Today Grandma will keep coving the time line until the last day of homeschooling time. However she realized there were some activities that were left behind in September and October that need to be given to you this week. Therefore, she will give them to you first. Next she will cover the rest of the Calendar history for the time line and calendars for May. Next she will go into the summer months in the Calendar history, give some more fun things to do for summer as we go along; cover her books used and Patricia's material; as well as some more on real estate investing.; and anything else she can think of to give you.
For the 178th day hopefully given tomorrow Grandma will give you the events for the time line covering the 1800's and 1900's. of November and the 179th day December. Today (the 176th day) she will give you the activities for September and the 177th day (tomorrow for sure) October for that time period first.
Activities from Book (1) for September 1800 and 1900
"Fabulous Flocks:Very few bird species were as numerous as the passenger pigeon. For hours on end, flocks numbering 1 billion to 2 billion would darken the sky. One breeding colony in Michigan covered a 2 X1/2-mile area. Have (the children) look at a road map of their hometown and pick a location about 28 miles away. About how long would it take to drive to that location? Next, have them pick a place that's about 3 1/2 miles away. How long would it take to ride a bicycle to that place? Invite your (children) to read more about the passenger pigeon and the mystery of its disappearance.
The "unsinkable": The Titanic measured 882 feet in length. Have your (children) develop their own scale to compare the length of the Titanic ... . As a special homework challenge, ask them to take an 882-foot walk. Have the walkers compare how they kept track of the distance they covered.
If placed upright, the Titanic would have been taller than any building of her day. Have your (children) compare her in an upright position to the Washington Monument, the Empire State Building, the Sears Tower, the Pyramid of Cheops, the Eiffel Tower, a local monument.
First Jobs: (following up on the fact that Barney Flaherty became the First Newsboy in the U.S.September 4,1833) Ten-year-old Barney Flaherty got his job delivering papers by answering the following classified ad in the New York Sun: "To the Unemployed--a number of steady men can find employment by vending this paper." What are some ways your (children) earn extra money? What do they do with the money they earn?
Dear Beatrix Potter (in a 1893 event):Beatrix Potter had many pets when she was growing up. She called one of her rabbits Peter Piper, a name she later used for the hero of a picture letter she went to Noel Moore, her best friend's son. This get-well letter began, "I shall tell you a story about four little rabbits whose names were Flopsy, Mopsy, Cottontail, and Peter...." Ask your students to create their own "get-well picture letters" to send to the children's ward at a local hospital.
Calculated lengths: The Graf Zeppelin was 776 feet long. Take your students to the gym, hallway, or parking lot and mark off the airship's length. Today's airships--seen on TV panoramas of major sports events--measure about 192 feet long. Have your students use their calculators to compare the lengths.
Tunnel trip(based on a Sept. 5 event of 1980):Help your (children) get a sense for the distance of Switzerland's St. Gotthard Tunnel by having them use road maps or atlases to find locations that are 10 miles from their homes. Get out the calculators and find out how long it would take to travel through the tunnel at various speeds--15 mph, 35 mph, 55 mph. Encourage the (children) to graph their findings.
"Uncle Sam" and other nicknames(upon an event Sept. 7, 1813 of "uncle Sam in the Troy, NY, newspaper): The real "Uncle Sam was Samuel Wilson, inspector of provisions for the United States Army in New York and New Jersey during the War of 1812. An employee at Wilson's meat-packing plant jokingly told visitors that the "US" stamped on each barrel of meat stood for "Uncle Sam" Wilson. (These initials actually stood for "United States.") By the end of the War of 1812, "Uncle Sam" was widely used as a nickname for the U.S. government. Invite your (children) to share the stories behind their nicknames, or those of family or friends. If they could select nicknames for themselves, what would they choose and why?
Dam dimensions(to celebrate the opening of Boulder Dam Sept. 7, 1936:Hoover Dam, located in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, is 726 feet high and 1,244 feet long. Have your (children) compare its height with that of the school flagpole, and its length with that of a school bus. Tell your (children that Hoover Dam's concrete base is 660 feet deep and contains 3 1/4 million cubic yards of concrete--enough to pave a two-lane highway from New York to San Francisco. Ask the kids to use a map scale to figure out that distance.
Honors to the flag(Sept. 8, 1892 was National Pledge of Allegiance Day):The first flag salute read:"I give my heart and my hand to my country--one country, one language, one flag." Some people thought this salute was "too juvenile and lacking in dignity." Ask your (children) to compare and contrast the first flag salute and today's pledge. How do they feel about the original?
Pocketbook shock(Sept. 9, 1851 proposed average working-class budget):Ask your (children) to ...(consider) how much it takes per week to feed, clothe, and house the family. (The children) can then compare and contrast these present-day budgets with the 1851 amount of $10.37. (They'll have to adjust the figures to fit the size of their own family.) They also might want to conduct an oral history survey by asking seniors in their families or communities to recall the cost of a a movie ticket, a visit to the doctor, oil or gas, a candy bar, a bus or train ride, a car, and so on. What surprised them the most?(1851 was still in the times of the pioneers and no one from that age is still alive. Most people homesteaded. Before that they came from people who had money or worked for others and built their land taken from the natives. In the time of the depression: a home might only cost $2000 to $15,000; but people only made $9.00/ day I believe on the railroad if they were lucky to be able to work for them. Grandma will check on it. People rarely had meat to eat in the depression like many people from Mexico today. We have come a long way from that. Some had factory jobs in the cities like now. My mother scrubbed floors to put my father through accounting school which is different now also. However, he worked in a factory also, he may have done books for someone at that time. Grandma is not sure on that. A lot of people did not have work in places during the 1800's. They ate off the land, had their own cows, pigs, deer, shot other game and built houses on land taken from the natives. How money was spent was a lot different. Even at the time Grandma started out a computer job only made $2.35/hour. Most houses were only 20,000 or less.)
White House kids (Sept. 9,1893 the first baby, a girl, was born in the White house.)In honor of the anniversary of the birth of President Grover Cleveland's daughter, challenge your (children) to name other presidential children and do some research to discover more. What would be some of the advantages and disadvantages of being a "presidential progeny"?
Taking flight:In 1908 Orville Wright made 57 complete circles over Fort Myer, Va., at an altitude of 120 feet. The flight lasted 1 hour and 2 minutes and set several records. Ask your (children) to guess where a flight of 1 hour and 2 minutes could take today's passengers. Then have them check their atlases.
Sewing celebration:Elias Howe's first sewing machine--which imitated the human arm sewing--was a failure. But he didn't give up. With his father's financial support, he developed a second machine that could sew 250 stitches a minute. Ask Your (children) how many stitches they think a human can sew in a minute. Set a timer and ask a few volunteers to sew. Ask calculators to figure out the average, then compare it with the machine's rate. Finally, have your (children) write about someone they know who, like Elias Howe, wouldn't give up.
Coast to coast: When the Lincoln Highway was officially dedicated, groups of Boy Scouts across the country simultaneously put up the road signs. Have your (children) use their atlases to find other geographic locations named in honor of President Lincoln. Ask...(the children) to write the grid coordinates or latitude-longitude readings for the various locations so others can find them. Challenge (the children) to find locations named after other U.S. presidents.
Doggie graph(Sept. 10 1927 the hot dog appeared in butcher shops): Ask your (children) to list what they like to put on a hot dog--onions, relish, ketchup, mustard, chili, cheese, and so on. Then have (them) predict what the (families) most popular hot dog fixin' will be. Tally the results in a bar graph form.
Personalized parks: After New York City bought an 843-acre tract of land for development into a public park, it announced a competition for the park design. The winner was "Greensward," a landscape plan that included groves, rock outcroppings, foot and bridle paths, carriage drives, and bridges. Have your (children) create maps--complete with paths, recreation trails, bodies o water, playgrounds, entrances, and exits--of an imaginary park. After the designs are finished, ask your students what they think landscape architects must keep in mind as they work to plan--or improve--a park.
Comic relief (Sept. 11, 1875 the first newspaper cartoon strips"Professor Tigwissel's Burglar Alarm" was published.): Ask your (children) to list their favorite comic strips. Why do they like them? Are all comic strips funny? Do any of your (children) identify with a particular comic strip character? Look at several comic strips to see how cartoonists use frames to tell a story. Then have your (children) create their own version of one of these favorites or devise a new comic strip in which characters from one strip interact with characters from another.
Baseball bonanza: Commemorate Pete Rose's record-breaking 4,192nd base hit by having teams of students select another baseball milestone and illustrate it--commemorative plate style--on a paper plate.
Olympic flashback(I am not sure if it was mentioned with Jesse Owens birthday on Sept. 12, 1913 but Grandma always has this one one her mind.): Jesse Owens deflated Adolf Hitler's "Aryan race" theory by winning gold medals in the 100 meters, 200 meters, 400-meter relay, and long jump at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany. Have a group of students research Hitler's "Aryan race" theory and report its basic premise to the class. Then discuss the flaws in Hitler's argument. Can your students think of current examples of racial or ethnic prejudice?
Artists then and now(An event that actually happened in 1940 but Grandma may have used it for the beginnings in her lessons.):The Lascaux Cave paintings depict a variety of animals important to people who lived 10,000 to 35,000 years ago. Show your (children) pictures of the paintings. Then divide the class into groups and ask each to create its own cave painting on a piece of large, brown butcher paper. Tell the groups to include pictures of animals that are important in their lives. To create a stone like effect, crumple the paper. Display the "cave paintings" ... .
Wonderful rhinoceros(displayed Sept 13, 1826): The rhinoceros dates back 20 million years. Today there are five species left, and they're all on the endangered list. Your (children) might be surprised to hear that a 5,500-pound adult rhino can gallop 24 mph. Ask them to use record books to compare the rhino's speed with that of other animals--including man.
Niagara Falls math(upon its illumination Sept. 14, 1860)-Create a three-dimensional Niagara Falls bulletin board with construction paper and ribbon. Post extra-credit math problems around the paper falls. For example, Your (children) could use almanacs and reference books to find out how many gallons of water flow over the falls in 1 minute, 1 hour, 1 day, their lifetime. They could compare the falls' height with ...(another building).
Thank you, Mr. Roosevelt (upon taking office Sept. 14, 1901):In 1902 President Teddy Roosevelt took a 5-day bear-hunting trip. Newspapers made fun of Roosevelt when he refused to shoot a small cub. But a candy-store owner in Brooklyn, N.Y., admired the president's decision. In Roosevelt's honor he sewed a plush toy bear, which he called a "Teddy Bear," and placed it in his window display. Read The First Teddy Bear by Helen Kay. Then have a teddy bear picnic--with your students' favorite furry friends as guests of honor. Some (children) may want to dress a bear as their favorite storybook character.
A piece of pi (when the first calculation of it was made Sept. 15, 1949): The first computer-generated calculation of pi produced 2,037 decimal places in 70 hours. Today's supercomputers have reached 1,011,196,691 digits. If printed on a line, this calculation would stretch nearly halfway across the United States. Have your students figure out how many miles that would be.
"All the news that's fit to print" (upon the publication of The First New York Times Sept. 18,1851): Ask your (children) to list the many jobs associated with newspaper publishing. Did they remember the reporters, editors, copy editors, photographers, advertising sales representatives, graphic artists, and distributors? How about the cartoonists and columnists?
Tell your students that more than 500,000 trees are harvested to make the newspapers Americans read each Sunday. Ask (your children) to find out how their local newspaper is reducing, reusing, and recycling newsprint. Challenge them to find out about the process of recycling newsprint.
Mission to Mars: The United States and the Soviet Union had many cooperative space projects, including Apollo-Soyuz. When a cosmonaut and an astronaut met in Mars, Pa. --a town near Pittsburgh--they told school groups about their experiences in space and the U.S.-Soviet space efforts. Have your (children) use atlases to find other towns named for planets and other celestial bodies (Venus and Jupiter, Fla.: Earth and Mercury, Tex.; Neptune, N.J.)
Movie buffs (upon an event Sept. 19, 1990): The Library of Congress selected 25 outstanding movies for its National Film Registry. A committee considered over 1,000 movies before selecting such favorites as The Wizard of Oz, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, and Star Wars. The Library of Congress will add a high quality print of each selected movie to its collection of over 75,000 films and TV shows. What movies would your (children) nominate--and why?
Safety first: Elisha Graves Otis invented a safety elevator that would operate automatically in case the lifting rope or chain broke. Discuss other safety devices, such as seat belts, air bags, and smoke and burglar alarms. Then have (the children) prepare safety rules for various places and situations: on the playground, in the classroom, at home, while bike riding, (in water, driving, etc). Have the (children) make posters to show their safety rules. (Save the one for water because that one will go along with the summer lessons.)
Breaking gender barriers: Belva Lockwood, an early leader in the struggle for equal rights for women and an 1884 U.S. presidential nominee, believed that women should be able to pursue careers. She acted on this belief by becoming a lawyer. One of her accomplishments was to gain equal pay for women government workers. Have (the children) interview working women who are in careers once considered "men's work."
Ecosystems under glass: Biosphere II is a 2 1/2-acre, glass-enclosed structure in Oracle, Ariz., that simulates five ecosystems: desert, marsh, ocean, savanna, and rain forest. The eight participants in the 2-year study were supposed to raise their own food and recycle everything they used. ...(have the children) organize a suitcase of essentials for the 2-year stay. Give (the children) the opportunity to present its "must-haves" ... . Then discuss what would be some of the positive and negative aspects of being a part of this experiment.
Peacemakers: Mark the anniversary of the establishment of the Peace Corps by asking (the children) to interview someone who has served as a volunteer. Invite the volunteers to speak about their experiences. Perhaps you students could develop activities for a neighborhood peace corps and undertake such projects as organizing a cleanup drive, tutoring, and working at senior centers. (Grandma suggests that if you do not know anyone who has worked for Peace Corps to look it up on Youtube to see if anyone has a video of their work or an article, etc.; maybe the library can help.)
Decisions, decisions: The time capsule buried on the grounds of the 1938 New York World's Fair included a Bible, a mail-order catalog, and films of President Roosevelt and of a football game. Ask teams of students to agree on four items they believe are representative of today's times, and have them explain their rationale. After all the teams have presented their selections to the class, vote for the top four choices.
Puzzler: As a homework assignment, have your students find out how many pieces are in the largest jigsaw puzzle they own. Have them calculate the class mean, median, and mode, then figure out the ratio between the number of pieces in their puzzle and the number of pieces in the world's largest puzzle.
Up and away: The first dirigible flew over Paris at a speed of 6 mph. Ask your (children) whether they think that is faster or slower than most birds fly. Then check an almanac. Next, have them figure out how many minutes it would take for the dirigible to fly 1 mile, 2 miles, and 4 miles.
Farsighted thinking: President Theodore Roosevelt was a champion of preserving beautiful areas of our country. Survey ... (your friends, neighbors, etc.) to determine how many (children) have visited national park. Name the states where these parks are located, then find them on a map.
Not welcome: In Arkansas in 1957, school integration was the law--yet black students were far from welcome in white schools. When angry whites prevented nine black students from entering high school, President Eisenhower ordered troops to escort the students and guarantee their safety. Ask your students to imagine themselves as one of the nine and write a letter describing how they felt as they entered a place whee they knew they wouldn't find many, if any, friends.
Budget blast: Celebrate the opening of the First Children's Bank with a math game for teams of three to five students. Give each team a catalog and see which one can select the greatest number of items without exceeding $100. Next, instruct the teams to pick the fewest number of items totaling $100.
Record-setters:Marc Batard climbed Mt. Everest alone and without oxygen. Ask your (children) to use record books to find facts and other records about Mt. Everest. Then have them list other time-based records that caught their eye. What do they think motivates people to break records like these? Use the discussion as a way to help kids set personal goals for the year. Make a chart with Mt. Everest as the back-drop on which (the children) can list their school goals. Encourage them to refer to it as they progress.
Keep on tracking: To commemorate the first use of a locomotive to pull a passenger train, ask children to bring in toy trains, books about trains, or pictures of trains. Have the kids describe similarities and differences between trains of different eras. Then read aloud a railroad folktale about John Henry.
Channel challenge: Ask your students to find the English Channel in their atlases. Where do they think most swimmers cross? Why? (The narrowest point--21 miles--is between Dover and Cape Gris-Nez.) Have the kids use their calculators to figure out how many times they'd need to walk up and down the hall or around the ...parking lot or gym to equal 21 miles.
Wordplay addresses: Tell your students that the cable address of Scotland Yard--the headquarters of London's metropolitan police--is "Handcuffs, London." What other cable addresses can they invent for other famous places? (How about "U.S. Boss" for the White House?)
Commemorative coins:Children from the Young Astronauts Council designed coins to commemorate the space shuttle Discovery, the first shuttle launched after the Challenger tragedy. The gold coin shows a space shuttle in flight, the silver coin depicts an astronaut on the moon, and the bronze coin shows a shuttle combined with a section of the American flag. Ask your (children) to name some recent events that might merit the minting of special coins. Have the kids draw up some plans.
Tooth truth: ... Give each (child) a large construction pater tooth on which to draw pictures that illustrate good dental care.
Frisbee free-for-all: Take a break from your routine--and celebrate the Frisbee--with some outdoor activities. Set up a variety of events, such as a long distance Frisbee throw and a toss-the-Frisbee-through-the-Hula-Hoop game. You could also blindfold a student, have another child toss the Frisbee, and ask others in the group to direct the blindfolded child to the fallen disk. When your students get back inside, ask them to describe or draw a toy of the future. In what ways is it similar to and different from today's toys?"