I am so pleased with all the answers I am receiving about the blogs and some of the material. It is very flustering when one is trying to get material to people and the machines just don't get the message that it is important. I do appreciate people being so patient with me.
There are a few more events to me added to June 12 history line from Book (1) as follows:
June 12, 1956 The Official Flag of the U.S. Army was adopted.
June 12, 1974 Little League was opened to girls.
June 12, 1979 Bryan Allen became the First Person to Fly a
Human Powered Aircraft across the English Channel.
He supplied the power of pedaling.
June 13 has two birthdays as follows:
June 13, 1786 Winfield Scott, American army general, was born.
June 13, 1865 William Butler Yeats, Irish poet, was born.
The events are as follows:
June 13, 1789 Mrs. Alexander Hamilton served ice cream for
dessert at a Dinner Party for George Washington.
June 13, 1893 Thomas Stewart patented the MOP.
June 13, 1927 New York City honored Charles Lindbergh
with a ticker-tape parade.
June 13, 1956 British Troops Withdrew from the Suez Canal,
turning over the waterway's operation to Egypt.
Book (1) has got this to say: "Canal mapping-Have your (children) locate the Suez Canal on a world map and name the two major bodies of water it connects. Then ask them to name the major canal in the Americas and locate it on the world map. Which two bodies of water does it link? Why are canals important?
June 13, 1966 The Supreme Court handed down the Miranda Ruling,
which required that crime suspects in police custody be informed of their rights.
Book (1) says in "Supreme powers-Tell your (children) that President Lyndon Johnson nominated Thurgood Marshall for the U.S. Supreme Court. Then have them use an almanac to find out the nine current Supreme Court Justices and the presidents who nominated each of them. Some people believe a president's greatest power is the ability to nominate Supreme Court justices. Ask your students why this might be true."
June 13, 1983 Pioneer 10 became the First Man-Made
Object to Leave the Solar System.
Book (1) says in "Spectacular space missions-When Pioneer 10 left the solar system in 1983, it was a landmark event in aerospace history. Ask you (children) to imagine the kinds of space missions that might occur over the next 50 years. Have them make a list of their ideas. Then have them draw a futuristic space vehicle and describe its first-of-a-kind mission."
June 14 is full of history starting with the birthdays as follows:
June 14, 1811 Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author who wrote
Uncle Tom's Cabin, was born.
June 14, 1945 Bruce Degan, children's illustrator, was born.
June 14, 1948 Laurence Yep, children's author, was born.
June 14, 1958 Eric Heiden, American speed skater who won
five gold medals at the 1980 Winter Olympics
at Lake Placid, N.Y., was born.
June 14, 1969 Steffi Graf, German Tennis star, was born.
Then there is also all the events for that day as follows:
June 14, 1777 The Continental Congress adopted the
Stars and Stripes as The Official American Flag.
Book (1) gives an activity for the children for this event under "National symbol-On June 14, 1777, the Continental Congress adopted this brief resolution: "That the Flag of the United States be 13 stripes alternate red and white, and that the Union be 13 stars white in a blue field representing a new constellation." But Congress didn't make a sketch of the new flag, so people weren't sure how big the field of blue should be, how to arrange the stars, how many points the stars should have, or how wide the stripes should be. Ask your (children) to design their own flags based on the original resolution. Your (family) will be surprised by all the possible variations. Today, the size, color, and placement of each star and stripe is stipulated by executive order."
June 14, 1834 The First Practical Diving Suit was patented.
June 14, 1834 Sandpaper was patented.
June 14, 1846 Settlers in Sonoma, Calif., proclaimed California a republic.
June 14, 1900 The Hawaiian Islands became U.S. territory.
June 14, 1919 The First Nonstop Transatlantic Flight was
completed after 16 hours.
Book (1) gives the following activity with the title "Flying heroes-Tell your (children) that pilot John Alcock and navigator Arthur Brown flew nonstop from Newfoundland to Clifden, Ireland, despite numerous in-flight problems. For instance, an overheated exhaust pipe turned to liquid and blew away. A snowstorm caused ice to form on the airplane's instruments, and Brown had to climb out onto the wings to chip it away. And a dense fog so disoriented the men that they nearly crashed into the Atlantic Ocean. (The fog lifted suddenly, allowing Alcock to pull up after seeing he was just 100 feet above the ocean.) Challenge your (children) to uncover more details about this historic flight. Then encourage them to create front-page stories or television news reports about these men. (The children) might also like to role-play Alcock and Brown and answer (others') questions about their adventure."
June 14, 1922 Warren G. Harding became the First U.S. President
to Make a Presidential Radio Broadcast.
June 14, 1938 The Caldecott Medal, for the Most distinguished
American picture book for children, was awarded for the first time.
June 14, 1951 Univac I, The First Commercially Built Computer,
went into operation at the Census Bureau in Philadelphia.
June 14, 1991 The National Video Game and Coin-op
Museum opened in St. Louis, Mo.
June 14 is also Flag Day and Hug Pledge Day
June 15 is just as eventful but has only the following two birthdays:
June 15, 1954 Jim Belushi, American actor, was born.
June 15, 1958 Wade Boggs, baseball star, was born.
Following are the events for June 15:
June 15, 1752 Ben Franklin Flew a Kite during a lightning storm
and proved that lightning is an electrical charge.
Book (1) makes an activity of this most famous event in "High-flying adventures-To mark the day that Ben Franklin used a kite to prove that lightning is an electrical charge, bring in a kite and suspend it from the ...ceiling. Then share Tom Moran's Kite Flying Is for Me with your (children). Next, ask the kids to write and illustrate poems about Franklin's electrifying experiment."
June 15, 1775 George Washington was appointed
Commander in Chief of the Continental Army.
June 15, 1836 Arkansas became the 25th state.
June 15, 1844 Charles Goodyear patented a process for vulcanizing rubber.
June 15, 1854 The First Ice Cream Factory opened.
June 15, 1864 Arlington National Cemetery was established.
June 15, 1877 Henry O. Flipper became the First Black Graduate of West Point.
June 15, 1889 Congress created the National Zoological Park.
Grandma thought there might me a more appropriate spot for the Following Units in Book (57), but as she looks at things this has to be the best spot to start lessons on these following topics:
The first mention here is of National Parks and considering summer is a great time to visit or go to National Parks. A couple of these Grandma will write about and give activities for. She will finish them in November. Consider there is mention of Mountains in these parks Grandma wants you to know also that she has plans to cover that in November if she hasn't already.
The next mention in this event is that of the Zoos. Book (57) has a Unit also to tie with the study of the animals which I feel is best to start here and move these on into September then begin them again in May.
Then it opens the door for the study of insects throughout the summer and into September then picks up again in the spring when butterflies, Ants, and Bees begin to be seen again. Book (57) not only has a section on Butterflies, but a big one on Ants. Grandma feels there should be as much study on bees as well because as one book Grandma has points out there is becoming a problem of many bees dying unexpectedly lately as well as the production of butterflies. Many people believe it is due to the production of Monsanto and other types of pesticides we are developing in our plants for protection. They are contaminating our own water and the cattle's. How can we expect the birds and bees to survive it, as well as the butterflies. Do some research on that in the next few weeks and see what you discover.
"The National Parks" by Pat O'Brien from Book (57) and Grandma will finish it up in November starts out with the following information:
"Four parks, a monument, and a seashore have been selected for study here. They represent areas in the United States national park system that have been set aside for the protection off natural wonders and the enjoyment of the people. Hopefully the information, questions, and wonders that are a part of the nation's heritage.
Grand Canyon National Park
For many years nature has been at work carving a masterpiece. Mountains formed and eroded. Seas covered the area and dried up, leaving layers of sediment. Running water, heat, frost, wind, gravity, uplifting, and faulting have combined to determine the formations of the Grand Canyon. (It is famously visited by many people.)
Define the following terms: bluff, batte, plateau, mountain, canyon, and gorge.
For centuries, Native Americans had made the canyon their home. Most early explorers were looking for land to settle and riches to mine. From their point of view the canyon was awe=inspiring, but not practical.
The first white men to view the Grand Canyon in 1540 were conquistadors in search of gold. John Wesley Powell explored the canyon by boat in 1869. He and his party risked their lives running the white water rapids. As dangerous as it was, he believed it was worth a great deal to see it. Theodore Roosevelt became aware of the need to preserve the beauty for generations to come. As President in 1908, he declared the Grand Canyon a national monument. It was to become a national park in 1919.
Imagine what these explorers might have said when they first saw the canyon. Make a list of quotes.
Special Study: Rocks (This is where Grandma's families greatest interests are.)
The Grand Canyon is composed of many elaborate rock formations. There are three main classes of rock, igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. They are classified by how they are formed.
What to See
Because of the varied elevations throughout the park, There are different climates. Deep in the canyon it is hot and dry. There, desert plants and animals may be seen.
The North Rim features a cool mountain climate. The North Rim is the only place in the world where the Kaibab squirrel may be found.
High desert and mountain climates combine along the lower South Rim. Chipmunks and deer live among the piñon and juniper forests there.
What to Do
There are hiking trails for viewing the various formations and wildlife in the park. In the summer, hiking into canyon is difficult because of the hot, dry climate. Mules also take riders into the canyon. Another view is from the river looking up.
Would you want to see the Grand Canyon by walking along the rim, hiking or riding a mule down into the canyon, flying overhead, or rafting on the Colorado? Survey members of your class to find out which they would prefer. Graph the results.
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
Within Hawaii Volcanoes National Park there are two active volcanoes: Mauna Loa and Kilauea. These volcanoes are seldom explosive. The magma is fluid and low in gas, producing shield volcanoes, gently sloping volcanic mountains resembling a warrior's shield.
2. Plan a tour of the area. What other places of interest could you visit?
Birth of an Island
A hot spot, an immense reservoir of molten rock below the surface of the Pacific. Plate, is responsible for building the Hawaiian Islands. Magma is forced up between the cracks of the plate. After contless eruptions of lava, a new volcano grows for thousands of years until it rises above the surface of the sea to form an Island.
Special Study: Volcanoes
The three main types of volcanoes are shield, cinder cone, and composite. Compare the three kinds of discover how they are alike and different.
Something to Do
In the Beginning
The early Hawaiians made up stories to explain volcanic eruptions. They believed that Pele, the goddess of fire, showed her displeasure with them by causing eruptions that sent flaming lava down to destroy their homes. Create your own myth to explain how volcanoes are formed. Write and illustrate the story.
Today scientists better understand how volcanoes erupt. They use delicate instruments to predict volcanic activity. They usually know where the eruption will occur but not how powerful it will be."
(That is all Grandma will give about National Parks for now. Next will be about Zoos and then Grandma will move into Units on Insects.)