Day 178
The Best Place to Learn From - Is The Best Place for Learning
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Home Educaton Program

Day 178

Grandma is entering information for November's Calendar history of the 1800's and 1900's
 
November 1, 1800 President John Adams and his wife, Abigail, became the
First Residents of the White House, which was still unfinished.
 
"White House living: Ask how many of your (children) have visited the White House. Invite them to share photographs and memories of their trip. Make a list of some of the White House's rooms, and assign groups to each research one. Ask each (child) to use a shoe-box display to depict the room it studied."
 
Nov. 17, 1800 Congress convened for the first time in Washington, D.C.
 
Nov. 10, 1801 Tennessee outlawed Dueling.
 
Nov. 3, 1804 The Sauk and Fox Indians signed a treaty ceding 50 million
 acres of present-day Illinois to the United States.
 
"Today's treaty: Give your (children) a chance to develop their own treaty, as the Sauk and Fox Indians and the United States did in 1804. First, have (the children) identify a problem they're having with each other. Then, for the treaty, have them list what each ... would do separately and together to make the agreement work. Use black permanent marker to print the final text of the treaty on butcher paper or paper sacks, rubbed with linseed oil to resemble parchment. Year the edges of the paper to make it look even more authentic. Discuss the treaty with the (children) and ask if they're satisfied with it. Post the treaty for reference."
 
Nov. 7, 1805 The Lewis and Clark Expedition sighted the Pacific Ocean at the
 mouth of the Columbia River.
 
"Meticulous observers(We have already carried out this activity but the information might be important to have.): President Thomas Jefferson, who authorized the Lewis and Clark expedition, asked the explorers to keep careful notes of their journey. Lewis and Clark filled notebooks with detailed descriptions and drawings of the 24 Native American tribes, the 122 animal species, and the nearly 200 plant species they encountered. (Here is the activity)--Take your (children) for a walk around the (home). Have them sketch plants or animals they find, then consult field guides for more information."
 
Nov. 15, 1806 Zebulon Pike sighted Pikes Peak in Colorado.
 
"Mountain Man: Pikes Peak was named for Zebulon Pike, an army officer and explorer who sighted it in 1806. He wrote in his journal an impressive description of the mighty mountain. Ask your students to write a description of a natural wonder in their area. Remind them that natural wonders can be common, like a bird hunting for food, the shadow cast by a bare tree, a new snowfall, or the changing shapes of the clouds."
 
Nov. 25, 1817 The First Sword-Swallowing Exhibition in the
United States was given by Senaa Samma of India.
 
Nov. 26, 1818 Encke's Comet, which appears more frequently
than any other known comet, was discovered.
 
Nov. 18, 1820 Antarctica was Discovered by a U.S. navy captain,
Nathaniel B. Palmer.
 
Nov. 20, 1820 The whaling ship Essex was Sunk by a Sperm Whale.
 
Nov. 14, 1836 Fiberglass was patented by a Frenchman named Dubus-Bonnel.
 
Nov. 3, 1837 Housewives in Illinois staged a protest against the High Cost
 of Food (including butter, 8¢/ lb.,eggs, 6¢/ doz., and beef, 3¢/lb.).
 
"Prices then and now: Have your students guess today's prices for a pound of butter, a dozen eggs, and a pound of beef. Get actual prices from a nearby supermarket. Whose guesses were closest? In addition to comparing today's prices for these items with the 1837 prices, the kids could suggest how food packaging, distribution, and advertising have changed since then."
 
Nov. 4, 1841 The First Immigrant Wagon Train arrived in California.
 
Nov. 4, 1842 Abraham Lincoln married Mary Todd.
 
Nov. 22, 1842 The First Volcanic Eruption Recorded in the
United States occurred at Mt. Lassen, Calif.
 
Nov. 28, 1843 France and England recognized the Independence of Hawaii.
 
Nov. 19, 1850 The First Insurance Policy on a Woman's Life was issued.
 
Nov. 13, 1851 Moby-Dick was published.
 
Nov. 17, 1851 The First Postage Stamps depicting the American eagle
 were issued.
 
"Stamp of approval: Show your (children) a picture of the bald eagle. Why do they think this bird appealed to our Founding Fathers as a symbol for the country? Where besides postage stamps have they seen this symbol used? Have each (child) design a class stamp, then hold a vote for the favorite. Have a local stationery store make the winning design into a traditional in-pad stamp, which you and the kids can use to adorn papers, tests, and (home) correspondence."
 
Nov. 10, 1855 The Song of Hiawatha, by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow,
was published.
 
Nov. 17, 1855 Dr. David Livingstone came across Victoria Falls along
the Zambezi River.
 
Nov. 12, 1859 Jules Leotard, a French acrobat, introduced
 The Flying Trapeze at a circus in Paris.
 
Nov. 24,1859 Charles Darwin published On the Origin of Species,
which outlined his Theory of Evolution through natural selection.
(This was just a theory and Grandma provided information in the
beginning of classes that they have found this to be untrue by a
special skull they found.)
 
Nov 6, 1860 Abraham Lincoln defeated three other candidates for the presidency.
 
Nov. 19, 1863 Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address.
 
"Quality, not Quantity: President Lincoln and Edward Everett, a former governor of Massachusetts, secretary of state, and U.S. senator, spoke at a ceremony dedicating a national cemetery at Gettysburg, Pa.--where 3,100 Union soldiers and 3.900 Confederate soldiers died in battle. Newspaper editors throughout the country failed to recognize the importance of Lincoln's speech, relegating the 270-word address to inside pages while covering Everett's 2-hour speech on front pages. Read the Gettysburg Address--now regarded as one of the greatest speeches of all time--to your (children). Do they think it's a powerful speech/ Why? Challenge them to write a speech of 100 words or less on a topic that evokes strong feelings in them."
 
Nov 26, 1863 By proclamation of President Abraham Lincoln,
Thanksgiving Day was celebrated on the last Thursday in November.
 
Nov. 15, 1864 Union soldiers under the command of General William
Sherman Burned the City of Atlanta.
 
Nov. 16, 1864 General William Sherman started his Civil War
"march to the Sea" from Atlanta.
 
Nov. 21, 1864 President Lincoln wrote a letter of condolence
to Mrs. Lydia Bixby, whose five sons had been killed in the Civil War.
 
Nov. 26, 1864 Lewis Carroll sent an early Christmas present to
Alice Liddell, a 12-year-old friend: a handwritten manuscript that
he later expanded into Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
 
Nov. 13, 1865 Gold Certificates, used in place of money or gold to
 pay debts, were first issued.
 
Nov. 18, 1865 Mark Twain published his first fiction,
 "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County."
 
Nov. 11, 1868 The New York athletic Club held the First Indoor Track Meet.
 
"Keep on trackin': Celebrate the anniversary of the first indoor track meet by organizing a similar event ... . ...(plan activities). Include such favorite events as the broad jump and relays. But also try some nontraditional events, such as a walking race in which (children) must keep one foot on the ground at all times and may not bend their knees, a backward race, or a hopping race. Vary the distances of the races so "tortoises" as well as "hares" have a chance to show their stuff."
 
Nov. 6, 1869 Rutgers defeated Princeton, l-4, in the First Intercollegiate Football
Game.
 
"Let the games begin!: In honor of James Naismith, who invented basketball so his students could play a sport indoors, have (the children) design a game that meets their needs. Ask (them) to decide: 1) where the game should be played (indoors or outdoors), 2) the number of players ... (and if teams-how many on each, 30 the necessary equipment, and 40 the emphasis of the game (accuracy, speed, strength, endurance, or some combination of these). Have the (children) try out their games, then demonstrate them to ...others if you wish."
 
Nov. 17, 1869 The Suez Canal opened.
 
Nov. 24, 1869 Women from 21 states met in Cleveland to organize
the American Woman Suffrage Association.
 
Nov. 1, 1870 The U.S. Weather Bureau made its first weather observation.
 
Nov. 18, 1870 Mail was carried by Pigeon from England to France.
 
Nov. 6, 1871 Anna Sewell began writing Black Beauty.
 
"Animal "authors":In commemoration of the day Anna Sewell began writing Black Beauty, ask your (children) to select an animal--real or fictional--and write a diary entry in that animal's voice. They should focus on a particular incident in the animal's life (for example, giving birth, winning a race, moving). Encourage the kids to consult science books for information that will lend authenticity to their work."
 
Nov.10, 1871 Reporter Henry M. Stanley found Dr. David Livingstone
in central Africa.
 
"Quite a bike, I presume: Henry Morton Stanley traveled for 236 days and covered 975 miles to find Dr. David Livingstone. Have your (children) use an atlas to identify an area they're unfamiliar with that's about 975 miles from their hometown."
 
Nov. 5, 1872 Susan B. Anthony was arrested and fined $100 for trying
 to vote in a presidential election."
 
Nov. 19, 1872 A patent for the Adding Machine was issued to
E.D. Barbour of Boston.
 
Nov. 20, 1873 The cities Buda and Pest were United to form
Hungary's capital.
 
"Twin cities: Locate Budapest on a world map. Then have your (children) search atlases, globes, and maps for other twin cities that could be combined and given new names. List these places ... . The kids could even combine two states or countries. How about a state called Arkansasaw or a country called Sportugal?"
 
Nov. 7, 1874 The elephant was first used as a Symbol of the
Republican Party, in Harper's Weekly.
 
Nov. 24, 1874 Barbed Wire was patented by Joseph Glidden of Illinois.
 
Nov. 30, 1875 A patent for a Biscuit Cutter was issued to
A,O, Ashbourne of Oakland, Calif.
 
Nov. 23, 1876 Columbia, Harvard, and Princeton formed the
First Intercollegiate Football Association.
 
Nov. 21, 1877 Thomas Edison announced his Invention of the Phonograph.
 
Nov. 4, 1879 James Ritty received a patent for the Cash Register.
 
"A cash register's story: James Ritty designed the first cash register so he could have a record of transactions in his restaurant. His first model looked like a clock, with one hand showing the dollars and the other hand showing the cents. There were rows of keys along the base. Today's electronic cash registers indicate the category and price of each item, the total sale, the amount tendered, and the amount of change. Have the (children) collect grocery tapes and make bar graphs of the different types of purchases--produce, meat, cleaning supplies, and so on. Then have the kids transfer this information to pie graphs showing the percentage of purchases from each category."
 
Nov. 18, 1883 Standard Time Zones were adopted in the United States.
 
"Clock confusion: Until late in the 19th century, there was no national standard time. People would set their watches by the position of the sun, and even if they were off by a little bit, they didn't care. But as the country grew and communication--and railways--expanded, it became necessary to establish standard times. That's when American railroad companies adopted a system of four time zones: eastern, central mountain, and Pacific. Display a U.S. map that's divided into time zones. Set four watches according to time zone and clip them to the appropriate section of the map. Throughout the day, refer to the watches and talk about what people might be doing at that moment in various parts of the country."
 
Nov. 26, 1883 Sojourner Truth, a former slave who became
a leading abolitionist, died.
 
Nov. 10, 1885 The World's First Motorcycle--a 1/2-horsepower engine mounted
 on a wooden bicycle frame--was invented by a German named Gottlieb Daimler.
 
Nov. 27, 1885 A Meteorite landed near Mazapil, Mexico.
 
Nov. 30, 1887 The First Softball Game was played in Chicago.
 
Nov. 2, 1889 North Dakota and South Dakota became the 39th and 40th
 states respectively.
 
"Welcome, Dakotas!:Complete a class "K-W-L" chart about North and South Dakota. (Kids start out by listing what they know about the states and what more they want to know.) During free reading, ask (your children) to research the states, with the class "W" list in mind. Later, they can report on what they learned."
 
Nov. 8, 1889 Montana became the 41st state.
 
"Welcome, Montana!: Ask your (children) to speculate on the origin of Montana's name (it comes from the Latin term for "mountainous"). Do they think the state's nickname, "Big Sky Country," is appropriate? Montana ranks fourth among the states in land area. Which states do your (children) think are larger than Montana? How does Montana's total area of 147,046 square miles compare with the area of your state?"
 
Nov. 11, 1889 Washington became the 42nd state.
 
Nov. 14, 1889 Journalist Nellie Bly set out on An Around-The-World Trip she
 hoped to complete in less than 80 days.
 
Nov. 23, 1889 The First Jukebox was installed,in Sam Francisco.
 
Nov. 27, 1890 A Protest Against Bicycles took place outside Boston.
The demonstrators claimed bicycles made the roads unsafe
for horses and buggies.
 
"Wheelers: Those who complained about bicycles on Boston streets also disliked the black tights and handlebar mustaches sported by so many cyclists. Ask your (children) to describe how cyclists are dressing today. What are some safety rules all cyclists should practice? Challenge the kids to compare the average costs of a bicycle 100 years ago and today."
 
Nov. 29, 1890 Navy beat Army, 25-0, in the First Army-Navy Football Game.
 
Nov. 18, 1894 The First Sunday Newspaper Comic Section
 appeared in the New York World.
 
Nov. 5, 1895 George Seldon received a patent for a Gas-powered Automobile.
 
"Wheels of the future: Celebrate the automobile with your (children). Invite them
 to draw the car of the future--or their dream car--labeling any unique
 features and unusual capabilities.
As a journal assignment, ask your students to ponder one of these questions: What would the automobile industry be like without mass production? What would the world be like without cars? What are some of the pros and cons of automobile travel? What could you do to cut back on car use in your family?"
 
Nov. 8, 1895 X-Rays were discovered by the German physicist
Wilhelm Roentgen.
 
Nov. 28, 1895 The First U.S. Auto Race began in Chicago. J. Frank Duryea
won with an average speed of 7 1/2 mph.
 
"Some race!: The first U.S. auto race covered a 54-mile course from Chicago to Evanston, Ill.,
and back. More than 80 cars entered, but only 6 completed the race. Have your (children) use their calculators to compute the percentage that finished. Tell the (children) that it took the winning driver 7 hours and 53 minutes to cover the course, for an average speed of 7 1/2 mph. Your (children) might be surprised to learn that a chicken can run faster. Ask them to research how some other animals' speeds compare."
 
Nov. 15, 1896 Niagara Falls was first used to generate power,
for the city of Buffalo, N.Y.
 
Nov. 24, 1896 Vermont enacted the First Absentee Voting Law.
 
Nov. 23, 1897 J.L. Love received a patent for the Pencil Sharpener.
 
Nov.3, 1900 The First Auto Show in the United States was held in New York City.
 
Nov. 16, 1901 An automobile was first driven Faster than a Mile a Minute.
 
Nov. 10, 1903 The Windshield Wiper was patented by
 Mary Anderson of Massachusetts.
 
"Everyday things: The windshield wiper, invented on this day in 1903, is an uncomplicated device that helps drivers avoid accidents. Ask the (children) to suggest some other simple yet helpful items that make a big difference in their daily lives. What about the bottle opener, the pocket knife, the colander, the staple remover, and thumbtacks? Invite students to write a tribute to one of these devices, such as "Ode to a Hand-Held Orange Juice Squeezer."
 
Nov. 27, 1903 Puss, the Oldest Cat on Record, was born. She
lived for 36 years and 1 day.
 
"It's a wonderful life; Ask your (children) to use almanacs and record books to find average life spans and longevity records for various animals. Then have them make bar graphs to show the results. What kinds of animals seem to live longer? Invite the kids to write biographies of their pets. Encourage them to include photos."
 
Nov. 9, 1906 Theodore Roosevelt became the First U.S. President to
 Leave the Country while in office, sailing for the Panama Canal Zone.
 
Nov. 22, 1906 The SOS Distress Signal was adopted
by an international convention in Berlin.
 
"Student ciphers: Most people think SOS stands for Save Our Ship, Save Our Souls, or Stop Other Signals. All are wrong, SOS  represents the Morse code signal for three short dots, three long dashes, and three short dots. It was adopted by international agreement as a universal call for help because it was easy to understand. Invite student teams to develop their own codes and exchange messages with others. Keep a (family) code book with decoded messages."
 
Nov. 15, 1907 The "Mutt and Jeff" comic strip first appeared.
 
Nov. 16, 1907 Oklahoma became the 46th state.
 
Nov. 11, 1909 Work began on the U.S. Naval Base at Pearl Harbor.
 
Nov. 8, 1910 A patent for a "Bug Zapper" was issued to W.W. Frost
 of Spokane, Wash.,
 
Nov. 27, 1910 Pennsylvania Station opened in New York City.
At the time, it was the Largest RailwayTerminal in the United States.
 
Nov.5, 1911 The First Transcontinental Airplane Flight arrived in
 Pasadena, Calif., from New York.
 
"Flying time: The first transcontinental airplane flight covered the 2,320-mile distance from New York to Pasadena in 82 hours and 4 minutes. Have the class use calculators to figure out the plane's air speed. Then challenge the kids to determine how long it would take a modern jet (560 mph), a supersonic plane (800mph), and an orbiting satellite (25,000 mph) to make that trip."
 
Nov. 23, 1911 The U.S. Post office's First Airmail Pilot,
Earl Ovington, was sworn in.
 
"Getting there: Earl Ovington flew the mail between two communities on Long Island: Garden City and Mineola. The distance of his route was 6 miles. On a local road map, mark places that are 6 miles from your (Home). Have the kids figure out how long it would take a bicyclist to carry mail 6 miles. How about a walker?"
Nov. 12, 1912 The First Movie Stuntman jumped from a dynamited balloon
 into the Hudson River.
 
Nov. 22, 1917 The National Hockey league was established.
 
"Hockey havens: The National Hockey League was established in 1917. Ask your (children) to check an almanac to find all the cities that have a professional hockey team. Locate these cities on a map. Which team names seem particularly appropriate? For example, whaling was an important industry in Connecticut during the 19th century, and Hartford's team name is the Whalers."
 
Nov. 11, 1918 An Armistice was signed ending World War I.
 
Nov. 2, 1920 The First Commercial Radio News Broadcast originated from
 station KDKA in Pittsburgh, Pa. It reported the presidential election returns.
 
Nov. 15, 1920 The League of Nations held its first meeting in Geneva.
 
Nov. 11, 1921 America's Unknown Soldier of World War I was interred at Arlington
National Cemetery.
 
Nov. 4, 1922 English archaeologist Howard Carter discovered steps leading to
 The Entrance Gallery of King Tutankhamen's Tomb.
 
Nov. 21, 1922 The First Cruise Ship to Circumnavigate the
World, the Laconic, departed from New York City.
 
Nov. 20, 1923 Garrett Morgan, an African-American inventor,
patented The Traffic Light.
 
Nov. 4, 1924 Nellie Taylor Ross, the nation's First Woman Governor,
 was elected in Wyoming.
 
Nov. 5, 1924 The First Crossword Puzzle Book was published.
 
Nov. 26, 1925 Ford Announced the Price of its popular roadster: $260.
 
Nov. 12, 1927 The Holland Tunnel, which runs under New York's
 Hudson River, was opened.
 
Nov. 22, 1927 The First Snowmobile Patent was issued to Carl J.E. Elason.
 
Nov. 6, 1928 Jacob Schick received a patent for the Electric Shaver.
 
"A close shave: Have your (children) compare the electric shaver with the product that preceded it, the razor. What special needs does the electric shaver meet that the razor does not? In their journals, have the kids list ways products they use could be improved and sketch what the new versions might look like."
 
Nov. 6, 1928 Charles Curtis, whose mother was a Native American of the
 Kaw tribe, became the 31st vice president of the United States
 
Nov. 7, 1929 The Museum of Modern Art opened in New York.
 
Nov. 28, 1929 Ernie Nevers established an NFL Single-Game Scoring
Record by running for six touchdowns and kicking four extra points.
 
Nov. 29, 1929 Richard Byrd completed the First Plane Flight
over the South Pole.
 
Nov. 22, 1931 Ferde Grofe's Grand Canyon Suite premiered in Chicago.
 
Nov. 11, 1933 The Great Black Blizzard, a storm that kicked up a mile-high
 wall of dust, ravaged thousands of acres of the Great Plains.
 
Nov. 13, 1933 The First Recorded Sit-Down Strike in the United States
 took place at the Hormel Packing Co. in Austin, Minn.
 
Nov.16, 1933 The United States established Diplomatic Relations with the USSR.
 
Nov. 2, 1936 The British Broadcasting Corporation began regular TV
 broadcasts in England.
 
Nov. 9, 1938 Nazis roamed the streets of Germany, destroying Jewish
 homes, businesses, and synagogues in what came to be known
as the "Crystal Night."
 
Nov. 10, 1938 American writer Pearl Buck was awarded the Nobel Prize
 in literature.
 
Nov. 13, 1939 The Rotolactor, a rotating milking machine capable of milking
 1,680 cows in 7 hours, was demonstrated by its inventor, Henry Jeffers.
 
Nov. 15, 1939 President Franklin D. Roosevelt laid the cornerstone for the
Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.
 
"Making changes: The Jefferson Memorial is a tribute to our third president, who was also the writer of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson believed that there should be less formality in the White House. As president, he began the practice of having guests sit at a round table so everyone would feel equally important. He also preferred his guests to shake his hand instead of bowing, which had been the practice. Ask your (children) to list practices they think are too formal and what changes they'd make."
 
Nov. 5, 1940 Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first U. S president elected
 to a third term.
 
Nov. 7, 1940 The Tacoma Narrows Bridge Collapsed in a windstorm. It was the
nation's third-largest suspension bridge.
 
Nov. 13, 1940 Walt Disney's Fantasia, the first film with stereophonic sound,
 premiered in New York.
 
Nov. 3, 1942 The Alaska Highway, running from Dawson Creek, British Columbia,
 to Fairbanks, Alaska, was completed.
 
Nov 7, 1944 President Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected to an unprecedented
Fourth Consecutive Term.
 
Nov. 23, 1945 World War II Food Rationing ended in the
United States, except for sugar.
 
Nov. 13, 1946 The First Artificial Snow was produced at Mt. Greylock, Mass.
 
Nov. 21, 1946 Harry S. Truman became the First President to
Travel Underwater on a Submarine.
 
"Underwater president: Harry Truman rode on board U-2513, a captured German submarine, during U.S. naval exercises off Key West, Fla. Show your (children) a cutaway view of a submarine. (You should be able to find one in an encyclopedia.) Then ask them to draw a cutaway view of their lunch bag, backpack, or toy chest--with contents, of course."
 
Nov. 20, 1947 Queen Elizabeth II of England
 married Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten.
 
Nov.2, 1948 President Harry S. Truman Won Reelection despite polls predicting
 a landslide victory for his opponent, Thomas E. Dewey.
 
Nov. 10, 1951 Coast-to-Coast Direct-dial Phone Service began.
 
"Phone fun: Play a map game using area codes. Call out a code (check the front of the telephone book for a list) and the state or country that uses it. Have a volunteer point to the place on the wall map.
Have the kids make wallet-sized cards that contain important phone numbers--such as the police and fire departments, the poison control center, and parents' work numbers. Encourage the kids to keep this information handy."
 
Nov. 25, 1952 Agatha Christie's The Mouse-Trap ,
the longest-running play ever, opened in London.
 
Nov. 10, 1954 The Iwo Jima Memorial was dedicated in Arlington, VA.
 
Nov. 12, 1954 Ellis Island, which since 1892 had processed more than
 20 million immigrants to the United States, was closed.
 
Nov. 30, 1954 A Meteorite fell on Ann Hodges of Sylacauga, Ala.
 
"Surprise from space; While resting on her couch, Ann Hodges was jolted to her feet by a tremendous noise. She felt pain in her left hand and hip, saw a large hole in the ceiling, then noticed a rock--still worm to the touch--on the floor. It was a meteorite. Though a meteorite strikes a human only about once every 10,000 years, 200 to 2,000 of them fall to earth each day. Your (children) might not have seen any meteorites, but they might well have stepped on some micrometeorites: about 20 tons of these dust particles land on earth every day. Can your (children) explain the difference between a meteor and a comet?"
 
Nov. 13, 1956 The U.S. Supreme Court declared Racial Segregation
 on Public Buses Unconstitutional.
 
Nov. 3, 1957 A dog named Laika became Earth's First Space Traveler, on board
 the Soviet satellite Sputnik
 
Nov. 2, 1959 Jacques Plante became the First Goalie to wear a Mask
 during a professional Hockey game.
 
Nov. 17, 1959 Synthetic Diamonds were first commercially
 manufactured by De Beers in South Africa.
 
"Hot statistics: To produce synthetic diamonds, pure carbon is subjected to temperatures above 5,000° F and pressures exceeding 2,500,000 pounds per square inch. Challenge your (children) to compare this temperature with that of the human body (98.6° F) and this pressure with that of the atmosphere at sea level (14.7 pounds per square inch). also have the kids compare and graph other temperatures, such as molten lava (2,200° F), a car engine (700° F), and the surface of the sun (10,000° F)."
 
Nov. 20, 1959 The United Nations adopted the Declaration
of the Rights of the Child.
 
"Rights rally: The Declaration of the Rights of the Child states that all children are entitled to an opportunity to develop in a healthy, normal manner; a name and a nationality; adequate housing and nutrition; recreation and medical services; special care if handicapped; love and understanding; free education; protection in times of disaster; and protection from cruelty, neglect, and discrimination. Encourage your (children) to write a classroom Declaration of the Rights of the (Home Schooled). Publish the finished document in your (home) newsletter."
 
Nov. 27, 1960 Hockey star Gordie Howe recoded his 1,000th Career Point.
 
Nov. 29, 1961 A U.S. Mercury-Atlas Space Capsule, along with its
passenger, a chimpanzee, was recovered after splashing down.
 
"Animals in space: Many animals have blazed their own space trails. Have (the children) research the contributions of animal astronauts and critter cosmonauts. The kids should include the type of animal, the country that sent it into space, and the date of the space flight. Then ask your (children) to design plaques or citations for each animal." (Put them in a booklet.)
 
Nov. 1, 1962 The Soviet Union launched the spacecraft Mars 1 to study the Red Planet.
 
Nov. 5, 1963 The First Radio-tracked Grizzly Bear began its hibernation.
 
"Nap time!: Scientists studied the grizzly's "long winter nap" by placing a radio transmitter around the bear's neck. Ask your (children) to list other animals that hibernate throughout the winter. What animals are true hibernators? What animals are partial hibernators? What animals remain active throughout the winter? Ask your (children) to make bookmarks depicting animals' winter habits. Give the finished products to the school librarian for use in animal or winter books."
 
Nov. 14, 1963 Surtsey, a volcanic island near Iceland, was born.
 
"Up in smoke: The volcanic island Surtsey was named in honor of Surtur, the fire-possessing giant of Norse mythology. Have your (children) research other mythical characters--Thor, Atlas, Perseus, Neptune, Aphrodite, Cyclops, Mercury, Pygmalion, Medusa--and describe make-believe islands bearing the names and reflecting the traits of these characters."
 
Nov. 22, 1963 President John F. Kennedy was Assassinated in Dallas, Tex.
 
Nov. 25, 1963 President John F. Kennedy was
Buried in Arlington National Cemetery.
 
"Leadership qualities: When John F. Kennedy was a college student, he wrote, "Unless democracy can produce able leaders, its chances of survival are slight." Ask your (children) to list qualities of an able leader. Then have them write a short essay on the character traits they think the president of the United States should have."
 
Nov. 29, 1963 President Lyndon Johnson established the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy. (However, Grandma heard of a recent video of Robert Kennedy accusing Lyndon Johnson of having John Kennedy killed-something to look into.)
 
Nov. 3, 1964 Residents of Washington, D.C., voted for the first time in
 a presidential election.
 
Nov. 21, 1964 The Verrazano-Narrows Bridge, the suspension bridge
with the longest main span in the world, opened.
 
Nov.9, 1965 A Power Blackout covering 80,000 square miles stranded
 almost a million East Coast residents in elevators and subways for up to 13 hours.
 
"Blackout!: Most people take electricity for granted--until the power goes out! History's most celebrated blackout put 30,000,000 East Coast residents in the dark for up to 13 hours. Almost 1,000,000 people were trapped in elevators and subways. Ask your (children) to list other aspects of modern life that people frequently take for granted. Have them write a short story that explores the consequences of one or more of these assumptions."
 
Nov. 7, 1966 NBC Became the First Network to broadcast all of its
 programs in color.
 
Nov. 17, 1966 During a huge meteor shower, 50,000 meteors
 were observed over Arizona in a 20-minute period.
 
Nov. 10, 1969 "Sesame Street" debuted.
 
"Muppet moments: To celebrate the 1969 debut of "Sesame Street,"  have your (children) make a list of its stars--both human and muppet. Invite the kids to make anniversary cards for their favorite characters. Send them in care of Children's Television Workshop, One Lincoln PLaza, New York, NY 10023. Continue the party y asking your kids to share their favorite "Sesame Street" book with classmates or with a class younger students."
 
Nov. 16, 1969 Moon Rocks first went on public display, in New York
City's Museum of Natural History.
 
"Moon rocks: In 1969, astronaut Neil Armstrong collected 48 pounds of soil and rocks from the moon. Scientists eagerly studied these samples. They discovered a rock mineral not found on earth and named it Armalcolite after the Apollo 11 astronauts--Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins. Have groups of students figure out what they'd name rocks they discovered."
 
Nov. 19, 1969 The Brazilian soccer star Pele Scored His
1,000th Career Goal, in Rio de Janeiro.
 
Nov. 20, 1969 The U.S. Department of Agriculture Banned The Use
of Pesticide DDT in residential areas.
 
Nov. 23, 1969 The First Fossil Bones Found in Antarctica were discovered.
 
"Life on the frozen continent: Archaeologists digging near the South Pole found the fossil remains of a Lystrosaurus, a 4-foot reptile that lived about 200 million years ago. Ask your (children) to make a list of the animals living in Antarctica today. Then have them use this list to sketch a food web that involves at least three of the animals."
 
Nov. 23, 1969 Apollo 12 astronauts held the First Space-to-earth
News Conference.
 
"Interplanetary news: In honor of the first space-to earth news conference,...(have the children investigate planets.) Once research is complete, ask (them to create a news telecast from (the ) planets." (Your family should have already done some research on the planets now just make a telecast of your research.) 
 
Nov. 24, 1969 Apollo 12 splashed down in the Pacific to conclude
its historic moon mission.
 
Nov. 8, 1970 Placekicker Tom Dempsey kicked an NFL-record 63-Yard
 Field Goal to propel the New Orleans Saints over the Detroit Lions.
 
Nov. 17, 1970 The Soviet Union's Lunokhod 1, a solar-powered
eight-wheel robot, became the First Vehicle to Travel Along the Moon's Surface.
 
Nov. 18, 1971 The Hunting of Animals From Airplanes was made a federal crime.
 
Nov. 1, 1973 The World's Tallest Barber Pole, a towering 50 feet e inches,
was put up in Alexander, N.Y.
 
Nov. 25, 1973 By executive order, the Speed Limit on U.S.
highways was reduced to 55 mph.
 
Nov. 27, 1973 By a vote of 92-3, The Senate Voted to Confirm Gerald
Ford as vice president, succeeding Spiro Agnew.
 
Nov. 9, 1976 Smokey the Bear died at the age of 26.
 
"Forest fire policy: Smokey the Bear was a badly burned cub that survived a fire in the Lincoln National Forest in New Mexico. With a cartoon Smokey as its mascot, the U.S. Forest Service supported a no-burn policy. This led to overgrown "old" forests that inhibited new growth. In the 1970s, a policy allowing natural fires to burn was instituted in order to help rejuvenate forests. This policy was questioned after tremendous fires burned much of Yellowstone National Park in 1988. Show your (children) pictures of Yellowstone immediately after the fires and a year later. Have small groups design posters depicting the ways in which fire is a natural part of the ecological process."
 
Nov. 9, 1976 The United Nations General Assembly approved 10
 Resolutions Condemning Apartheid in South Africa.
 
Nov. 20, 1976 The Longest Banana Split ever made--over a mile
long--was served in Queensland, Australia.
 
Nov. 7, 1977 By catching a Grape thrown 259 feet in his mouth, college
 student Arden Chapman established a new world record.
 
"Would-be records: A world record is set when a person does something longer, bigger, faster, more often, than anyone else. Ask your (children) to think of a world record they'd like to set. Then have them draw a picture of themselves setting that record. Add to the fun by asking the kids to give themselves a nickname that describes their special performance. For example, Arden Chapman's nickname could be "the Great Grapecatcher," "Grape Man," or "Gotcha Graper." The kids can make nickname nametags to wear when they share their pictures and tell their record-breaking stories."
 
Nov. 22, 1977 The Concorde Jet began service between
New York and Paris and London.
 
Nov. 4, 1979 Militant Iranian Students seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran and
 took its staff hostage, an ordeal that lasted 444 days
 
Nov. 28, 1979 Billy Smith of the New York Islanders became the
 First NHL Goalie to Score a Goal.
 
"Football records: Have the kids check the newspaper sports page for current team and individual football statistics. Who are the leading passers, receivers, and scorers? Invite the kids to write their own word problems based on the newspaper stats. What player scored the most points in the previous week's games? How does his total compare with Ernie Nevers's?"
 
Nov. 12, 1980 Voyager 1, an unmanned U.S. spacecraft, passed Saturn and
 transmitted new information about the planet's rings.
 
Nov.11, 1981 Fernando Valenzuela of the Los Angeles Dodgers became the
 First Rookie to Win Baseball's Cy Young Award.
 
Nov. 12, 1981 The second launching of the Space Shuttle Columbia marked
the first time a space vehicle was reused.
 
Nov. 13, 1982 The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated
 in Washington, D.C.
 
"The wall: The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is one of the most visited sites in Washington, D.C.  Its black, reflective surface is engraved with the names of over 58,000 Americans killed or missing in action in Vietnam. The memorial was designed by Maya Yang Lin, an architecture student at Yale University. A panel of artists, architects, designers, and members of the Fine Arts Commission selected her design from among 1,421 entries, including one from her professor The ideas, in model form, filled a large warehouse.
Many visitors leave mementos, including stuffed animals, photos, flags, flowers, letters, and poems, at the base of the panel where the name of a relative or friend appears. Ask your (children) what mementos they would leave. Then share Eve Bunting's powerful book The Wall."
 
Nov. 9, 1984 The Statue Three Servicemen was unveiled at the Vietnam
Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C.
 
Nov. 6, 1987 American sailor Tania Aebi completed a 2 1/2 year,
27,000-mile voyage around the world, thus becoming the
 First Woman to Circumnavigate the Glove Solo.
 
Nov. 19, 1987 Architect Robert Leathers met with Chicago elementary
 students  To Design a Play Ground.
 
"Junior architects: Primary students from the Abraham Lincoln School in Chicago gave architect Robert Leathers pictures of their ideal playground. Using their ideas, he designed a fantasy playground of castles, spaceships, mazes, and tunnels. Ask your (children) to design, draw, and label a diagram of their dream playground."
 
Nov. 20, 1987 Twiglet Bank, the first bank founded by children,
run by children, and for children only opened.
 
Nov. 9, 1989 East Germany opened the Berlin Wall and its border with
 West Germany as thousands celebrated.
 
Nov.22, 1990 Clifford the Big Red Dog made his
debut in Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade.
 
"Canine favorite: Norman Bridwell, the creator of Clifford the Big Red Dog, thinks it's reassuring for kids to see that everyone--even a lovable dog like Clifford--makes mistakes. Have your (children) bring their favorite Clifford books (out). Invite them to read sections that show the oversized pooch trying to do the right thing but falling just a bit short of his goal."
 
Nov. 3, 1992 Bill Clinton was elected the 42nd president of the United States.
Week
 
Sorry that Grandma cannot go any further tonight. These are really longer than I expected and I have been typing all day. My fingers will no longer work right. I will finish the weekend.

5 Comments to Day 178:

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