This is the last Day for Grandma lessons given this school season! Grandma will move on to additions and extra material for the public. If she does not get directly back to the People who have made comments this year. I want them to know how much I appreciated their encouragement. I may not have gotten through the year without your help. Thank-you very much.
Grandma will be giving you the 1900's for January and February. She will also finish up May for you as part of the beginning of Summers lessons. Please stay tuned and who knows what we will make of it. Grandma is working on some more ideas. Take care.
Jan. 29, 1900 Baseball's American League was organized.
Jan. 10, 1901 The First Oil Strike in Texas was made.
"Black gold: The first oil strike was a gusher called Spindle top. It sent a huge fountain of oil spraying more than 100 feet above the derrick and almost drowned the drilling crew. The gusher would be seen for 10 miles. Have your (children) use road maps to find a location 10 miles from their (home)."
Jan. 19, 1903 President Theodore Roosevelt sent the First
Greeting Telegram, to King Edward VII in London.
"Whimsical telegrams: Ask your (children) to create telegrams for their favorite athlete, movie star, book or cartoon character, author, singer, politician, or other notable personality, living or dead." Next role play the telegrams as one being the receiver and the other the singer and then switch roles.
Jan. 5, 1905 The National Association of Audubon Societies was founded
Jan. 25, 1905 The World's Largest Diamond--3,106 carats--was
discovered in South Africa.
Jan. 1, 1907 President Theodore Roosevelt Shook Hands with
8,513 People at a New Year's function.
Jan. 21, 1908 A law was passed making it Illegal for a
Woman to Smoke in Public in New York City.
Jan. 24, 1908 Sir Robert Baden-Powell organized
the First Boy Scout Troop in England.
Jan. 10, 1911 The First Aerial Photograph was taken.
Jan. 18, 1911 Lieutenant Eugene Ely became the First Person
to Land a Plane on a Ship, the USS Pennsylvania.
Jan 6, 1912 New Mexico became the 47th state.
Jan 5, 1914 Automobile manufacturer Henry Ford announced the
adoption of a Minimum Wage of $5 a Day.
Jan. 14, 1914 Henry Ford's First Automobile
Assembly Line went into operation.
Jan. 12, 1915 The U.S. House of Representatives
Refused to Give Women the Right to Vote.
Jan. 25, 1915 Alexander Graham Bell made the First
Transcontinental Telephone Call, from New York to San Francisco.
Jan. 30, 1915 Congress created the U.S. Coast Guard.
Jan. 23, 1916 A 100° Temperature Variation (-44° F to 56° F)
occurred during a 24-hour period in Browning, Mont.
Jan. 24, 1916 The Supreme Court ruled Income Tax constitutional.
Jan. 30, 1917 The First Jazz Record was produced.
Jan. 8, 1918 President Woodrow Wilson delivered his Fourteen
Points Address, which outlined his ideas for a "peace of
justice" after World War I.
Jan. 26, 1918 To Save Meat and Grain for the War Effort, Americans
were asked to observe "wheat less Mondays and Wednesdays,
meatless Tuesdays, and pork less Thursdays and Saturdays."
"Saving...then and now: During World War I, Americans voluntarily gave up meats and grains on certain days of the week so that overseas troops would be well supplied. Today people are voluntarily taking action to save the environment. With your (children), develop a list of daily suggestions to help students and their families "live greener." For example.
*Monday: Turn off the lights, the radio, and the TV when you leave the room.
*Tuesday: Check faucets that might be leaking and set up a repair schedule.
*Wednesday: Save paper by writing on both sides.
*Thursday: Clean the lint catcher in the washer.
*Friday: Turn the thermostat down before going to sleep (or up for air conditioning or off in the morning hours.)"
Jan. 17, 1919 Popeye the Sailor made his debut as a
character in the comic strip "Thimble Theater."
"Mr. Spinach: As most of your (children) know, Popeye the Sailor gets his strength from eating spinach. Ask the kids to invent and name a comic-strip character who gets his strength from a different type of fruit or vegetable. Have (the children) work ...to create an interesting adventure for the character."
Jan. 16, 1920 The Eighteenth Amendment went into effect,
making it illegal to make or sell alcoholic beverages.
Jan. 31, 1920 Hockey player Joe Malone of the Quebec Bulldogs
scored a record-setting Seven Goals in a Single Game.
Jan. 24, 1922 Christian K Nelson patented the Eskimo Pie.
"Fun Food Combos: Christian K Nelson owned an ice cream and candy store in Iowa. One day, a young customer couldn't decide whether to buy ice cream or a chocolate candy bar. His dilemma got Nelson thinking about coating a slice of ice cream with chocolate. After months of experiments, he finally go the chocolate to stick. Nelson initially called his treat the "I-Scream Bar," but later changed the name to "Eskimo Pie." Ask your (children) to come up with food invention ideas of their own. How about vitamin-filled chewing gum? Or edible spoons made from pressed granola? Have the kids create a slogan or logo promoting their new product. Then invite them to share their ideas in a 1-minute commercial."
Jan. 25, 1924 The First Winter Olympics began in Chamonix, France.
Jan. 5, 1925 Nellie Taylor Ross became the First Female
Governor in the United States of Wyoming.
Jan. 22, 1926 The Children's Museum, the World's Largest
Museum for Kids, opened in Indianapolis, Ind.
"Just for kids: Ask your (children) what kinds of items they would include in a kids' museum. Would they pick only older items, or do they think items from today would deserve to be represented? Why? Have the kids tell about the museums they've visited."
Jan. 7, 1927 Abe Superstein founded the Harlem Globetrotters.
Jan. 7, 1927 Transatlantic Telephone Service Began
between New York and London.
"Private line: Miles of cable had to be laid on the ocean floor for the first transatlantic phone service. (The children) can create their own telephones for short-distance transmission of sound. Provide ...(the children) each with two paper cups, two paper clips, and about 10 feet of string. Have them poke a hole in the bottom of each cup, thread string through each hole, tie each end to a paper clip, and gently pull until a partner listens through the other. Ask the kids to replace the string with fishing line, wire, thread, and yarn. Which conducts sound the best?"
Jan. 15, 1927 George Young, a nearly penniless 17-year-old,
won $25,000 in A 16-hour Swimming Marathon.
Jan. 2, 1929 The United States and Canada agreed to preserve Niagara Falls.
Jan. 7, 1929 Tarzan of the Apes, by Edgar Rice Burroughs,
first appeared in newspapers.
Jan. 9, 1929 The First School for Seeing Eye Dogs was founded.
Jan. 29, 1929 Seeing Eye, Inc. the first guide-dog foundation, was organized.
Jan. 21, 1930 The comic strip "Buck Rogers" premiered.
Jan. 22, 1930 Excavation for the Empire State Building began.
Jan. 12, 1932 Hattie W. Caraway of Arkansas became the
First Woman elected to the U.S. Senate.
Jan. 30, 1933 The radio show "The Lone Ranger" premiered.
Jan. 8, 1935 Professor Arthur Cobb Hardy invented the Spectrophotometer,
an instrument that describes over 2 million shades of color.
"Classifying colors: ...give each (child) a hole puncher, one crayon (not black) from an eight-color crayon box, and a few old magazines. Ask (them) to punch out holes they think are within the color family of their crayon. How many different shades of the color can they find in 15 minutes? Finish the activity by having each...glue its holes into a pattern that spells the color's name."
Jan. 11, 1935 Amelia Earhart became the first
woman to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean.
"Book buddies: Amelia Earhart loved adventure--and books. She and her sister Muriel often took turns reading aloud to each other while doing chores, such as washing dishes and sweeping floors. Have (the children) make a list of times they could read with others while doing chores or errands. ... ."
Jan. 29, 1936 The Baseball Hall of Fame was established in
Cooperstown, N.Y., and the first five members were inducted.
Jan. 3, 1938 The March of Dimes was organized.
Jan. 1, 1939 The First Flea Laboratory opened in San Francisco, Calif.
Jan. 30, 1940 The First Social Security Checks were delivered.
Jan. 6, 1941 Franklin D. Roosevelt made his Four Freedoms Speech.
He advocated freedom of worship, freedom of speech,
freedom from want, and freedom from fear.
"Freedom in focus: Which of Franklin D. Roosevelt's "four essential human freedoms" do your (children) think is the most important? Have them work in small groups to decide on a new freedom to add to the list. Finally, ask the kids to suggest freedoms that specific groups should have. For example, what freedoms should children have?"
Jan. 6, 1942 Pan American Airlines achieved the
First Around-The-World Commercial flight.
Jan. 5, 1943 American botanist George Washington Carver died.
"Peanut power: When the botanist and teacher George Washington Carver went to work at Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, many farmers in the South were encountering severe difficulties. Year after year of cotton cultivation had depleted the soil. Carver began searching for solutions. He encouraged farmers to diversify their crops by planting legumes, which helped restore nitrogen to the soil. And he discovered that the sweet potato and peanut would grow especially well under the conditions that prevailed. To make sure farmers had a market for these crops, Carver developed hundreds of uses for them. Peanuts, for example, are used in kitty litter, soap, vinegar, shoe polish, ink, cheese, and face powder.
Have your students make a collage illustrating the variety of products made from peanuts. Then ask the kids if they know of any unusual sandwich combinations that use peanut butter. (Grandma knows peanut butter takes gum out of carpets, hair, and stuff. It does not leave a grease like you would think either.) Designate a day for a ...peanut butter picnic, and have the kids bring ...finger sandwiches of their unusual combinations. (Sweet pickles and peanut butter is really good together too. Also peanut butter on bananas and in celery sticks then with raisins on top and you have ants on a log.) Which were the most popular?"
Jan. 13, 1943 "Victory Sausages" (meatless hot dogs) were
introduced to make rationing easier during World War II.
Jan. 14, 1943 Franklin D. Roosevelt became the First
President to Fly in an Airplane While in Office.
Jan. 15, 1943 The Pentagon, the headquarters of the Department
of Defense and of the United States Army, Navy, and Air Force,
Jan. 18, 1943 Bakers in the United States were ordered to
Stop Selling Sliced Bread for the duration of World War II.
Jan. 29, 1943 Ruth Streeter became the First Woman to Attain
the Rank of Major in the U.S. Marine Corps.
Jan. 18, 1944 E.B. Kan became the First Chinese
Person Granted U.S. Citizenship.
Jan. 20, 1945 President Franklin Roosevelt was
inaugurated for An Unprecedented Fourth Term.
Jan. 25, 1945 Grand Rapids, Mich., became the First City to
Fluoridate its Municipal Water Supply.
Jan. 10, 1946 Delegates from 51 nations met for the First
session of the United Nations General Assembly.
Jan. 10, 1946 Radar Signals were Bounced Off the Moon for the first time.
Jan. 31, 1947 Canada recorded its Lowest Temperature, -62° F.
Jan. 27, 1948 The First Tape Recorder was sold.
Jan. 28, 1948 The First Television Emmy Awards were given.
"TV favorites: Ask your (children) to list their favorite television shows, and write them (down). Then have the kids bestow their own Emmy awards by voting for their favorite shows in various categories. Broaden the activity by surveying (other children) and reporting the results ... ."
Jan. 30, 1948 Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated in New Delhi, India.
Jan. 31, 1949 The First Daytime TV Soap Opera,
"These Are My Children," premiered.
Jan. 26, 1950 Jesse Owens was voted the top track and
field athlete of the first half of the 20th century.
Jan. 14, 1952 NBC's "Today" show premiered.
Jan. 20, 1952 Patricia McCormack made her debut as
America's First Female Bullfighter.
Jan. 21, 1954 The Nautilus, the world's First Atomic Submarine, was launched.
"Around the world under the sea: Conventional submarines are powered by diesel-combustion engines that burn oil. Nuclear subs--such as the Nautilus--are run by a fission process requiring uranium. The uranium engine uses less fuel to produce more energy. In fact, a lump of uranium the size of a golf ball can take a nuclear sub around the world seven times! Have your kids us their calculators to figure out that distance. Then challenge them to find out how the Nautilus got its name."
Jan. 7, 1955 Marian Anderson became the first black singer to
perform at the Metropolitan Opera in New York.
Jan. 19, 1955 President Dwight Eisenhower held the
First Televised Presidential Press Conference.
Jan. 9, 1956 The advice column "Dear Abby" premiered.
Jan. 2, 1959 Luna 1, the First Soviet Moon Probe, was launched.
Jan. 3, 1959 Alaska became the 49th state.
"Welcome to the 49th state: Alaska, the largest state, covers 586,000 square miles. After your (children) locate Alaska on a map or globe, have them check an encyclopedia for the total area of their state. Then they can use their calculators to compare their state's size with Alaska's. About how many times would their state fit inside Alaska? How many times would Rhode Island fit?
The United States paid Russia $7,2 million for all 577.4 million acres of Alaska. Ask the kids to figure out the per-acre cost. Do they think Alaska was a wise purchase? Why or why not? Finally, invite your kids to design a license plate for Alaska, incorporating aspects of the state's economy, culture, climate, or natural resources."
Jan. 9, 1960 Construction began on the Aswan High Dam on
the Nile River is Egypt.
Jan. 23, 1960 The U.S. bathyscaphe Trieste I made a
Record-Breaking Descent to 35, 820 feet.
Jan. 31, 1961 A Chimpanzee Named Ham was recovered safely
after traveling to a height of 155 miles in a space capsule.
"For and against: A male chimpanzee named Ham was rocketed into space during a test of the Project Mercury capsule that would later carry U.S. astronauts into orbit. The Soviet Union used dogs in its testing of space capsules. Ask your (children) to describe the rationale for using these animals. How do the kids feel about animal experimentation in general? Make a class list of pros and cons on this issue. Invite the kids to spell out and defend their individual positions in their journals."
Jan. 16, 1962 Two Mastodon Teeth were discovered by
children in Hackensack, N.J.
"Incredible incisors: Your (children) might be surprised to discover that the earliest and most primitive mastodons, which lived some 40 million years ago, were only the size of pigs. But even they had the elongated trunk and incisor teeth (tusks)--Two above and two below--that are the main characteristics of all mastodons. They also had molars for grinding food. The best-known mastodons stood about 7 to 9 feet at the shoulders and became extinct around 8,000 years ago, possibly because of over hunting by humans. Ask your (children) to name animal species that are endangered today because of human practices. Have (them) research one of these species and report on what is being done to save it from extinction."
Jan. 11, 1964 A report from the U.S. surgeon general declared
Cigarettes Hazardous to Health.
Jan. 23, 1964 The Twenty-Fourth Amendment was ratified,
eliminating the poll tax in U.S. elections.
Jan. 8, 1965 Senator Everett Dirksen of Illinois introduced a bill to
make the Marigold the national flower of the United States.
" Winter blues-buster: Senator Dirksen's bill to make the marigold the national flower never became law. But the marigold--and other beautiful flowers--can bring a splash of color and a hint of spring to your (home) (as well as the number that are edible). Have your (children) look through seed catalogs and vote for a (family) flower. Hang photos of the winner and other top finishers on the (wall or a poster). Other seeds, then germinate and grow them in your (yard)."
Jan. 20, 1965 Lyndon Johnson Broke Tradition by asking his wife,
instead of a government official, to hold the family Bible during
his presidential inauguration.
Jan. 13, 1966 Robert Weaver became the First Black
Appointed to a Cabinet Post, secretary of the Department
of Housing and Urban Development.
Jan. 15, 1967 The Green Bay Packers beat the Kansas
City Chiefs, 35-10, in the First Super Bowl.
Jan. 16, 1967 Alan Boyd became the First
U.S. Secretary of Transportation.
Jan. 27, 1967 Three American astronauts, Virgil Grissom,
Edward White, and Roger Chaffee, were killed in an Apollo
Jan. 9, 1968 Surveyor 7 made a soft landing on the moon.
Jan. 14, 1969 Soviet cosmonauts made the First Linkup of
Two Orbiting Spaceships, Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5.
Jan. 12, 1970 The Boeing 747 made its first transatlantic flight.
Jan. 5, 1972 President Nixon ordered NASA to begin
work on a Manned Space Shuttle.
Jan. 30, 1972 Wilt Chamberlain grabbed his 21,734th rebound
to become Basketball's All-time Rebounding Leader.
Jan. 5, 1973 U.S. airliners began using Magnetometers,
metal-detecting devices, to scan passengers.
Jan. 27, 1973 A cease-fire accord was signed in Paris by the
United States and North Vietnam, ending direct U.S. involvement
in the Vietnam War.
Jan. 28, 1973 Arkansas made the Honeybee its state insect.
Jan. 2, 1974 President Nixon signed a bill requiring states to Limit
Highway Speeds to 55 MPH.
Jan. 31, 1974 A New Jersey court ruling directed
that Little League Teams Accept Girls.
Jan. 21, 1977 President Carter pardoned all U.S. Draft Evaders.
Jan. 16, 1978 NASA accepted its First Women Candidates for Astronauts
"On a whim: While a student at Stanford University, Sally Ride read in the campus newspaper that NASA was accepting applications for astronaut candidates. On a whim, she applied. Ride and five other women were among the 35 applicants chosen from the 8,037 people who applied. Have your (children) use their calculators to figure out what percentage of the applicants were selected as candidates, and what percentage of the candidates were women. Sally Ride went on to become the United States' first woman in space, aboard the shuttle Challenger on June 18, 1983. Ask whether anyone in your (family) ever did something on a whim and achieved positive results. Invite the (family) to share their stories."
Jan. 21, 1979 The Pittsburgh Steelers became the First
Football Team to Win Three Super Bowls.
Jan. 20, 1980 The Pittsburgh Steelers posted their Fourth
Super Bowl Victory in as many attempts.
Jan. 20, 1980 President Jimmy Carter announced that the
United States would Boycott the Summer Olympics in
Moscow because of the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan.
Jan. 26, 1980 Frank Sinatra sang before 175,000 people--the
Largest Crowd Ever Assembled for One Performer--at the
Maracana Stadium in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Jan. 7, 1983 Astronomers discovered a Black Hole Just Beyond the Milky Way.
Jan. 25, 1983 The World's Most Powerful Infrared Telescope,
called Iras, was launched into orbit to search for distant stars,
comets, and asteroids.
Jan. 10, 1985 Shel Silverstein's A Light in the Attic broke the record
(111 weeks) for the longest period on the New York Times best-seller list.
Jan. 24, 1985 The space shuttle Discovery was launched in
the First Secret Military Flight of the Shuttle Program.
Jan. 24, 1986 Photos sent from Voyager 2 showed
10 Previously Unknown Moons of Uranus.
"Uniquely Uranus: Tell your (children) that it takes Uranus 84 years to complete one orbit around the Sun. Have the kids use almanacs to find out what was happening on Earth 84 years ago. What do they think might be happening 84 years from today?"
Jan. 28, 1986 The Space Shuttle Challenger exploded 74 seconds
after lift-off, killing all seven astronauts aboard.
Jan. 20, 1987 Over-The-Telephone Advice helped 13-year-old
Clayton Ary save his grandmother's life.
"Emergency!: Eighth-grader Clayton Ary got scared when his 62-year-old grandmother fell and started turning blue. He dialed 911 for help but received only a recorded message saying 911 was not a service in that community. Next, he called the operator, who explained how to give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Clayton followed her directions, and his grandmother started breathing on her own. Tell your (children) that they should always give their address, phone number, and type of emergency if they call 911. Have them make reminders--on pee-and-stock labels--that they can put on their home phone."
Jan. 22, 1987 A Labrador Retriever Named Coco saved his
2 1/2-year-old master from freezing to death by curling up on top of him.
Jan. 21, 1988 Felix, a Cat Trapped for 29 Days in the cargo hold
of an airplane, was reunited with her owners.
"High-flying feline: A cat named Felix escaped from her box in the cargo hold of a Boeing 747 while flying from Frankfurt, West Germany, to Los Angeles. She logged 179,000 miles over three continents and made 64 stops before airline personnel discovered her. Ask your (children) to figure out the average number of miles Felix traveled between stops. Have them write a story about one of her adventures."
Jan 23, 1988 Bob Benoit became the First Person to
Bowl a Perfect Game in a Televised Title Match.
Jan. 18, 1989 The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted Dion,
Otis Redding, the Rolling Stones, the Temptations, and Stevie Wonder.
Jan. 7, 1990 Italy's Leaning Tower of Pisa was closed for repairs.
"Tower challenge: Give (the children) about 20 4-inch-square pieces of paper. Instruct them to build the tallest paper tower possible. They can fold the sheets or cut them in any way, but they can't use any other materials."
Jan. 12, 1990 The shuttle Columbia returned to earth with
Tomato Seeds That Had Been in Space for 6 Years.
Jan. 13, 1990 Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev said he was prepared
to accept A Multi party System in the USSR.
Jan. 28, 1990 The San Francisco 49ers won their Second Consecutive Super Bowl.
Jan. 31, 1990 The world's Largest McDonald's Restaurant
opened for business in Moscow.
"Big Mac attack: The world's largest McDonald's restaurant, located in Moscow, has 27 cash registers, employs 630 people, and seats 900 customers. When McDonald's advertised for jobs in its Moscow restaurant, 26,000 people applied. Have your (children) use their calculators to figure out what percentage of the applicants got positions. Then tell the kids that an average of 12,500 people eat at the restaurant every day. Have your (children) find out how that number compares with the number of ..(other calculations as the number of people eating in a cafeteria you may know of.)"
Jan. 16, 1991 The Gulf War, in which a U.S.-led coalition of nations
fought to oust Iraqi forces from Kuwait, began with air strikes against Baghdad.
Jan. 20, 1993 Bill Clinton of Arkansas was inaugurated as
the 42nd president of the United States.