2nd Day of Summer Lessons
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2nd Day of Summer Lessons

Dear folks:
There is something I feel I must explain to you that has been worrying me(Grandma). I am worried you will think I am a really crazy using Grandma instead of I to everything. When I started my blogging, I was trying to use myself as my granddaughter's Grandma and as if she was doing the typing, but she felt it was really not her so it did not feel comfortable. However, using the name Grandma in place of myself felt right. I still have trouble deciding to relate it as I or she in my blogs; therefore, you may find me using both at times which I think is ok in the circumstances.
Grandma will start out with the Calendar History today by finishing May up. I may wait on some other things I want to get started also for tomorrow. It has been a pretty stressful day for Grandma today.
May 24 birthdays begin with one in 1816 of Emanuel Leutze, German-born American painter. It has a lesson with it called "Historical painting? Your (children) might not have heard of Emanuel Leutze, but many have probably seen his most famous painting, Washington Crossing the Delaware. The painting depicts George Washington's Christmas Eve, 1776, crossing of the Delaware River to surprise the Hessians at Trenton, N.J. Show your students a reproduction of the painting, which Leutze finished in 1850, and ask whether they think it represents a historically accurate view. For instance, is it likely that Washington would have been standing in the boat? Why not? Why then, would Leutze choose to paint him in this posture? Why aren't contemporary leaders painted in a similar fashion?"
The next birthday happened in 1941 when Bob Dylan (real name: Robert Zimmerman), American singer and songwriter, was born. Then in 1944 Frank Oz, puppeteer, was born. Book (1) says in "Puppet plays" To have your children bring out the puppets or stuffed animals and create stories involving them. Then have them present their "puppet plays" to an audience of an old folks home, hospital, day care, etc. Videotape the presentations so the children can share their creativity.
The events for May 24 include that of
1775 in which John Hancock was elected president of the Continental Congress;
1844 Samuel F.B. Morse transmitted the First Telegraph Message.
"What hath God wrought?";
1869 John Wesley Powell led the First Expedition down the Grand Canyon.
Book (1) writes upon it under "Grand Canyon travelers, Ask your students to imagine they'll be traveling to the Grand Canyon. What kinds of items (supplies, recreational materials) will they need to pack? What is the weather like this time of year? How much will the trip cost?(other trips as well) Encourage the kids to conduct research so they can actually plan an itinerary. Perhaps they might even call travel agents for brochures and trip prices. On the day of the "trip," decorate the classroom with appropriate materials. Then show the students a film about the Grand Canyon."
The rest of the events for May 24 in that of
1883 The Brooklyn Bridge opened. At 1,595 feet, it was the longest
single-span suspension bridge in the world.
In 1935 Major League Baseball's First Night Game took place in
Cincinnati, with the Reds hosting the Philadelphia Phillies.
1968 Chief, the Last Horse of the U.S Cavalry, died.
1976 The Concorde Supersonic Jet began regular 4-hour flights
between Paris and Washington, D.C.
May 25th birthdays include that of 1803 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American poet and essayist. An activity from Book (1) says in "Good advice that Ralph Waldo Emerson was a philosopher as well as a poet and essayist. Ask your students what they think Emerson meant when he said:
  • "Write it on your heart that every day is the best day in the year."
  • "Finish every day and be done with it."
  • "You have done what you could."
What advice for daily living would your students give? Compile their thoughts into a class booklet."
In 1878 Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, American tap dancer, was born.
1920 Martha Alexander, children's author, was born.
1929 Beverly sills, American opera singer, was born.
The Events for May 25 are as follows:
1539 Francisca Hinestrosa arrived at Tampa Bay and became the
First Woman Colonist in the in the New World.
1787 The First Regular Session of the American Constitutional
Convention was held in Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pa.
1935 Jesse Owens Broke Five World Records and tied a sixth--in only 45 minutes.
Book (1) says in "Banner days- Tell your (children) that Jesse Owens had a banner day while competing in the Big 10 Championships at Ann Arbor, Mich. Between 3:15 and 4:00 p.m., he tied one world record (for the 100-yard dash) and broke five others: for the long jump, the 200-meter and 220-yard dashes, and the 200-meter and 220-yard low hurdles. (He ran only the 220-yard events, but his times were faster than the world records too.) The next time your (children) read a biography, ask them to find a banner day in the subject's life and make a report on it."
1935 Babe Ruth hit his 714th and final home run.
1961 President John F. Kennedy called for the nation to Put a Man
On the Moon by the end of the 1960s.
Book (1) says in "Calls for action-In response to President Kennedy's call for action, the United States succeeded in landing a man on the moon by the end of the 1960s. If your (children) were president, what would they ask the nation to do by the end of this decade? Make a list of their suggestions, then have the kids send their list (along with a letter) to the editor of a local newspaper. (Grandma says to print it in their own.)"
1976 White Cascade, the World's Largest Mobile, was installed at the
Federal Reserve Bank in Philadelphia.
1986 More than 5 million Americans formed a Human Chain Across
the Country. Proceeds from Hands Across America ($10 per person)
went to the homeless.
May 25 is also African Liberation Day:National; National Missing
Children's Day and National Tap Dance Day.
May 26 of Book (1) starts out with a birthday in
1837 of Washington A. Roebling, American army officer and
chief engineer of the Brooklyn Bridge.
Then in 1886 Al Jolson, Russian-born American actor
and singer, was born.
 In 1934 Sheila Greenwald, children's author, was born.
1951 Sally Ride, U.S. astronaut who became the first
American woman in space.
Book (1) gives the activity "What a Ride!- Sally Ride was the first American woman in space as well as the youngest American astronaut ever to orbit the earth. Ride's many interests as she was growing up included playing team sports. Ask your (children) if they think shuttle astronauts need to be "team players." Why? Do your (children) consider themselves team players? Have the kids suggest qualities that make a team player successful, then list adjectives to describe those qualities." ( This activity and questions are very important and beneficial to home schoolers because the public system feels their system is the answer to all learning because of the social contact the children have with other children. Grandma does not feel their concept is all correct especially now days when so much corruption is happening in our schools and how sports can cast out other qualities in the success of living. Some children can be very qualified in many careers or self-employed in many ways without having to be an athletic. Yes it teaches to give and take as well as push for success as working as a group but what happens if someone is left out and feels inferior. What happens to people when that is the only thing that matters and only a few of it go to the top. Is it really best so much money goes into such a display of people outdoing others and many hurt doing it. Also discuss other ways of success without having to be up with Miss Snutty or Mr. Hotshot. Being able to talk to people and socialize with others can be obtained in many ways. It is beneficial to you as a family to discuss them.)
The following events happened on May 26:
595BC An eclipse of the Sun Stopped a Battle between two warring tribes,
the Lydians and the Medes, in the Middle East.
1865 The Last Confederate Troops Surrendered at Shreveport, La.
Book (1) says in "War between the states-Tell your (children) that the Civil War was the most destructive wars in U.S. history. Both sides suffered appalling casualties, and much of the countryside was destroyed. The war caused economic disaster for the countryside was destroyed. The war caused economic disaster for the South, and relations between the North and South remained strained for more than a century. Quiz your (children) on what they know about this part of our nation's history. When did the war start? Who was president? What major issues were the North and South fighting over? Have the dis work in teams to prepare a chronology of events, listing three major events for each year from 1861 through 1865."
1868 By one vote, the U.S. Senate Acquitted President Andrew
Johnson of Impeachment Charges.
1941 The American Flag House, Betsy Ross's home, was donated
to the city of Philadelphia.
1969 The Apollo 10 Crew Logged the Fastest Speed--24,791mph--in
the history of human travel.
1978 Legalized Casino Gambling began in Atlantic City, N.J.
May 27 birthdays include the following:
1818 Amelia Bloomer, American women's rights
crusader after whom "bloomers" were named.
1819 Julia Ward Howe, American reformer who wrote
the words to "The Battle Hymn of the Republic"
1837 James "Wild Bill" Hickok, American scout and frontier Marshall
1894 Dashiell Hammett, American detective author
1907 Rachel Carson, American biologist and writer
The Events included are as follows:
1703 Czar Peter the Great of Russia, founded St. Petersburg,
which became the new capital of Russia.
Book (1) activity is "So many names-Tell your (children) that in 1914, the city of St. Petersburg was renamed Petrograd. In 1924, its name was changed again--to Leningrad. Then in 1991, its original name was restored. Ask your (children) to locate this city on a map. Then challenge them to discover why it has had so many different names."
1919 Lt. Commander Albert C. Read and his five-member crew
completed the First Transatlantic Flight in a Navy Seaplane.
1921 Afghanistan celebrated its independence from Great Britain.
1931 Auguste Piccard became the First man to Reach the Stratosphere
in a Balloon.
Book (1) has an activity around this event called "Up, up and away!-Your (children) will enjoy learning about ballooning by making models of balloons. Contact a local florist for free or inexpensive helium balloons." (unless you have a machine to blow them up your self) Then have the children design gondola's to be draped over the balloons with colorful scarves or square materials that can carry a small object in them. Teach them to conserve the weight for each balloon to carry. Tie the balloons down with heavy thread or yarn. Even though a safe room would be best to let them loose in you can conduct the experiment outside if you do not expect to get your balloon back. Watch and see how far each balloon goes or is the fastest up.
Book (57) has a unit on Balloons with these activities:
  • Research the balloon from ancient China to today. Report your findings in a booklet entitled "All About Balloons."
  • For a hair-raising experience, rub a balloon on a woolen surface. Then hold it near your head. Tell what happens and why.
  • Why is Charles Goodyear considered the father of the toy balloon? Write a short biography telling his accomplishments.
  • Place a water balloon in the freezer overnight. Measure it before and after it is frozen. What did you discover? Inflate a balloon, pinch it closed, then let it go. What happens and why? Experiment to see if you can control the flight of the balloon. What scientific principle does this demonstrate?
  • After measuring the circumference of an inflated balloon, place it in the freezer for e0 minutes. What do you think will happen? Made a prediction. Measure it again when you take it out. Explain the difference.
  • What if you were pulled into a giant balloon and floated away? Write about your adventure.
  • Can you stick a pin in a balloon without popping it? What happens if you use a piece of tape? Experiment.
  • Read The Red Balloon or view the film. Name a fun incident, an exciting scene, and the part you like best. What is the message about friendship?
  • Pour 1.2 cup of vinegar into a bottle and put 1 tablespoon of baking soda into a balloon. Place the end of the balloon over the top of the bottle. What causes the chemical reaction?
  • Write a story about the first balloon.
  • Why do helium-filled balloons float at the end of a string, while balloons you blow up stay on the ground?
  • Read, memorize, and illustrate Shel Silverstein's poem, "Eight Balloons," in A Light in the Attic.
  • Read chapter five in Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing by Judy Blume. What were Fudge and his friends supposed to do with the balloons? Think of 10 games featuring balloons that could be played at a party.
  • Write a news article about the incident with the giant balloon that answers the questions who, what, when, where, why, and how.
  • Write a story or poem that includes some or all of the following words: whoosh, pop, hiss, splat, and swish.
  • How did Winnie-the-Pooh plan to get honey with a blue balloon? Read the first chapter of Winnie-the -Pooh to find out how successful he was Retell Pooh's episode at the end of a string.
  • Write an autobiography of a balloon. Include memorable events, exciting escapades, and near-fatal episodes in your life as a balloon.
  • Write a limerick about a balloon, the man in the moon, or a happy tune. Be sure one line ends with the word balloons.
  • If Paul Bunyan had a balloon, what would it be like? Write a tall tale with lots of exaggeration.
  • Play catch with a water balloon.
  • Compile a booklet of colorful metaphors, each beginning with "A balloon is..."
  • Locate and follow the directions for making an origami paper balloon.
  • Create similes using the words like or as to make balloon-related comparisons: Air escaping from a balloon sounds like... When I hear a balloon pop, I jump like a ....
  • Use a balloon as the form to make a papier-mâché animal. Add legs, ears, and other details.
  • Describe a balloon using your senses. How does it look, feel, smell, taste, and sound? Use the list of words and phrases to compose a poem.
  • Learn how to twist and turn balloons to make balloon animals.
  • Make an ornament by dipping a length of yarn, lace, string, or ribbon into liquid starch and wrapping it around an inflated balloon. When it is dry, pop the balloon.
  • Make a class book with a hole in each page. On the inside back cover, glue a real balloon so it can be seen through the holes. Draw pictures of different scenes and events incorporating the balloon.
1937 The Golden Gate Bridge, which spans San Francisco Bay, opened.
Book (1) says in "Building bridges-Tell your (children) that the Golden Gate Bridge took 4 years to build and cost just under $35 million. Since it opened, more than 1 billion cars have crossed it. Challenge your (children) to find out more about the Golden Gate Bridge, then build their own suspension bridge.  ... building the roadway, and so on. For the bridge materials, (the children) can use drinking straws and yarn. Straight pins or staples can hold the straws together. Craft sticks or folded construction paper can serve as the roadway." Have fun use your own ideas also.
1977 Gerhards Knoll Swam for 7 Hours and 53 Minutes, the longest
nonstop crawl.
May 27 is also Children's Day in (Nigeria)
We move onto May 28 with the following birthdays:
1807 Jean Louis Agassiz, Swiss-American naturalist who made
significant contributions in animal classification.
1888 Jim Thorpe, American athlete
Book (1) activity is called "World's greatest athlete-Jim Thorpe--best known for winning the decathlon and pentathlon at the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm--was of Native American ancestry. Tell your (children) that his tribal name, Wa Tho Huck, means Bright Path. From a young age, Thorpe loved and excelled at sports. After his triumphant Olympic performance, the king of Sweden called him "the greatest athlete in the world." Who do your (children) feel is the world's best living athlete? Have the kids write letters nominating their chosen athlete for a classroom Hall of Fame. ...
1908 Ian Fleming, British author who wrote the children's book
Chitty-Chitty-Bang-Bang as well as James Bond novels
1934 Dionne Quintuplet, Canadian quintuplets who became the world's
 first quintuplets to survive infancy
Events for May 28 include the following:
1798 President John Adams was empowered by Congress to
Recruit an Army of 10,000 Volunteers
1892 John Muir organized the Sierra Club.
1929 On with the Show, The first Color Movie, was released.
Book (1) gives the activity "Movie mania-Have your (children) conduct a ...poll to determine ...favorite movie of all time. Encourage the children to use computers to record their data and graph the results. Were all the movies named filmed in color?"
1959 Navy divers rescued Able and Baker, Two Astronaut Monkeys
that had flown inside a Jupiter rocket.
1967 Sir Francis Chichester completed the First Solo Trip
Around the World by Boat.
1975 The First Whooping Crane Born in Captivity hatched in
Laurel, MD.
Book (1) writes in "Saving the species-Invite your (children) to research the whooping crane and other endangered animals. Then have them use their data to crate posters building awareness about animals facing extinction. Display the posters in the hallway ...(somewhere).(The children) can also locate information about organizations that protect certain species, then spearhead a ...campaign to help save one of these animals." (Grandma helped Environmental Defense Fund-EDF a little but that is all she knows of for now. The President of it is Fred Krupp.)
May 29 starts out the following birthdays:
1736 Patrick Henry, American orator and patriot
1903 Bob Hope, American comedian
Book (1) writes in "Bob Hope-fuls- To celebrate the birthday of comedian Bob Hope, show your (children) highlights from his may television shows, making sure to include some of his opening monologues. These monologues usually included topical jokes aimed at the president and other people in the news. Next, give the children a chance to review the current day's headlines. Then have your 21st-century Hope-fuls prepare and deliver their own 90-second "opening monologues" for (you)."
1917 John F. Kennedy, 25th president of the United States
1939 Al Unser, American auto racer
The events for the day are as follows:
1790 Rhode Island became the 13th state.
1848 Wisconsin became the 30th state.
1916 The Official Flag of the President of the United States was adopted.
1953 Sir Edward Hillary and Tenzing Norkay became the First
People to Reach the Summit of Mt. Everest.
Book (1) says in "Flags at the summit-Tell your (children) that during the ascent of Mr. Everest, Tenzing Norkay had four flags--representing Nepal, Great Britain, India, and the United Nations--wrapped around the handle of his ice ax. Those flags were significant because Tenzing was born in Nepal; Hillary, in New Zealand, a part of the British Commonwealth; and Colonel John Hunt, the leader of the expedition, in India. Ask your (children) what they think the U.N. flag signified. (It symbolized international peace.) Then have them look up the word vexillology (the study of flags) in the dictionary.
1988 Members of the U.S. Forest Service built a 10-Foot_High Platform for Nesting Peregrine Falcons on top of a cliff near Bergland, Mich.
Book (1) states in "Rescuing the peregrine-Peregrine falcons almost disappeared from the United States. In one of a number of efforts to reintroduce the birds, the U. S. Forest Service carried a ton of lumber--via helicopter--to a remote location outside Bergland, Mich. Workers then scaled a 200-foot cliff and built a 10-foot-high platform for six peregrine falcons that had been hatched and raised at the University of Minnesota. Have your students draw a food web that includes the peregrine. Can they discover why these falcons almost died out?"
May 30 starts with the following birthdays:
1908 Mel Blanc, actor who provided the voice for Bugs Bunny,
Porky Pig, Elmer Fudd, and other cartoon characters
1912 Millicent Selsam, children's author
1934 Alexsei Leonov, Soviet cosmonaut who became the first man to walk in space
The Events for May 30 are then as follows:
1848 The Ice Cream Freezer was patented by William G. Young.
Book (1) writes "Frozen treats-In recognition of William G. Young's patent for the ice cream freezer, invite your (children) to create their own ice cream. They'll need 1 cup cold milk or cream, 1/4 cup sugar, 1/4 tsp. flavoring (vanilla, peppermint, or maple), a clean soup can, an empty cottage cheese container, ice, 1/4 cup salt, and a metal spoon. Have the kids place all the ingredients--except the salt--into the soup can. Then have them fill the cottage cheese container with ice, add the salt to the ice, and set the soup can inside the container. Next tell the children to stir the mixture with the metal spoon, making sure to regularly scrape down the sides. After 15 to 20 minutes, they should have ice cream. Ask your students: How long does it take before the milk mixture begins to change? What changes occur? What are the advantages of an ice cream maker?"
1848 Maria Mitchell became the First Woman elected to the
American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
1854 Kansas and Nebraska became U.S. territories.
Book (1) writes in "Comparing states-Ask your (children) to locate Kansas and Nebraska on a U.S. map, then find each state's capital city. Next, challenge the kids to discover what is unique about Nebraska's legislature. (It is the nation's only unicameral, or one-house, legislature.)"
1868 Memorial Day was first observed.
1901 The Hall of Fame For Great Americans was dedicated.
1911 The First 500-Mile Auto Race took place at the Indianapolis Speedway.
Book (1) says in "Speedy racers- In 1911, the average speed of the winning car at the Indianapolis 500 was 74.59 mph. Have your (children) find out the average speed of this year's winner. Then have them use an almanac to find the average speeds of previous Indianapolis 500 winners. Have the kids show the results on a graph."
1921 The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was dedicated at Arlington National Cemetery.
1922 The Lincoln Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C.
1989 Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade became the First Movie to
sell $10 million in Tickets on its Opening Day.
May 31st is the last day Grandma will put on this day. The birthdays are as follows:
1819 Walt Whitman, American poet
Book (1) says in "Picturing poetry-To celebrate Walt Whitman's birthday, read some of his poems out loud while your (children) try to visualize the scene being described. Afterward, ask each (child) to select and illustrate a favorite poem, to the illustration. Repeat the procedure once more, then pass the drawing back to the original artist. What elements did the (others) add?"
1893 Elizabeth Coatsworth, children's author.
1930 Clint Eastwood, American actor
May 31 Events are the following:
1853 An expedition led by Elisha Kane became the First American Expedition to Reach the Arctic Circle.
1868 James Moore won the Earliest Recorded Bicycle Race.
1880 The First Bicycle Society, the League of American Wheelmen, was formed.
1889 The Johnstown Flood occurred when a dam above the Pennsylvania
town broke, submerging the town under 30 feet of water. Nearly 2,300
people were killed in the disaster.
1913 The Seventeenth Amendment, providing for the direct election of
U.S senators, was ratified.
1919 The First Wedding in an Airplane took place.
1964 The San Francisco Giants and the New York Mets played the
Longest Baseball Game in the History of the
 National League (7 hours, 23 minutes).
Book (1) presents the math problem "Baseball Marathon-Here's a math problem for your (children): On this day in 1964, the Giants and the Mets played a doubleheader that lasted a total of 9 hours and 52 minutes. The Giants won the second game in the 23rd inning after a record 7 hours and 23 minutes. How long did the first game take?"
1985 Tornadoes With Winds estimated at 260 mph ripped
through parts of Ohio and Pennsylvania.
Book (1) presents this activity "Terrible twisters-Tell your (children) that the United States experiences more tornadoes that any other country. But most aren't as violent as the ones that hit Ohio and Pennsylvania in 1985. Give each of your (children) a map of the United States, then have them color in "Tornado Alley"--a section running from Texas to Nebraska--where almost one-third of all the tornadoes in this country occur. Can your (children) figure out why this area is so prone to twisters?"
Grandma will have more tomorrow.

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