June 6 is our next Calendar Date to present for learning this summer. The birthdays are given as follows:
1755 Nathan Hale, American patriot hanged by the British as a spy
1911 Verna AArdema, children's author
Book (1)says in "Animal ways-Celebrate Verna Aardem's birthday by reading aloud Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears. Then invite the children to create their own stories explaining why other kinds of animals behave the way they do. Have them illustrate their work.
This leads us into the study of insects and animals of Book (57) starting with Wildlife Wonders by Teddy Meister. Teddy says, "The study of wildlife is called zoology. It involves knowing about all living creatures from the smallest to the largest on land and in the sea.
Learning by Attributes
In order to organize information about wildlife, scientists categorize them by certain attributes or characteristics:
vertebrate (having a spinal column
invertebrate (no spinal column)
warm-blooded or homoiothermic (temp. remains constant)
cold-blooded or poikilothermic (temp. adapts to environment)
herbivore (plant eater)
carnivore (meat eater)
omnivore (plant and meat eater)
Divide your paper into seven columns using the traits of the three major attributes as headings. List animals under each heading that have that characteristic.
How would you test a new species that has just been discovered? Set up a plan you might use. Draw pictures of this new creature. Explain its unusual features and habits. Label the body parts and describe which of the attributes might fit it best.
We have learned many things from the animal world. For example, we have learned about radar from bats. What are some other things we have learned? Find out about sonar and dolphins or how hibernation could affect the possibilities for people to some day take long trips into space. Prepare a talk for your class about your findings.
Can animals remember things? Can they think? Do they communicate with each other? Did you ever wish that an animal could talk with you? Suppose a favorite pet could actually talk! What kinds of questions would you want to ask?
Sorting Some More
Animals can also be categorized by phylum, or type, such as mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and marsupials. Fill in each box by listing an animal and describing why it can be categorized in this way.
Unusual Animals from A to Z
There are unusual animals to fit every letter of the alphabet, and then some! How many can you find? Use this list as a starter. When it is finished, create an animal alphabet book for young children.
E___________________ F______________________ G____________________H_________________
I____________________ J______________________ K____________________ L_________________
M___________________ N______________________ O___________________ P_________________
Q___________________ R______________________ S___________________T_________________
U___________________ V______________________ W___________________ X_________________
(In drawing a picture on a page with a plate having the words Food Type:, a page holding the outline Description:; coloring:; body form:; body temperature:; height:; weight:; unusual habits: listed in it, and a heart holding As a pet this animal would need:___________________________________________on one side; the other side a house with Home or Habitat:; a global compass marked with N,E,S,W having Found in: on the side of it; then a rectangular cloud saying This animals is interesting because:____
and Man needs this animal because: ____________________________________________________
Fact Finding (is what it is called saying)
Use the outline form to research an animal you want to learn more about. (Look over your A-to-Z list and select one about which you know nothing.)
My animal is____________________________________________(on the top)
(Book (57) goes on to say,)
Save our wildlife! Take care of endangered species! This is something we hear all the time. What is the difference between endangered and extinct? Use encyclopedias or the dictionary to find the difference between these two terms. Sometimes an animal on the endangered list can be saved. The Florida alligator is an example of this.
Save Our Wildlife
Many animals could out-do humans if we were to have an Olympic contest with them! They are just like Olympic athletes in their special abilities. Can you think of any Olympic competitors to match against a list of animal entries? Use the Guinness Book of Olympic Records to do this.
Who Am I?
Create riddles about animals. For example: I have a huge mouth and am known as "the rider horse." I usually weigh a mere 8,000 pounds but bet I can run faster than you! (Answer: hippopotamus.)
Some animal names make us think of unusual pictures of how they might look. Draw pictures of what the following names make you think of. Use your imagination! Can you find out how each received its peculiar name?
prairie dog bullfrog sea lion
hedgehog tiger shark spider monkey
In this activity you will have an opportunity to find out about some of the great people involved with furthering our knowledge about animals. Set up a card file for some mini-research. Find out what each person did by summarizing the information in short paragraphs.
J.J. Audubon Charles Darwin
Thomas Huxley Clinton Merriam
Rachel Carson William Henry Hudson
Jane Goodall Carolus Linnaeus
Careers, Careers, Careers
What do the following careers have in common with animals?
anthropology veterinary science
naturalist vertebrate zoology
Look through the yellow pages of a telephone directory. Perhaps one of these career areas is listed with a contact person and phone number. Set up a time and date with your ()parents. Call the person listed in the phone book and invite him or her to be a guest speaker for the (family). Be sure to send a thank you note after the visit!
It's the Law
The United States Congress passed the endangered Species Act that protects rare plants and animals. This legislation has provided the Secretary of the Interior with the authority to identify threatened or endangered species in new locations. What new laws have been passed in your state? Use the phone book to find the addresses of wildlife and conservation agencies in your state. Write and ask about laws and the animals affected by legislation. Share the information with your (family.)
Going, Going, Gone
During the last 2,000 years the world has lost 106 species--two-thirds of these since the mid-19th century,and most since the beginning of the 20th century. How can we stop this alarming rate of extinction? What do children and adults need to do? Does the "Golden Rule" apply to animals as well as people? Talk to parents, neighbors, and (others) about what can be done. Keep a list of suggestions they make. Create a series of new broadcasts you could present to your (family) over a period of time. Ask (others) to help.
What Are We Doing?
Many programs are now underway for better wildlife conservation. These include government controls, establishing wildlife sanctuaries, controlling hunting limits and seasons, and restoring and replacing habitats. Do some research about each of these. Find out what is being done in your area. Present a "status report" to your (family). Provide good visual aids to accompany your presentations.
The International Union for the Protection of Nature began in 1943 with the participation of 33 nations. It was a way to coordinate wildlife protection efforts and share information globally. How did this historic meeting lead to other similar organizations? Find out about IUPN and IUCN. Start a wildlife club at your (church, community, or neighborhood.). Identify club goals and activities. Think of a club name. You might want to design club membership cards and T-shirts.
Gather a group of (people) interested in wildlife conservation and ask each member to thoroughly research a wildlife topic of his or her choice. Practice presenting research findings during free class time ...(Arrange yourselves as "traveling speakers" to other children, adults, groups, and places) Get the word out!
Cut out animal pictures from magazines to create a collage. Begin from the center of the paper. Overlap each of the pictures so that the whole collage is connected to the center. Think of a name for the collage. Display it on (various walls in places.)
Many nursery rhymes you might have learned as a very young child, such as Ding, Dong, Bell; Baa, Baa, Black Sheep; and Mary Had a Little Lamb involved animals. Create a nursery rhyme of your own involving an unusual animal.
Animals in Literature
Many of children's favorite stories are about animals. Plan a trip to the library and see how many you can gather for a (family) reading. Make up a bibliography for your (family). Here is a list to get you started.
Winnie the Pooh by A.A. Milne
Paddington Bear by Michael Bond
The Velveteen Rabbit by Margery Williams
The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame
Charlotte's Web by E.B. White
Sylvester and the Magic Pebble by William Steig
Where the Wild Things Are by Maurice Sendak
Moby Dick by Herman Melville
Call of the Wild by Jack London
Trivia Task---Animal IQ
How many of the trivia tasks can you complete in 15 minutes?.....Have a race to see who has the highest "animal IQ." (Hint: Some of these you might know from earlier activities!)
"Children" and Their Groups
Find out the names of animal groups and what their offspring are called. Some have been filled in to help you. When you complete your research, set up a word search puzzle for (the family and others).
Animal Offspring Group Name
cow calf herd
kangaroo joey troop
whale calf pod
horse foal _________
wolf ___________ pack
beaver kit _________
goat kid _________
goose ___________ gaggle
sheep lamb __________
rabbit bunny ___________
Grandma will return to the Calendar History. She will give a little more each day from Book (57). There is lots about animals. She has still more from Book (57) to go with the Calendar History activities but this is it on the animals today. We were still working on June 6th birthdays as follows:
1927 Peter Spier, children's author and illustrator
1954 Cynthia Rylant, children's author
Events for June 6 are as follows:
1822 Ten Inches of Snow fell in New England on this day in late spring.
Book (1) says in "Spring snowstorms-Ask your (children) to imagine how New Englanders might have felt when they received 10 inches of snow on this date in 1822. Then have the kids create "what's wrong with this picture?" illustrations depicting a snowy summer day. For example, they might draw a beach scene depicting people in swimsuits along with hats, mittens, and boots."
1933 The First Drive-in Movie Theater opened in Camden, N.J.
1939 The First Little League game was played in Williamsport, Pa.
1944 Massive Allied landings on the beaches of Normandy, France,
marked the D-DAY invasion of Nazi-held Western Europe.
1985 Scientists at the University of California confirmed the presence
of a huge black hole at the center of the Milky Way.
June 6 is also National Yo-Yo Day
Book (1) says in "Yo-yo tricks-In honor of National Yo-Yo Day, invite your students to bring in their yo-yos and demonstrate tricks they can do. For an extra challenge, have the children write and illustrate the different steps involved.
It is also National Safe Boating Week (first week in June)
Book (1) says in "Rules for safe sports-Tell your (children) that National Safe Boating Week is a reminder for them to follow safety precautions when they're in boats. Then ask them to follow safety precautions when they're in boats. Then ask the kids to list other summer activities they plan to enjoy--for example, swimming, tennis, baseball, baking, horseback riding. Have the students brainstorm for safety rules that are important for each of their safe-sports rules. Display the posters... .
Book (57) uses LifeSavers to help teach safety and colors to younger children. This Unit is called "Be a LifeSaver by Lisa Crooks.
Kids love to eat LifeSavorsª and they'll love the following activities even more. This unit on LifeSaversª can also be used as a spring-board for reinforcing basic safety rules.
2. Gary bought 3 jelly beans and 1 sucker.
3. Ann bought 1 sucker, 1 piece of gum and 1 jelly bean.
. 4.Lee bought 5 suckers.
5. Amy bought 4 jelly beans plus 1 sucker. 6. Omar bought 3 pieces of gum plus 1 jelly bean.
7. Ed bought 2 pieces of each kind of candy.
8. Jill bought 3 suckers and 1 jelly bean.
9. Rob bought 4 pieces of gum and 1 sucker.
10. Circle the name of the person who spent the most.
11. Underline the name of the person who spent the least.
12. Write your name on the top of your page."
(Now we are going back to Book (57) on LifeSaversª)
6. What happens after you chew a LifeSaversª candy? Students could map the process
of digestion and label on a blank tongues which areas pick up sweet, salty, sour,
bitter, and no taste.
7. Invite (a) nurse to discuss first aid and basic safety.
8. Invite a police officer to demonstrate safety while walking, riding bikes, being
around animals, and riding on a bus or in a car.
9. Invite a police officer to do a bicycle inspection. .
10. Invite (a) dietitian to discuss good eating habits and the importance of a good
11. Have relay races by moving a LiffeSaversª candy across the floor using a straw
in the mouth.
12. Make LifeSaversª necklaces.
13. Using paper, crayons, glue, and LifeSaversª, make designs of people and animals.
14. Have a safety poster contest. Each (child) must pick a safety rule to illustrate.
15. To reinforce safety rules, read examples of (childrens) behaviors and have students
respond by holding up a red "not safe" card or a green "safe" card.
Lifesaver Science Estimation
Dissolve--disappear from sight: melt away
We are going to estimate how long it will take for a LifeSaversª candy to dissolve and disappear. We will use two different kinds of water--warm and cool.
2. I estimate that the candy in warm water will dissolve in ______hour(s)______minutes.
3. I estimate that the candy in cool water will dissolve in ______hour(s)______minutes.
4. Which candy dissolved first?_______________________________________________________
How long did it take?______hour(s)______minute(s)
Which candy dissolved second?____________________________________________________
How long did it take?______hour(s)______minute(s)
Was your estimation correct?________
________Each LifeSaversª candy has ten calories. You ate three LifeSaversª. How many
calories did you eat?
________You ate five LifeSaversª. How many calories did you eat?
_________A roll of LifeSaversª has eleven candies in it. You ate three. How many are left?
_________You are hungry and eat two more LifeSaversª. How many are left?
_________The next day you eat five more candies. How many are left?
_________A roll of LifeSaversª costs 40 cents. How much money would it cost to buy two rolls?
_________How much more would it cost for four rolls?
Fill in the blanks with the opposite of the word that is in bold print.
LifeSaversª are hard, not_____________________________________________.
LifeSaversª are round, not_____________________________________.
LifeªSaversª are ___________________________, not sour.
LifeSaversª are an______________________invention, not a new one.
LifeSaversª are_________________________, not bad.
After a ...discussion on similes, fill in the blanks with a proper simile.
LifeSaversª are as hard as________________________________________________________.
LifeSaversª are as round as______________________________________________________.
LifeSaversª are as sweet as______________________________________________________.
LifeSaversª are as old as_______________________________________________________.
LifeSaversª are as good as_________________________________________________________.
A Rainbow of Colors!
Assorted LifeSaversª come in four bright colors--red, orange, yellow, and green. Under each color, list things that belong in that category.
Things That Are Red
Things That Are Green
Things That Are Yellow
Things That Are Orange
(Grandma's Book (7) has some math problems using colors as follows:)
(Use a page with 110 squares on it and the instructions say you will not use the bottom 60)
1. With a black crayon, color the square that has the answer to 2 X 7.
2. Use a red crayon to color the square that has the answer to 4 X 6.
3. Use a yellow crayon to color the square that has the answer to 7 X 7.
4. Use a green crayon to circle the answer to 5 X 7.
5. Use a blue crayon to underline the answer to 6 X 6.
6. Put a brown X on the answer to 4 X 7.
7. Put a red X on the answer to 4 X 4.
8. Put a black circle around the answer to 3 X 7.
9. Put a yellow circle around the answer to 6 X 5.
10. Use a green crayon to underline the answer to 3 X 6.
11. Use a red crayon to underline the answer to 4 X 5.
12. Put a green X on the answer to 3 X 4.
13. Put a blue circle around the answer to 6 X 7.
14. Use a brown crayon to underline the answer to 2 X 6.
15. Put your name in the upper right-hand corner.
(Now We Will Finish up the Unit on LifeSaversª, read the information on the label and answer the following questions.)
Read the Label
What is the name of this candy?______________________________________________________
How many flavors are in this roll?_______________________________________________________
How many candies are in this roll?______________________________________________________
How many ounces does it weigh?________________________________________________________
How many calories are in each piece?________________________________________________
Name four colors found in a roll of the candies:
Name the ingredients:
S_________R, C______________, S_____________________P
Where Are Lifesaversª Made?
(Grandma is going to finish the unit tomorrow.)