of ink, then gently rolled from one side to the other onto a sheet of white paper." Have the children use an ink pad and print their little finger twice, once on the white paper and once on their individual index card. Then collect each card from them. Using a magnifying glass if available to see if they can match the fingerprint on the card with the fingerprint on the paper.
In 1965 Patricia Roberts Harris became the First African-American Woman to serve as a U.S. Ambassador. In 1989 Jack Staddon, age 15, won the First Annual National Geography Bee. Book (1) says, "More than a million students in grades 4 to 8 took part in National Geographic's First Annual National Geography Bee. Jack Staddon, of Great Bend, Kan., won first prize when he answered, "Gondwanaland." Ask your (children) to figure out the question. "After the breakup of Pangaea, what super continent included only Africa, South America, Australia, Antarctica, and India?") ... develop 10 to 15 questions--and answers--about geography. Have the (children) write their questions and answers on individual 3X5-inch cards and label them with a ... symbol. Then hold your own class geography bee, making sure that ... members aren't asked their own questions."
This will be all for this day. Grandma will give more in the morning.